The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

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Feasibility Study of Microstrip Patch Antenna Array Design

An antenna array is a group of radiating elements. By controlling the phase and magnitude of the input signal assigned to each antenna element and the number of array elements, the radiation pattern can be steered in a desired direction with a preferred level of gain. In this example, a 4 x 2 array of patch antennas is fed from a single feed point, with all elements fed at equal phase and ...

SMA Connectorized Wilkinson Power Divider

Some conventional three-port power dividers are resistive power dividers and T-junction power dividers. Such dividers are either lossy or not matched to the system reference impedance at all ports. In addition, isolation between two coupled ports is not guaranteed. The Wilkinson power divider outperforms the lossless T-junction divider and the resistive divider and does not have the issues ...

Transient Modeling of a Coaxial Cable

Simulation of Maxwell’s equations in the time domain is useful if the objective of the analysis is to observe a transient phenomenon, to find the time it takes a signal to propagate, or if the materials being modeled are non-linear with respect to the electric or magnetic field strength. This model simulates a pulse propagating down a coaxial transmission line and observes the time it takes for ...

Lossy Circular Waveguide

In mode analysis it is usually the primary goal to find a propagation constant. This quantity is often, but not always, real valued; if the analysis involves some lossy part, such as a nonzero conductivity or an open boundary, the eigenvalue is complex. In such situations, the real and imaginary parts have separate interpretations: The real part is the propagation constant The imaginary part ...

Monopole Antenna Array

It is possible to shape the radiation pattern and steer the beam from an antenna array by controlling the relative phases and magnitudes of the input signal. This example shows how to design an active electronically scanned array (AESA) using arithmetic phase progression on each antenna element.

Antenna Crosstalk on an Airplane's Fuselage

Antenna crosstalk, or co-site interference, is problematic when multiple antennas are used on a single large platform. In this model, the interference between two identical antennas at VHF frequency is studied with an S-parameter analysis of different configurations of a receiving antenna installed on an airplane fuselage. The 2D and 3D far-field radiation patterns of a transmitting antenna are ...

Corrugated Circular Horn Antenna

Corrugated circular aperture (conical) horn antennas are popularly used as feed horns for dish reflector antennas due to their low side lobe and cross-polarization level. The excited TE mode from a circular waveguide passes along the corrugated inner surface of a circular horn antenna, where a TM mode is also generated. When combined, these two modes give lower cross polarization at the antenna ...

Conical Antenna

Conical antennas are useful for many applications due to their broadband characteristics and relative simplicity. In this example, we study the antenna impedance and radiation pattern as functions of frequency for a monoconical antenna with a finite ground plane and a 50 ohm coaxial feed. The rotational symmetry allows us to model in 2D, using one of the axisymmetric electromagnetic wave ...

Modeling a Negative Refractive Index

It is possible to engineer the structure of materials such that both the permittivity and permeability are negative. Such materials are realized by engineering a periodic structure with features comparable in scale to the wavelength. It is possible to model both the individual unit cells of such a material, as well as to model to properties of a bulk negative index material. This example ...

Modeling of a UHF RFID Tag

UHF RFID tags are widely used for identifying and tracking animals. This model simulates a passive radio-frequency identification (RFID) tag for the UHF frequency range. With respect to the chip transponder’s complex impedance, a reflection coefficient is computed. This is done using an approach that differs from the conventional scattering parameter analysis method by a real reference impedance ...