# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

### Postbuckling Analysis of a Hinged Cylindrical Shell

The model studied is a benchmark for a hinged cylindrical panel subjected to a point load at its center. A linear buckling analysis predicts the critical buckling load. Such an analysis will however not give any information about what happens at loads higher than the critical load. Tracing the solution after the critical load is called a postbuckling analysis. This model uses the Shell interface.

### Thin Low Permittivity Gap Comparison

The thin low permittivity gap boundary condition is meant to approximate a thin layer of material with low relative permittivity compared to its surroundings. This boundary condition is available for electrostatic field modeling. This example compares the thin low permittivity gap boundary condition to a full-fidelity model and discusses the range of applicability of this boundary condition.

### Squeeze-Film Gas Damping of a Vibrating Disc

This benchmark model computes the total force acting on a vibrating disc in the frequency and time domains and compares both results with expressions derived analytically. When the vibration amplitude is small enough that the system is linear the frequency and time domain results agree well with theory. Larger amplitude vibrations, which result in a non-linear response that cannot be modeled in ...

### Polymerization in Multijet Tubular Reactor

In a polymerization reactor for polyester manufacturing, the mixing in the reactor is achieved by impinging turbulent jets of reactants onto each other. The turbulence affects the reaction kinetics and quality of the polymer linkage. Turbulent flows involving rapid reaction kinetics are quite common in the production of polymers, and the complex interplay between fluid dynamics and fast ...

### Water Hammer

When a valve is closed rapidly in a pipe network it gives rise to a hydraulic transient known as a water hammer. The propagation of these hydraulic transients can in extreme cases cause failures of pipe systems caused by overpressures. This is a model of a simple verification pipe system consisting of a reservoir, a pipe, and a valve. The valve is in this model closed instantaneously.

### Combining Elastoplastic and Creep Material Models

This model shows how to combine different types of material nonlinearity, such as creep and elastoplasticity. In this specific example you will perform a stress and nonlinear strain analysis on a thick cylinder under a nonproportional loading: an initial temperature increase followed by a fluctuating pressure applied to the internal surface of the cylinder. This load case involves two ...

### Linear Buckling Analysis of a Truss Tower

Trusses are commonly used to create light structures that can support heavy loads. When designing such a structure, it is important to ensure its safety. For a tower made of bars, buckling can cause the structure to collapse. This model shows how to compute the critical buckling load using a linear buckling analysis. The solution is compared with an analytical expression for critical load ...

### Equivalent Properties of Periodic Microstructures

Periodic microstructures are frequently found in composite materials, such as carbon fibers and honeycomb structures. They can be represented by a unit cell repeated along three directions of propagation. To reduce computational costs, simulations may replace all of the microscopic details of a composite material with a homogeneous domain with equivalent properties. This app computes the ...

### Powder Compaction of a Cup

The fabrication of a cup through powder compaction is simulated in this tutorial model. The powder compaction process is becoming common in the manufacturing industry, due to its potential for producing components of complex shape and high strength. Combining the Fleck-Kuhn-McMeeking (FKM) model with the Gurson-Tvergaard-Needleman (GTN) model for porous plasticity makes it possible to cover a ...

### Coupled-Line Bandpass Filter

It is possible to realize a narrowband bandpass filter using cascaded microstrip coupled lines. In this example, a design composed of cascaded microstrip lines, each approximately a half wave length in size at the resonant frequency, is analyzed. The model is solved for the S-parameters and a very narrow bandwidth is observed.

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