Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

3D Modeling of Hydrogen Absorption in Metal Hydride Hydrogen Storage Bottles

R. Busqué [1], R. Torres [1], A. Husar [2], J. Grau [1]
[1] Escola Universitària d'Enginyeria Tècnica Industrial de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
[2] Institut de Robòtica i Informàtica Industrial CSIC-UPC, Barcelona, Spain

The storage of hydrogen as an absorbed element in metal hydride bottles is a promising technique for energy storage. In this work, a three-dimensional model of a charging process in a metal hydride container has been developed to simulate the absorption reaction and resultant heat and mass transport phenomena in metal hydride vessels. The model has been experimentally validated showing a good ...

Modeling of Straight Jet Dynamics in Electrospinning Process

R. Pandya [1], A. Kumar [2], V. Runkana [1],
[1] Tata Research Development and Design Centre, Tata Consultancy Services, Pune, India
[2] Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India

Electrospinning is a process where high voltage is applied to produce polymer fibers of nanoscale diameter. Various polymers have been used for this process in molten form or as a solution with an appropriate solvent such as glycerol. The melt solidifies while the solvent evaporates to produce fibers. The fibers produced have properties such as high surface to volume ratio and a molecular ...

Sample Preconcentration in Channels with Nonuniform Surface Charge and Thick Electric Double Layers

A. Eden [1], C. McCallum [1], B. Storey [2], C. D. Meinhart [1], S. Pennathur [1],
[1] University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, USA
[2] Olin College, Needham, MA, USA

We present a novel method for concentrating and focusing small analytes by taking advantage of the nonuniform ion distributions produced by thick electric double layers (EDLs) in nanochannels with heterogeneous surface charge. Specifically, we apply a voltage bias to a gate electrode embedded within the channel wall, tuning the surface charge in a region of the channel and subsequently altering ...

Numerical Study of the Self-ignition of Tetrafluoroethylene in a 100-dm3-reactor

F. Ferrero[1], M. Kluge[1], R. Zeps[1], T. Spoormaker[2]
[1]BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany
[2]Chairman PlasticsEurope Fluoropolymers TFE Safety Task Force, Du Pont De Nemours, Dordrecht, The Netherlands

The self-ignition of tetrafluoroethylene (TFE) caused by contact with hot surfaces has been analyzed with the help of simulations performed with COMSOL Multiphysics®. The current study focuses on large-scale heated reactors for the industrial production of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) from TFE at high pressures. Simulations of the self-heating and consequent self-ignition of TFE in a 100-dm3 ...

Transport of Cadmium through Molten Salt to Argon Cover Gas in Electrorefiner

K.Revathy[1], S. Agarwal[1], B. Muralidharan[1], G. Padmakumar[1], K. K. Rajan[1]
[1]Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, India

Electro refining is one of the important step in the Pyro processing nuclear spent fuel with molten salt. The electro refiner is a process vessel consists of anode ,cathodes and stirrers and ultra –high pure argon gas is provided at the top for inert atmosphere and at the bottom a cadmium layer is provided. The vapor pressure of the cadmium is high at the operating temperature, the cadmium vapor ...

A Comparison of the Continuous and Discrete Approach for Liquid Manipulation

S. F. Azam [1], G. Cathcart[1],
[1] RCAST, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

The objective of this paper is to achieve a complete and rapid efficient mixing of numerous sample in micro-scale devices of microfluidic system. The principle of microfluidics is extensively used in a number of fields such as biomedical, healthcare, biochemical, drug research and other applications. These microfluidic devices with mathematical simulations are appropriately utilized in ...

CFD Analysis of a Heat Exchanger for an Electric Machine

A. Curci [1], D. Falchi [2], G. Secondo [1],
[1] ABB S.p.A. Italy
[2] Università degli studi di Pavia, Italy

In recent years the thermal behavior of electric machines is an attractive research topic. Due to the complexity of the problem, several approaches that exploit FEM analysis have been developed and presented in literature. In this research a 3D thermo-fluid dynamic simulation of an electric machine equipped with rubber belts directly applied on its shaft has been performed through COMSOL ...

Modeling of the Reduction Stage during the Continuous Refining of Copper in a Packed Bed Reactor

F. Mansilla[1], L. Voisin [2]
[1]Advanced Mining Technology Center, Chile University, Santiago, Chile
[2]Department of Mining Engineering, Advanced Mining Technology Center, Chile University, Santiago, Chile

Throughout history, the copper pyrometallurgical processes have been carried out mostly in discontinuous or batch systems. In recent decades new continuous technologies have been developed but focused only on Smelting and Converting stages leaving aside the Refining one. In 2002 a novel technology was proposed by the Department of Mining Engineering of Chile University which consists in two ...

Comparing Different Approaches for Moisture Transfer Inside Constructions with Air Gaps

L. Nespoli[1], M. Bianchi Janetti[2], F. Ochs[2]
[1]Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy
[2]University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria

A model for the conjugate simulation of heat and moisture transfer inside porous materials and fluid domains is implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The results of this model are compared with those obtained through a simplified approach: the line-source approach. The models are both validated with experimental data and with numerical results from other authors. On the one hand the conjugate ...

Optimization of Extrusion Processes for non-Newtonian high-Viscous Fluids with Wall Slip and Shear Thinning Effects

W. Hoffmann[1], M. Scholz[1]
[1]SiCo-Solutions, Stuttgart, Germany

Simulation of the flow behaviour of non-Newtonian fluids with high viscosities leads to special material models with specific material parameters. In this presentation, a material model consisting of 4 material parameters describing the flow itself and also the wall slip is presented. The investigations of the flow behaviour are based on COMSOL Multiphysics® using the Modules CFD, Structural ...