Numerical Study of a High Temperature Latent Heat Storage (200-300oC) Using Eutectic Nitrate Salt of Sodium Nitrate and Potassium Nitrate
C.W. Foong, J.E. Hustad, J. Løvseth, and O.J. Nydal
Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
In this study, a small scale direct solar thermal energy storage system with secondary reflector is designed and developed. The main advantage of thermal energy storage is that cooking can be carried out during the time when there is little or no sun shine. In addition, no heat transport fluid is needed in this system. A well insulated heat storage should keep the heat for about 24 hours. KNO3 ...
G. Poulain, D. Blanc, A. Kaminski, B. Semmache, and M. Lemiti
Université de Lyon: Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon INL, CNRS, INSA de Lyon, Villeurbanne, France
SEMCO Eng., Montpellier Cedex 5 - France
Silicon solar cells still require cost reduction and improved efficiency to become more competitive. New architectures can provide a significant increase in efficiency, but today most of the approaches need additional processing steps. In this context, laser processing offers a unique way to replace technological steps like photolithography that is not compatible with the requirements of the ...
J.F. Dannenberg, J. Brinkert, and E.A.D. Lamers
Reden b.v., Hengelo (ov.), The Netherlands
One of the upcoming technologies in displays is that of the electrowetting displays. A surface can be covered by a colored oil or transparent water using a voltage to increase or decrease the wettability of the surface. A simulation of the behavior of such a thin film of oil in water, forced to move due an electrostatic field, has been made using the level-set, two-phase flow application mode ...
Université Paris-Est, CERTES, Créteil Cedex, France
In this paper, thermal properties of composites are investigated numerically and experimentally. In the numerical study, finite-elements method in COMSOL is used to modelize heat transfer and to calculate the Effective Thermal Conductivity (ETC) of the composite for three elementary cells, such as simple cubic (SC), body centered cubic (BCC) and face centered cubic (FCC). The effect of the ...
L. Spicci, and M. Cati
Esaote SpA, Florence, Italy
The technology involved in high performance ultrasound imaging probes needs a reliable model to help in new projects development and performance simulations. To achieve a useful model, it is necessary to use correct values for all material parameters involved in the electro-acoustical performances of the piezoelectric material, but unfortunately some of these parameters are known only with high ...
T. Santos, L.C. Costa[1,2], M. Valente[1,2], J. Monteiro[1,2], and J. Sousa
University of Aveiro, Portugal
I3N, Aveiro, Portugal
TEKA Portugal S.A., Ílhavo, Portugal
In microwave heating applications, the energy is introduced directly into the volume of the material and as consequence the quality of the process is highly dependent on the uniformity of the electromagnetic field distribution along it. That is, the non uniformity of the heating is a potential problem with serious consequences. Thermal runaway is the most critical, in materials with temperature ...
A. Heidsieck, and B. Gleich
Zentralinstitut für Medizintechnik, TU München, München, Germany
The technique of magnetic drug targeting binds genetic material or drugs to superparamagnetic nanoparticles and accumulates them via an external magnetic field in a target region. However, it is still a challenge for this approach to succeed in areas with high flow rates, like the aorta or the heart ventricle. The magnetic field sources have to be accurately optimized and adapted to the local ...
E. Holzbecher, W.L. Wah, and M-S. Litz
Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Germany
Freie Universität Berlin, Germany
There are various alternative options concerning modeling fluid flow within fractures in porous media. We give a general overview, with remarks concerning the modeling using COMSOL Multiphysics. Moreover we define and study two test cases for intercomparison. Finally for one of the testcases some results of an extensive sensitivity study is presented.
C. Strozzi, P. Gillard, and J-M. Pascaud
Institut PRISME, Bourges, France
The aim of this work is to present a simple multiphysics simulation using COMSOL able to describe combustion of kerosene vapours in a closed vessel. The emphasis is on the mechanical effects of the reactive processes. The evolution of the thermodynamical variables (pressure, temperature, concentrations…) is obtained by solving several coupled transport equations for: the mass continuity, the ...
A-S.Moreau, H.Lissek, and F. Bongard
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland
JAST SA, Antenna Systems, Lausanne, Switzerland
In this context, a one-dimensional acoustic transmission line, exhibiting metamaterial properties, is presented. It is composed of an acoustic waveguide, periodically loaded with membranes having the function of series capacitances, as well as transversally connected open channels (denoted stubs) having the function of shunt inductances. A validation of the transmission line design is made ...