Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling of HTPEM Fuel Cell Start-Up Process by Using COMSOL Multiphysics

Y. Wang[1], D. Uwe Sauer[1]
[1]Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems, Institute for Power Electronics and Electrical Drives (ISEA), RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany

HTPEM fuel cells are considered to be the next generation fuel cells. The electrochemical kinetics for electrode reactions are enhanced by using PBI membrane at an operation temperature between 160-180 °C comparing to LTPEM fuel cells. But starting HTPEM fuel cells from room temperature to an operation temperature is a challenge. In this work, using preheated air to heat up the fuel cells ...

Gravitational Collapse of Rectangular Granular Piles

M.H. Babaei[1], T. Dabros[2], S.B. Savage[3]
[1]Ocean, Coastal, and River Engineering, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
[2]Natural Resources Canada, CanmetENERGY, Devon, AB, Canada
[3]Department of Civil Engineering & Applied Mechanics, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada

In this study, the dam-break type two-dimensional gravitational collapse of rectangular granular piles in air was numerically studied. The frictional behavior of the material was based on the von-Mises model with the Mohr-Coulomb yield surface leading to pressure and strain-rate-dependence of shear viscosity. The governing equations of the problem were solved using the COMSOL two-phase flow CFD ...

Multiphysics Simulations of Granular Sludge on the Optimization of Effluent Treatment Plant

S. Gunsekaran [1], R. C. Thiagarajan[1]
[1]ATOA Scientific Technologies Private Limited, Bangalore, India

Multiphysics Simulations of Physico-chemical and Biological Treatment of wastewater is increasing due to the demand for cost efficient plant design and utilization. Among the many processes, a thorough understanding of the settling behavior of an activated granular sludge in the secondary settler of an Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP) is critical for the plant designers to determine the efficiency ...

Investigating the Impacts of Hydrogeological Parameters on DSI Efficiency through Numerical Simulation

Y. Jin[1], E. Holzbecher[1], S. Ebneth[2]
[1]Department of Applied Geology, GZG, Georg-August- University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
[2]Hölscher Wasserbau, Haren, Germany

Düsensauginfiltration (DSI),‘nozzle-suction-infiltration’, is a new method for dewatering that avoids groundwater abstraction from the aquifer. Drawdown is achieved via pumping of groundwater at upper abstraction section, meanwhile, all the pumped water is injected through the same borehole, but in greater depth. We use COMSOL Multiphysics® for the development of a 2D model that simulates ...

Study of the Process, Design, and Operating Parameters Effect on the Efficiency of the Process Mill - new

A. K. Farouk[1]
[1]Department of Mathematics & Natural Science, University of Stavanger, Sandnes, Rogaland, Norway

This study is to investigate the velocity pattern and the velocity magnitude of the cuttings that is being processed in the process mill as a result of the rotating hammers. The process mill consists of a horizontal cylindrical shell equipped with renewable liners and rotating hammers for milling of drill cuttings. An F.E model of the process mill was constructed using dimensions similar to ...

Hydrodynamics of Lake Victoria: Vertically Integrated Flow Models in COMSOL Multiphysics® Software - new

S. Paul[1], R. Thunvik[1], D. D. Walakira[2], J. Mango[2], J. Oppelstrup[3], R. Wait[4]
[1]The Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
[2]Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
[3]COMSOL AB, Stockholm, Sweden
[4]Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

Lake Victoria is the largest tropical lake in the world and is very important for environment and economy in East Africa. The hydrodynamic processes in the shallow (40-80 m deep) water system are unique due to its location at the equator which makes Coriolis effects noticeable also for vertical transport. The limited river inflow, and the large surface area compared to its volume make Lake ...

CFD Analysis of a Printed Circuit Heat Exchanger

K. Wegman [1], X. Sun [1],
[1] Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA

In this experiment, the performance of a Printed Circuit Heat Exchanger (PCHE) was studied using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. PCHEs are diffusion bonded heat exchangers containing semicircular, chemically etched flow paths. Helium was used as the working fluid on both the hot and cold sides. A simplified model was used in the simulation, and the results were compared to experimental results. ...

Mechanistic Modeling of Non-Spherical Bacterial Attachment on Plant Surface Structures

A. Warning [1], A. K. Datta [1],
[1] Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

The particle tracking model provided a deeper understanding to the experimental results. The model showed good agreement with experimental data for rotation, transport and attachment. In the attachment model, protrusions create low velocity, low shear regions increasing attachment while holes pull cells toward the surface and increase residence time on the surface increasing attachment rate.

High-Resolution FSI Modeling of a High-Aspect Ratio Involute Flow Channel in the HFIR at ORNL

A. I. Elzawawy [1], J. D. Freels [2], F. G. Curtis [2, 3],
[1] Vaughn College of Aeronautics and Technology, East Elmhurst, NY, USA
[2] Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
[3] University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA

The high flow rate within the HFIR cooling water flow channel causes the fuel plates to deflect which in turn, changes the coolant flow characteristics. This nonlinear feedback loop between the coolant and the fuel plate is the focus of the present simulation of the fluid-solid interaction between the coolant flow and the fuel plates to accurately predict the plate’s deflection using the Fluid ...

Numerical Analysis of the Flow Structure in the Continuous Casting Two-strand Tundish

M. Warzecha [1], J. Jowsa [1], A. M. Hutny [1], P. Warzecha [1], T. Merder [2]
[1] Czestochowa University of Technology, Czestochowa, Poland
[2] Silesian University of Technology, Katowice, Poland

Calculations were carried out for the water model of the investigated tundish, represented on a scale 1:3. Numerical calculations enable to estimate the fluid flow velocities, pahtlines and other parameters. Calculations were done for two different grids. Based on the results, the flow structure in the investigated tundish was obtained.