A. M. Melcher , C. Ziebert , B. Lei , M. Rohde , H. J. Seifert 
 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, IAM-AWP, Karlsruhe, Germany
 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany
In this work the coupled electrochemical-thermal model for a lithium-ion battery (LIB) based on porous electrode theory has been extended with contributions coming from exothermic side reactions based on an Arrhenius law to model abuse mechanisms, which could lead to a thermal runaway. These extensions have been modeled with a constant fuel model and for specified current profiles and exterior ...
Heat Generation Modeling of Two Lithium Batteries: from the Cell to the Pack in COMSOL Multiphysics® Software
J. Stoudmann , R. Rozsnyo , T. Mackin , J. Dunning 
 Haute École du paysage, d'ingénierie et d'architecture, Genève, Switzerland
 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA, USA
A thermal model to predict the heat generation during the charge and discharge of a battery pack is an essential tool to manage the thermal behavior, performance and life of the batteries. In this work, a battery cell is modeled in COMSOL Multiphysics® using the Batteries and Fuel Cells module.
A. Roday, and P. Nicosia
Garlock Sealing Technologies
Sintering is an important step in the manufacturing of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) billets. The challenge in heating large billets stems from the inherent low thermal conductivity of PTFE. Existing literature suggests determining maximum heating rate experimentally using recommended guidelines. This paper uses COMSOL to aid in optimizing the temperature profile required for a particular ...
Enthalpy Porosity Method for CFD Simulation of Natural Convection Phenomenon for Phase Change Problems in the Molten Pool and its Importance during Melting of Solids
Priyanshu Goyal, Anu Dutta, V.Verma, I. Thangamani, R.K. Singh
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India
Shielded transportation casks are commonly used for transportation and storage of radioactive waste materials. Design approval of such casks by regulatory authority is subject to its compliance with a thermal test (among other tests) Due to exposure of cask to fire , there is a possibility of melting of the shielding material (lead) used for the cask and need to evaluate extent of melting. ...
D. Droste, F. Lindner, C. Mundt, M. Pfitzner
Universität der Bundeswehr, Munich, Bavaria, Germany
In this study we investigate the heat and mass transfer in a porous media with phase change. The liquid fluid is injected from one side and heated from the other side, where it leaves the porous material in a gaseous state. Dominant forces are capillary interactions and two-phase heat conduction. To model the process we use a two-phase mixture model on a macroscopic scale. This model is ...
A Practical Method to Model Complex Three-Dimensional Geometries with Non-Uniform Material Properties Using Image-based Design and COMSOL Multiphysics®
J. Cepeda, S. Birla, J. Subbiah, H. Thippareddi
Department of Food Science & Technology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA
Department of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA
Geometries with heterogeneous material properties are typically defined as a set of multiple parts, each part representing a different material. However, assembling or defining the individual parts of complex geometries can be difficult. A practical method based on image-based mesh generation, a custom algorithm for labeling materials, and interpolation functions of COMSOL Multiphysics® can be ...
S. Das, J. Li, R. Hui
University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA
Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA
The adoption of micro- and nanostructured electrodes is a promising technique to improve the performance of Li-ion battery, which increases the electrode surface area and improves the efficiency of ion exchange between the electrode and electrolyte. This performance improvement is supported by the results of our numerical simulation based of a Li+ battery in COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The ...
A. Kylili , M. Theodoridou , I. Ioannou , P. A. Fokaides ,
 Frederick Research Center, Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus
 University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus
A time-dependent study was conducted using COMSOL Multiphysics® (Conjugate Heat Transfer interface and Heat Transfer with Phase Change feature) for the numerical investigation of the thermal performance of novel Phase Change Material (PCM)-enhanced plasters for their incorporation in buildings located in summer-dominant environments. Four 3-dimensional (3D) model designs of building elements are ...
M. Rahman , N. R. Schott , L. K. Sadhu ,
 North South University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
 Department of Plastics Engineering, University of Massachusetts - Lowell, Lowell, MA, USA
 IRays Teknology Ltd., Dhaka, Bangladesh
In a commercial 3D printer head, plastic ribbon passes through a hot nozzle of an extruder to dispense liquid plastic droplets to construct the model. In this paper a 2D axisymmetric model of a 3D head is considered to study the secondary transition change from below the glass temperature to above the glass-transition temperature of ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) using COMSOL ...
Bruno Chine' , Manuel Francisco Mata , Ivan Vargas ,
 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
 School of Electromechanics Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
 School of Physics, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
Plasma torches are used in processing of materials and in energy industry for producing plasma. In a non-transferred arc plasma torch, an electric arc can be glowed by applying a direct current (DC) between the cathode and anode, both placed inside the torch. Then, the plasma (Fig. 1) is obtained by heating, ionizing and expanding a working gas, introduced into the chamber of the torch upstream ...