A. Häffelin, J. Joos, M. Ender, A. Weber, and E. Ivers-Tiffée
Institut für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik (IWE)
Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
A fuel cell is an electrochemical system, which converts chemical energy into electricity by a controlled reaction of hydrogen and oxygen. The performance of the electrode is likewise determined by its material and the microstructure. The simulations were performed directly on reconstructions of real electrodes, obtained from focused ion beam (FIB) tomography. A finite element method (FEM) ...
H. van Halewijn
Eindhoven, The Netherlands
For the educational program of Fluid Dynamics at the Fontys Hogeshool of Applied Physics, a wind tunnel was developed for tests of flow profiles of objects, such as a ball, cube or plate. Students are expected to measure the air resistance of a variety of objects, and verify the measurements with the turbulent CFD module of COMSOL. The measurements and the COMSOL simulations match nicely, and ...
Optimized Cantilever-to-Anchor Configurations of Buckled Cantilever Plate Structures for Transducer Applications
A. Arpys Arevalo Carreno, D. Conchouso Gonzalez, I.G. Foulds
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Mecca, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
The mechanical simulation and analysis of the cantilever-to-anchor configuration for an out-of-plane structure used in transducer applications is reported. The polymer-based Buckled Cantilever Plate “BCP” structure, gives the ability to orient an active device from a horizontal to a vertical position, once assembled. In this paper we compare four different cantilever-to-anchor configurations: ...
D. Scardigno, A. Castellano, P. Foti, A. Fraddosio, S. Marzano, M.D. Piccioni
DICAR, Politecnico di Bari, Bari, Italy
Introduction: We study an innovative technology for water bottling using PET, aimed at reducing the thickness of the plastic bottles. The goals are the reduction of the amount of plastic used for a single water bottle, the reduction of the packaging costs and more environmental sustainability. The required thickness of the bottle depends on its structural function: when carried, the bottles are ...
M. Mruczkiewicz, M. Krawczyk, V.K. Sakharov, Yu. V. Khivintsev, Yu. A. Filimonov, S. A. Nikitov
Nanomaterials Physics Division, Faculty of Physics, Adam Mickiewicz University, Pozna?, Poland
Kotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Sciences (Saratov Branch), Saratov, Russia; Laboratory “Metamaterials”, Chernyshevsky Saratov State University, Saratov, Russia
Kotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia; Laboratory “Metamaterials”, Chernyshevsky Saratov State University, Saratov, Russia
FMR spectra of the periodic microstructures (one-dimensional magnonic crystals, 1D MCs) were obtained using COMSOL with use partial differential equation interface. Results of these calculations were successfully compared with an experimental data for Damon-Eshbach (DE) and Backward-Volume (BV) geometries. The presented tool allows to analyze periodic structures with various geometries and ...
Modeling a Non-Flooding Hybrid Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell and Related Diffusion-Migration-Reaction Systems
B.E. McNealy, J.L. Hertz
University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
Introduction: Understanding the mass and charge transport behavior of heterogeneous systems that include diffusion, migration, and reaction of ions is important in fuel cells, batteries, and other electrochemical applications. Here, a numerical model for charged species transport and reaction has been developed to simulate the electrochemical behavior of a novel type of “non-flooding” hybrid ...
R.E. Tosh, H. Chen-Mayer
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
The technique of water calorimetry for primary-standard dosimetry of radiotherapy-level ionizing radiation is well established at national metrology institutes around the world, where such a direct realization of absorbed dose establishes the basis for calibrating instruments used for dosimetry in medical settings. The typical calorimeter system uses miniature thermistor beads to measure ...
R. Pushpangadan, A. Soman, Arundas R., N. G. Thoppan, S. P. Duttagupta
Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
College of Engineering, Munnar, Kerala, India
PEM fuel cells are very promising for portable applications. A key component of fuel cell is the flow field plate through which hydrogen will reach the anode, oxygen will reach the cathode and electron collection. Flow field plate made of silicon is not a good electrical conductor , so electrical contacts has to be attached to the Gas Diffusion Layer (GDL) for taking the power to outside ...
Vitens NV, Zwolle, The Netherlands
The water storage reservoir at the WTP Noardburgum is used to even out demand and supply and ensure a stable drinking water production capacity. At the moment the rectangular reservoir has a single pipeline which serves as an inlet during the fill cycle and as an outlet during the draw cycle. This study aims to examine the current mixing characteristics of the reservoir and to investigate ...
M. Nebyla, M. Pribyl
Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague, Department of Chemical Engineering, Prague, Czech Republic
We introduce a mathematical model of signal transmission in simple epithelial layers. The mathematical model consists of reaction-transport equations for extracellular ligands, cellular receptors, ligand-receptor complexes and a ligand releasing protease. We consider diffusion and nonstationary convective transport of protein ligands in the extracellular space. The study was carried out using ...