Y.F. Wang, Y.S. Wang, L. Wang
Institute of Engineering Mechanics, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, China
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Østfold University College, Halden, Norway
We show in this paper that by careful design of the geometry of the resonators, complete bandgap with relatively low center frequency can be obtained for 2D and 3D Phononic Crystals with resonators. The generation of the bandgap is due to the local resonance of the unit cell. Spring-mass and spring-pendulum models are developed to predict the boundaries of the complete bandgap. The predicted ...
Keyhole Formation During Spot Laser Welding: Heat and Fluid Flow Modeling in a 2D Axisymmetric Configuration
M. Courtois, M. Carin, P. LeMasson, S. Gaied 
ArcelorMittal, Global R&D, Montataire, France
LIMATB Laboratory, Université de Bretagne Sud, Lorient, France
For a better understanding of phenomena associated to the appearance of defects in laser welding, a heat and fluid flow model is developed. This study is focused on the modeling of a static laser shot on a sample of steel. This 2D axialsymmetric configuration is used to study phenomena related to the creation of the keyhole. This model takes into account the three phases of the matter: the ...
Geometric Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Airfoil Shapes Using Integrated MATLAB® and COMSOL Multiphysics
A. Safari, H. Lemu G., H. Severson
University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway
This paper proposes a framework for an efficient integration between geometric modeling program and analysis tool for a coming automated aerodynamic design optimization mission. This demand can be addressed by using both in-house codes and commercial software which have the good ability of live-link and efficient integration. In this study, the mathematical modeling of a turbomachinery airfoil ...
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale, Università degli Studi di Parma, Parma, Italy
The work is focused on the numerical analysis of forced convection in curved tubes investigating the correlation between the heat transfer and friction factor enhancement and the effects of the wall curvature. The analysis was performed by integrating the continuity, momentum and energy equations within COMSOL Multiphysics. The local Nusselt number reaches values higher than the ones expected ...
F. Rossi, F. Ratto
CNR - Institute of Applied Physics "Nello Carrara", Sesto Fiorentino, Italy
Photothermal therapy through Gold Nanorods (GNRs) is a new approach for the minimally invasive treatment of cancerous tissue. In order to design the proper settings, it is important to study the thermal effect that are induced close to the nanoparticle (nanoscale model), in the close vicinity and in the cancerous tissue (microscale model). A temperature dependent 2D-model of this particular ...
E. Firat, G. Bandlamudi, M. Crisogianni, P. Beckhaus, A. Heinzel
Centre for Fuel Cell Technology (ZBT), Duisburg,NRW, Germany
Heat management is crucial for the satisfactory operation of HT-PEM (High temperature polymer-electrolyte-membrane) fuel cells. Current work investigates the use of heat pipes in a HT PEMFC stack consisting of 24 cells, each with an active area of 300 cm^2. Heat pipes are known to be thermal superconductors operating on the principles of high convective heat transfer and phase transition. ...
E. Holzbecher, S. Oehlmann
Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
Phenomena of heat and mass transfer are often compared, in various porous media applications. Questions of practical interest are, for example, if tracers can be used for the prediction of heat flow, or vice versa if heat can be utilized as, possibly retarded, tracer for predicting the migration of contaminants, nutrients or other substances. Using numerical modelling in artificial porous media ...
R. Negru , K. Huet, P. Ceccato, B. Godard
Excico, Gennevilliers, France
It is now a well known that the next generation devices in many fields of the semiconductor industry will be based on 3D architectures. In this framework, low thermal budget annealing technological solutions are required. For many applications, either in the field of sensors, microprocessors or high density memories, the Laser Thermal Annealing (LTA), an ultrafast and low thermal budget process, ...
G. Petrone, G. Cammarata
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
This study deals with a numerical investigation of the melting process of a PCM in a rectangular enclosure differentially heated. COMSOL Multiphysics is used in order to numerically solve Navier-Stokes and energy equations in the considered system. Adopting an enthalpy formulation, one single equation is used to solve transient conduction and convection heat transfer in both the solid and liquid ...
E. Amores Vera, J. Rodríguez Ruiz
Centro Nacional del Hidrógeno, Puertollano, Spain
One of the most critical aspects on water electrolysis is gas-liquid separation, especially in systems with forced convection. The main problem of this kind of circulation is that a gas fraction could return to the electrolysis circuit. A suitable design of separator devices could be a solution in order to avoid a gas return to the electrolysis circuit. In this sense, the use of deflectors might ...