J. T. Fong ,
 National Institute of Standards & Technology, Gaithersbug, MD, USA
1. INTRODUCTION. In a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system (see Fig. 1), it is necessary to excite the nuclei of a patient into coherent precession for imaging. This requires coupling between the nuclei and a source of radio frequency (RF) power (the transmitter). To receive a meaningful signal, one also needs to couple the nuclei to an external circuitry (the receiver). These two ...
G. Konar, R. K. Mandal, A. Chakrabarty, J. Das, and N. Chakraborty
Power Engineering Department, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
In this paper simulation of the alternating current loss (AC loss) in a high temperature superconducting tape and a HTS cable having 4 layers of polygon conductors using COMSOL Multiphysics software has been reported. The simulation results for the single rectangular tape are verified with the Norris equation for a HTS tape. The effect of increased number of layers on AC loss is also observed ...
S. F. Madsen, and C. Falkenstrøm Mieritz
The present paper presents numerical calculations of the magnetic fields and the current distribution within a wind turbine nacelle. The results are used by control system engineers designing panels and cables, who must ensure that the immunity of the equipment complies with the environment within the turbine. Since the release of the International standard concerning lightning protection of ...
G. Zhang, Y. Zhao, J. Brcka, J. Faguet, E. Lee
Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
TEL U.S. Holdings, Inc., U.S. Technology Development Center, Austin, TX, USA
In our experiments with manipulating cells with DEP, we noted that some cells are constantly spining. By hypothesing that the cell spining is caused by the non-circular shape of the cell body and the off-centered location of its nucleus and that the rotation direction depends on the relative location of nucleus with respect to the electrical field, we found that the observed cell rotation was ...
F. Bosi , M. Magarotto , P. de Carlo , M. Manente , F. Trezzolani , D. Pavarin , D. Melazzi , P. Alotto , R. Bertani ,
 Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
 CISAS "G.Colombo", University of Padova, Padova, Italy
Microwave discharges have a wide range of applications, such as gas conversion, material processing and surface treatment; also they can provide an efficient way for dissociation of molecular gases as CO2 and N2O. Depending on the operating pressure and temperature, non-equilibrium conditions can be attained within the discharge, where electron temperature, vibrational temperature and ...
N. Badi, R. Mekala
Department of Physics, Center for Advanced Materials, University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA
Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA
Thermally conducting but electrically insulating materials are needed for heat-sink LED lighting applications. We report on a cost effective and innovative method based on creating core-shell nanoparticles in polymer with aluminum (Al) nanoparticles as the high thermal conductivity core and ultrathin aluminum oxide (Al?O?) as a capping shell. The solid oxide shell around the Al core prevents ...
S. Khushrushahi, T.A. Hatton, M. Zahn
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Magnetic separation of magnetic liquid phases/particles from non-magnetic liquid phases/particles are needed for applications such as cleaning up oil spills by separating oil and water liquid phases or separating magnetic materials from non-magnetic materials in biomedical and microfluidic applications. Magnetic fluids (also called ferrofluids), in a magnetic field, experience a magnetic force ...
A. Shetty, K. J. Vinoy, S. B. Krupanidhi
Electrical Communication Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India
Materials Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India
As interest in the electromagnetic spectrum expands towards the infrared and terahertz range, the distinct advantages of using semiconductors instead of metals for plasmonic applications must be understood. Plasmonic resonances in gold (Au) and indium nitride (InN) gratings are studied, in the terahertz (?=30µm) regime. The electromagnetic properties of Au and InN are described by the Drude ...
Optimization of a Rotor Shape for Spherical Actuator with Magnetically Levitating Rotor to Match Octupole Field Distribution
M. Sidz, R. Wawrzaszek, L. Rossini, A. Boletis, S. Mingard, K. Seweryn, E. Onillon, M. Strumik
Space Research Centre of PAS, Warsaw, Poland
CSEM Centre Suisse d’Electronique et de Microtechnique SA, Neuchâtel, Switzerland
Maxon Motor AG, Sachseln, Switzerland
The use of a reaction sphere as an actuator used by satellite Attitude Control System was proposed over twenty years ago. In principle this concept assumes the use of a single reaction sphere which can be accelerated in any direction instead of a set of reaction wheels. The solution discussed in this work has been proposed and patented by CSEM company. Contrary to conventional ball bearing ...
Electromagnetic Processing from AC to DC Field and Multiphysics Modeling: a Way for Process Innovation
M. Dumont , R. Ernst , Y. Fautrelle , J. Etay 
 Emdpi Solutions-JAM, France
 Simap, France
Examples of Electromagnetic processes are presented: (1) cold crucible, (2) electromagnetic pump, (3) DC electromagnetic brake. A combined approach by using multiphysics modeling with Comsol and experimental validation is used in order to give some guidelines for process improvement and integration at industrial scale. A time-dependent 2D or 3D multiphysics electromagnetic fluid mechanics ...