Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Iron Ore Sintering Process Model to Study Local Permeability Control

Y. Kaymak [1], T. Hauck [1], M. Hillers [2],
[1] VDEh Betriebsforschungsinstitute GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany
[2] Shuangliang Clyde Bergemann GmbH, Ratingen, Germany

The iron ore sintering process prepares fine iron ore for the blast furnace process. A mixture consisting of iron ore, coke (fuel) and additives is ignited at the top and air is sucked from below to move a combustion front down through the bed. Most of the sintering plants use permeability bars to raise the productivity. The permeability bars locally aerate the bed of raw materials after ...

Chemical Reactions at Interfaces During Droplet Formation in Microchannels

Simeon Cavadias [1], Cédric Guyon [2], Gerrardo Vera De la Cruz [3],
[1] Institut Pierre-Gilles de Gennes (IPGG) - UPMC, France
[2] Chimie-ParisTech - Institut Pierre-Gilles de Gennes (IPGG) , France
[3] Master Nuclear Energy, ISTN (Saclay), France

Emulsions, small liquid droplets of oil in water or water in oil, find wide application in, pharmaceutical products, fine chemicals, analytical chemistry. Microfluidic devices allow creation of uniform droplets with a tight distribution. The COMSOL Multiphysics® software model presented here is an extension of the tutorial “Droplet Breakup in a T- junction”. In this tutorial uniform droplets ...

Mathematical Investigation and CFD Simulation of Monolith Reactors: Catalytic Combustion of Methane

M. Ghadrdan[1], and H. Mehdizadeh[2]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

Interest in the production of hydrogen from hydrocarbons has grown significantly recently. In order to achieve high surface to volume ratio with reasonable pressure drop, monolithic reactors are used. The goal of this work is to develop a two-phase (gas & solid) transient catalytic combustor model using a simplified flow field inside a single channel to test the advantages of the COMSOL ...

Modeling Bioelectrochemical Systems for Waste Water Treatment and Bioenergy Recovery with COMSOL Multiphysics®

T. Oyetunde[1], D. Ofiteru[1], J. Rodriguez[1]
[1]Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Most conventional wastewater treatment processes are quite energy-intensive. Global wastewater production is increasing due to growth in population, industrialization, and urbanization, creating an urgent need for energy-efficient wastewater treatment technologies. Moreover, waste streams (industrial and domestic) have drawn renewed interest as resources for water, energy, and product recovery. ...

Three-Dimensional Percolation Properties Simulation of a Marine Coating Based on Its Real Structure Obtained from Ptychographic X-Ray Tomography - new

B. Chen[1], M. Guizar-Sicairos[2], G. Xiong[1], L. Shemilt[1], A. Diaz[2], J. Nutter[1], N. Burdet[1], S. Huo[1], F. Vergeer[3], A. Burgess[4], I. Robinson[1]
[1]London Centre for Nanotechnology, University College London, London, UK
[2]Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland
[3]AkzoNobel Co. Ltd., Sassenheim, Netherlands
[4]AkzoNobel (UK) Co. Ltd., Tyne and Wear, UK

We present quantitative nano-scale analysis of the 3D spatial structure of an anticorrosive aluminium epoxy barrier marine coating obtained by ptychographic X-ray computed tomography (PXCT) [1-3]. We then use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to perform simulations on the acquired real 3D structure to demonstrate how percolation through this actual 3D structure impedes ion diffusion in the ...

Modeling the Vanadium Oxygen Fuel Cell

F.T. Wandschneider[1], M. Küttinger[1], P. Fischer[1], K. Pinkwart[1], J. Tübke[1], H. Nirschl[2]
[1]Fraunhofer-Institute for Chemical Technology, Pfinztal, Germany
[2]Karlsruhe Institute for Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany

A two-dimensional stationary model of a vanadium oxygen fuel cell is developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. This energy storage device combines a vanadium flow battery anode and an oxygen fuel cell cathode. The oxygen reduction reaction generates additional water, leading to a degradation of the catalyst performance over time. A logistic function is introduced to the Butler-Volmer equation in order ...

Reactive Transport and Convective Mixing During CO2 Migration in a Saline Aquifer

E. Abarca[1], A. Nardi[1], F. Grandia[1], J. Molinero[1]
[1]Amphos21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain

The capture and storage of CO2 in deep geological formations is one of the proposed solutions to reduce CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. CO2 is injected as a supercritical fluid deep below a confining geological formation that prevents its return to the atmosphere. A configuration of denser CO2-enriched brine overlying lighter water leads to convective flow and the formation of gravity fingers ...

iCP 1.0: Stable Release Version of the Interface COMSOL-PHREEQC - new

A. Nardi[1], L. M. deVries[1], A. Sainz[1], J. Molinero[1]
[1]Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain

iCP (Nardi et al, 2014) is a software that couples two standalone simulation programs: COMSOL Multiphysics® and PHREEQC (Parkhurst & Appelo, 2013). The tool is ideal for applying multiphysics and geochemistry in Earth Sciences. Flexibility of the two coupled codes result in an extensive list of modelling areas, offering good opportunities for R+D. The iCP 1.0 is the version of the ...

Using COMSOL Multiphysics to Model Crust Development at the Surface of Whole Beef Meat Subjected to Hot Air Jet

J. Sicard [1], S. Portanguen [1], C. Chevarin [1], A. Kondjoyan [1]
[1] INRA Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Saint-Genès-Champanelle, FRANCE

Crust which develops at the surface of meat leads to reactions which affect food color, flavor and safety. Whole pieces of meat are only contaminated by microorganisms at their surface. Thus intense thermal treatment can inactivate pathogenic bacteria; however the associated high temperatures also lead to the formation of carcinogenic compounds. An experimental study of crust development at ...

Sulfur Deactivation Effects on Catalytic Steam Reforming of Methane Produced by Biomass Gasification

P. Sadooghi[1], R. Rauch[1]
[1]Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria

Sulfur, which is incorporated in the biomass structure, is released into the product gas during gasification as hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide is known to deactivate nickel based steam reforming catalysts by chemisorption on the metal surface during steam reforming process. Desulfurization has a negative effect on the process efficiency therefore steam reforming has to be run without ...