N. Huc 
 COMSOL France, Grenoble, France
This session is devoted to phase change modeling in heat transfer simulations. The great interest in phase change comes from the outstanding thermal performance that it enables in particular for cooling or thermal protection applications. Alternatively, phase change can induce most of the energy cost in drying or cooking applications. In all of these cases, a thermal analysis is required to ...
J. Knox ,
 Marshall Space Flight Center - NASA, Huntsville, AL, USA
This work examined in detail the a priori prediction of the axial dispersion coefficient from available correlations versus obtaining it and also mass transfer information from experimental breakthrough data and the consequences that may arise when doing so based on using a 1-D axially dispersed plug flow model in COMSOL Multiphysics® software and its associated Danckwerts outlet boundary ...
Z. Zheng, R. Zhang
Corning Incorporated, Corning, NY, USA
Introduction: Glass relaxation occurs in a range of temperature during transition from equilibrium to super-cooled liquid. Viscoelastic material model can be applied to simulate glass behavior during the glass transition regime and to predict the glass deformation and stress evolution. Viscoelasticity is the property of materials that exhibit both viscous and elastic characteristics when ...
Numerical Study of a High Temperature Latent Heat Storage (200-300oC) Using Eutectic Nitrate Salt of Sodium Nitrate and Potassium Nitrate
C.W. Foong, J.E. Hustad, J. Løvseth, and O.J. Nydal
Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
In this study, a small scale direct solar thermal energy storage system with secondary reflector is designed and developed. The main advantage of thermal energy storage is that cooking can be carried out during the time when there is little or no sun shine. In addition, no heat transport fluid is needed in this system. A well insulated heat storage should keep the heat for about 24 hours. KNO3 ...
D. Groulx, and W. Ogoh
Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
A 1D phase change problem, known as Stefan’s problem, for which analytical solutions are available, is solved as a 2D problem using COMSOL Multiphysics. The PCM medium is semi-infinite, initially solid at its melting temperature Tm, and at t = 0, the wall temperature is raised to Tw > Tm, prompting the PCM to start melting, from pure conduction, in a linear fashion starting at x = 0. The length ...
S. Das, J. Li, R. Hui
University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA
Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA
The adoption of micro- and nanostructured electrodes is a promising technique to improve the performance of Li-ion battery, which increases the electrode surface area and improves the efficiency of ion exchange between the electrode and electrolyte. This performance improvement is supported by the results of our numerical simulation based of a Li+ battery in COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The ...
J. H. K. Haertel , K. Engelbrecht , B. S. Lazarov , O. Sigmund ,
 Technical University of Denmark, Roskilde, Denmark
 Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lynby, Denmark
1. Introduction The topology optimization method is becoming increasingly popular as a design tool for multiphysics systems [1,2]. Topology optimization of fluid-thermal systems has been presented for example in  for forced convective heat transfer and in  for natural convection problems. In this work, topology optimization including density filtering and projection is applied to ...
F. S. Alleyne , R. R. Milczarek ,
 Healthy Processed Foods Research Unit, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Albany, CA, USA
Solar drying is a ubiquitous method that has been adopted for many years as a food preservation method. Most of the published articles in the literature provide insight on the performance of solar dryers in service but little information on the dryer construction material selection process or material attributes that allow them to be selected as candidates in solar dryer designs. 1–7 ...
Comparison Between Phase Field and ALE Methods to Model the Keyhole Digging During Spot Laser Welding
V. Bruyere, C. Touvrey, P. Namy
CEA-DAM, Is-sur-Tille, France
SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
Nowadays, spot laser welding is a full-fledged part of industrial manufacturing and is routinely used due to its advantages. It generates very located temperature gradients, and therefore, induces small distortions in the pieces. The COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to model the interaction stage of an isolated impact made with a Nd:YAG pulsed laser. The free surface evolution has been ...
M. Darif, and N. Semmar
GREMI-UMR6606, CNRS-Universite d’Orleans, Orléans, France
A 2D transient heat conduction model was created in COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate temperature changes in material irradiated by a KrF laser beam confined on silicon’s surface. In this paper, the obtained results are shown and discussed in case of bulk Silicon. The heat source is distributed in time with ‘gate’ and ‘gaussian’ shapes. The thermal properties values ...