Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

FEM Based Studies of a Mg/Al Hybrid Component Joint Regarding Corrosion Prediction

D. Höche[1]
[1]Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany

The model can be utilized for a virtual design of a hybrid joint interms of corrosion prevention. Structures can be optimized by the simulations by tailoring the parameters to get the most suitable result towards a Computer-Aided Engineering CAE regarding corrosion protection. This kind of computer based studies is a very useful method to accelerate developments in light weight structural design ...

Modeling of a Biogas Steam Reforming Reactor for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Systems

F. Cipitì[1]
[1]CNR-ITAE, Institute of Advanced Technologies for Energy, Messina, Italy

A biogas steam reforming reactor has been developed in order to be integrated into a proof-of-concept SOFC system, able to operate with biogas produced in an industrial waste water treatment unit. A mathematical model, aimed at describing the performance of the reactor, has been developed. The reactor is simplified and modeled as a non-isothermal plug flow reactor. The reactor is fed with a ...

Updated Results of Singlet Oxygen Modeling Incorporating Local Vascular Diffusion for PDT - new

R. Penjweini[1], M. M. Kim[1], T. C. Zhu[1]
[1]Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Introduction: Singlet oxygen (¹O₂) has a critical role in the cell-killing mechanism of photodynamic therapy (PDT). Therefore, in this study, the distance-dependent reacted ¹O₂ is numerically calculated using finite-element method (FEM). Herein, we use a model [Ref. 1] that has been previously developed to incorporate the diffusion equation for the light transport in tissue and the macroscopic ...

Pseudo-3D Multiphysics Simulation of a Hydride Vapor Phase Epitaxy Reactor

M. Hackert-Oschätzchen[1], M. Penzel[1], P. Plänitz[2], A. Schubert[1][3]
[1]Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
[2]GWT-TUD, Dresden, Germany
[3]Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology IWU, Chemnitz, Germany

Gallium nitride (GaN) and its related nitride alloys with special physical properties are in technical areas of high interest. The growing of gallium nitride boules on non-native sapphire or silicon carbide requires complicated mechanisms of defect reduction in the lattice structure. Thus the production of gallium nitride substrates is a challenge. Hydride Vapor Phase Epitaxy (HVPE) is a ...

CO2 Storage Trapping Mechanisms Quantification

A. Nardi[1], E. Abarca[1], F. Grandia[1], J. Molinero[1]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain

The capture and storage of CO2 in deep geological formations is one of the proposed solutions to reduce CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. CO2 is injected as a supercritical fluid deep below a confining geological formation that prevents its return to the atmosphere. In general, four trapping mechanisms are expected, which are of increasing importance through time: (1) structural, (2) residual ...

Providing an Entry Length in Heterogeneous Catalytic Reactors with Fast Diffusion

D. Dalle Nogare[1] and P. Canu[1]

[1]Department of Chemical Engineering Principles and Practice, University of Padova, Padova, Italy

This work investigates the effects of boundary conditions on the species profiles in heterogeneous catalysis, with low Péclet systems. Hydrogen combustion in Helium was chosen because of the high diffusivities. Furthermore, already at T=300°C over a Pt catalyst, kinetics is very fast and the composition gradients at the inlet extremely steep. The issue is analyzed with 1D models, ...

Modelling Waste Water Flow in Hollow Fibre Filters

I. Borsi[1] and A. Fasano[1]
[1]Dipartimento di Matematica U. Dini, Università di Firenze, Firenze, Italy

In this paper we present a model to describe the process of waste water filtration based on hollow-fibre membrane filters. In particular, we deal with membranes whose pores diameter is in the range 0.01-0.1 µm. The main problem in these filtering systems is the membrane fouling. The mathematical model consists in two equations for the Darcy's flow through the filter, coupled with an ...

Numerical Investigation of Mass Transfer with Two-Phase Slug Flow in a Capillary

W. Han, and B.H. Dennis
University of Texas, Arlington, TX, USA

The multiphase flow of two immiscible liquids in a microchannel was investigated numerically. A Y-shape micromixer was designed to produce a pattern of slugs from the flowing liquids. The mass transfer characteristics of this flow pattern are of primary interest in this study. A simple neutralization titration reaction was chosen as the basis. The liquid-liquid two phase slug flow was formed ...

Heat Transfer Modeling of Steam Methane Reforming

E. Carcadea[1], M. Varlam[1], I. Stefanescu[1]
[1]National Research Institute for Isotopic & Cryogenic Technologies, Rm.Vâlcea, Romania

Steam methane reforming is a widely studied process because of its importance for hydrogen production. A two-dimensional membrane-reactor model was developed to investigate the steam-methane reforming reactions. The use of membrane as membrane-reactor separator offer us few advantages because it help in continuously removing the hydrogen from the reaction zone, shifting the chemical equilibrium ...

Numerical Model for Leaching and Transporting Behavior of Radiocesium in MSW Landfill

H. Ishimori[1], K. Endo[2], H. Sakanakura[2], M. Yamada[2], M. Osako[2]
[1]Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Shiga, Japan
[2]National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan

This paper presents the numerical simulation model for radiocesium leaching and transporting behavior in municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill and discusses on the design for the required geometry and properties of the impermeable final cover and the soil sorption layer, which work for containment of hazardous waste such as radiocesium-contaminated MSW generated by Fukushima Daiichi nuclear ...