Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Thermal Diffusivity Test Bench for Li Ion Cells Using LiveLink™ for MATLAB®

A. Arzberger[1]
[1]RWTH Aachen University -ISEA-, Aachen, NRW, Germany

LiveLink™ for MATLAB® is used to fit the surface temperature of a battery cell within a COMSOL Multiphysics® model to the temperature measured by a thermal imaging camera. The test bench was designed and built up of ourselves to allow nondestructive thermal diffusivity measurement of Li Ion cells as a function of temperature, state of charge (SOC), state of health (SOH) and others. In that way ...

Design and Implementation of a Small UAV’s Pod Equipped with a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

N. Briguglio [1], G. Giacoppo [1], O. Barbera [1], F. Cipiti [1], M. Ferraro [1], G. Brunaccini [1], L. Di Giovanni [1], N. Randazzo [1], E. Antonucci [1]
[1] CNR ITAE, Italy

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have recently received great interest due to their great potential in both military and civil applications [1-4]. Testing and construction of UAVs is expensive and time consuming and a simulation approach can help to reduce cost for both design and tests. In this paper, the authors have used COMSOL Multiphysics software to design a UAV’s pod equipped with a Solid ...

Modelagem dos Processos de Descarga em Eletrodos de Baterias de Chumbo-Ácido

P. R. Impinnisi [1], L. F. Siqueira [1],
[1] Instituto Lactec, Curitiba, PR, Brasil

Foi desenvolvido um modelo 3D para simular descargas de eletrodos de baterias de chumbo-ácido. O modelo inclui a formação de filmes isolantes de sulfato de chumbo durante a descarga e permite visualizar a analisar a evolução da distribuição de linhas de corrente, os efeitos de bordas, os gradientes de concentração e outros fenômenos, nas regiões externas do eletrodo e no interior de poros.

Simulation of the Shape of Micro Geometries Generated with Jet Electrochemical Machining

M. Hackert[1], G. Meichsner[2], and A. Schubert[1,2]
[1]Micromanufacturing Technology, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
[2]Fraunhofer Institute of Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany

Electrochemical Machining with a closed electrolytic free jet is a special procedure to generate complex micro structures by help of anodic dissolution. The work piece shape is fabricated by supplying an electrolytic current through an electrolyte jet ejected from a small nozzle. In this study COMSOL Multiphysics is used to simulate the electric current density in the jet and the dissolution ...

3D Model for the Dynamic Simulation of SOFC Cathodes

A. Häffelin, J. Joos, M. Ender, A. Weber, and E. Ivers-Tiffée
Institut für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik (IWE)
Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
Karlsruhe, Germany

A fuel cell is an electrochemical system, which converts chemical energy into electricity by a controlled reaction of hydrogen and oxygen. The performance of the electrode is likewise determined by its material and the microstructure. The simulations were performed directly on reconstructions of real electrodes, obtained from focused ion beam (FIB) tomography. A finite element method (FEM) ...

Design and Simulation of Sensors to Detect Methanol

C. K. Subramaniam[1], Muthuraja[1]
[1]School of Electronics Engineering, VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

The Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) working is dependent on the concentration of methanol in water before it is introduced in the anode. DMFC has a high energy density when generating electrical power from fuel, and is an attractive power source for portable devices. A fundamental limitation in DMFC technology is methanol crossover. In this process methanol diffuses from the anode through the ...

电极压缩程度对钒液流电池性能的影响

王琼 [1], 屈治国 [1],
[1] 西安交通大学,西安,中国

引言 钒液流电池储能技术作为高效电化学储能技术之一,可应用于新能源储能,电网削峰填谷、调频调幅、应急电源等。钒液流电池储能技术具有独立的的额定功率和额定能量,高输出功率,低成本等特点[1]。 COMSOL Multiphysics® 的使用 本文采用分区建模,模型耦合的方式进行模拟。 结果 钒液流电池在组装过程中需要一定的组装压力以避免电解液的泄漏,同时可减小电极与集流板的接触电阻[2]。如图1所示,有研究表明有流道的集流板与石墨毡电极接触并挤压时,由于流道脊与流道的不均匀表面,会使石墨毡电极出现非均匀压缩现象[3]。图2为均匀模型(SU-5)与非均匀模型(SNI-5)电池压降与实验结果(Exp-5)在CR=55.67%的对比。结果显示考虑了石墨非均匀压缩导致的变形之后的模拟结果与实验结果相吻合。图3为非均匀模型与均匀模型在CR=41.83%情况下的对比图。如图所示 ...

Optimization of the Lithium Insertion Cell with Silicon Negative Electrode for Automotive Applications

R. Chandrasekaran, and A. Drews
Research and Advanced Engineering
Ford Motor Company
Dearborn, MI

The US Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) has established goals for long term commercialization of advanced batteries for electric vehicle applications. In this work, a dual lithium-ion insertion cell with silicon as the negative electrode and an intercalation material as the positive electrode is modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics. Both are composite porous electrodes with binder, void ...

Estimation of Localized O2 Starvation Using 3D Modelling for PEM Fuel Cells

Ramesh P[1], S.P Duttagupta[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Bombay,Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Air breathing proton exchange membrane fuel cells have now found its use in wide range of domestic and commercial energy based applications. Optimization of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell system parameters and its safer operation under dynamic conditions ensure higher system output and longer device lifetime. Ensuring safety against oxygen starvation reduces the degradation of membrane ...

Towards a Microscopic Model for Species Transport in Lithium-Sulphur Cells

Geraint Minton [1], Rajlakshmi Purkayastha [1], Laura O’Neill [1], Sylwia Walus [1], Mark Wild [1], Monica Marinescu [2], Teng Zhang [2], Gregory Offer [2],
[1] Oxis Energy Ltd, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, UK
[2] Mechanical Engineering Department, Imperial College, London, UK

Lithium-sulphur (Li-S) batteries have the potential to surpass the energy storage capability of Li-ion batteries due to their high theoretical gravimetric energy density of 2700 Wh/kg. However, the processes which drive the system behaviour are much more complex than those in a Li-ion cell, meaning that controlling them to realise energy densities much above 350 Wh/kg is challenging. In a Li ...