D. Sharma , A. Siddiqua ,
 Nitte Meenakshi Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) is a recent well researched technique which can be employed to obtain an amplified DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid). A continuous flow polymerase chain reaction with integrated MEMS based design micro heater for DNA amplification is implemented. Temperature zone is obtained by natural heat conduction rather than making use of typical silicon thermal cycler. Inter ...
A. Ravi, R. Krishna, J. Christen
Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA
Capacitive MEMS sensors offer high spatial resolution, sensitivity and good frequency response. In this paper, we present a circular membrane capacitive MEMS device that finds use both as capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducer (CMUT) and pressure sensor. The MEMS device is first designed and simulated to work as a CMUT operating at about 5 MHz frequency. The device can also function as a ...
A. Ricci and E. Giuri
Materials and Microsystems Laboratory (CHI-Lab), Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
Cantilever vibration in fluid environment is probably one of the most common Fluid Structure Interaction problems in the field of Micro/Nano Electro Mechanical Systems. Usually the effect of fluid on cantilever oscillation is characterized in terms of mode resonance frequencies and quality factors (Qs). In this work a new approach to the above FSI problem is proposed: modes Q factors and ...
N. J. Krishnapriya, M. R. Baiju
College of Engineering, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
In this paper, design and analysis of a novel MEMS capacitive microphone which uses corrugations and perforations in diaphragm is presented. The corrugation and perforation in diaphragm reduces the residual stress and increases the mechanical sensitivity of diaphragm. Instead of the perforated back plate, holes have been made on the diaphragm. Therefore, potassium hydroxide (KOH) etching can be ...
T. Hutter, S. Mahajan, S. R. Elliott
University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
Plasmons, i.e. the collective oscillations of electrons in a metallic nano-structure, lead to strong light scattering, absorption and an enhancement of the local electromagnetic field. In this work, the local electric-field enhancement in a system of dielectric nanoparticles placed very near to a metallic substrate is studied and discussed. Finite-element numerical simulations were used in ...
Design and Simulation of High-Throughput Microfluidic Droplet Dispenser for Lab-on-a-Chip Applications - new
C. Jin, X. Xiong, P. Patra, R. Zhu, J. Hu
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, USA
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, USA
Digital Microfluidic Biochip (DMFB) has been widely used in Lab-on-a-Chip (LoC) for disease diagnosis and treatment applications. To quickly convert traditional analog fluidic sample into digital droplets for DMFB processing, a high-throughput microfluidic droplet dispenser device is needed. In this paper, a high-throughput analog-to-digital microdroplet dispenser for Lab-on-a-Chip application ...
A. Haidary, P. Grütter, Y. Miyahara
Physics Department, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
A wide variety of near-field optical phenomena such as apertureless near-field scanning microscopy (ANSM) at optical and terahertz (THz) regimes and surface enhanced Raman scattering relies on the electric field enhancement at the end of a sharp tip. Achieving and controlling this electric field enhancement is a key challenge for a wide range of applications such as surface modification, data ...
K. Jindal , V. Grover , B. Nayak ,
 Birla Institute of Technology and Science - Pilani, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
Microarrays are extensively used in modern biology as tools of multiplexed, high throughput analysis to study thousands of genes and their expression inside cells at once . The basic principle of a microarray is quantitative detection of fluorophore tagged DNA. Use of this method results in microarray experiments being expensive and complex due to fragile and costly fluorophores and ...
K. J. Kim , T. Stalbaum , Q. Shen ,
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV, USA
Ionic polymer-metal composite (IPMC) materials are promising candidates for soft robotics and artificial muscle applications. The primary actuation mechanism in such devices is ion migration in a polymer membrane, localized swelling, and a corresponding overall material deformation, which is multiphysics in nature. Simulations were performed for a rectangular IPMC actuator in response to a ...
Dynamic Characterization and Mechanical Simulation of Cantilevers for Electromechanical Vibration Energy Harvesting
N. Alcheick, H. Nesser, H. Debeda, C. Ayela, I. Dufour 
Univ. Bordeaux, IMS Lab, Pessac, France
Energy harvesting from ambient vibrations has become an interesting topic for powering wireless sensor networks. Resonant microdevices based on MEMS have become of central importance at low frequency. The power produced at resonance is at least one order of magnitude larger than off frequency power since the largest strain is obtained at resonance. In order to obtain large strain for efficient ...