Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

3D Modeling of Hydrogen Absorption in Metal Hydride Hydrogen Storage Bottles

R. Busqué [1], R. Torres [1], A. Husar [2], J. Grau [1]
[1] Escola Universitària d'Enginyeria Tècnica Industrial de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
[2] Institut de Robòtica i Informàtica Industrial CSIC-UPC, Barcelona, Spain

The storage of hydrogen as an absorbed element in metal hydride bottles is a promising technique for energy storage. In this work, a three-dimensional model of a charging process in a metal hydride container has been developed to simulate the absorption reaction and resultant heat and mass transport phenomena in metal hydride vessels. The model has been experimentally validated showing a good ...

Modeling the Acoustic Scattering from Objects Buried in Porous Sediment Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

A. Bonomo [1], M. Isakson [1],
[1] Applied Research Laboratories, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA

A frequency-domain finite element (FE) technique for computing the acoustic scattering from axially symmetric fluid-loaded structures subject to a nonsymmetric forcing field based on Ref. 1 is extended to poroelastic media and implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics® software. This method allows for the scattering body to consist of any number of acoustic, elastic, and poroelastic domains. The ...

Push or Pull, How Does Silk Flow?

J. Sparkes [1],
[1] University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK

Silk is one of the longest used and most recognizable textiles that we, as a society, use regularly. We see it as a luxury good, worn as an indicator of success and value. However, despite mankind having domesticated and farmed silkworms for millennia, we still know relatively little about the manufacturing process which converts the liquid silk into the fibers we are so familiar with. Increased ...

Numerical Simulation of Kinetic Interface Sensitive Tracer in Experiment with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

F. Sun [1], A. Tatomir [1], F. Maier [2], M. Sauter [1]
[1] University of Goettingen, Goettingen, Lower Saxony, Germany
[2] Comsol Multiphysics GmbH, Goettingen, Lower Saxony, Germany

The kinetic interface-sensitive tracers (KIS tracers) are used to give a partial picture of the spreading, mixing and plume migration of supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) in the deep saline aquifer by estimating the interfacial areas between scCO2 and brine during the injection of scCO2. To get a better understanding of the KIS tracer reaction and transport processes in the two-phase flow ...

Magneto-Hydrodynamic Numerical Study of DC Electromagnetic Pump for Liquid Metal

A. Daoud, and N. Kandev
Institut de recherche d'Hydro-Quebec (LTE), Shawinigan, Quebec, Canada

The electromagnetic pumping (EMP) of electrically-conducting fluid is of growing interest for many industrial applications requiring precise flow control, enabling stopping or reversing flow direction without any moving parts or mechanical devices. Presented in this work are the results of a 3D numerical magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) simulation of direct current (DC) EMP for liquid ...

Possibility of Implicit LES for Two-Dimensional Incompressible Lid-Driven Cavity Flow Based on COMSOL Multiphysics

M. Hashiguchi[1]
[1]Keisoku Engineering System Co., Ltd. Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan

In the present paper, possibility of implicit large eddy simulation(LES) by using the laminar flow interface of COMSOL Multiphysics Ver.4.3a, has been examined for two-dimensional lid-driven cavity flow with the Reynolds number up to 1,000,000. The flow computations with time-dependent study step were executed stable for all cases treated here, even though no turbulence model is used. Although ...

Simulation of Groundwater Flow Patterns around a Vertical Circulation Well - new

Y. Jin[1], E. Holzbecher[2], S. Ebneth[2], A. B. Tatomir[1]
[1]Department of Applied Geology, GZG, Georg-August- University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
[2]Hölscher Wasserbau GmbH, Haren, Germany

Vertical circulation wells (VCWs) are well system consisting dual-screened sections allowing synchronous extraction and injection of groundwater in a single borehole. Vertical circulation flow or dipole flow is induced. This type of well has been widely used for in-situ remidiation, aquifer characterization, and for groundwater lowering. Capturing the groundwater flow patterns induced by a ...

A CFD Analysis of the Operating Conditions of a Multitube Pd Membrane for H2 Purification - new

B. Castro-Dominguez[1], R. Ma[1], A. G. Dixon[1], Y. H. Ma[1]
[1]Chemical Engineering Department, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

The optimization of operating conditions in multitube membrane modules is highly complex. The multiple physics and irregular geometries involved create a challenge for predicting their behavior. This work analyzes the performance of H2 purification through a module containing seven membranes. Using experimental parameters, a 3-D model was devised, specifying the membrane as a reacting boundary ...

Simulation of Flow in a Rectangular Channel of a PEM Fuel Cell

A. L. R. Paulino [1], E. Robalinho [2], E. F. Cunha [1], M. Linardi [1], R. R. Passos [3], E. I. Santiago [1]
[1] Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares – IPEN/CNEN, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
[2] Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares – IPEN/CNEN, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; and Instituto Federal do Rio Grande do Sul – IFRS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
[3] Universidade Federal do Amazonas – UFAM, Manaus, AM, Brazil

The performance of a PEMFC depends on several factors, including the flow inside gas channels. Low gas velocity inside the channel can make water management more difficult, possibly causing water to accumulate and condense in certain regions of the cell. In the present work, COMSOL Multiphysics software was used to visualize and describe gas flow inside the channel of a PEMFC operating with ...

Hydrodynamics of Lake Victoria: Vertically Integrated Flow Models in COMSOL Multiphysics® Software - new

S. Paul[1], R. Thunvik[1], D. D. Walakira[2], J. Mango[2], J. Oppelstrup[3], R. Wait[4]
[1]The Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
[2]Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
[3]COMSOL AB, Stockholm, Sweden
[4]Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

Lake Victoria is the largest tropical lake in the world and is very important for environment and economy in East Africa. The hydrodynamic processes in the shallow (40-80 m deep) water system are unique due to its location at the equator which makes Coriolis effects noticeable also for vertical transport. The limited river inflow, and the large surface area compared to its volume make Lake ...