Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling Bioelectrochemical Systems for Waste Water Treatment and Bioenergy Recovery with COMSOL Multiphysics®

T. Oyetunde[1], D. Ofiteru[1], J. Rodriguez[1]
[1]Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Most conventional wastewater treatment processes are quite energy-intensive. Global wastewater production is increasing due to growth in population, industrialization, and urbanization, creating an urgent need for energy-efficient wastewater treatment technologies. Moreover, waste streams (industrial and domestic) have drawn renewed interest as resources for water, energy, and product recovery. ...

Electrochemical Study of Potential Materials for Cochlear Implant Electrode Array

N. Lawand[1], V. Lopez[1,2], P. French[1]
[1]Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
[2]Università degli studi di Napoli "Federico II", Naples, Italy

Cochlear Implants (CIs) are implantable prostheses that bypass the non-functional inner ear and directly stimulate the auditory nerve with electric currents, enabling deaf people to experience sound again. The CI electrode array sits inside the cochlea close to the auditory neurons. An ideal stimulation material must have low impedance with maximum charge transfer capacity in the electrochemical ...

Electrochemical Machining with Nonsymmetric Suction of Electrolyte Flow

M. Hashiguchi [1], D. Mi [1],
[1] Keisoku Engineering System Co. Ltd., Tokyo, Japan

In electrochemical machining process, it is very important to control electrolyte flow field to remove contamination such as slug, or gas to be generated by the machining process as well as heat control for electrolyte, machining tool and work piece. To reduce the overcut of workpiece, special consideration is also needed for electric potential field within the electrolyte. An ...

Modelling of the Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP) Reactor with COMSOL

S. Pietrzyk[1], A. Khodakov[1], and M. Olea[2]
[1]Unite de Catalyse et de Chimie du Solide, USTL-ENSCL-EC Lille, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France
[2]School of Science and Technology, University of Teesside, Middlesbrough, UK

A TAP reactor is a fixed-bed catalytic reactor operated in pulse (transient) mode under very low pressures. It has become a very important tool in catalytic studies as it fills the material and pressure gaps existing between practical conditions and high vacuum – monocrystal techniques. A pretreated solid catalyst maintained at a desired temperature in an evacuated chamber is exposed to a ...

Sulfur Deactivation Effects on Catalytic Steam Reforming of Methane Produced by Biomass Gasification

P. Sadooghi[1], R. Rauch[1]
[1]Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria

Sulfur, which is incorporated in the biomass structure, is released into the product gas during gasification as hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide is known to deactivate nickel based steam reforming catalysts by chemisorption on the metal surface during steam reforming process. Desulfurization has a negative effect on the process efficiency therefore steam reforming has to be run without ...

Modeling the Rheology of Liquid Detergents

Vincenzo Guida
R&D Process Design Principal Engineer, Procter & Gamble, Italy

Outline of presentation: Comsol is a very flexible platform, ideal to model rheology modification under flow Analogy with reactive flows allows modeling of both thixotropy and gelation with decent level of accuracy and predictability It is possible, to a certain extent, to use 1D rheology to extrapolate 3D behavior ---------------------------------- Keynote speaker's biography:Vincenzo ...

3D Simulation of an Ethanol Reformer

A. Cifuentes [1], J. Llorca [1], R. Torres [1], S. Rosell [1], J. Grau [1]
[1] Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain

In order to improve hydrogen production in an ethanol reformer it is needed to understand what happens inside it. Also, a simulated model can simulate different work conditions avoiding the necessity of doing tons of experiments. A 3D computational fluid dynamics simulation study of ethanol steam reforming (ESR) in a plug flow microreactor has been carried out. A kinetic model describing the ...

Model of Combustion Synthesis of Thermoelectric Calcium Cobaltates

J. Selig, and S. Lin
Lamar University, Beaumont, TX, USA

Self-propagating High-temperature Synthesis (SHS), a very economical synthesis of oxides was used in our lab to produce oxide materials. SHS process uses a highly exothermic reaction to convert reactants rapidly to pure products with minimal external energy input. This reaction is initiated by an igniter and reaction front propagates from the ignition through the rest of the sample. The fast ...

Coupled Palaehydrogeological Microbial and Geochemical Reactive Transport Model of the Olkiluoto Site (Finland)

P. Trinchero[1], M. Luna[1], J. Molinero[1], G. Román-Ross[1], F. Maia[1], A. Nardi[1], J. Löfman[2], P. Pitkänen[3], L. Koskinen[3]
[1]Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
[2]VTT Energy, Finland
[3]Posiva Oy, Olkiluoto, Finland

Olkiluoto at Eurajoki has been selected as the final repository site for spent nuclear waste in Finland. This area has been affected, at regional scale, by land-uplift processes related to the ice withdrawal. These events have resulted in a complex and stratified heterogeneous hydrochemical system. The objective of this work was to develop a robust paleohydrogeological reactive transport (PRT) ...

Model Based Stimulus Experiments to Improve Biological Wastewater Treatment Performance

N. Do [1], M. Stich [1],
[1] Non-linearity and Complexity Research Group, System Analytics Research Institute, School of Engineering and Applied Science, Aston University, Birmingham, United Kingdom

The municipal wastewater treatment in a sustainable context requires a smart technology in which an optimal combination of the ecological status and energy demand can be achieved. The integration of electron conductive materials into a traditionally constructed wetland (CW) has been demonstrated as an emerging strategy for wastewater treatment [1, 2]. By exploiting the electron transfer ...