S. Gunsekaran , R. C. Thiagarajan
ATOA Scientific Technologies Private Limited, Bangalore, India
Multiphysics Simulations of Physico-chemical and Biological Treatment of wastewater is increasing due to the demand for cost efficient plant design and utilization. Among the many processes, a thorough understanding of the settling behavior of an activated granular sludge in the secondary settler of an Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP) is critical for the plant designers to determine the efficiency ...
Modeling Bioelectrochemical Systems for Waste Water Treatment and Bioenergy Recovery with COMSOL Multiphysics®
T. Oyetunde, D. Ofiteru, J. Rodriguez
Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Most conventional wastewater treatment processes are quite energy-intensive. Global wastewater production is increasing due to growth in population, industrialization, and urbanization, creating an urgent need for energy-efficient wastewater treatment technologies. Moreover, waste streams (industrial and domestic) have drawn renewed interest as resources for water, energy, and product recovery. ...
Hydro-Mechanical Modelling of Infiltration Test for a Bentonite-Sand Mixture: Model Verification and Parameter Identification
M. Hasal, R. Hrtus, Z. Michalec, R. Blaheta
Institute of Geonics AS CR, Ostrava, Czech Republic
The first aim of our work is to create a hydro-mechanical model (HM) of unsaturated fluid flow in bentonite-sand mixture (BSM) MX-80. The second aim is to validate and calibrate the developed model by using the data from a laboratory infiltration test of BSM. The used multi-physics model combines Richards type unsaturated flow with diffusive vapour flow and (nonlinear) elastic response of the ...
S. Khushrushahi, T.A. Hatton, M. Zahn
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Magnetic separation of magnetic liquid phases/particles from non-magnetic liquid phases/particles are needed for applications such as cleaning up oil spills by separating oil and water liquid phases or separating magnetic materials from non-magnetic materials in biomedical and microfluidic applications. Magnetic fluids (also called ferrofluids), in a magnetic field, experience a magnetic force ...
M. Z. Saghir , A. Ahadi , A. A. Mohamad ,
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
Nanofluids is a new class of fluid consisting of particles in a liquid. Different base liquid has been proposed and the most common one is water. The concentration of these particles can range from 0.1% to 5% or greater. Different numerical models have been proposed to solve this interesting problem. Some scheme assumed the fluid as a single fluid and other assumed as a two phase system ...
V. Bruyere , C. Touvrey , P. Namy 
 SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
 CEA DAM, Is-sur-Tille, France
The formation of porosities in spot laser welding depends on complex thermo-hydraulic phenomena. To understand and control these mechanisms, the COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to model both the interaction and cooling stages of an isolated impact made with a Nd:YAG pulsed laser. The model is based on the Phase Field method in order to apprehend the evolution of the liquid-gas interface ...
I. Claydon , J. Turner , B. Sammakia ,
 Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY, USA
The ubiquitous nature of biofilms has led to a growing need to be able to detect, control, and maintain or remove them. Therefore a robust testing platform that allows for multiple analytical techniques is required to better understand their multitude of properties. The development of the self-contained microfluidic-based electrochemical cell portion of a multifaceted analysis system is ...
M. Jain, A. Rao, K. Nandakumar
Cain Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
The performance of a homogeneous T-mixer can be enhanced significantly by the stimulation of secondary/ transverse flows in the microchannel. Various mixing mechanisms are reported for enhancing micromixing performance such as grooves at the channel bottom, heterogeneous charge patterns etc. Most of these micromixers are studied with respect to planar geometric parameters such as groove width, ...
H.A. Akhlaghi Amiri, A.A. Hamouda
University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Rogaland, Norway
This paper addresses one of the major challenges in water-flooded oil reservoirs, which is early water breakthrough due to the presence of high permeable layers in the media. COMSOL Multiphysics is used to model two phase (water and oil) flow in dual-permeability porous medium at micro-scales. The heat transfer module is coupled with the laminar two-phase flow interface, because temperature ...
K. Stein, N. Gessner, R. Peterson, A. Wiedmann
Department of Physics, Bethel University, St. Paul, MN, USA
Undergraduate studies are carried out to examine the supersonic flow from an axisymmetric converging-diverging nozzle. Flow in the nozzle is initiated by the rupture of a diaphragm that is positioned between the nozzle and a 1-gallon pressurized air tank. Simulations are carried out in COMSOL Multiphysics® for unsteady, axisymmetric flow with the High Mach Number interface of the CFD Module. ...