Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Design of a Cylindrical Photobioreactor with Central Orifice for the Production of Microalgae - new

N. N. V. Ramirez[1], L. M. Raymundo[1], J. O. Trierweiler[1]
[1]Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil

It is desired to design a photobioreactor for the production of voluminous samples of microalgae for lipid quantification. The reactor should provide good growing conditions even with periodic withdrawal of samples. It also should be compact for better use of laboratory space. Therefore, a photobioreactor with concentric tubes was modeled to verify the circulation of the culture medium. The ...

Multi-Dimensional Adsorption Model of CO2/H2O Sorbent Bed

C. Gomez [1], R. F. Coker [1], J. Knox [1], G. Schunk [1]
[1] NASA MSFC, Huntsville, AL, USA

The primary interest of the VC (Vacuum Characterization) test is to experimentally characterize the adsorption and vacuum desorption of CO2 and water vapor of a pelletized sorbent bed in a large diameter column. The VC test article is shown in Figures 1 and 2. The aluminum canister is 3” in diameter and approximately 8” long allowing for variable sorbent bed loads from 1” to 6” in length. A ...

Benchmark Model: Natural Convection of Water-Aluminum Oxide Nanofluids in a Square Cavity

M. Z. Saghir [1], A. Ahadi [1], A. A. Mohamad [2],
[1] Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada
[2] Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada

Nanofluids is a new class of fluid consisting of particles in a liquid. Different base liquid has been proposed and the most common one is water. The concentration of these particles can range from 0.1% to 5% or greater. Different numerical models have been proposed to solve this interesting problem. Some scheme assumed the fluid as a single fluid and other assumed as a two phase system ...

Single Phase Flow Models in Fractal Porous Media Using a Fractal Continuum Mechanics Approach

E. Linares-Pérez [1], M. Díaz-Viera [1, 2],
[1] Instituto de Geofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Coyoacán, DF, México
[2] Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo, Ciudad de México, DF, México

The primary motivation of this work was to develop flow models in porous media with fractal properties to represent the anomalous behavior observed in some pressure tests in naturally fractured reservoirs.

Simulation of Constant-Volume Droplet Generators for Parallelization Purposes

D. Conchouso [1], A. Arevalo [1], D. Castro [1], Y. Ying [1], I. G. Foulds [2]
[1] King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
[2] School of Engineering, University of British Columbia - Okanagan, Vancouver, BC, Canada

To maintain same droplet size across parallel devices, new break-up strategies based on geometry are been studied. In this work, we model a geometrically-set droplet generator, in which the droplet break-up occurs by a block and break mechanism. In other words when the disperse phase blocks the path of the continuous phase, droplet formation occurs. The devices showed consistent droplet ...

Simulation Tests of the Constitutive Equation of a Nonlinear Viscoelastic Fluid

A. Czirják [1], Z. Kőkuti [1], G. Tóth-Molnár [1], G. Szabó [1], P. Ailer [2], L. Palkovics [2]
[1] University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
[2] Kecskemét College, Kecskemét, Hungary

The determination of the constitutive equation of a nonlinear viscoelastic fluid is a challenging task, especially if a space-dependent equation is needed [1]. In this contribution, we present simulations of certain rheometry tests of a high-viscosity nonlinear viscoelastic fluid with a rotational rheometer [2]. We compare the measured values with the computed values of a few selected ...

Optimization of Welding Parameters using 3D Heat and Fluid Flow Modeling of Keyhole Laser Welding

S. Gaied [1], M. Courtois [2], M. Carin [2], P. Le Masson [2]
[1] ArcelorMittal Global R&D, Montataire, France
[2] LUniv. Bretagne-Sud, Lorient, France

A Laser-welded blank (LWB) consists of steels of different thicknesses and/or grades welded together to produce a single blank prior to the forming process. LWB are mostly used in the automotive field where the high productivity of the laser welding process is an advantage. Numerical modeling of the welding process could be a way to optimize the energy input and the quality of LWB, by taking ...

Numerical Simulation of Granular Solids’ Behaviour: Interaction with Gas

A. Zugliano[1], R. Artoni[2], A. Santomaso[2], and A. Primavera[1]
[1]Danieli & C. Officine Meccaniche S.p.a., Buttrio, UD, Italy
[2]DIPIC, Università di Padova, Padova, Italy

In previous works a dissipative hydrodynamic model was used to simulate the behavior of a dense granular solid flowing through silos with simple geometries or with internal devices, showing good agreement with experimental results. That model has been upgraded taking into account the interaction between the solid itself and a nonreactive gaseous stream flowing countercurrent through it. This ...

A Multiphysics Approach to the Modeling of Biological Prosthetic Heart Valves

A. Avanzini[1], D. Battini[1], M. Berardi[1]
[1]Università degli Studi di Brescia, Brescia, Italy

The complex behavior of biological prosthetic heart valves was simulated. A multiphysics computational approach was adopted using different modules of COMSOL Multiphysics: the LiveLink(TM) interface was used to exchange the valve geometry with CAD, Structural Mechanics Module to set loads, boundary conditions and implement anisotropic hyper-elastic constitutive laws for leaflet tissue, PDE to ...

Calibration of MHD Flow Meter using COMSOL Multiphysics

S. Sahu[1], R. P .Bhattachryay[1], E. R. Kumar[1]
[1]Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.

There is limited option for non-intrusive flow measurement of liquid metals at high temperature. Liquid metal flowing in a conduit along with the transverse magnetic field induces emf in the liquid metal. The emf developed; which has linear dependency on flow velocity; can be used for flow velocity estimation. In case of conducting conduit the emf can be measured at the conduit wall. The main ...