王兵 , 牛会朋,孙洁洁，纪常伟 ,
摘要： 锂离子电池热失控会对人造成极大的危害，如何避免这些热失控的发生成为了学者们主要的研究课题，为了对其进行研究，必须要从电池内部结构和机理入手去分析，需要从电化学原理到化学反应进行深入细致的分析，需要对锂离子电池的生热机理有全面的认识。采用仿真技术对锂离子电池失控研究，可以极大的减少研究成本，并对失控过程进行有效的预测。 COMSOL Multiphysics 软件的使用： 利用 COMSOL Multiphysics 中的传热模块以及 ODE 模块，建立锂离子电池三维热失控模型，分析其内部发生化学分解的全过程。 结果： 锂离子电池热失控过程中，材料分解反应程链式反应，随着温度的升高，反应速率加快，进而产生更多的热量，导致热量聚集而无法快速释放，最终引发电池的热失控。 结论： 通过控制温度可以有效的防止电池热失控的发生。
Electromagnetic Modeling of Field Emitter Cathodes Inside an L-Band RF Gun at Fermilab Using COMSOL®
H. Panuganti [1,2,3], P. Piot [1,3],
 Northern Illinois Center for Accelerator and Detector Development (NICADD), Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL USA
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA
 Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), Batavia, IL, USA
Field-emitter (FE) electron sources offer significant advantages over photocathode and thermionic sources due to their ability to be operated without the need for an auxiliary laser system or a heating source. While FE cathodes have been traditionally used in DC environments, we explore electron beam generation from carbon based FE cathodes inside an L-band RF gun at Fermilab, where ...
A. El-Deib, F. Dawson, S. Bhosle, D. Buso, and G. Zissis
University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
LAPLACE-University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France
This work uses COMSOL to simulate the Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD) lamp coupled to the external electrical circuit. The coupled system is modeled to capture the effect of the electrical parasitic elements on the efficiency of the DBD which is more realistic as compared to previous trials which assumed that a perfect voltage source is applied to lamp terminals. The obtained results ...
CFD-based Evaluation of Drag Force on a Sphere Unsteadily Moving Perpendicularly toward a Solid Surface: a Simple Model of a Biological Spring, Vorticella Convallaria
S. Ryu, and P. Matsudaira
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Department of Biology and Bioengineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Vorticella convallaria, a sessile peritrich ciliate having a contractile stalk, is regarded as a model biological spring because of its remarkably fast contraction. Because the cell body shrinks to sphere-like shape during contractions, it can be assumed to be a sphere moving in quiescent water, and Vorticella’s contraction force has been evaluated with Stokes’ law. In this study, we ...
INFN/LNL, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Legnaro, Italy
Many scientific instruments are based on high vacuum equipment with a gas pressure maintained in the order of 1 Pa or below. The gas flow in the low pressure limit, called the molecular flow regime, is a case of transport with zero viscosity. The ability to solve an integral equation on the boundary with finite elements methods allows us to find the gas densities and flows in the ...
N.D. Barnett, and E. Gutirrez-Miravete
General Dynamics-Electric Boat, Kingston, Rhode Island, USA
Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
This paper report on a study of the hydrodynamics of skimboards and surfboards using the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) module in COMSOL. The study analyzes the flow in a thin water layer underneath a skim board in a 2-D Cartesian coordinate. Three different sets of boundary conditions were employed and one of them produced the best agreement with previous findings.
A. Atalla, and A. Jeremic
McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
The inverse diffusion problems deal with the estimation of many crucial parameters such as the diffusion coefficient, source properties, and boundary conditions. Such algorithms are widely applied in many design problems in different physical, chemical, and biological fields. Recently, the estimation of the boundary properties, of the diffusion process, have attracted researchers. We first ...
N. Martaj, P. Rochelle, L. Grosu, R. Bennacer, and S. Savarese
Universitè de Paris, Paris, France
Institut Jean Le Rond d'Alembert, Université Paris 6
Laboratoire LEEVAM «Environnement, Energétique, Valorisation, Matériaux», Universitéde Cergy-Pontoise
COMSOL France, 5 pl. R Schuman, 38000 Grenoble
The alternative engines of Stirling type, are engines running on "hot air", using both an external heat source and regeneration. They should be considered as an alternative for the effective conversion of renewable energy sources into work, with their theoretical yield equal to the theoretical Carnot limit. The output efficiency and the power of these engines are strongly related to the ...
S. P. Ruhela, V. Vinod, S. Kishore, B. K. Sreedhar, I. B. Noushad, B. Krishnakumar, P. Kalyanasundaram, and G. Vaidyanathan
 Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu, India
Steam Generator Test Facility (SGTF) is set up in IGCAR to optimize the design of Steam Generators (SG) for Fast Breeder Reactors. In the SG of SGTF heat exchange takes place from sodium which enters at 525 ºC and leaves at 355 ºC temperature to the water/steam which enters at 235 ºC and leaves at 493 ºC. To reduce the steady state differential temperature and thermal shock during transients, ...
K. Suresh, B.V.M.P.S. Kumar, U.V. Kumar, M. Umapathy, and G. Uma
National Institute of Technology Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu, India
A proximity DC current sensor using of a piezo sensed and actuated cantilever beam with a permanent magnet mounted at its free end is designed and simulated in COMSOL Multiphysics. The change in resonant frequency of cantilever is a measure of the current through the wire. The sensor is found to be linear with good sensitivity.