Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Screening Effects in Probing the Electric Double Layer by Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy

R.F. Hamou[1], P.U. Biedermann[1], A. Erbe[1], and M. Rohwerder[1]
[1]Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany

A computational method is developed to study probing the electric double layer by Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy. The model is based on a modified Poisson- Boltzmann equation, which takes into account steric effects. We investigated the effect of metallic apex protrusion and the Open Circuit Potential (OCP) of the tip on the probed potential. A clear electrostatic screening effect ...

Modeling of Lead-acid Flow Battery

M. N. Nandanwar[1], S. K. Gupta[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India

Failure of conventional lead-acid battery is attributed to degradation of solid active mass (PbO2 and PbSO4 ). A number of research efforts are underway worldwide to overcome degradation of active mass to improve the cycle life of lead-acid batteries. Soluble lead-acid flow battery (SLFB) is a new kind of lead-acid flow battery in which products of discharge remain in dissolved state. SLFB ...

Thermal Modeling of Lithium-ion Pouch-type Cell for Better Cycle Life and Safety Application

J. B. Sangiri [1], S. Ghosh [1], C. Chakraborty[1]
[1] Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India

Lithium-ion batteries are most preferable energy storage devices for its higher energy density, flexible form factor and lightweight design than comparable battery technologies. The present simulation work is focused on incorporating contact thermal resistance within a two-dimensional thermal model of Lithium-ion pouch cells. In the present study COMSOL Multiphysics® software has been used to ...

Visualisation of the Internal Processes of a Fuel Cell with the Help of an Application Built with the COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

A. George [1], L. Fromme [1]
[1] University of Applied Sciences Bielefeld, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Bielefeld, Germany

The objective was to make a visualisation application for the pupil's lab of the University of Applied Sciences Bielefeld. The application serves as a supplement for a workshop. It should provide a better understanding of a fuel cell, to visualize important influences and collect first experience with a simulation. To achieve this objective, a model of the fuel cell is created. The ...

Aluminization Process from Ionic Liquid in Operative Conditions: Validation and Perspective

A. Giaccherini [1], E. Berretti [2], S. Martinuzzi [1], S. Caporali [1],
[1] INSTM, Firenze, Italy
[2] Department of Chemistry, University of Florence, Firenze, Italy

This work is a first evaluation of the validity of the frozen rotor approximation for the simulation of a stirred beaker. The agreement is good, further analysis will be carried before using the model to optimize labscale setup dedicated to IL electrochemistry.

Symmetric Stack Model of a Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) with Indirect Reforming

M. Pfafferodt[1], P. Heidebrecht[2], and K. Sundmacher[1,2]
[1]Otto-von-Guericke-University, Magdeburg, Germany
[2]Max-Planck-Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, Magdeburg, Germany

A model of a Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) stack with internal reforming is presented.  It describes the concentrations in the gas phase, the temperatures and the current densities in this highly integrated system. The differential equations, boundary conditions and the coupling equations used in the model are presented. A strategy to solve the system of partial differential ...

Numerical Results of Two 3D Coupled Models of a Unitary PEM Fuel Cell of 144cm² - new

E. Robalinho[1], E. F. Cunha[2], M. Linardi[2]
[1]Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
[2]IPEN/CNEN-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

This computational implementation presents a new strategy of coupling two 3D models to satisfy the requirements of the comprehensive model of a unitary Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cell, including its internal geometries and constitutive materials, as well as distinct physical and chemical processes. Those different simultaneous processes required computational effort and the solution was the ...

Electrical and Thermal Modeling of a Molten Salt Electro-Refiner

A. Oury [1],
[1] SIMTEC, Grenoble, France

Numerical simulation can be advantageously employed to predict the main cell features (e.g., the reaction rate distribution on the electrodes, the cell voltage, or the electrolyte temperature) in order to optimize the design and operational conditions of the process. In this poster, we describe two complementary computational approaches applied to a molten salt electro-refiner for ...

High-Temperature Sodium/Metal Chloride Storage Battery

M. Vallance[1], and R. White[2]
[1]General Electric Global Research Center, Niskayuna, NY, USA
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA

Sodium/metal chloride storage batteries, used in hybrid propulsion applications, provide high energy and power densities safely and reliably. To understand the dynamics of electrochemical cycling, a high-temperature sodium/ferrous chloride storage cell was modeled in two dimensions. The time-dependent solution shows that a reaction front, starting at the interface with the negative electrode, ...

An Agglomerate Model for the Rationalisation of MCFC Cathode Degradation

B. Bozzini[1], S. Maci[1], I. Sgura[2], R. Lo Presti[3], and E. Simonetti[3]
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Innovazione, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Matematica, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
[3]ENEA Casaccia, Dipartimento TER, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, S. Maria di Galeria, Roma, Italy

This paper describes the numerical modeling of a key material-stability issue within the realm of Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (MCFC). The model describes the morphological and attending electrocatalytic evolution of porous NiO electrodes and is apt to predict electrochemical observables that can be recorded during Fuel Cell operation. The model has been validated with original experimental data ...