J. Perko, D. Mallants, E. Vermariën, and W. Cool
Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK-CEN), Mol, Belgium
Belgian Agency for Radioactive Waste and Enriched Fissile Material (ONDRAF/NIRAS), Mol, Belgium
Mass transport modelling through porous media is typically characterized by complex physics and geometry. In the particular case of radionuclide transport, modelling for radioactive waste repositories, an additional level of complexity, and thus uncertainty, originates from the long time frames involved. Performing a safety analysis of a radioactive waste disposal system requires therefore ...
M. de Bonis, and G. Ruocco
DITEC, Universitµa degli studi della Basilicata, Campus Macchia Romana, Potenza, Italy
Heat and mass transfer involved in drying is studied by using COMSOL 3.4. The effect of air temperature on the performance of the drying process applied to fresh food slices is scrutinized. COMSOL’s flexible formulation is exploited by using special drying kinetics for the substrate, and by including a treatment of the dependence of the properties upon the residual moisture content. The model ...
M. Benilov, and M. Faria
Departamento de Física, Universidade da Madeira, Funchal, Portugal
Current transfer from high-pressure arc plasmas to thermionic cathodes may occur in a diffuse mode, when the current is distributed over the front surface of the cathode, or in a spot mode, when most of the current is localized in one or more small areas. Spectra of perturbations of 3D steady-state current transfer to thermionic cathodes of a high-pressure argon arc have been computed in the ...
R. Umhack, M. Rainer, M. Tamerle, and G. Hillmer
Process-, Environmental- and Bio- technology, MCI - University of Applied Sciences, Innsbruck, Austria
A new type of radiator with a package of combs, to gain a larger area for heat exchange, instead of trapezoidal convector plates, is investigated. The main aim is to find the optimal comb diameter. To solve this problem, CFD (computational fluid dynamics) with COMSOL Multiphysics is used. A chart showing radiator power was produced, which includes radiator power for different temperatures and ...
Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
RFSP-IST (Reactor Fueling Simulation Program) is a computer code used for the full-core neutronics design and analysis of CANDU® reactors. RFSP-IST calculates the static flux and power distributions in the core by solving the neutron diffusion equation in two energy groups. For validation purposes, results from RFSP-IST are often compared with those from other codes. This paper documents the ...
S. Kiravittaya, P. Cendula, A. Rastelli, and O. Schmidt
Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung, Stuttgart, Germany
Institute for Integrative Nanosciences, Dresden, Germany
Strain induced by local deformation of a flexible micrometer-sized semiconductor tube is quantified by modeling a ball pressing on the tube wall. By changing the pressing condition, we are able to change the strain state of the tube wall incorporating self-assembled quantum dots (QDs) in the wall. The QD emission energy is calculated in COMSOL® by solving the Schrödinger wave equation ...
J. Caire, A. Bouh, and E. Guilminot
LEPMI, UMR 5631, INPG - CNRS, Saint Martin d’Hères, France
EPCC, Arc'Antique, Nantes, France
Restoration of archaeological materials from oceans is a major activity of Arc’ Antique. Organic materials such as wood, tissues, leathers, papers and ceramics found in sea water are always impregnated with salts. Rinsing such archaeological objects with pure water to extract the salts takes too long, so electrophoresis was used to improve the salt extraction. The objective of this ...
O. Geoffroy, and H. Rouch
INOPRO, Villard de Lans, France
The crystal growth industry uses high temperature processes. To improve production efficiency, a good knowledge of thermal effects is necessary. We show in this article a methodology to get reliable data by mixing simplified models, sensitivity studies and parameters adjustments. The precision is improved by comparison with experimental measurements.
Benchmarking as Key Element of Confidence Building in Safety Assessments for Radioactive Waste Disposal
SCK-CEN (the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre), Mol, Belgium
Verification of the codes applied for assessment of the long-term repository safety is typically one of the quality assurance requirements demanded by regulatory bodies, in the disposal of radioactive waste. In this paper, an internationally organized benchmark exercise is presented, in which the comparison was carried out for a selection of key radionuclides. The examples presented in this ...
Transient Conjugate Optical-thermal Fields in Thin Films Irradiated by Moving Sources: A Comparison between Back and Front Treatment
N. Bianco, O. Manca, and D. Ricci
Dipartimento di Energetica, Termofluidodinamica applicata e Condizionamenti ambientali, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Aerospaziale e Meccanica, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Aversa (CE), Italy
A two dimensional instationary analysis of the conjugate optical-thermal fields induced in a multilayer thin film structure on a glass substrate by a moving Gaussian laser source is carried out numerically in order to compare back and front laser treatment processes. COMSOL Multiphysics 3.4 code has been adopted to solve the combined thermal and electromagnetic problem in order to compare the ...