A. Giaccherini , E. Berretti , S. Martinuzzi , S. Caporali ,
 INSTM, Firenze, Italy
 Department of Chemistry, University of Florence, Firenze, Italy
This work is a first evaluation of the validity of the frozen rotor approximation for the simulation of a stirred beaker. The agreement is good, further analysis will be carried before using the model to optimize labscale setup dedicated to IL electrochemistry.
朱国利 , 李亚东 , 李焰 ,
管道输送是油气能源长距离输送的重要途径。目前管道连接多采用焊接完成，焊接是一个复杂的非平衡物理化学过程，焊接接头各组成部分的成分、组织和性能都存在差异，同时还容易产生裂纹、气孔、夹杂和未熔合等焊接缺陷和较大的残余应力，使得焊接接头成为管道工程中的薄弱环节。在服役介质中，焊接接头存在宏观腐蚀电池与微观腐蚀电池耦合的多相电化学反应而引起局部腐蚀，可能导致整个构件失效，引发严重的安全事故，造成重大的经济损失甚至人身伤亡。利用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 多物理场仿真软件的腐蚀模块和二次电流分布接口对 X80 钢焊接接头在 CO2 饱和的 NACE 溶液中的电流密度及电位分布进行了仿真，并利用参数化扫描功能，模拟了焊缝与母材不同比例条件下的腐蚀行为。（图1）、（图2）、（图3）和（图4）分别为焊缝：母材=1:3和1:8条件下焊接接头在 NACE 溶液中的电流密度和电位分布 ...
M. Vallance, and R. White
General Electric Global Research Center, Niskayuna, NY, USA
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA
Sodium/metal chloride storage batteries, used in hybrid propulsion applications, provide high energy and power densities safely and reliably. To understand the dynamics of electrochemical cycling, a high-temperature sodium/ferrous chloride storage cell was modeled in two dimensions. The time-dependent solution shows that a reaction front, starting at the interface with the negative electrode, ...
G. C. Bandlamudi[1,2], C. Siegel, C. Heßke, and A. Heinzel[1,2]
ZBT Duisburg, Duisburg, Germany
University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
High temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (HT PEMFCs) are very promising technologies when used in combined cooling and heating power (CCHP) systems. They are operated at 160°C, offering the possibility of high tolerance to fuel impurities and a possibility to use the heat generated for cooling and heating purposes, leading to higher total system efficiency. Employing a 24 ...
P. Fodor, and J. D'Alessandro
Dept. of Physics
Cleveland State University
In this work a miniaturized fuel cell design based on microchannels, into which the liquid fuel and oxidizer streams are fed through T shaped connectors, is optimized for improved fuel usage. This particular design exploits the laminar nature of the fluid flow at small Reynolds numbers to keep the fuel and oxidizer confined in the vicinity of the corresponding electrodes without the need of a ...
J. Vukasin , I. Crassous , B. Morel , J. Sanchez-Marcano , P. Namy 
 HRP, AREVA NC, France
 Institut Européen des Membranes - CNRS, France
 Simtec, France
In the nuclear fuel cycle, fluorine is produced by the electrolysis of the molten salt KF-2HF. It is a complex process to study since hydrofluoric acid and fluorine are hazardous and highly corrosive. A 3D-model of a lab-scale fluorine electrolysis cell has been developed to increase our understanding of this process, using the electric currents and the bubbly flow interfaces to simulate the ...
Caribbean Industrial Research Institute, Calibration Laboratory, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
The Polymer Electrolyte Membrane fuel cell is one of the most promising green technologies for addressing portable, as well as transportation power needs. However, the science behind the fuel cell, in many regards, is still an enigma, and even more so, with the vast numbers of novel materials created annually; designed to offset issues related to durability, conductivity, cost- effectiveness and ...
Transient Modelling of a Fluorine Electrolysis Cell; Fully Coupled Electric Currents, Heat-Transfer, Diluted Species Transport and Laminar Bubbly Flow
R. Pretorius, P. L. Crouse, and C. J. Hattingh
University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
Metallurgical Testing and Consultation (MTC) cc, Farrarmere, South Africa
A laboratory-scale fluorine reactor was simulated with COMSOL Multiphysics®. This model employs fundamental fully coupled electron-, heat-, mass- and momentum transfer (two-phase) equations to deliver a transient model of the above-mentioned reactor. Quasi-steady-state results were produced for the current density, electric field, temperature, reactive species concentration, gas- and liquid ...
E. Amores, J. Rodriguez Ruiz, C. Merino Rodríguez, and P. García Escribano
Centro Nacional del Hidrógeno
The production of hydrogen from renewable energy surplus is seen as a key strategy for energy storage. Centro Nacional del Hidrógeno works actively in this direction by considering a strategic line in order to achieve a sustainable energy future. Alkaline electrolysis is the main industrial way of obtaining hydrogen by electrolysis. However, commercial alkaline electrolyzers are designed for ...
A. Häffelin, J. Joos, M. Ender, A. Weber, and E. Ivers-Tiffée
Institut für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik (IWE)
Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
A fuel cell is an electrochemical system, which converts chemical energy into electricity by a controlled reaction of hydrogen and oxygen. The performance of the electrode is likewise determined by its material and the microstructure. The simulations were performed directly on reconstructions of real electrodes, obtained from focused ion beam (FIB) tomography. A finite element method (FEM) ...