Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Simulation of the Acoustic Environment for the Manufacture of Graded Porosity Materials by Sonication

C. Torres-Sanchez, and J. R. Corney
University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom

Many materials require functionally graded cellular microstructures whose porosity is engineered to meet specific requirements of diverse applications. It has been shown in previous work that the bubble growth rate of a polymeric foam can be influenced by the surrounding acoustic environment and, once solidified, produce a solid of graded porosity. Motivated by the desire to create a flexible ...

Multiscale Model of Human Pathogen Growth on Fresh Produce - new

A. Warning[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Predictive food microbiology currently first requires experimental data for growth on fresh produce and then fitting an empirical or semi-empirical model to the data, making extrapolation to other conditions (temperature, type of produce) difficult. Herein, we develop a mechanistic model for the growth of human pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp.) on spinach using ...

Study of Electrochemically Generated Two-Phase Flows

J. Schillings [1], O. Doche [2], J. Deseure [1],
[1] LEPMI, Grenoble, France
[2] SIMAP, Grenoble, France

The dependency of electrochemical processes performances on mass transfer is well-known. Electrolyte flow in the vicinity of electrodes surface can enhance reactions due to increased mass transfer. This flow can be generated by the production of a gaseous phase, leading to a natural bubble-driven convection flow. As a drawback, gas bubbles also modify electrodes active surface and the ...

Model Development and Implementation of a Membrane Shift Reactor

J. Völler[1], M. Follmann[1], C. Bayer[1], and T. Melin[1]

[1]AVT Chemical Process Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany

Low temperature fuel cells require hydrogen of high purity for electricity production to avoid catalyst poisoning. To purify hydrogenrich flue gases from hydrocarbon steam reforming membrane shift reactors with a metal membranes may be utilized. A model of a tubular membrane shift reactor with a hydrogenseparating palladium membrane is modeled in the COMSOL Multiphysics® Chemical Engineering ...

Study of the CO2 Transfer Rate in a Reacting Flow for the Refined Sodium Bicarbonate Production Process

C. Wylock[1], A. Larcy[1], P. Colinet[1], T. Cartage[2], and B. Haut[1]
[1]Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
[2]Solvay S.A., Brussels, Belgium

This work deals with the quantification of the CO2 transfer rate from a bubble to the surrounding liquid in a bubble column. A model is successfully developed using COMSOL Multiphysics. The validated model is used to study the enhancement influence of chemical reactions on the transfer rate. Moreover, the results of this study are compared with a classical 1-D approach and excellent comparison ...

Numerical Simulation of Forced and Static Smoldering Combustion

S. Singer[1], W. H. Green[1]
[1]Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA

Transient, two-dimensional (axisymmetric) simulations of a cigarette subject to realistic static and forward smoldering cycles were performed. The computational domain consists of a porous packed bed of tobacco and a filter surrounded by a thin, porous paper and a region of surrounding air. The governing equations include overall mass conservation, momentum conservation, conservation equations ...

Numerical Modeling of the Original and Advanced TEMKIN Reactor for Catalysis Experiments in Laboratory Scale - new

D. Götz[1], M. Kuhn[1], P. Claus[1]
[1]Ernst-Berl-Institute/Chemical Technology II, Darmstadt, Germany

Many industrial, especially heterogeneously catalysed, processes are characterised by a strong interaction between the reaction kinetics and transport phenomena. Because experiments in laboratory scale can be very time- and cost-intensive, Temkin and Kul’kova developed a new reactor design for the direct testing of industrial catalysts. Based on this concept of linearly alternating catalyst and ...

Virtual Modeling of Thermo-Physiological Comfort in Clothing

P. Van Ransbeeck [1], R. Benoot [1], B. Van Der Smissen [1]
[1] University College Ghent, Faculty of Science and Nature, Department of Mechatronics, Belgium

This publication aims to investigate conjugate heat and mass transfer around a clothed virtual manikin. This research can be performed at different scales: (1) at material scale where a piece of textile is investigated in 1D or 2D space or (2) at system level where a clothed cylindrical body (2D) or a complete manikin (3D) is modeled. The work is based on previous methods and results from ...

Na-MCl2 Cell Multiphysics Modeling: Status and Challenges

R. Christin [1][2], M. Cugnet [2], N. Zanon [3], G. Crugnola [4], P. Mailley [5],
[1] FIAMM, Aubergenville, France
[2] Laboratory for Electrochemical Storage (CEA), Le Bourget du Lac, France
[3] FIAMM R&D, Montecchio, Italy
[4] FIAMM R&D, Stabio, Switzerland
[5] Laboratory of Chemistry for Materials and Interfaces (CEA), Grenoble, France

Introduction: After more than 20 years of experience in EV applications, the sodium nickel chloride technology is fully mature for large scale energy storage. Early on, mathematical modeling of Na-MCl2 cell (M standing for Fe or Ni) has attracted attention to help identifying predominant mechanisms at work during operation. However, these models were rarely validated with data coming from ...

Mathematical Formulation of a PEM Fuel Cell Model

E. Robalinho [1], E. F. Cunha [2], M. Linardi [2], E. I. Santiago [2],
[1] Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares - IPEN/CNEN, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; and Instituto Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - IFRS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
[2] Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares - IPEN/CNEN, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

The idea of a friendly implementation of a mathematical formulation using specialist software was performed with the support of COMSOL Multiphysics® software with Chemical Reaction Engineering and Batteries & Fuel Cell Modules. The real problem of a Proton Exchange Membrane – PEM fuel cell modeling involves different scales, multiple variables and processes, coupling of solvers and experimental ...