B. Chinè[1,2], M. Monno
Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
Metal foams are interesting materials with many potential applications. They are characterized by a cellular structure represented by a metal or metal alloy and gas voids inside (Fig.1). A common metallic cellular material is aluminum foam which can be produced metallurgically by heating a precursor, made of aluminum alloy and TiH2 as foaming agent, in a furnace. In this case, the foaming ...
S. Khushrushahi, T.A. Hatton, M. Zahn
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Magnetic separation of magnetic liquid phases/particles from non-magnetic liquid phases/particles are needed for applications such as cleaning up oil spills by separating oil and water liquid phases or separating magnetic materials from non-magnetic materials in biomedical and microfluidic applications. Magnetic fluids (also called ferrofluids), in a magnetic field, experience a magnetic force ...
Priyanshu Goyal, I. Thangamani, V. Verma, V.M. Shanware, R. K. Singh
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India
In a nuclear reactor, the containment is the last barrier for the release of radioactivity during severe accident conditions. Containment material can be concrete or steel or steel-lined concrete. Steel containments have a high load bearing capacity and a high degree of leak tightness at higher pressures. In case of a severe accident, heat can be removed from the containment by a guide panel, ...
A. Pezzin, A. Ferri
Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
Air permeability is one of the most important parameters in the study of thermo-physiological comfort of fabrics. The main goal of this work is to develop a virtual process that allows the prediction of air permeability of any fabric without realizing a sample. The Free and Porous Media Flow physics interface was used in COMSOL Multiphysics® software; this allows to use Navier-Stokes equation ...
N. N. V. Ramirez, L. M. Raymundo, J. O. Trierweiler
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
It is desired to design a photobioreactor for the production of voluminous samples of microalgae for lipid quantification. The reactor should provide good growing conditions even with periodic withdrawal of samples. It also should be compact for better use of laboratory space. Therefore, a photobioreactor with concentric tubes was modeled to verify the circulation of the culture medium. The ...
E. Linares-Pérez , M. Díaz-Viera [1, 2],
 Instituto de Geofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Coyoacán, DF, México
 Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo, Ciudad de México, DF, México
The primary motivation of this work was to develop flow models in porous media with fractal properties to represent the anomalous behavior observed in some pressure tests in naturally fractured reservoirs.
赵旭山 , 郝雷 , 蒋利军 , 米菁 , 杨海龄 ,
随着能源紧张、油价攀升，环境污染严重，利用可再生绿色能源又成为不懈努力的方向。槽式太阳能热发电技术具有兼容性强、对电网冲击小、性价比高、发电成本低、可存储可调度等特点，近年来得到了迅猛发展，其核心部件为高温太阳能真空集热管，如图1所示。本研究利用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 针对真空集热管真实工况下的动态过程开展研究，并在此基础上开展集热管结构的优化设计。 由图1可知：集热管在电站中服役工况下，槽面会聚的太阳光主要集中于集热管下半面，上半面接收的会聚太阳光较少；导热工质自吸收管一端进入，接收会聚太阳光辐照能量，从吸收管另一端流出，流入→流出过程中，导热工质被加热；集热管外表面与外部环境通过热辐射和对流两种方式换热；吸收管与玻璃罩管间形成的环形密闭高真空区域各内表面通过热辐射换热，不考虑对流；集热管两端支撑固定于聚光器上，由于本身自重和热应力 ...
崔海航 , 王雷磊 , 谭晓君 ,
Janus 颗粒是由物理或化学性质不同的两部分所构成的颗粒的总称。由于其结构的特殊性以及自驱动特性使其在MEMS、药物传输等领域有着潜在的应用价值。本文基于COMSOL Mutiphysics® 4.3a 多物理场耦合模拟平台对不同形状的 Pt-SiO2 型 Janus 颗粒的在不同浓度 H2O2 溶液中的自扩散泳动进行了数值模拟，并进一步研究模拟了球形 Janus ...
A. Zugliano, R. Artoni, A. Santomaso, and A. Primavera
Danieli & C. Officine Meccaniche S.p.a., Buttrio, UD, Italy
DIPIC, Università di Padova, Padova, Italy
In previous works a dissipative hydrodynamic model was used to simulate the behavior of a dense granular solid flowing through silos with simple geometries or with internal devices, showing good agreement with experimental results. That model has been upgraded taking into account the interaction between the solid itself and a nonreactive gaseous stream flowing countercurrent through it. This ...
Dipartimento di Energetica “Sergio Stecco”, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
This paper presents and discusses the first phase results of a wide ranging project concerning the study and prediction of the efficiency and energy performances of natural ventilation systems existing inside historic buildings. The air flow patterns, air temperature and air velocity distribution inside a historic building in Florence, the Pitti Palace, were studied by a transient simulation. A ...