Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Improving Fuel Usage in Microchannel Based Fuel Cells

P. Fodor, and J. D'Alessandro
Dept. of Physics
Cleveland State University
Cleveland, OH

In this work a miniaturized fuel cell design based on microchannels, into which the liquid fuel and oxidizer streams are fed through T shaped connectors, is optimized for improved fuel usage. This particular design exploits the laminar nature of the fluid flow at small Reynolds numbers to keep the fuel and oxidizer confined in the vicinity of the corresponding electrodes without the need of a ...

Hierarchical Modeling of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells

J. Dujc[1], J.O. Schumacher[1]
[1]Zurich University of Applied Sciences (ZHAW), Institute of Computational Physics (ICP), Winterthur, Switzerland

A finite element model of a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) is described in this paper. We divide the PEMFC into two separate and parallel 2D regions which are connected by the 1D regions representing the membrane electrode assembly (MEA). COMSOL Multiphysics® was used as a development tool for hierarchical 1D MEA models. Here we present a 1D model that is based on seven governing ...

Numerical Simulation of Carbon Steel Corrosion Exposed to Flowing NaCl Solutions Through an Annular Duct - new

A. Soliz[1], K. Mayrhofer[1], L. Caceres[2]
[1]Department of Interface Chemistry & Surface Engineering, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung, Düsseldorf, Germany
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Antofagasta, Antofagasta, Chile

A three-dimensional mathematical model under stationary conditions have been established to understand the corrosion of carbon steel cylindrical samples immersed in flowing NaCl solution through an annular duct. The migration, diffusion and convection mass transfer mechanisms were solved using the Nernst–Planck equation coupled to the Navier-Stokes equation. A corrosion model based on the mixed ...

Magneto-hydrodynamic Flow in Electrolyte Solutions

M. Qin[1], and H. Bau[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, USA

The paper presents and compares two models for simulating magneto-hydrodynamic flow of RedOx electrolyte in a conduit patterned with circular pillars. The first model solves the coupled Nernst-Planck and Navier-Stokes equations subjected to Butler-Volmer electrode kinetics and provides detailed information on ions’ concentrations. The second model treats the electrolyte as a conductor, and ...

数值模拟涂层保护法保护碳钢电位分布

向斌 [1], 江露 [1], 周洋 [1], 王佳宁 [1]
[1] 重庆大学化学化工学院,重庆,中国

引言:钢结构设备的防腐保护主要采用阴极保护和涂层保护。其中,涂层保护除了防腐同时具备防红外、降温等特殊性能。 此次模拟,通过 COMSOL Multiphysics® 模拟设备在裸钢和 SiO2@ATO 涂层状态下的表面电位分布,证实了 SiO2@ATO 涂层的防腐性和抗红外及降温性能,并验证了 COMSOL Multiphysics® 数值模拟碳钢腐蚀表面电位分布的可靠性。 模拟过程中,假设电解质电导率为常数,阳极的各参数(尺寸、成分、分布等)保持不变。 计算方法:使用“二次电流分布”接口描述电极反应,“稀物质传递”接口描述亚铁离子输运,采用瞬态研究。参数: 1)温度 T; 2)电解质电导率 σ; 3)阴、阳极平衡电位 E_a、E_c; 4)阴、阳极交换电流密度 i0_c、i0_a; 5)传递系数 α 和 β; 6)初始时刻的亚铁离子浓度; 7 ...

Modeling the chloride-induced corrosion initiation of steel rebar in concrete

P. Ghods[1], K. Karadakis[1], O. B. Isgor[1], and G. McRae[1]
[1]Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Corrosion of rebar in concrete is one of the most prominent durability problems in reinforced concrete, especially where de-icing or seawater salts come into contact with the structures. Previous electrochemical and microscopic investigations have shown that local crevices between the mill scale and the underlying steel surface accelerate the corrosion initiation of rebar in concrete. Steel ...

Modeling of HTPEM Fuel Cell Start-Up Process by Using COMSOL Multiphysics

Y. Wang[1], D. Uwe Sauer[1]
[1]Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems, Institute for Power Electronics and Electrical Drives (ISEA), RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany

HTPEM fuel cells are considered to be the next generation fuel cells. The electrochemical kinetics for electrode reactions are enhanced by using PBI membrane at an operation temperature between 160-180 °C comparing to LTPEM fuel cells. But starting HTPEM fuel cells from room temperature to an operation temperature is a challenge. In this work, using preheated air to heat up the fuel cells ...

Optimizing Electrode Surface Area by COMSOL Multiphysics®

B K SRIHARI[1], Dr K Nagarajan[1], Dr B Prabhakar Reddy[1], P VENKATESH[1]
[1]Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu, India

In the design of electrorefiner, Working electrode and Counter electrode surface areas are very important. The main aim of this study is to understand the effect of the ratio of Anode to cathode Surface areas in an electrorefining cell. Application of this model to design electrorefiner for metallic spent nuclear fuel is discussed with respect to Uranium recovery. Shaping of real anode surface ...

Modeling Hydrogen Permeation through a Thin TiO2 Film Deposited on Pd

Z. Qin[1], Y. Zeng[1], and D.W. Shoesmith[1]

[1]The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada

Models that describe hydrogen permeation through a thin TiO2 film deposited on Pd have been developed based on a mass-balance equation consisting of diffusion, reversible hydrogen absorption/desorption, and irreversible hydrogen trapping. These models are solved by the finite element method using COMSOL Multiphysics. By comparing model simulations with experimental permeation curves, values of ...

Numerical Results of Two 3D Coupled Models of a Unitary PEM Fuel Cell of 144cm² - new

E. Robalinho[1], E. F. Cunha[2], M. Linardi[2]
[1]Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
[2]IPEN/CNEN-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

This computational implementation presents a new strategy of coupling two 3D models to satisfy the requirements of the comprehensive model of a unitary Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cell, including its internal geometries and constitutive materials, as well as distinct physical and chemical processes. Those different simultaneous processes required computational effort and the solution was the ...