The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

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MRI Birdcage Coil

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems generate a magnetic flux density (B-field) to create images. Providing a homogeneous field distribution within a birdcage coil is a key factor for improving the quality of the scanned data. A homogeneous magnetic field can be found through quadrature excitation, in combination with the appropriate number of lumped elements. In this model, the magnetic ...

Transient Modeling of a Coaxial Cable

Simulation of Maxwell’s equations in the time domain is useful if the objective of the analysis is to observe a transient phenomenon, to find the time it takes a signal to propagate, or if the materials being modeled are non-linear with respect to the electric or magnetic field strength. This model simulates a pulse propagating down a coaxial transmission line and observes the time it takes for ...

Feasibility Study of Microstrip Patch Antenna Array Design

An antenna array is a group of radiating elements. By controlling the phase and magnitude of the input signal assigned to each antenna element and the number of array elements, the radiation pattern can be steered in a desired direction with a preferred level of gain. In this example, a 4 x 2 array of patch antennas is fed from a single feed point, with all elements fed at equal phase and ...

Corrugated Circular Horn Antenna

Corrugated circular aperture (conical) horn antennas are popularly used as feed horns for dish reflector antennas due to their low side lobe and cross-polarization level. The excited TE mode from a circular waveguide passes along the corrugated inner surface of a circular horn antenna, where a TM mode is also generated. When combined, these two modes give lower cross polarization at the antenna ...

Modeling a Negative Refractive Index

It is possible to engineer the structure of materials such that both the permittivity and permeability are negative. Such materials are realized by engineering a periodic structure with features comparable in scale to the wavelength. It is possible to model both the individual unit cells of such a material, as well as to model to properties of a bulk negative index material. This example ...

Lossy Circular Waveguide

In mode analysis it is usually the primary goal to find a propagation constant. This quantity is often, but not always, real valued; if the analysis involves some lossy part, such as a nonzero conductivity or an open boundary, the eigenvalue is complex. In such situations, the real and imaginary parts have separate interpretations: The real part is the propagation constant The imaginary part ...

Conical Antenna

Conical antennas are useful for many applications due to their broadband characteristics and relative simplicity. In this example, we study the antenna impedance and radiation pattern as functions of frequency for a monoconical antenna with a finite ground plane and a 50 ohm coaxial feed. The rotational symmetry allows us to model in 2D, using one of the axisymmetric electromagnetic wave ...

Monopole Antenna Array

It is possible to shape the radiation pattern and steer the beam from an antenna array by controlling the relative phases and magnitudes of the input signal. This example shows how to design an active electronically scanned array (AESA) using arithmetic phase progression on each antenna element.

Vivaldi Antenna

A tapered slot antenna, also known as a Vivaldi antenna, is useful for wide band applications. Here, an exponential function is used for the taper profile. The objective of this model is to compute the far-field pattern and to compute the impedance of the structure. Good matching is observed over a wide frequency band.

Two-Arm Helical Antenna

A helical antenna has two major modes. One is normal mode and the other is axial mode. When the helical antenna is operating at the normal mode, its far-field radiation pattern is similar to the torus shaped pattern of a classic dipole antenna. At the axial mode, the helical antenna is resonant at a much higher frequency band than the normal mode operation, and works similarly to an end-fire ...