Comparative Numerical Studies of Scramjet Inlet Performance Using k-? Turbulence Model with Adaptive Grids
V. Gopal, R. Kolluru
BMS College of Engineering, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Scramjet inlet design remains as a key aspect for hypersonic flight. To assess the inlet design, the performance parameters namely; air-capture ratio, total pressure efficiency, inlet drag coefficient, and kinetic energy efficiency are evaluated and analysed. In the current study comparison of performance parameters is carried out by performing numerical computation of 2-D turbulent flow field ...
S. Mohammadighavam, B. Kløve
University of Oulu, Department of Process and Environmental Engineering ,Oulu, Finland
After rapid mixing of waste water and coagulant, an effective slow mixing during a reasonable retention time will cause to grow the size of flocs up which will settle out easily. Around-the-end hydraulic mixer with barriers is one of the efficient facilities that have been used in water treatment plants for this purpose. A uniform velocity gradient (G) is needed to achieve efficient mixing and ...
D. Kekejian, Y. Martinez
ITESO, Tlaquepaque, Jalisco, Mexico
In this work, a new design is suggested which functions both as a pipe for fluid transfer and as a valve which decreases the flow of the fluid in the opposite direction in case there are pressure fluctuations in the pipe. Therefore, we call it a "Deformed Valve". To design the structure, we had to use different geometric shapes and calculate the velocity of the fluid for each shape to determine ...
P. Namy , A. Oury , M. Youbi-Idrissi ,
 SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
 AIR LIQUIDE, Jouy en Josas, France
Heat transfer inside a refrigerated truck is a key phenomenon that governs the temperature inside the truck and the regulation of the cooling system. Up to now, a lot of experimental studies ([Tso et al., 02]) have been carried out to assess the effect of opening the door and to minimize the external heat transfer with fan air curtain. Together with AIR LIQUIDE, the world leader in gases, ...
赵旭山 , 郝雷 , 蒋利军 , 米菁 , 杨海龄 ,
随着能源紧张、油价攀升，环境污染严重，利用可再生绿色能源又成为不懈努力的方向。槽式太阳能热发电技术具有兼容性强、对电网冲击小、性价比高、发电成本低、可存储可调度等特点，近年来得到了迅猛发展，其核心部件为高温太阳能真空集热管，如图1所示。本研究利用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 针对真空集热管真实工况下的动态过程开展研究，并在此基础上开展集热管结构的优化设计。 由图1可知：集热管在电站中服役工况下，槽面会聚的太阳光主要集中于集热管下半面，上半面接收的会聚太阳光较少；导热工质自吸收管一端进入，接收会聚太阳光辐照能量，从吸收管另一端流出，流入→流出过程中，导热工质被加热；集热管外表面与外部环境通过热辐射和对流两种方式换热；吸收管与玻璃罩管间形成的环形密闭高真空区域各内表面通过热辐射换热，不考虑对流；集热管两端支撑固定于聚光器上，由于本身自重和热应力 ...
A. Zugliano, R. Artoni, A. Santomaso, and A. Primavera
Danieli & C. Officine Meccaniche S.p.a., Buttrio, UD, Italy
DIPIC, Università di Padova, Padova, Italy
In previous works a dissipative hydrodynamic model was used to simulate the behavior of a dense granular solid flowing through silos with simple geometries or with internal devices, showing good agreement with experimental results. That model has been upgraded taking into account the interaction between the solid itself and a nonreactive gaseous stream flowing countercurrent through it. This ...
S. Singer, W. H. Green
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Transient, two-dimensional (axisymmetric) simulations of a cigarette subject to realistic static and forward smoldering cycles were performed. The computational domain consists of a porous packed bed of tobacco and a filter surrounded by a thin, porous paper and a region of surrounding air. The governing equations include overall mass conservation, momentum conservation, conservation equations ...
G. V. B. Lukasievicz, N. G. C. Astrath, L. C. Malacarne, M. L. Baesso, S. E. Bialkowski
Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná, Toledo, PR, Brazil
Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, PR, Brazil
Utah State University, Logan, Utah, USA
The radiation force effects on the surface displacement can be calculated by solving the Navier-Stokes equation with appropriated boundary conditions. The surface deformation can be described by the radiation pressure as well as those forces due to gravity and surface tension. We used the photomechanical mirror (PM) method to measure the time-evolution of the nanometer deformation generated on ...
O. Ecin, E. Engelien, M. Malek, R. Viga, B. Hosticka, and A. Grabmaier
Institut of Mikroelektronische Systeme, University Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
Institut of Elektronische Bauelemente und Schaltungen, University Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
This communication reports on a numeric fluid dynamics simulation on a pipe flow model. The basic background is to determine the velocity of a flowing fluid in a pipe by using the Thermal Time-Of-Flight (TTOF) method on water. The visualization of the temperature and velocity distribution in the pipe model is being carried out in order to enable proper design and optimization of the TTOF sensor. ...
S. Sahu, R. P .Bhattachryay, E. R. Kumar
Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.
There is limited option for non-intrusive flow measurement of liquid metals at high temperature. Liquid metal flowing in a conduit along with the transverse magnetic field induces emf in the liquid metal. The emf developed; which has linear dependency on flow velocity; can be used for flow velocity estimation. In case of conducting conduit the emf can be measured at the conduit wall. The main ...