J. Gozálvez-Zafrilla, and A. Santafé-Moros
Department of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
The most successful nanofiltration models are those based on the combination of the Extended Nernst-Planck equation with the Donnan steric equilibrium. These models have been typically solved by using iterative procedures based on the Runge-Kutta method. Yet, such procedures present convergence problems in some cases. In this paper, we present an implementation of the original Donnan Steric ...
Institute of Applied Mechanics, Poznan University of Technology, Poznan, Poland
An external magnetic field imposed on a ferrofluid with a temperature gradient, results in a non-uniform magnetic body force, which leads to a form of heat transfer called thermomagnetic convection. A magnet placed near the device will always attract the colder ferrofluid more than warmer. Viscous, two-dimensional, laminar and incompressible ferromagnetic fluid flow, under the influence of a ...
C. Hollenstein, and A. Howling
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland
Finite elements using COMSOL Multiphysics have been used to simulate the edge plasma in a large area capacitively coupled RF reactor. In order to reduce numerical difficulties simplified reactor edge geometries have been used. First results show the importance of electrostatic double layers within this plasma. In addition the non-uniform behaviour of the plasma sheath around convex and ...
A. Cantu-Perez, S. Ping Kee, and A. Gavriilidis
University College London, Department of Chemical Engineering, Torrington Place, London, UK
The mixing characteristics and residence time distributions (RTDs) of a staggered herringbone microchannel have been investigated numerically by COMSOL Multiphysics and by particle tracking algorithms that incorporate diffusion via a random walk. All simulations were validated with experimental data. It was found that for low Peclet numbers the use of herringbone structures have little impact on ...
Simulation of the Acoustic Environment for the Manufacture of Graded Porosity Materials by Sonication
C. Torres-Sanchez, and J. R. Corney
University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom
Many materials require functionally graded cellular microstructures whose porosity is engineered to meet specific requirements of diverse applications. It has been shown in previous work that the bubble growth rate of a polymeric foam can be influenced by the surrounding acoustic environment and, once solidified, produce a solid of graded porosity. Motivated by the desire to create a flexible ...
A Numerical Model for Transient Heat Conduction in Semi-Infinite Solids Irradiated by a Moving Heat Source
N. Bianco, O. Manca, S. Nardini, and S. Tamburrino
Dipartimento di Energetica, Termofluidodinamica applicata e Condizionamenti ambientali, Università degli Studi Federico II, Napoli, Italy
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Aerospaziale e Meccanica, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Aversa (CE), Italy
A numerical analysis on transient three-dimensional temperature distribution in a semi-infinite solid, irradiated by a moving Gaussian laser beam, is carried out numerically by means of the code COMSOL Multiphysics. The investigated workpiece is simply a solid. A laser source is considered moving with constant velocity along the motion direction. The convective heat transfer on the upper surface ...
M. F. Zäh, S. Lutzmann, M. Kahnert, and F. Walchshäusl
iwb Anwenderzentrum Augsburg, TU München, Augsburg, Germany
Additive Layer Manufacturing (ALM) methods, like Electron Beam Sintering (EBS), constitute an interesting process concerning the production of small series and customized products. However, transient effects occur during processing due to the different physical principles of an electron beam (EB). Thus, process knowledge from similar ALM technologies, for instance Selective Laser Melting, can ...
P. Goes, E. Hoferlin, and M. De Wulf
OCAS N.V. – ArcelorMittal Research Gent, Belgium
Finite element modelling of electrical machines usually assumes uniform magnetic properties and loss behaviour throughout the steel laminations. It is well known that manufacturing processes, like the assembly of the machine, deteriorate the properties of the core material. Generally, the measured iron losses in the machine are higher than the losses obtained under standard conditions. Taking ...
R. Said, R. Cotton, P. Young, A. Datta , M. Elwassif, and M. Bikson
Simpleware Ltd, Exeter, UK
Department of Biomedical Eng, The City College of New York, USA
Electrical stimulation of the brain involves the application of currents delivered through scalp electrodes to modulate brain activity, known as Transcranial Current Stimulation (TCS). A critical factor for TCS efficacy and safety is the “spatial focality” of induced neuronal modulation. Bikson and coauthors from the City College of New York have been investigating the impact of disc ...
Modeling Implementation of Smart Materials such as Shape Memory Alloys and Electro-Active Metamaterials
Femto-STInstitute UMR CNRS 6174 Dept Applied Mechanics,
Manuel Collet is a member of the Department of Applied Mechanics of the FEMTO-ST Institute. He graduated with a degree in Mechanical Engineering from Ecole Centrale de Lyon in 1992 and obtained his PhD in 1996 about Active control of vibrating structures by mean of semi distributed piezoelectric patches. His main research lines currently involve smart structures and active Control, ...