Screening Effects in Probing the Electric Double Layer by Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy
R.F. Hamou, P.U. Biedermann, A. Erbe, and M. Rohwerder
Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany
A computational method is developed to study probing the electric double layer by Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy. The model is based on a modified Poisson- Boltzmann equation, which takes into account steric effects. We investigated the effect of metallic apex protrusion and the Open Circuit Potential (OCP) of the tip on the probed potential. A clear electrostatic screening effect ...
M. N. Nandanwar, S. K. Gupta
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India
Failure of conventional lead-acid battery is attributed to degradation of solid active mass (PbO2 and PbSO4 ). A number of research efforts are underway worldwide to overcome degradation of active mass to improve the cycle life of lead-acid batteries. Soluble lead-acid flow battery (SLFB) is a new kind of lead-acid flow battery in which products of discharge remain in dissolved state. SLFB ...
J. B. Sangiri , S. Ghosh , C. Chakraborty
 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India
Lithium-ion batteries are most preferable energy storage devices for its higher energy density, flexible form factor and lightweight design than comparable battery technologies. The present simulation work is focused on incorporating contact thermal resistance within a two-dimensional thermal model of Lithium-ion pouch cells. In the present study COMSOL Multiphysics® software has been used to ...
Visualisation of the Internal Processes of a Fuel Cell with the Help of an Application Built with the COMSOL Multiphysics® Software
A. George , L. Fromme 
 University of Applied Sciences Bielefeld, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Bielefeld, Germany
The objective was to make a visualisation application for the pupil's lab of the University of Applied Sciences Bielefeld. The application serves as a supplement for a workshop. It should provide a better understanding of a fuel cell, to visualize important influences and collect first experience with a simulation. To achieve this objective, a model of the fuel cell is created. The ...
A. Giaccherini , E. Berretti , S. Martinuzzi , S. Caporali ,
 INSTM, Firenze, Italy
 Department of Chemistry, University of Florence, Firenze, Italy
This work is a first evaluation of the validity of the frozen rotor approximation for the simulation of a stirred beaker. The agreement is good, further analysis will be carried before using the model to optimize labscale setup dedicated to IL electrochemistry.
M. Pfafferodt, P. Heidebrecht, and K. Sundmacher[1,2]
Otto-von-Guericke-University, Magdeburg, Germany
Max-Planck-Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, Magdeburg, Germany
A model of a Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) stack with internal reforming is presented. It describes the concentrations in the gas phase, the temperatures and the current densities in this highly integrated system. The differential equations, boundary conditions and the coupling equations used in the model are presented. A strategy to solve the system of partial differential ...
E. Robalinho, E. F. Cunha, M. Linardi
Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
IPEN/CNEN-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
This computational implementation presents a new strategy of coupling two 3D models to satisfy the requirements of the comprehensive model of a unitary Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cell, including its internal geometries and constitutive materials, as well as distinct physical and chemical processes. Those different simultaneous processes required computational effort and the solution was the ...
A. Oury ,
 SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
Numerical simulation can be advantageously employed to predict the main cell features (e.g., the reaction rate distribution on the electrodes, the cell voltage, or the electrolyte temperature) in order to optimize the design and operational conditions of the process. In this poster, we describe two complementary computational approaches applied to a molten salt electro-refiner for ...
M. Vallance, and R. White
General Electric Global Research Center, Niskayuna, NY, USA
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA
Sodium/metal chloride storage batteries, used in hybrid propulsion applications, provide high energy and power densities safely and reliably. To understand the dynamics of electrochemical cycling, a high-temperature sodium/ferrous chloride storage cell was modeled in two dimensions. The time-dependent solution shows that a reaction front, starting at the interface with the negative electrode, ...
B. Bozzini, S. Maci, I. Sgura, R. Lo Presti, and E. Simonetti
Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Innovazione, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
Dipartimento di Matematica, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
ENEA Casaccia, Dipartimento TER, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, S. Maria di Galeria, Roma, Italy
This paper describes the numerical modeling of a key material-stability issue within the realm of Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (MCFC). The model describes the morphological and attending electrocatalytic evolution of porous NiO electrodes and is apt to predict electrochemical observables that can be recorded during Fuel Cell operation. The model has been validated with original experimental data ...