Numerical Analysis of the Impact of Geometric Shape Patterns on the Performance of Miniaturized Chromatography Systems
R. Winz, E. von Lieres, and W. Wiechert
Department of Simulation, University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
Institute of Biotechnology, Research Centre Jülich, Siegen, Germany
We have implemented a two dimensional chromatography model for the analysis and optimization of structured micro pillar arrays. Dynamic surface interaction of solved molecules is taken into account by the kinetic Langmuir model. Variations of the pillar array geometry lead to deviations in the outlet concentration profiles. These deviations cannot be described by the one dimensional models that ...
S. Barth, and S. Zimmermann
Drägerwerk AG & Co. KGaA, Lübeck, Germany
Ion mobility spectrometry provides fast detection of very low concentrations of chemical substances. Simple instrumentation combined with high sensitivity and high selectivity are the advantages of this technique. One well established field of application is the detection of hazardous compounds in air, such as chemical warfare agents, explosives and pollutants. A numerical model based on finite ...
S. Kiravittaya, P. Cendula, A. Rastelli, and O. Schmidt
Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung, Stuttgart, Germany
Institute for Integrative Nanosciences, Dresden, Germany
Strain induced by local deformation of a flexible micrometer-sized semiconductor tube is quantified by modeling a ball pressing on the tube wall. By changing the pressing condition, we are able to change the strain state of the tube wall incorporating self-assembled quantum dots (QDs) in the wall. The QD emission energy is calculated in COMSOL® by solving the Schrödinger wave equation ...
H. Pakdast, Z. Davis
DTU Nanotech, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
This article describes the development of a bulk mode resonator which can be employed for detection of bio/chemical species in liquids. The goal is to understand the mechanical and electrical properties of a bulk mode resonator device which exhibit high frequency resonance modes and Q-factor. A high resonance frequency is desirable because a small change in the resonator’s mass, for ...
A. Auge, F. Wittbracht, A. Weddemann, and A. Hütten
Department of Physics, University of Bielefeld, Germany
Transport phenomena in spatially periodic magnetic systems, in particular the directed transport of magnetic beads in a so called magnetic ratchet (Brownian motor) are considered. Simulations are carried out to test and optimize this system, where the Smoluchowski equation with flux terms for the magnetic and gravitational force is used. Furthermore, experiments are carried out to verify the ...
R. Umhack, M. Rainer, M. Tamerle, and G. Hillmer
Process-, Environmental- and Bio- technology, MCI - University of Applied Sciences, Innsbruck, Austria
A new type of radiator with a package of combs, to gain a larger area for heat exchange, instead of trapezoidal convector plates, is investigated. The main aim is to find the optimal comb diameter. To solve this problem, CFD (computational fluid dynamics) with COMSOL Multiphysics is used. A chart showing radiator power was produced, which includes radiator power for different temperatures and ...
M. Di Bari, and G. Zito
University of Bari, Italy
Many theoretical studies concerning lava tubes focus on the thermal disturbances generated on the earth surface. Recently a solution was suggested, where a lava tube located at a great depth h in the soil, where the ratio between h to the major axis of the ellipse a is higher than 10. However, lava tubes more frequently are located at shallower depths. In this work we ...
M. Pfafferodt, P. Heidebrecht, and K. Sundmacher[1,2]
Otto-von-Guericke-University, Magdeburg, Germany
Max-Planck-Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, Magdeburg, Germany
A model of a Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) stack with internal reforming is presented. It describes the concentrations in the gas phase, the temperatures and the current densities in this highly integrated system. The differential equations, boundary conditions and the coupling equations used in the model are presented. A strategy to solve the system of partial differential ...
Study of Thermo-Electrical and Mechanical Coupling During Densification of a Polycrystalline Material Using COMSOL
F. Mechighel[1,2,3], B. Pateyron, M. El Ganaoui, and M. Kadja
CNRS SPCTS UMR 6638, Universite de Limoges, France
Département de Génie Mécanique, Universite de Annaba, Algerie
Département de Génie Mécanique, Universite de Constantine, Algerie
Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) is a promising rapid consolidation technique that allows a better understanding and manipulation of sintering kinetics and therefore makes it possible to obtain polycrystalline materials (ceramic or metallic) with tailored microstructures. A numerical simulation of the electrical, thermal and mechanical coupling during SPS is performed. Equations for conservation for ...
Transient Conjugate Optical-thermal Fields in Thin Films Irradiated by Moving Sources: A Comparison between Back and Front Treatment
N. Bianco, O. Manca, and D. Ricci
Dipartimento di Energetica, Termofluidodinamica applicata e Condizionamenti ambientali, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Aerospaziale e Meccanica, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Aversa (CE), Italy
A two dimensional instationary analysis of the conjugate optical-thermal fields induced in a multilayer thin film structure on a glass substrate by a moving Gaussian laser source is carried out numerically in order to compare back and front laser treatment processes. COMSOL Multiphysics 3.4 code has been adopted to solve the combined thermal and electromagnetic problem in order to compare the ...