Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling Degradation in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries

R. Purkayastha [1], G. Minton [1], L. O'Neill [1], S. Walus [1], M. Wild [1], M. Marinescu [2], T. Zhang [2], G. Offer [2]
[1] Oxis Energy Ltd, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
[2] Mechanical Engineering Department, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

Two Anode Surface processes are examined : Formation of Solid Electrolyte Interphase (SEI) and heating due to Shuttle Current. During charging, higher order sulfur species are reduced at the anode surface, while they are concurrently being oxidized at the cathode. This leads to the formation of a parasitic ‘shuttle’ current. We show that heating due to this shuttle current can lead to large ...

Acoustic Scattering through a Circular Orifice in Low Mach Number Flow

S. Sack [1], M. Abom [1]
[1] KTH, the Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

The acoustic scattering through a circular orifice plate in a duct with low Mach number flow (M=0.1) is computed using the Linearized Navier-Stokes physics interface of COMSOL Multiphysics®. The work by Kierkegaard et al. is extended to account for higher order acoustic modes, i.e., behind the cut-on frequency of the first radial duct mode. Orifice flows tend to create a sharp separation zone at ...

Modal Analysis of Elastic Ring Squeeze Film Damper for Small Gas Turbine Engines

S. Thennavarajan[1][2], P. Jeyaraj [1], L. P. Manikandan [2], S. S. Kulkarni [2], S. Jana [2],
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, NITK, Surathkal, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
[2]CSIR- National Aerospace Laboratories, Bengalore, Karnataka, India

The high speed gas turbine is a power plant developed for modern aircrafts. It is widely used and developed because it can meet the high power to weight ratio. The rotor system of modern small gas turbine works above the critical speeds. Hence, there is a stricter requirement for the control and isolation of vibration magnitude under heavy unbalance load and passing through critical speeds. An ...

Electromagnetic Actuators Modeling, Simulation and Optimization: Review of Methods and Their Application for Switching Devices - new

O. Craciun[1], V. Biagini[1], G. Stengel[1], C. Reuber[2], C. Chao[3], B. Funieru[3] , A. Binder[3]
[1]ABB Corporate Research, Ladenburg, Germany
[2]ABB AG Calor Emag Mittelspannungsprodukte
[3]TU Darmstadt, Department of Electrical Energy Conversion, Darmstadt, Germany

Electromagnetic actuators are representing one important component of ABB's medium voltage reclosers [1, 2]. Their performance is strongly influenced by the considered material properties as well as by the electronic control units that will power the actuator. Depending on the studied phenomena, different modeling, simulation and optimization methodologies are being used for medium voltage ...

Investigation on Sensor Fault Effects of Piezoelectric Transducers on Wave Propagation and Impedance Measurements

I. Buethe[1], C.-P. Fritzen[1]
[1]University of Siegen, Institute of Mechanics and Control Engineering-Mechatronics, Siegen, Germany

For active Structural Health Monitoring (SHM), one popular sensor type is the piezoelectric wafer active sensor (PWAS) due to its multi-purpose application as actuator and sensor and its low cost. It is used to generate a wave field, which interacts with the structure and is recorded by a second set of PWASs. This method is called acousto ultrasonics. The change in wave field from transducer ...

Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Simulation of Multiphase Flow in Biogas Digester

V. S. Kshirsagar[1], P. M. Pawar[1]
[1]SVERI's College of Engineering, Pandharpur, Maharashtra, India

Effective suspension and settling are critical for controlling biomass retention in a biogas digester. This paper developed a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model to simulate the hydrodynamic characteristics of multiphase flow in biogas digester. This is carried out by using COMSOL Multiphysics® software for understanding the behavior of slurries of different viscosity. This study helps to ...

Coupled Structural and Magnetic Models: Linear Magnetostriction in COMSOL

J. Slaughter[1]
[1]Etrema Products, Inc., Ames, Iowa, USA

Accurate modeling of magnetostrictive materials and devices requires coupling of electrical, magnetic, mechanical, and possibly acoustic domains. There are relatively few finite  element software packages that include all these physical models and even fewer that include magnetostrictive models. Comsol Multiphysics was used to create linear magnetostrictive models with fully coupled ...

Using the Concept of Dummy Heat Sources for Heat Transfer Enhancement in a Vertical Channel

S. Durgam [1], A. Shrivastav [2], S. P. Venkateshan [1], T. Sundararajan [1],
[1] Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
[2] Defense Research and development Organization, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Laminar forced convection is studied in a vertical rectangular channel with seven discrete heat sources and dummy heat sources mounted on a wall. The position of seven heat sources is fixed in an optimal arrangement. The heat transfer effects are investigated by numerical simulation and validated experiments by arranging six and eight dummy heat sources in different configurations. The heat flux ...

Simulation of the Flow of an Autonomous Spherical Ball inside a Pipeline

W. Chalgham [1], A. C. Seibi [1], M. Mokhtari [1],
[1] University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, LA, USA

One of the limitations of pipelines performance and structural integrity assessment is the continuous inspection of possible leaks due to corrosion or other types of failure mechanisms. Efforts to develop new technologies started several decades ago where different inspection techniques were used to enhance pipelines structural integrity. However, although available technologies present some ...

Air Foil Bearings - A Modeling Approach

M. Bezemer-Krijnen[1], Y.H. Wijnant[1], A. de Boer[1]
[1]University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands

A first generation air foil bearing (AFB) is shown in Figure 1. AFBs induce, at higher rotating speeds, an air film between the journal and the top foil, which lowers the friction forces. The goal of this study is to develop a model of an AFB. The thickness of the air film depends on the clearance, eccentricity and elastic deformations of the bump structure. The flow in the air film between ...