Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Miscible Viscous Fingering: Application in Chromatographic Columns and Aquifers

S. Pramanik[1], G. L. Kulukuru[1], M. Mishra[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, Punjab, India

When a less viscous fluid displaces a more viscous one in a porous medium or Hele-Shaw cell, the interface between the two miscible fluids does not remain flat and deforms into fingers growing in time [1]. It occurs due to the faster movement of less viscous fluid than the more viscous one, for a given pressure gradient. Fingering affects in aquifers, in packed bed reactors, and detrimental to ...

Groundwater Flow and Solute Transport Modeling in the SFR Nuclear Waste Repository

E. Abarca[1], A. Idiart[1], O. Silva[1], L.M. de Vries[1], J. Molinero[1], F. Vahlund[2], H. von Schenck[2]
[1]Amphos21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
[2]Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co., Stockholm, Sweden

The Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company (SKB) operates the underground repository for low- and intermediate-level nuclear waste (SFR) located in Försmark, Sweden. An extension of the SFR is planned to accommodate mainly waste arising from the decommissioning of Swedish nuclear power plants. The long-term safety assessment for the SFR repository takes into account the future ...

Numerical Simulation of Forced and Static Smoldering Combustion

S. Singer[1], W. H. Green[1]
[1]Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA

Transient, two-dimensional (axisymmetric) simulations of a cigarette subject to realistic static and forward smoldering cycles were performed. The computational domain consists of a porous packed bed of tobacco and a filter surrounded by a thin, porous paper and a region of surrounding air. The governing equations include overall mass conservation, momentum conservation, conservation equations ...

Traveling Plasma Wave Levitation of Objects Supported by Coanda Effect - new

R. Eisenschmid[1]
[1]OPTIMA pharma GmbH, Schwäbisch Hall, Germany

Electrostatically excited plasma waves can induce a “plasma wind” in the surrounding media or air. The lifted object has a shape of a flying saucer, just for better illustration. A travelling plasma wave propulsion requires a pre-ionized media around the surface and a travelling electrostatic field. A simplified plasma model was used to set up an EFD (electro fluid dynamic) approach into a ...

Modeling Bioclogging Effects in Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment - new

R. Samso[1], N. Forquet[2], P. Molle[2], J. Garcia[1]
[1]Department of Hydraulic, Maritime and Environmental Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya-BarcelonaTech, Barcelona, Spain
[2]IRSTEA, Freshwater Systems, Ecology and Pollution Research Unit, Villeurbanne, France

Horizontal-Flow Constructed Wetlands (HFCWs) are a particular type of biofilter, and as such they rely mostly on the activity of bacterial communities to treat wastewater. Bacterial growth in HFCWs induces dramatic changes in its hydraulic and hydrodynamic behaviour (bioclogging), which may eventually result in overland flow of wastewater. Consequently, clogging is the main cause of premature ...

Improvements on Cyclotron Gas Target Cooling System Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

F. M. Alrumayan [1], Q. Akkam [1], S. Alqaryan [1],
[1] King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Medical Cyclotrons are used in hospitals to manufacture radiopharmaceuticals. The nuclear reaction between the Cyclotron charged particles and a material takes place inside the so-called targets. In particular, gas target is used when a specific gas is bombarded with proton particles to produce radioactive gas [1]. For successful reaction and good production yield, heat generated due to ...

Modeling of Radial Source Flow in Porous Media: Miscible Viscous Fingering Patterns

V. Sharma [1], S. Pramanik [2], M. Mishra [1],
[1] Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, India
[2] Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, India; Nordita, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.

COMSOL Multiphysics® software was used to model radial source flow in two dimensional homogeneous porous media. Two-Phase Darcy's Law (tpdl) is used to model miscible viscous fingering. Fingering patterns obtained on using different mesh are discussed. Evolution from 'flowers' to 'branches' is observed in the fingering patterns. Stable displacement is generated even in the presence of unstable ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Software: Simplifying Workflow and Promoting Innovations in Nuclear Engineering at ORNL

P. K. Jain [1], J. D. Freels [1],
[1] Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

At Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), COMSOL Multiphysics® software has become a preferred software for certain multiphysics applications in nuclear engineering. This presentation will highlight some of the ongoing activities in the following areas: (1) Highly enriched uranium (HEU) to low enriched uranium (LEU) conversion of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR), (2) New and improved safety ...

Thermo-fluid Dynamics Modelling of Hydrogen Absorption and Desorption in a LaNi4.8Al0.2 Hydride Bed

D. Baldissin[1] and D. Lombardo[1]
[1]Compumat S.r.l., Torino, Italy

A two-dimensional mathematical model for the absorption and desorption of H2 in LaNi4.8Al0.2 was developed and experimentally validated. The model is composed of an energy balance, a mass balance and a momentum balance. These differential equations are numerically solved by means of the finite element method using the software COMSOL Multiphysics®. From a comparison between theoretical ...

Wall Effect on A Spherical Particle Settling along The Axis of Cylindrical Tubes Filled with Carreau Model Fluids

D. Song[1], R. Gupta[1], and R. Chhabra[2]
[1]Dept. of Chemical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV
[2]Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India

The effect of finite boundaries on the drag experienced by a rigid sphere settling along the axis of cylindrical tubes filled with Carreau model fluids has been examined systematically over a wide range of condition. As expected, the presence of finite boundaries leads to an increase in the drag force exerted on a falling sphere thereby retarding its descent due to the obstruction caused by ...