M. N. Nandanwar, S. K. Gupta
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India
Failure of conventional lead-acid battery is attributed to degradation of solid active mass (PbO2 and PbSO4 ). A number of research efforts are underway worldwide to overcome degradation of active mass to improve the cycle life of lead-acid batteries. Soluble lead-acid flow battery (SLFB) is a new kind of lead-acid flow battery in which products of discharge remain in dissolved state. SLFB ...
P. R. Impinnisi , L. F. Siqueira ,
 Instituto Lactec, Curitiba, PR, Brasil
Foi desenvolvido um modelo 3D para simular descargas de eletrodos de baterias de chumbo-ácido. O modelo inclui a formação de filmes isolantes de sulfato de chumbo durante a descarga e permite visualizar a analisar a evolução da distribuição de linhas de corrente, os efeitos de bordas, os gradientes de concentração e outros fenômenos, nas regiões externas do eletrodo e no interior de poros.
Current Density Simulations in the Electrodeposition from Ionic Liquids: Effects of the Conductivity
I. Perissi, C. Borri, S. Caporali, and A. Lavacchi
Department of Chemistry, University of Firenze, Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy
The overall goal of this work is the use of COMSOL Multiphysics® in the modeling of the current density distributions for the electrodeposition of aluminum coatings from ionic liquids. The local current distribution is strongly dependant on the conductivity and on the geometry of the galvanic cell and can only be computed by the numerical solution of the partial differential equations ...
J. Vukasin , I. Crassous , B. Morel , J. Sanchez-Marcano , P. Namy 
 HRP, AREVA NC, France
 Institut Européen des Membranes - CNRS, France
 Simtec, France
In the nuclear fuel cycle, fluorine is produced by the electrolysis of the molten salt KF-2HF. It is a complex process to study since hydrofluoric acid and fluorine are hazardous and highly corrosive. A 3D-model of a lab-scale fluorine electrolysis cell has been developed to increase our understanding of this process, using the electric currents and the bubbly flow interfaces to simulate the ...
I. Sgura, F. Zarcone, and B. Bozzini
Dipartimento di Matematica, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
Brindisi Fuel Cell Durability Laboratory, Facoltà di Ingegneria Industriale, Università del Salento, Brindisi, Italy
Corrosion and contact ohmic resistance of the stainless steel current collectors in molten carbonates is one of the greatest obstacles to widespread application of molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC). We simulate the variation of material parameters values, accounting for the impact of corrosion of the metallic current collectors on the performance of the porous cathode. Furthermore, we couple a ...
S. Mackintosh, J. Rodgers, S.P. Blythe
Lifescan Scotland, Inverness, Scotland
This paper describes the modeling of a blood glucose sensor using COMSOL Multiphysics. Chemical species interaction and diffusion, coupled with electrochemical oxidation of multiple blood species produced a powerful working model used in developing and refining a range of blood glucose sensors for the commercial market.
E. Robalinho, E. F. Cunha, M. Linardi
Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
IPEN/CNEN-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
This computational implementation presents a new strategy of coupling two 3D models to satisfy the requirements of the comprehensive model of a unitary Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cell, including its internal geometries and constitutive materials, as well as distinct physical and chemical processes. Those different simultaneous processes required computational effort and the solution was the ...
A.V. Volkov, K. Tybrandt, I.V. Zozoulenko, M. Berggren
Organic Electronics, ITN, Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden
Modeling of an ion bipolar junction transistor (IBJT) is performed using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. Our model describes the IBJT which was developed and characterized . The IBJT under consideration consists of an anion-selective collector and emitter, a cation-selective base and a neutral junction. The physical model is based on Poisson and Nernst-Planck (PNP) equations. A two ...
Ramesh P, S.P Duttagupta
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay,Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Air breathing proton exchange membrane fuel cells have now found its use in wide range of domestic and commercial energy based applications. Optimization of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell system parameters and its safer operation under dynamic conditions ensure higher system output and longer device lifetime. Ensuring safety against oxygen starvation reduces the degradation of membrane ...
A. V. Volkov , A. N. Sekretaryova , I. V. Zozoulenko , A. P. F. Turner , M. Yu. Vagin , M. Eriksson 
 Laboratory of Organic Electronics, Department of Science and Technology, Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden
 Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden
The microband design of microelectrodes is a cost-effective and easily-fabricated compromise combining convergent mass transport, due to microscale width as a critical dimension, and high output currents due to the macroscopic length. Among the various techniques available for microband electrode fabrication, screen-printing stands out as an inexpensive approach. The application of cross cutting ...