N. N. V. Ramirez, L. M. Raymundo, J. O. Trierweiler
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
It is desired to design a photobioreactor for the production of voluminous samples of microalgae for lipid quantification. The reactor should provide good growing conditions even with periodic withdrawal of samples. It also should be compact for better use of laboratory space. Therefore, a photobioreactor with concentric tubes was modeled to verify the circulation of the culture medium. The ...
C. Gomez , R. F. Coker , J. Knox , G. Schunk 
 NASA MSFC, Huntsville, AL, USA
The primary interest of the VC (Vacuum Characterization) test is to experimentally characterize the adsorption and vacuum desorption of CO2 and water vapor of a pelletized sorbent bed in a large diameter column. The VC test article is shown in Figures 1 and 2. The aluminum canister is 3” in diameter and approximately 8” long allowing for variable sorbent bed loads from 1” to 6” in length. A ...
M. Z. Saghir , A. Ahadi , A. A. Mohamad ,
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
Nanofluids is a new class of fluid consisting of particles in a liquid. Different base liquid has been proposed and the most common one is water. The concentration of these particles can range from 0.1% to 5% or greater. Different numerical models have been proposed to solve this interesting problem. Some scheme assumed the fluid as a single fluid and other assumed as a two phase system ...
E. Linares-Pérez , M. Díaz-Viera [1, 2],
 Instituto de Geofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Coyoacán, DF, México
 Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo, Ciudad de México, DF, México
The primary motivation of this work was to develop flow models in porous media with fractal properties to represent the anomalous behavior observed in some pressure tests in naturally fractured reservoirs.
D. Conchouso , A. Arevalo , D. Castro , Y. Ying , I. G. Foulds 
 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
 School of Engineering, University of British Columbia - Okanagan, Vancouver, BC, Canada
To maintain same droplet size across parallel devices, new break-up strategies based on geometry are been studied. In this work, we model a geometrically-set droplet generator, in which the droplet break-up occurs by a block and break mechanism. In other words when the disperse phase blocks the path of the continuous phase, droplet formation occurs. The devices showed consistent droplet ...
A. Czirják , Z. Kőkuti , G. Tóth-Molnár , G. Szabó , P. Ailer , L. Palkovics 
 University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
 Kecskemét College, Kecskemét, Hungary
The determination of the constitutive equation of a nonlinear viscoelastic fluid is a challenging task, especially if a space-dependent equation is needed . In this contribution, we present simulations of certain rheometry tests of a high-viscosity nonlinear viscoelastic fluid with a rotational rheometer . We compare the measured values with the computed values of a few selected ...
S. Gaied , M. Courtois , M. Carin , P. Le Masson 
 ArcelorMittal Global R&D, Montataire, France
 LUniv. Bretagne-Sud, Lorient, France
A Laser-welded blank (LWB) consists of steels of different thicknesses and/or grades welded together to produce a single blank prior to the forming process. LWB are mostly used in the automotive field where the high productivity of the laser welding process is an advantage. Numerical modeling of the welding process could be a way to optimize the energy input and the quality of LWB, by taking ...
A. Zugliano, R. Artoni, A. Santomaso, and A. Primavera
Danieli & C. Officine Meccaniche S.p.a., Buttrio, UD, Italy
DIPIC, Università di Padova, Padova, Italy
In previous works a dissipative hydrodynamic model was used to simulate the behavior of a dense granular solid flowing through silos with simple geometries or with internal devices, showing good agreement with experimental results. That model has been upgraded taking into account the interaction between the solid itself and a nonreactive gaseous stream flowing countercurrent through it. This ...
A. Avanzini, D. Battini, M. Berardi
Università degli Studi di Brescia, Brescia, Italy
The complex behavior of biological prosthetic heart valves was simulated. A multiphysics computational approach was adopted using different modules of COMSOL Multiphysics: the LiveLink(TM) interface was used to exchange the valve geometry with CAD, Structural Mechanics Module to set loads, boundary conditions and implement anisotropic hyper-elastic constitutive laws for leaflet tissue, PDE to ...
S. Sahu, R. P .Bhattachryay, E. R. Kumar
Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.
There is limited option for non-intrusive flow measurement of liquid metals at high temperature. Liquid metal flowing in a conduit along with the transverse magnetic field induces emf in the liquid metal. The emf developed; which has linear dependency on flow velocity; can be used for flow velocity estimation. In case of conducting conduit the emf can be measured at the conduit wall. The main ...