A. Eden , C. McCallum , B. Storey , C. D. Meinhart , S. Pennathur ,
 University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, USA
 Olin College, Needham, MA, USA
We present a novel method for concentrating and focusing small analytes by taking advantage of the nonuniform ion distributions produced by thick electric double layers (EDLs) in nanochannels with heterogeneous surface charge. Specifically, we apply a voltage bias to a gate electrode embedded within the channel wall, tuning the surface charge in a region of the channel and subsequently altering ...
Optimal Thermal Design of Converged-Diverged Microchannel Heat Sinks for High Heat Flux Applications
D. Chakravarthii , S. Subramani , M. Devarajan ,
 Univeristy of Science Malaysia (USM), Georgetown, Penang, Malaysia
With the advancements in aerospace technology, micro-electromechanical systems, hybrid data centres and microfluidics, the miniature size electronic chips in such applications are need of the century. The major challenge in microelectronic chips is to eliminate the generated heat for stable and reliable operation of devices. Microchannel heat sinks are efficient method to dissipate heat when the ...
S. Oukach, M. Elganaoui, B. Pateyron, and H. Hamdi
Laboratoire des Sciences des Procèdes Céramiques et de Traitements de Surface SPCTS, Limoges, France
Laboratoire de Mécanique des Fluides et Energétique LMFE, Marrakech, Morocco
The quality of coatings obtained by means of thermal spraying depends strongly on the mechanism of the interaction between the molten droplets and the surface to be covered. The aim of the present study is to simulate the impact of a droplet onto a substrate, in order to have a good understanding of the dynamics of droplets impact. In this study, the process of droplet spreading is described; ...
M. Jain, A. Rao, K. Nandakumar
Cain Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
The performance of a homogeneous T-mixer can be enhanced significantly by the stimulation of secondary/ transverse flows in the microchannel. Various mixing mechanisms are reported for enhancing micromixing performance such as grooves at the channel bottom, heterogeneous charge patterns etc. Most of these micromixers are studied with respect to planar geometric parameters such as groove width, ...
H.A. Akhlaghi Amiri, A.A. Hamouda
University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Rogaland, Norway
This paper addresses one of the major challenges in water-flooded oil reservoirs, which is early water breakthrough due to the presence of high permeable layers in the media. COMSOL Multiphysics is used to model two phase (water and oil) flow in dual-permeability porous medium at micro-scales. The heat transfer module is coupled with the laminar two-phase flow interface, because temperature ...
D. Kekejian, Y. Martinez
ITESO, Tlaquepaque, Jalisco, Mexico
In this work, a new design is suggested which functions both as a pipe for fluid transfer and as a valve which decreases the flow of the fluid in the opposite direction in case there are pressure fluctuations in the pipe. Therefore, we call it a "Deformed Valve". To design the structure, we had to use different geometric shapes and calculate the velocity of the fluid for each shape to determine ...
F. Alzahrani, F. Aiouache
Engineering Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
This work used the 3D CFD modeling to investigate non-uniform deactivation in packed bed reactors of low aspect ratios under steady state and dynamic operations. In order to explore the effects of condition of instability on local deactivation, detailed knowledge of flow dynamics (i.e. local structure of the packed bed, pressure drops and interstitial flow in the void space), heat and mass rate ...
Drag Fluctuations of a Fully Deployed Flow Actuator Embedded Inside Turbulent Boundary Layer Flow - new
Dr. A. Elzawawy
Engineering & Technology Department, Vaughn College of Aeronautics & Technology, Flushing, NY, USA
Introduction: In this work, a CFD model of 2D flow around a fully deployed flow actuator was developed using COMSOL Multiphysics® software and the CFD Module. The results of COMSOL modeling is also compared with the experimental data of the same dimensions actuator. The 100mmX2mm rectangular actuator is placed inside a turbulent boundary layer flow as shown in Figure 1. The experiments , [2 ...
M. Z. Saghir , A. Ahadi , A. A. Mohamad ,
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
Nanofluids is a new class of fluid consisting of particles in a liquid. Different base liquid has been proposed and the most common one is water. The concentration of these particles can range from 0.1% to 5% or greater. Different numerical models have been proposed to solve this interesting problem. Some scheme assumed the fluid as a single fluid and other assumed as a two phase system ...
Bruno Chinè , Valerio Mussi , Michele Monno , Andrea Rossi ,
 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
 Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
 Dipartimento di Meccanica, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy
Metal foams are interesting materials with many potential applications. Foamed metals or alloys include gas voids in the material structure and therefore the density is introduced as a new variable, with the real possibility to modify ad hoc their physical properties. In the indirect foaming process carried out in a furnace, simultaneous mass, momentum and energy transfer between three phases, ...