S. Chaudhuri , W. Du ,
 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA
Predicting and controlling the formation of droplets from a liquid jet is a critical problem in a variety of applications ranging from fuel injection to paint sprays. It is known that liquid droplets subjected to an electric field acquire a net electrostatic charge via induction, and that the magnitude of this charge depends on the conductivity of the liquid and the size of the droplet . When ...
TEL US Holdings, Inc., Technology Development Center, Albany, New York, USA
In this presentation we are dealing with the computational fluid model of a Filament Assisted Chemical Vapor Deposition (FACVD) reactor. Proposed strategy in this study involved several steps: (a) development a computational model for FACVD process capable to describe and obtain with reasonable accuracy all relevant phenomena occurring in the reaction chamber; (b) validation the computational ...
F. Mechighel, B. Pateyron, M. El Ganaoui, S. Dost, and M. Kadja
Laboratory SPCTS UMR CNRS, ENSCI, Limoges University, Limoges, France
Crystal Growth Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Victoria, British Columbia, Victoria, Canada
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Constantine, Constantine, Algeria
A numerical simulation study, using COMSOL Multiphysics®, was carried out to examine the temperature and concentration fields in the dissolution process of silicon into germanium melt. This work utilized a simplified configuration which may be considered to be similar material configuration to that used in the Vertical Bridgman growth methods. The concentration profile for the SiGe sample ...
F. Van den Abeele, and J. Vande Voorde
OCAS N.V., J.F. Kennedylaan 3, Zelzate, Belgium
With offshore oil and gas exploration and production moving into ever deeper waters, the suspended length of marine risers (transporting hydrocarbons from the seabed to the surface) can easily exceed 3000 meters. One of the major design requirements for risers in (ultra) deep water is to limit the fatigue damage caused by vortex induced vibrations (VIV). Even moderate currents can induce vortex ...
Fondazione Bruno Kessler (FBK), Renewable Energies and Environmental Technologies (REET) Unit, Trento, Italy
Concentrated photovoltaic systems with high efficiency solar cells are being widely investigated, aiming at improving the cost-efficiency balance in the solar energy field. Different cell types are in use: e.g., high concentration triple junction cells, reaching efficiencies of the order of 35 - 40 % at 1000 suns, and medium concentration mono-crystalline silicon cells, with efficiencies of the ...
M.H. Babaei, T. Dabros, S.B. Savage
Ocean, Coastal, and River Engineering, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
Natural Resources Canada, CanmetENERGY, Devon, AB, Canada
Department of Civil Engineering & Applied Mechanics, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
In this study, the dam-break type two-dimensional gravitational collapse of rectangular granular piles in air was numerically studied. The frictional behavior of the material was based on the von-Mises model with the Mohr-Coulomb yield surface leading to pressure and strain-rate-dependence of shear viscosity. The governing equations of the problem were solved using the COMSOL two-phase flow CFD ...
M. Alshareef, A. Alshareef, V. Krishna, M. Kindy, T. Shazly
College of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
Department of Neurosurgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA
The incidence of spinal cord injury (SCI) in the US is approximately 12,000 individuals annually, due to various forms of trauma and disease. Diminished flow over a prolonged period of time can cause permanent spinal damage. We constructed a 3D finite element model of the spinal cord to examine the role of compressive loading on spinal blood flow. It was found that the type of forces on the ...
Y. Jin, E. Holzbecher, S. Ebneth, A. B. Tatomir
Department of Applied Geology, GZG, Georg-August- University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
Hölscher Wasserbau GmbH, Haren, Germany
Vertical circulation wells (VCWs) are well system consisting dual-screened sections allowing synchronous extraction and injection of groundwater in a single borehole. Vertical circulation flow or dipole flow is induced. This type of well has been widely used for in-situ remidiation, aquifer characterization, and for groundwater lowering. Capturing the groundwater flow patterns induced by a ...
S. Denys, S. Verbruggen, S. Lenaerts
Sustainable Energy and Air Purification, Department of Bioscience Engineering, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium
Introduction Among the advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) for removal of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from air, photocatalytic oxidation (PCO) is considered a very promising technology [1,2]. PCO can achieve mineralization of harmful VOCs to CO2 and H2O using only UV light . A main challenge is to find appropriate kinetic models and parameters that accurately describe the rate of ...
Optimal Thermal Design of Converged-Diverged Microchannel Heat Sinks for High Heat Flux Applications
D. Chakravarthii , S. Subramani , M. Devarajan ,
 Univeristy of Science Malaysia (USM), Georgetown, Penang, Malaysia
With the advancements in aerospace technology, micro-electromechanical systems, hybrid data centres and microfluidics, the miniature size electronic chips in such applications are need of the century. The major challenge in microelectronic chips is to eliminate the generated heat for stable and reliable operation of devices. Microchannel heat sinks are efficient method to dissipate heat when the ...