Comparing Isotropic and Anisotropic Brain Conductivity Modeling: Planning Optimal Depth-Electrode Placement in White Matter for Direct Stimulation Therapy in an Epileptic Circuit
L. C. Zaragoza, B. Hondorp, M. A. Rossi
ITESM, Monterrey, Mexico
Rush Medical College, Chicago, IL, USA
Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA
The goal of our work was to calculate a patient-specific brain conductivity map for predicting the extent to which direct stimulation therapy can strategically propagate through pathological white matter. Our laboratory developed isotropic and anisotropic human brain finite element method (FEM) models derived from SPGR magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), ...
G. Zhang , Y. Zhao , J. Brcka , J. Faguet ,
 Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
 Tokyo Electron U.S. Holdings, Inc., Austin, TX, USA
We have simulated alignment and movement of multiple particles under Dielectrophoresis (DEP) using the Particle Tracing Module in COMSOL Multiphysics® software with particle-particle interaction taken into consideration. We are able to do efficient modeling for both 2D and 3D cases. With this work, we are able to shed important insights into the process of pearl chain formation, antenna-like ...
A. Lucantonio, P. Nardinocchi, L. Teresi
Università degli Studi La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
LaMS - Modelling & Simulation Lab, Università degli Studi Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
Polymer gels belong to the realm of soft active materials as they are capable of responding to a non-mechanical stimulus – the permeation of a solvent – with a mechanical action – a volume change, thanks to the coupling between different physics. This mechanism of coupling can be exploited in a wide range of applications, including biomedical devices, making crucial the understanding of the ...
S. A. Rocke , Daniel Ringis , Jeevan Persad ,
 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine Campus, Trinidad and Tobago
Human body communications (HBC) uses the human body as a transmission medium to connect sensors and actuators in, on or in close proximity to the human body. The HBC approach offers tremendous potential for the design and implementation of emerging personalized healthcare systems, as well as security, and multimedia communications applications . Currently two HBC mechanisms have been ...
S. A. M. Kirmani  , L. Velmanickam , D. Nawarathna , S. S. Sherif , I. T. Lima Jr. ,
 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, USA
 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
We show that COMSOL Multiphysics® software can efficiently simulate the diffusion equation (DE) in diffusive optical tomography systems. Using our implementation, we simulate a frequency domain diffusive optical tomography system two order of magnitude faster than the standard Monte Carlo method of light transport in tissues. This model can be used in the design and optimization of diffusive ...
M. Miliani, F. Piccagli
Medtronic Invatec S.p.A., Roncadelle, BS, Italy
During peripheral intravascular interventions one of the main issues is the correct deployment of the guidewire (GW) to the anatomical site which has to be treated, often supported by a microcatheter. There is a trade-off between the microcatheter flexibility and its push-ability to be able to reach the anatomical site. The catheter design has been defined with 2 transition zones. A parametric ...
K. Basu, P. Ghosh, S. Bhattacharjee, S. Das , A. Chanda
School of Bio Science and Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Cardiovascular disease has become a major healthcare problem. To tackle this along with bypass surgery, the use of the cardiovascular stent is considered promising and effective. In this study, we aim to find the effectiveness of stent deployments and their influence on haemodynamics post their deployment in human arteries. For the study we have reconstructed single units of two commercially ...
P. Priya , B. D. Pant ,
 Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani, Pilani, Rajasthan, India
 CSIR-Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute, Pilani, Rajasthan, India
In this paper, a free membrane is used as a receiver to increase the capacitance and therefore the resolution of the flow meter. For the current application, from the wavelength of sound wave in soft tissue (c= 1540 m/s) the resolution was calculated to be 0.48 mm. This gives the first Eigen frequency of the capacitive structure according to which the poly silicon membrane was designed. After ...
E. Isaza, E. Salazar, L. Florez
Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, Pereira, Risaralda, Colombia
The consequences of hip fracture and femoral fracture are widely known. The mechanical strength of the femur varies in every person, but it is possible to predict the mechanical resistance with parameters like density, dimensions and mineral content. This paper uses different models and empirical studies to determine the mechanical properties of the human femur, developing isotropic and ...
V. Runkana, A. Pareek, P. Arora
Tata Consultancy Services, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, Delhi, India
Limited drug efficacy, undesirable temporal changes in drug concentration and patient non-compliance due to frequent dosing schedule have given impetus to design of controlled drug release systems . Biodegradable polymers due to their favorable and tunable properties and biocompatibility have found widespread use in the field of controlled drug delivery . Exploratory in vitro experiments ...