Hydrodynamics of Lake Victoria: Vertically Integrated Flow Models in COMSOL Multiphysics® Software - new
S. Paul, R. Thunvik, D. D. Walakira, J. Mango, J. Oppelstrup, R. Wait
The Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
COMSOL AB, Stockholm, Sweden
Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
Lake Victoria is the largest tropical lake in the world and is very important for environment and economy in East Africa. The hydrodynamic processes in the shallow (40-80 m deep) water system are unique due to its location at the equator which makes Coriolis effects noticeable also for vertical transport. The limited river inflow, and the large surface area compared to its volume make Lake ...
L. Gurreri , F. Santoro , G. Battaglia , A. Cipollina , A. Tamburini , G. Micale , M. Ciofalo ,
 Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Gestionale, Informatica, Meccanica (DICGIM), Università degli Studi di Palermo (UNIPA), Palermo, Italy
Salinity gradient represents an interesting renewable energy source. Reverse ElectroDialysis (RED) is an ion exchange membrane-based process that convert directly the salinity gradient energy into electric current. Thereby, two solutions at different concentrations are fed into two series of alternated channels. As various physical phenomena occur in RED units and affect the process performance, ...
I .F. Melikhov , A. S. Amosov , S. A. Chivilikhin ,
 Corning Scientific Center, Saint Petersburg, Russia
 ITMO University, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Ultrasonic levitation is a novel technology for contactless handing of various objects. It is already used in various manufacturing processes where it is important to keep untouched surface. In this paper we introduce a model of so-called near-field ultrasonic levitation which allows flying heights of the hundred-micron order. Our model computes air flow in the gap between a vibration source and ...
A Preliminary Approach to the Neutronics of the Molten Salt Reactor by Means of COMSOL Multiphysics®
V. Memoli, A. Cammi, V. Di Marcello, and L. Luzzi
Nuclear Engineering Division, Department of Energy, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy
The Molten Salt Reactor (MSR), proposed along with other five innovative concepts of fission nuclear reactor by the Generation IV International Forum (GIF-IV), represents a challenging task from the modeling perspective because of the strong coupling between neutronics and thermo-hydrodynamics due to liquid fuel circulation in the primary loop. In this paper COMSOL Multiphysics® is adopted to ...
Dipartimento di Energetica “Sergio Stecco”, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
This paper presents and discusses the first phase results of a wide ranging project concerning the study and prediction of the efficiency and energy performances of natural ventilation systems existing inside historic buildings. The air flow patterns, air temperature and air velocity distribution inside a historic building in Florence, the Pitti Palace, were studied by a transient simulation. A ...
J.M. Gozalvez-Zafrilla, and A. Santafe-Moros
Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Flat membrane modules are widely used to study the membrane performance at the laboratory which is influenced by pressure and velocity. Most modules designed for laboratory studies have high pressure drop and abrupt changes of flow direction what yield to lack of uniform flow and pressure uncertainty over the membrane surface. With the aim to minimize these drawbacks, we developed a new module ...
P. Apell, S. Hjalmarsson, T. Lindberg, I. Wernström, Y. Tarakonov, A. Erichsen Andersson, M. Karlsteen
Department of Applied Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden
Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Department of Anesthesia, Surgery and Intensive Care, Göteborg, Sweden
Patients undergoing surgery are sensitive to infections. The operation staff may spread 10^4 particles per person per minute, of which ten percent are presumed bacteria-carrying. We visualize the influence of the personnel on the air and particle flows for the two most common ventilation systems in Swedish hospitals using Comsol Multiphysics with particle tracing.. The Laminar Air flow ...
K. Wegman , X. Sun ,
 Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
In this experiment, the performance of a Printed Circuit Heat Exchanger (PCHE) was studied using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. PCHEs are diffusion bonded heat exchangers containing semicircular, chemically etched flow paths. Helium was used as the working fluid on both the hot and cold sides. A simplified model was used in the simulation, and the results were compared to experimental results. ...
J. H. Lee , A. Koushesh ,
 American University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
This work is aimed to demonstrate how variation of geometries' parameters would affect the fluid loading effect in water using COMSOL Multiphysics and compared with analytical data. When a structure is placed in water, the interaction between the water and the structure plays an important role in determining the amount of fluid loading mass. The calculated results of added mass of the common ...
R. Busqué , R. Torres , A. Husar , J. Grau 
 Escola Universitària d'Enginyeria Tècnica Industrial de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
 Institut de Robòtica i Informàtica Industrial CSIC-UPC, Barcelona, Spain
The storage of hydrogen as an absorbed element in metal hydride bottles is a promising technique for energy storage. In this work, a three-dimensional model of a charging process in a metal hydride container has been developed to simulate the absorption reaction and resultant heat and mass transport phenomena in metal hydride vessels. The model has been experimentally validated showing a good ...