P. A. Haris, T. Ramesh
National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
Design and manufacture of thrusters for producing very low thrust force in the range of milli or micro newtons using micronozzles has been actively developed in the last decade. The nature of propellant flow in such micronozzles differs from that of macro nozzles. In micronozzles, viscous effect dominates; hence the flow is always in laminar regime with high viscous losses. Objective of this ...
V. Bruyere , C. Touvrey , P. Namy 
 SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
 CEA DAM, Is-sur-Tille, France
The formation of porosities in spot laser welding depends on complex thermo-hydraulic phenomena. To understand and control these mechanisms, the COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to model both the interaction and cooling stages of an isolated impact made with a Nd:YAG pulsed laser. The model is based on the Phase Field method in order to apprehend the evolution of the liquid-gas interface ...
A. Berthelot , A. Bogaerts ,
 PLASMANT Group, University of Antwerp, Belgium
In this paper, we present a 2D axisymmetric self-consistent plasma fluid model for microwave plasmas operating in argon. The model was developed using COMSOL Multiphysics and its Plasma Module. Plasma, flow, heat and electromagnetic equations solved self-consistently. The effect of the pressure on the plasma parameters is studied over a wide range of pressures going from 10 mbar to ...
A. Malachowska, L. Pawlowski , A. Ambroziak , M. Winnicki , P. Sokolowski
University of Limoges, Limoges, France
Wroclaw University of Technology, Wroclaw, Poland
This paper studies oxide forming on titanium, during cold gas dynamic spraying with air. This is a quite new spraying method, which can be used to spray material having high affinity for oxygen. The model allows for the diffusion of oxygen through the oxide layer, reaction on the oxide-titanium interface and expansion of oxide, due to difference in molar density. It was implemented in COMSOL ...
G. Perillo, G. De Natale, M.G. Di Giuseppe, A. Troiano, C. Troise
University of Naples Parthenope, Italy
INGV - Osservatorio Vesuviano, Naples, Italy
Fluid injection in deep wells is a basic procedure in geothermal permeability enhancement. The retrieved changes of Pressure and Temperature are subsequently considered as sources of incremental stress and strain changes, using the elastic model from COMSOL Multiphysics®, which are then converted to Coulomb stress changes on favoured faults, taking into account also the background regional ...
Á. Sainz [1,2], A. Nardi , E. Abarca , F. Grandía 
 Amphos 21 Consulting S.L., Barcelona, Spain
 Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France
Nowadays, gas and nuclear waste storage, shale gas and EOR exploitation rise the need to understand and predict the fate of multiphase flows in the underground. Various formulations for multiphase flow arise from different linear combinations of governing equations and choice of associated unknowns. Each formulation has its own benefits and drawbacks; and the optimal may vary depending on the ...
Energy Exchange During Electron Emission from Carbon Nanotubes: Considerations on Tip Cooling Effect and Destruction of the Emitter
M. Dionne, S. Coulombe, and J. Meunier
Department of Chemical Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Murphy and Good general theory for electron emission from metal surfaces was used to predict the field-emission capabilities of ideal arrays of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (VACNT). The Nottingham effect was taken into account in order to explain experimental observation of a localized cooling of the VACNT tips during field emission and the total destruction of very short emitters at ...
H. Machrafi[1,2], S. Cavadias
University of Liège, Thermodynamics of Irreversible Phenomena, Liège, Belgium
University Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratoire des Procédés Plasma et Traitement de Surface, Paris, France
The purpose of this work is to show whether an important difference in Lithium solid concentration and electrolyte concentration can be observed in a Lithium-ion battery model, when considering either the Butler-Volmer kinetics or the Tafel kinetics for describing the electrode kinetics (including a boundary layer between the electrolyte and the electrode particles). During discharge, the ...
Fluid-Structure Interaction Modeling for an Optimized Design of a Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting MEMS Generator
I. Kuehne, A. van der Linden, J. Seidel, M. Schreiter, L. Fromme, and A. Frey
Siemens AG, Corporate Research & Technologies, Munich, Germany
Comsol Multiphysics GmbH, Göttingen, Germany
This paper reports the design of a piezoelectric energy harvesting micro generator for an energy autonomous tire pressure monitoring wireless sensor node. For our design we use a piezoelectric MEMS generator approach without additional mass. The intrinsic mass of the cantilever is in the microgram region and the resulting acceleration forces are very small. The generator has a triangular ...
N. Kleinknecht, and S. A. Halvorsen
In many metallurgical processes metals are (heated and) stirred by an oscillating external magnetic field. The magnetic field induces electric currents in the metal and the currents interact with the magnetic field to create a force, the Lorentz force. For high frequencies induction only takes place in an electromagnetic boundary layer due to the skin effect and the force is confined within this ...