Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

H2SO4 Catalysis: Perspective and Opportunities for Reducing SO2 Emissions - new

P. L. Mills[1], A. Nagaraj[2]
[1]Department of Chemical & Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA
[2]Department of Environmental Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA

Introduction: Development of next-generation chemical processes that have zero emissions is a key environmental objective for sustainable development. The manufacture of H2SO4 by the air oxidation of SO2 to SO3 is an important technology where an opportunity exists for new catalyst development and process innovation by reducing emissions of unconverted SO2 in process reactor tail gases owing to ...

Transient CFD Investigation of a Photocatalytic Multi-tube Reactor

S. Denys [1], J. van Walsem [1], J. Roegiers [1], S. Lenaerts [1],
[1] University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium

As in industrial countries, people spend most of their time indoors and the stringent heat-insulation measures in combination with deficient ventilation have a negative impact on indoor air quality, one approach for abating indoor air pollution is the integration or retrofitting of a photocatalytic oxidation or PCO reactor into continuous flow. PCO technology is very cost-effective, efficient ...

Model of Combustion Synthesis of Thermoelectric Calcium Cobaltates

J. Selig, and S. Lin
Lamar University, Beaumont, TX, USA

Self-propagating High-temperature Synthesis (SHS), a very economical synthesis of oxides was used in our lab to produce oxide materials. SHS process uses a highly exothermic reaction to convert reactants rapidly to pure products with minimal external energy input. This reaction is initiated by an igniter and reaction front propagates from the ignition through the rest of the sample. The fast ...

Multiscale Model of Human Pathogen Growth on Fresh Produce - new

A. Warning[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Predictive food microbiology currently first requires experimental data for growth on fresh produce and then fitting an empirical or semi-empirical model to the data, making extrapolation to other conditions (temperature, type of produce) difficult. Herein, we develop a mechanistic model for the growth of human pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp.) on spinach using ...

Relevance of Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical Processes Involved in the Construction and Operation of Copper Heap Leach Pads

M. Tincopa[1], A. Nardi[2], G. Roman-Ross[2] , J. Molinero[2]
[1]Technic University of Catalonia (UPC), Barcelona, Spain
[2]Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain

Heap leaching in the mining industry had become a sophisticated practice at least 500 years ago. It is a mineral processing technology whereby piles of crushed Run-of–Mine rock are leached with chemical solutions to extract minerals. The goal of this work is to contribute to the understanding of the behavior of a heap leach pad by using coupled Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical simulations. COMSOL ...

Network-of-Zones Model for Stirred Tank with Fractal Impeller - new

G.M. Mule[1], A.A. Kulkarni[1]
[1]CSIR - National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Stirred tanks are widely used in the pharmaceuticals, chemical and paint industries for variety of operations. The fractal impeller is an impeller having a novel design, developed by CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, India. The power number of fractal impeller is relatively lower than the conventional impellers. The mixing performance is also relatively better than the conventional ...

Acid-Base Reactions Enhancing Membrane Separation: Model Development and Implementation

C. Bayer[1], S. Stiefel[1], M. Follmann[1], and T. Melin[1]

[1]AVT Chemical Process Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany

Reactive extraction of organic acids from an aqueous solution to an alkaline stripping fluid is based on a selective barrier allowing permeation of non-polar molecules, which subsequently react with the stripping agent. The shift from the organic acid to its base induced by the chemical equilibrium enhances mass transfer inside the membrane’s porous substructure. A model of the porous ...

Optimization of Around-The-End Hydraulic Mixer Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

S. Mohammadighavam[1], B. Kløve[1]
[1]University of Oulu, Department of Process and Environmental Engineering ,Oulu, Finland

After rapid mixing of waste water and coagulant, an effective slow mixing during a reasonable retention time will cause to grow the size of flocs up which will settle out easily. Around-the-end hydraulic mixer with barriers is one of the efficient facilities that have been used in water treatment plants for this purpose. A uniform velocity gradient (G) is needed to achieve efficient mixing and ...

Modeling of a Biogas Steam Reforming Reactor for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Systems

F. Cipitì[1]
[1]CNR-ITAE, Institute of Advanced Technologies for Energy, Messina, Italy

A biogas steam reforming reactor has been developed in order to be integrated into a proof-of-concept SOFC system, able to operate with biogas produced in an industrial waste water treatment unit. A mathematical model, aimed at describing the performance of the reactor, has been developed. The reactor is simplified and modeled as a non-isothermal plug flow reactor. The reactor is fed with a ...

Ultrasound-assisted Microfluidic Devices: Insights and Optimization of Sono-microreactors

F. J. Navarro-Brull [1], P. Poveda [2], J. Ramis [2], R. Gómez [1],
[1] Departament de Química Física, Universidad de Alicante, Alicante, Spain
[2] Departament de Física, Enginyeria de Sistemes i Teoria del Senyal, Universidad de Alicante, Alicante, Spain

Possible drawbacks of microreactors are inefficient reactant mixing due to the predominance of laminar flow and clogging (when solid-forming reactions are performed or solid catalyst suspensions are used). Ultrasound has been successfully implemented not only to prevent these problems but also for its well-known mixing and particle-dispersion effects. Several configurations have been used for ...