P. Apell, S. Hjalmarsson, T. Lindberg, I. Wernström, Y. Tarakonov, A. Erichsen Andersson, M. Karlsteen
Department of Applied Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden
Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Department of Anesthesia, Surgery and Intensive Care, Göteborg, Sweden
Patients undergoing surgery are sensitive to infections. The operation staff may spread 10^4 particles per person per minute, of which ten percent are presumed bacteria-carrying. We visualize the influence of the personnel on the air and particle flows for the two most common ventilation systems in Swedish hospitals using Comsol Multiphysics with particle tracing.. The Laminar Air flow ...
K. Wegman , X. Sun ,
 Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
In this experiment, the performance of a Printed Circuit Heat Exchanger (PCHE) was studied using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. PCHEs are diffusion bonded heat exchangers containing semicircular, chemically etched flow paths. Helium was used as the working fluid on both the hot and cold sides. A simplified model was used in the simulation, and the results were compared to experimental results. ...
J. H. Lee , A. Koushesh ,
 American University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
This work is aimed to demonstrate how variation of geometries' parameters would affect the fluid loading effect in water using COMSOL Multiphysics and compared with analytical data. When a structure is placed in water, the interaction between the water and the structure plays an important role in determining the amount of fluid loading mass. The calculated results of added mass of the common ...
R. Busqué , R. Torres , A. Husar , J. Grau 
 Escola Universitària d'Enginyeria Tècnica Industrial de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
 Institut de Robòtica i Informàtica Industrial CSIC-UPC, Barcelona, Spain
The storage of hydrogen as an absorbed element in metal hydride bottles is a promising technique for energy storage. In this work, a three-dimensional model of a charging process in a metal hydride container has been developed to simulate the absorption reaction and resultant heat and mass transport phenomena in metal hydride vessels. The model has been experimentally validated showing a good ...
J. Schillings , O. Doche , J. Deseure ,
 LEPMI, Grenoble, France
 SIMAP, Grenoble, France
The dependency of electrochemical processes performances on mass transfer is well-known. Electrolyte flow in the vicinity of electrodes surface can enhance reactions due to increased mass transfer. This flow can be generated by the production of a gaseous phase, leading to a natural bubble-driven convection flow. As a drawback, gas bubbles also modify electrodes active surface and the ...
R. Pandya , A. Kumar , V. Runkana ,
 Tata Research Development and Design Centre, Tata Consultancy Services, Pune, India
 Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India
Electrospinning is a process where high voltage is applied to produce polymer fibers of nanoscale diameter. Various polymers have been used for this process in molten form or as a solution with an appropriate solvent such as glycerol. The melt solidifies while the solvent evaporates to produce fibers. The fibers produced have properties such as high surface to volume ratio and a molecular ...
F. Mechighel, B. Pateyron, M. El Ganaoui, S. Dost, and M. Kadja
Laboratory SPCTS UMR CNRS, ENSCI, Limoges University, Limoges, France
Crystal Growth Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Victoria, British Columbia, Victoria, Canada
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Constantine, Constantine, Algeria
A numerical simulation study, using COMSOL Multiphysics®, was carried out to examine the temperature and concentration fields in the dissolution process of silicon into germanium melt. This work utilized a simplified configuration which may be considered to be similar material configuration to that used in the Vertical Bridgman growth methods. The concentration profile for the SiGe sample ...
S. Dalrymple, R. Heslop
C-Tech Innovation Ltd. , Capenhurst, United Kingdom
Ohmic heating is a volumetric heating technology which can effectively process almost any pumpable fluid with extremely high energy efficiency (>95%). This is particularly useful for very thick fluids, those that burn on to hot surfaces and those with high solids content which would cause difficulties for conventional heating techniques. Processing of animal by-products (ABP) faces all these ...
B. Castro-Dominguez, R. Ma, A. G. Dixon, Y. H. Ma
Chemical Engineering Department, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
The optimization of operating conditions in multitube membrane modules is highly complex. The multiple physics and irregular geometries involved create a challenge for predicting their behavior. This work analyzes the performance of H2 purification through a module containing seven membranes. Using experimental parameters, a 3-D model was devised, specifying the membrane as a reacting boundary ...
E. Holzbecher , F. Sun ,
 German University of Technology in Oman, Muscat, Oman, Germany
 Georg-August-Universität, Göttingen, Germany
In boreholes nozzles have to be found advantageous to increase the infiltration rate of water into the subsurface ground. Studies and practice in the field shows that the infiltration of water into permeable aquifers can be improved, if the flow in the borehole is modified. Due to the nozzle the flow regime turns from linear to turbulent. CFD studies help to understand the physics of the ...