Finite Element Analysis of Transient Ballistic-Diffusive Heat Transfer in Two-Dimensional Structures - new
S. Hamian, T. Yamada, M. Faghri, K. Park
University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
Lund University, Lund, Sweden
University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA
For the last two centuries, the conventional Fourier heat conduction equation has been used for modeling a diffusive nature of macroscale heat conduction by considering the energy conservation and Fourier's linear approximation of heat flux. However, it cannot accurately predict heat transport when the length scale is comparable to or smaller than the mean free path of thermal energy carriers or ...
T. Lohner , A. Ziegltrum , K. Stahl ,
 Gear Research Centre (FZG), Technical University of Munich (TUM), Garching, Germany
Thermal elastohydrodynamic lubricated (TEHL) contacts occur very frequently in drive technology and thus in gear drives. In this presentation, the implementation of a finite element based TEHL simulation approach for gear contacts in COMSOL Multiphysics® software is shown. The physically based simulation approach used is different to most of the existing TEHL simulations and is required to ...
S. Ebrahim , F. B. Cheung , A. Alshayji ,
 Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering and Petroleum, Kuwait University, Kuwait
This research studies possible ways to mitigate failure of a nuclear reactor, in which the coolant supply to the nuclear core has been compromised, known as Loss of Coolant Accident (LOCA). One possible way to decrease the severity of the incident is to quickly quench the fuel rods in water. The heat transfer and hydrodynamic mechanisms involved in this quenching process are numerically ...
M. Bachmann, V. Avilov, A. Gumenyuk, and M. Rethmeier
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing
The article deals with the magnetically-supported high-power full-penetration laser beam welding of aluminum. A stationary simulation was conducted accounting for the effects of natural convection, Marangoni convection and solid-liquid phase transition as well as an electromagnetic volume source term. An ac magnet below the weld specimen induces eddy currents. Consequently, Lorentz forces occur ...
Y. Davletshin, J. C. Kumaradas
Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada
Photoacoustic (PA) imaging has matured into a clinical modality for tissue imaging and functional cancer cell research. It uses a pulsed laser to irradiate a region and generate a thermally-induced acoustic pressure wave that can be collected by an ultrasound transducer. The optical absorption/PA contrast of the region of interest can be enhanced by the use of plasmonic nanoparticles. The ...
L. Helmich, A. Huetten
Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany
Thermography measurements on metallic thin films are challenging due to reflections from the environment. We present a thin "gold black" absorption layer to deal with this issue. A multiphysics model is introduced to correct the experimentally obtained data for undesirable heat transfer effects between the metallic sample and the absoption layer.
V. S. Kshirsagar, P. M. Pawar
SVERI's College of Engineering, Pandharpur, Maharashtra, India
Effective suspension and settling are critical for controlling biomass retention in a biogas digester. This paper developed a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model to simulate the hydrodynamic characteristics of multiphase flow in biogas digester. This is carried out by using COMSOL Multiphysics® software for understanding the behavior of slurries of different viscosity. This study helps to ...
H. Krishnan , T. Zhu , Y. Zeng ,
 University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA
The study investigates the thermal and mechanical effect of a braking action on a ventilated carbon ceramic brake disc assembly and determines the best vane profiles for maximum cooling and dissipation of heat.
Calculation of Capacitances of Symmetrical Triple Coupled CPW Transmission Lines and Multilayer CPW Broadside Coupled Lines Balun
S. Musa, M. N. O. Sadiku
Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, TX, USA
The accurate estimate of values of electromagnetic parameters are essential to determine the final circuit speeds and functionality for designing of high-performance integrated circuits and integrated circuits packaging. In this paper, the quasi-TEM analyses of symmetrical triple coupled Coplanar Waveguide (CPW) transmission lines and multilayer CPW broadside coupled-line balun are successfully ...
Time Dependent Simulations of Thermoelectric Thin Films and Nanowires for Direct Determination of their Efficiency with COMSOL Multiphysics®
M. Muñoz Rojo, J. Jose Romero, D. Ramos, D. Borca-Tasciuc, T. Borca-Tasciuc, M. Martín Gonzalez
Instituto de Microelectrónica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Rensselaer Polytechnique Institute, Troy, New York, USA
Thermoelectric materials are one of the most promising materials for future and nowadays energy harvesting devices, as they can convert heat into electricity and vice-versa. The efficiency of thermoelectric materials is related with the figure of merit, ZT. Our work deals with the determination of the parameters that affect the measurement of the ZT with the Harman technique and the best ...