Design and Simulation of a Microscale Magnetophoretic Device for the Separation of Nucleated Fetal Red Blood Cells from Maternal Blood
G. Schiavone, D.M. Kavanagh, and M.P.Y Desmulliez
Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
MIcroSystems Engineering Centre, School of Engineering & Physical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
Intense research has been carried out into methods that aim at harvesting fetal cells from maternal blood as substitutes to amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling. This work focuses on the separation of fetal nucleated red blood cells from the maternal circulation based on their intrinsic magnetic properties. The design and simulation of a magnetophoretic separator is described, as it will ...
L. Martinelli, A. Lamberti, and P. Ruol
DISTART Idraulica, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
IMAGE, Università di Padova, Padova, Italy
Objective of this contribution is to present a procedure for evaluating second order drift forces on floating bodies, often the most important loading component for mooring design, in case of high waves propagating in relatively shallow water depths. The non linearity associated to this condition, which is typical of installations involving wave energy converters, makes this problem particularly ...
Z. Hongwei and A.M. Gué
Laboratoire d’Analyse et d’Architecture de Systèmes, Université de Toulouse, Toulouse, France
The present study investigates simulation model and droplet ejection performance of a thermal-bubble microejector. This model simulates the bubble nucleation and the bubble growth, to predict the droplet ejection process. Specificity, it is achieved by coupling an electric-thermal model and flow model with bubble dynamics equations. The model is validated by comparing prediction results with ...
Renewable Energies and Environmental Technologies Research Unit, Fondazione Bruno Kessler, Povo, TN, Italy
Stationary flow configurations in curved pipes constitute an important subject from both the theoretical and the practical point of view. A typical application concerns the calculation of secondary flow effects on the thermal efficiency of heat exchangers. Motivated by a similar problem, this paper investigates the flow patterns in a helical duct of non trivial cross section. The considered ...
C. Caruso, P. Lonetti, and A. Manna
Department of Structural Engineering, University of Calabria, Arcavacata di Rende, CS, Italy
A generalized model to predict dynamic crack propagation in fiber composite structures is proposed. The proposed approach is based on a generalized formulation based on the Fracture Mechanics approach and Moving mesh methodology. Consistently to the Fracture Mechanics, the crack propagation depends from the energy release rate and its mode components, which are calculated by means of the ...
A. Hallgarth, A. Zayer, A. Gatward, and J. Davies
Hazard Research & Risk Consultants Ltd, Aberystwyth, Wales, United Kingdom
Independent Consultants, United Kingdom
HazRes has developed a gas discharge and dispersion model in COMSOL which takes into account the effects of localized wind profiles and turbulence generated by buildings, structures and terrain on the dispersion of gases in question. The main focus of this work is to develop and provide clients with more accurate prediction methods relative to industrial standard software tools in modeling ...
Hyperbolic Heat Transfer Equation for Radiofrequency Heating: Comparison between Analytical and COMSOL Solutions
V. Romero-García, M. Trujillo, M.J. Rivera, J.A. López Molina, and E.J. Berjano
Centro de Tecnologías Físicas Acústica, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Dpto. Matemática Aplicada, Instituto Universitario de Matemática Pura y Aplicada, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Institute for Research and Innovation on Bioengineering, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
The Radiofrequency Heating (RFH) is widely employed to heat biological tissue in different surgical procedures. Most models analyze the RFH employing a Parabolic Heat Transfer Equation (PHTE) based on Fourier's theory. The PHTE can be used for problems involving long heating times or low thermal gradients. However, when the problem involves short heating times or extreme thermal gradients it is ...
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale, Università di Parma, Parma, Italy
Simulated Thermal Response Test (TRT) data are analyzed in order to evaluate the effect of the tridimensionality model’s feature in determining the proper value of the soil thermal conductivity and borehole thermal resistance. The 3D system’s simulation during the TRT is realized by adopting the finite element method. The comparison of the numerical results with the analytical ...
Finite Element Modeling for the Mechanical Behavior of Silicon Diaphragms Using COMSOL Multiphysics®
J. Ren, M. Ward, Peter Kinnell, and Russell Cradock
School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
GE Druck Limited, Fir Tree Lane, Leicester, United Kingdom
The silicon diaphragm is one of the most common structures in Micro-Electromechanical Systems (MEMS). However, it is susceptible to creep deformation at elevated temperatures. This paper presents a transient finite element model which simulates the mechanical behavior of the micromachined silicon diaphragms at the temperature of 900 °C. The constitutive equations proposed by Alexander and ...
H.A. Ghali and H.A. Rahman
Electrical Engineering Department British University in Egypt “BUE”, El Sherouk City, Egypt
A teaching platform that could be used to help students understand concepts such as; flux linking and mutual inductance has been developed using the AC/DC Module of COMSOL Multiphysics®. This is achieved through the accurate determination of different magnetic flux density components within the proposed geometry. Furthermore, based on the structure configuration, students can use obtained ...