M. N. Nandanwar, S. K. Gupta
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India
Failure of conventional lead-acid battery is attributed to degradation of solid active mass (PbO2 and PbSO4 ). A number of research efforts are underway worldwide to overcome degradation of active mass to improve the cycle life of lead-acid batteries. Soluble lead-acid flow battery (SLFB) is a new kind of lead-acid flow battery in which products of discharge remain in dissolved state. SLFB ...
M. Hackert, G. Meichsner, and A. Schubert[1,2]
Micromanufacturing Technology, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
Fraunhofer Institute of Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
Electrochemical Machining with a closed electrolytic free jet is a special procedure to generate complex micro structures by help of anodic dissolution. The work piece shape is fabricated by supplying an electrolytic current through an electrolyte jet ejected from a small nozzle. In this study COMSOL Multiphysics is used to simulate the electric current density in the jet and the dissolution ...
M. Pfafferodt, P. Heidebrecht, and K. Sundmacher[1,2]
Otto-von-Guericke-University, Magdeburg, Germany
Max-Planck-Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, Magdeburg, Germany
A model of a Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) stack with internal reforming is presented. It describes the concentrations in the gas phase, the temperatures and the current densities in this highly integrated system. The differential equations, boundary conditions and the coupling equations used in the model are presented. A strategy to solve the system of partial differential ...
A. V. Volkov , A. N. Sekretaryova , I. V. Zozoulenko , A. P. F. Turner , M. Yu. Vagin , M. Eriksson 
 Laboratory of Organic Electronics, Department of Science and Technology, Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden
 Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden
The microband design of microelectrodes is a cost-effective and easily-fabricated compromise combining convergent mass transport, due to microscale width as a critical dimension, and high output currents due to the macroscopic length. Among the various techniques available for microband electrode fabrication, screen-printing stands out as an inexpensive approach. The application of cross cutting ...
Computational Modelling of Fluid Dynamics in Electropolishing of Radiofrequency Accelerating Cavities - new
H. Rana, L. Ferreira
Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK
European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN), Genéve, Switzerland
Electropolishing is an electrochemical process that radiofrequency accelerating cavities undergo in order to improve their inner metal surface finishing. This is performed prior to their installation into particle accelerators, in order to enhance their accelerating properties. Using COMSOL Multiphysics® software it was possible to model the process throughout the cavity and study the fluid ...
A. Häffelin, J. Joos, M. Ender, A. Weber, and E. Ivers-Tiffée
Institut für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik (IWE)
Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
A fuel cell is an electrochemical system, which converts chemical energy into electricity by a controlled reaction of hydrogen and oxygen. The performance of the electrode is likewise determined by its material and the microstructure. The simulations were performed directly on reconstructions of real electrodes, obtained from focused ion beam (FIB) tomography. A finite element method (FEM) ...
S. Qidwai, N. Kota, V. DeGiorgi
Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC, USA
Science Applications International Corporation, Washington, DC, USA
Pitting corrosion is a complex phenomenon where rates of: i) chemical reactions, ii) diffusion of various species involve in those reactions, and iii) species dissolution at the metal-electrolyte interface are fully dependent on each other, except under special conditions or assumptions. One set of such conditions is that: a) there are no species concentration gradients due to the rapid mixing ...
R. Coker, J. Mansell
NASA - Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
We have started constructing preliminary design COMSOL models of a bacteriologically driven \'fuel cell\' that is intended to process waste products, such as carbon dioxide and brine, from a crewed vehicle. At this early stage, this complex system is reduced to two electrodes separated by a membrane. The electrolyte is a brine appropriate for growing methanogenic bateria, though none are ...
B. Bozzini, S. Maci, I. Sgura, R. Lo Presti, and E. Simonetti
Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Innovazione, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
Dipartimento di Matematica, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
ENEA Casaccia, Dipartimento TER, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, S. Maria di Galeria, Roma, Italy
This paper describes the numerical modeling of a key material-stability issue within the realm of Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (MCFC). The model describes the morphological and attending electrocatalytic evolution of porous NiO electrodes and is apt to predict electrochemical observables that can be recorded during Fuel Cell operation. The model has been validated with original experimental data ...
Ramesh P, S.P Duttagupta
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay,Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Air breathing proton exchange membrane fuel cells have now found its use in wide range of domestic and commercial energy based applications. Optimization of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell system parameters and its safer operation under dynamic conditions ensure higher system output and longer device lifetime. Ensuring safety against oxygen starvation reduces the degradation of membrane ...