Prediction and Optimization of Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Geometries using COMSOL Multiphysics
I. Knorr, K. Christou, J. Meinertz, A. Selle, J. Ihlemann, and G. Marowsky
Laser-Laboratorium Göttingen e.V., Germany
Raman spectroscopy is a commonly used tool in biodiagnostics and sensor technology. Surface-enhanced Raman scattering provides high signal enhancements especially at nanostructured metallic surfaces. In this paper the electromagnetic Raman enhancement from different metallic nanostructures - including gold coated gratings, spherical and hemispherical particles - is calculated by using the finite ...
F. Van den Abeele, J. Vande Voorde, and P. Goes
ArcelorMittal Research & Development Industry Gent, Zelzate, Belgium
Vortex-induced vibration is a major cause of fatigue failure in submarine oil and gas pipelines and steel catenary risers. Even moderate currents can induce vortex shedding. In this paper, COMSOL Multiphysics is applied to study the flow pattern around submarine pipeline spans, and predict the amplitude and frequency of the vortex induced vibrations. The sensitivity of the computational fluid ...
Advanced Modeling of Friction Stir Welding – Improved Material Model for Aluminum Alloys and Modeling of Different Materials with Different Properties by Using the Level Set Method
Wilhelm Gronbach GmbH, Wasserburg a. Inn, Germany
Friction Stir Welding (FSW) has gained much importance throughout the last years. Beside comprehensive experimental work that has been carried out, the simulation of the welding zone is of major interest. Due to the high strains observed within the welding zone, the Eulerian (CFD) approach seems to be the most promising for the prediction of flow around the FSW tool. However, the CFD ...
Liquid Metal Metallurgy and Solidification department
Ugitech’s Research Center, Ugine, France
Dr. Christian Deville-Cavellin is a Research Engineer at Ugitech's Research Center, since 1995. Ugitech, member of the Schmoltz & Bickenbach group, is a stainless steel, long products producer. C. Deville-Cavellin is responsible for all research topics related to liquid metal metallurgy and solidification. He also keeps an expert role in machinability, within one of the french public ...
T. Müller, A. Schwenger, and H. Haase
Institut für Grundlagen der Elektrotechnik und Messtechnik, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Germany
Volkswagen AG, Germany
This paper describes the automatic optimization of an electromagnetic actuator using a genetic algorithm. The actuator modeled here is dedicated for charge changing valve actuation in internal combustion engines. In the first step of the simulation, several operating points are calculated using the script language of COMSOL Multiphysics. In order to reduce computation time, only one segment of ...
M. Dimaki, J. Moresco Lange, P. Vazquez, P. Shah, F. Okkels, and W. Svendsen
Department of Micro- and Nanotechnology, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark
The need for fast, easy and cost-effective analysis of blood samples as well as our understanding of the functionality of cells and neurons are two rather pressing issues in the modern world. Both of these can be addressed by functional lab-on-a-chip systems, which have been designed and optimized for specific analyses. This paper deals with the design of several different systems for cell ...
J. Gozálvez-Zafrilla, and A. Santafé-Moros
Department of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
The most successful nanofiltration models are those based on the combination of the Extended Nernst-Planck equation with the Donnan steric equilibrium. These models have been typically solved by using iterative procedures based on the Runge-Kutta method. Yet, such procedures present convergence problems in some cases. In this paper, we present an implementation of the original Donnan Steric ...
C. Hollenstein, and A. Howling
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland
Finite elements using COMSOL Multiphysics have been used to simulate the edge plasma in a large area capacitively coupled RF reactor. In order to reduce numerical difficulties simplified reactor edge geometries have been used. First results show the importance of electrostatic double layers within this plasma. In addition the non-uniform behaviour of the plasma sheath around convex and ...
I. Neitzel, U. Prüfert, and T. Slawig
Technische Universität Berlin / SPP 1253
Technische Universität Berlin / Matheon
Excellence Cluster The Future Ocean, Algorithmic Optimal Control - Oceanic CO2-Uptake/SPP 1253
An optimal control problem (OCP) is studied to a PDE of elliptic type as well as state constraints. The resulting optimality system contains two PDEs, one algebraic equation and the so called complementary slackness conditions, i.e. dual products between function spaces. At this point, different regularization techniques come into use. In this paper we introduce a Barrier method as one possible ...
F. Dewarrat, L. Falco, A. Caduff, and M. Talary
Solianis Monitoring AG, Zürich, Switzerland
Impedance spectroscopy is a measurement technique that has been investigated in a wide variety of medical applications. An example is the measurement of the dielectric properties of the skin and underlying tissue using sensors placed in contact with human skin with capacitive fringing field electrodes. The aim of this work is to use finite element methods for optimizing the sensor design ...