A. Noume, C. Vasile, M. Risser
National Institute of Applied Science (INSA), Strasbourg, France
In automotive industry, regardless the type of engine we use, heating and air-conditioning is responsible for the highest energy consumption among all the auxiliary systems all over the year. For conventional vehicles with thermal engines, the heating of the internal space is easy obtainable because of the heat waste from the engine. For the electric vehicles, as the energy is delivered by the ...
E. Holzbecher, and Hang Si
Weierstrass Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics (WIAS), Berlin, Germany
In the paper we examine the accuracy of various meshes for different model regions and simple differential equations in 2D and in 3D. We study the potential equation for a single irregular domain (2D testcase 1), for a simple domain with irregular sub-domains (2D testcase 2) and a 3D testcase. For testcase 1 we compare with the analytical solution, for testcases 2 with the best solution, ...
D. Conchouso, E. Al Rawashdeh, A. Arevalo, D. Castro, I.G. Foulds
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
This paper presents the multiphase 2D axisymmetric simulation of a three-dimensional flow-focusing microfluidic droplet generator using the laminar two phase flow, phase field interface in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The performance of the device is characterized at different flow conditions. The generation frequency and diameter of droplets was studied and shows direct correlation with the flow ...
P. Patel, P. Vaidya, G. Singh
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Indian Oil Corporation Limited, Faridabad, Haryana, India
This paper presents a simulation approach to develop a model for understanding the mixing phenomenon in a stirred vessel. The mixing in the vessel is important for effective chemical reaction, heat transfer, mass transfer and phase homogeneity. In some cases, it is very difficult to obtain experimental information and it takes a long time to collect the data. Such problems can be solved using ...
J. H. K. Haertel , K. Engelbrecht , B. S. Lazarov , O. Sigmund ,
 Technical University of Denmark, Roskilde, Denmark
 Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lynby, Denmark
1. Introduction The topology optimization method is becoming increasingly popular as a design tool for multiphysics systems [1,2]. Topology optimization of fluid-thermal systems has been presented for example in  for forced convective heat transfer and in  for natural convection problems. In this work, topology optimization including density filtering and projection is applied to ...
Fully Coupled Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical Modeling by COMSOL Multiphysics, with Applications in Reservoir Geomechanical Characterization
T. Freeman, R. Chalaturnyk, and I. Bogdanov
University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
Centre Huile Lourde Ouvert et Expérimental (CHLOE), France
Because of the complex nature of geomaterials and presence of solid and fluid within a single system, it is crucial to consider all the physics involved within the geomaterial system. A fully coupled thermo-hydromechanical model is developed. The model consists of a three-phase flow model designed as a set of coupled PDE application modes that when coupled with the Heat Transfer Module and ...
E. Amores Vera, J. Rodríguez Ruiz
Centro Nacional del Hidrógeno, Puertollano, Spain
One of the most critical aspects on water electrolysis is gas-liquid separation, especially in systems with forced convection. The main problem of this kind of circulation is that a gas fraction could return to the electrolysis circuit. A suitable design of separator devices could be a solution in order to avoid a gas return to the electrolysis circuit. In this sense, the use of deflectors might ...
L. P. Aoki, H. E. Schulz, M. G. Maunsell
University of São Paulo, São Carlos, SP, Brazil
This article considers a closed water circuit with square cross section filled with an electrolyte fluid. The conductor fluid was moved using an electromagnetic pump, in which a permanent magnet generates a magnetic field and electrodes generate the electric field in the flow. Thus, the movement is a consequence of the magnetohydrodynamic (or MHD) effect. The model adopted here was derived from ...
E. Holzbecher, H. Räuschel
Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
Borehole heat exchangers (BHE) in connection with heat pumps and floor heating in many countries are becoming an alternative to conventional heating or cooling systems using fossil resources. We describe how 1D components for heat transport in pipes can be coupled with a 2D or 3D component for the ground. Thermal conductances are derived for laminar, transitory and turbulent flow conditions in ...
D. Groulx, and W. Ogoh
Mechanical Engineering Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
One way of storing thermal energy is through the use of latent heat energy storage systems. One such system, composed of a cylindrical container filled with paraffin wax, through which a copper pipe carrying hot water is inserted, is presented in this paper. It is shown that the physical processes encountered in the flow of water, the heat transfer by conduction and convection, and the phase ...