Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Asymmetry Induced Terminal Voltage Improvement in Mg2Si-based Thermoelectric Unicouple

P. Priyadarshi [1], J. Bahl [1], B. Muralidharan [1]
[1] Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India

Thermoelectric power generation has been envisioned as a clean energy alternative to conventional thermal to electric power generation for decades due to its noiseless and low-cost operation. However, a typical thermoelectric generator suffers from low device efficiency, so it has been a constant endeavor for thermoelectric researchers’ community to consider alternate thermoelectric materials ...

Thermal Design of Lithium Sulfur Batteries

R. Purkayastha [1], S. Schleuter [1], G. Minton [1], S. Walus [1], M. Wild [1],
[1] Oxis Energy Ltd, E1 Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, United Kingdom

OXIS Energy Ltd is a pioneer in the research and development of Lithium Sulfur batteries. Scaling up from R&D level coin cells to pouch cells for automotive use, engineering design and thermal management start to become critical. In this study, heat flow at various levels of the cell is investigated. We analyzed different heat flow scenarios of the cell, and found that standard pack arrangements ...

Voltage and Capacitance analysis of EWOD system using COMSOL

D. Das[1], S. Sohail[1], S. Das[2], and K. Biswas[1]
[1]Electrical Engineering Department, IIT Kharagpur, India
[2]School of Medical Science and Technology, IIT Kharagpur, India

Electrowetting on Dielectrics (EWOD)systems is widely practiced digital microfluidic technique, used in Lab-on-a-Chip (LoC) system for biomedical application. In EWOD, with applied potential, the droplet minimizes its surface energy by transiting towards the actuated electrode. The problems with EWOD device for biological sample are that it will damage the cells if applied voltage across it ...

A Computational Acoustic Interrogation of Damage to Wind Turbine Blades

R. Canturk [1], M. Inalpolat [1],
[1] University of Massachusetts - Lowell, Lowell, MA, USA

Modern wind turbine blades consist of composite airfoil shaped structures that form a hollow acoustic cavity. Because of continually varying aerodynamic forces, gravitational loads, lightning strikes, and weather conditions, all blades will experience leading and trailing edge splits, cracks, or holes. Acoustic sources (speakers and wind flow) excite this dynamic cavity structure. The blade ...

Investigations on Polarization Losses in Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

S. T. Aruna [1], S. Senthil Kumar [1], A. Iyer [1], B. ShriPrakash [1]
[1] CSIR-National Aerospace Laboratories, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

In recent years, various configurations of planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) have been developed for enhancing its performance. The objective of these efforts are centered on reducing polarization losses (also referred as "overpotential") by optimizing the structure and properties of three key components- anode, electrolyte and cathode. The present work was aimed at developing a model for ...

Simulation of the Flow of an Autonomous Spherical Ball inside a Pipeline

W. Chalgham [1], A. C. Seibi [1], M. Mokhtari [1],
[1] University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, LA, USA

One of the limitations of pipelines performance and structural integrity assessment is the continuous inspection of possible leaks due to corrosion or other types of failure mechanisms. Efforts to develop new technologies started several decades ago where different inspection techniques were used to enhance pipelines structural integrity. However, although available technologies present some ...

Deformation of Stamp Features with Slanted Walls During Microcontact Printing - new

F. E. Hizir[1], H. M. Al-Qahtani[1, 2], D. E. Hardt[1]
[1]Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
[2]King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

Microcontact printing is a method for depositing patterns of thin films or molecular monolayers on surfaces using a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) stamp for selective mechanical contact (Figure 1). Undesired deformation of the stamp features during printing affects printed pattern quality. Hence, stamps need to be well-designed to prevent erroneous prints. Existing investigations identify the ...

MEMS based Gecko Foot for Micro Robotics

A. Pasumarthy [1], H. Sinha [1], A. Islam [1],
[1] Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India

Gecko foots have inspired researchers to develop designs that can help robots to tread vertically oriented surface. These nanobots find many applications as they can perform a lot of operations more efficiently and also lower the cost of such operations. These can be employed in various fields: medical, industrial etc. Gecko lizards use dry adhesion van der Waals forces to climb walls produced ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® 在热发电用真空集热管设计中的应用

赵旭山 [1], 郝雷 [1], 蒋利军 [1], 米菁 [1], 杨海龄 [1],
[1] 北京有色金属研究总院,北京,中国

随着能源紧张、油价攀升,环境污染严重,利用可再生绿色能源又成为不懈努力的方向。槽式太阳能热发电技术具有兼容性强、对电网冲击小、性价比高、发电成本低、可存储可调度等特点,近年来得到了迅猛发展,其核心部件为高温太阳能真空集热管,如图1所示。本研究利用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 针对真空集热管真实工况下的动态过程开展研究,并在此基础上开展集热管结构的优化设计。 由图 1 可知:集热管在电站中服役工况下,槽面会聚的太阳光主要集中于集热管下半面,上半面接收的会聚太阳光较少;导热工质自吸收管一端进入,接收会聚太阳光辐照能量,从吸收管另一端流出,流入→流出过程中,导热工质被加热;集热管外表面与外部环境通过热辐射和对流两种方式换热;吸收管与玻璃罩管间形成的环形密闭高真空区域各内表面通过热辐射换热,不考虑对流;集热管两端支撑固定于聚光器上,由于本身自重和热应力,会产生一定形变。 ...

Transformation Optics Simulation Method for Stimulated Brillouin Scattering

R. Zecca [1], P. T. Bowen [1], D. R. Smith [1], S. Larouche [1],
[1] Center for Metamaterials and Integrated Plasmonics and Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA

Stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) is a nonlinear phenomenon coupling optical and elastic waves. Traditionally regarded as an undesirable side-effect, it has garnered renewed interest as a platform for investigating slow light, nonreciprocity, and for designing high-performance chip-integratable optical elements. While the design of such devices relies on numerical simulations, frequency ...