Modeling a Non-Flooding Hybrid Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell and Related Diffusion-Migration-Reaction Systems
B.E. McNealy, J.L. Hertz
University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
Introduction: Understanding the mass and charge transport behavior of heterogeneous systems that include diffusion, migration, and reaction of ions is important in fuel cells, batteries, and other electrochemical applications. Here, a numerical model for charged species transport and reaction has been developed to simulate the electrochemical behavior of a novel type of “non-flooding” hybrid ...
Viscoelastic Mechanical Analysis for High Temperature Process of a Soda-Lime Glass Using COMSOL Multiphysics
Material and Production Engineering Department, University of Naples “Federico II”, Naples, Italy
Glasses are widely used in the modern industry. For high temperature the glass behaves very much like a Newtonian liquid with temperature-dependent viscosity. The goal of this study is to set a numerical procedure in order to study the glass forming process of soda-lime glasses used in the automotive field by means numerical simulations.
CARCO, Basiano, Milano, Italy
Simulations of more than one type of seal have been done where the deformation and the stress of the seal itself or the pressure on the housing are of interest. According to the deformation of the seal we can modify the housing of the seal or its geometry depending on the design constraints to meet. Stresses on the seal are indicators of which changes have to be implemented on the geometry so to ...
R. Costley, H. Diaz-Alvarez, M. McKenna, A. Miller
U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, MS, USA
Two finite element models have been developed to investigate the acoustic radiation from a Pratt truss train bridge. The first model was a time dependent structural model that determined the vibration response of the structure due to two wheels, representing a single axle, moving across the bridge at constant speed. This model was expanded to include multiple axles to represent a locomotive. The ...
Institut de recherche d'Hydro-Québec, Shawinigan, QC, Canada
This work presents the results of a 3D numerical magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) simulation of an electromagnetic DC pump for liquid metal using a rectangular metal flow channel subjected to an externally imposed transversal inhomogeneous magnetic field. In this study. 3D numerical simulation based on the finite element method was carried out using the computer package COMSOL Multiphysics 3.5a. The ...
X. Guan, E. Gratz, U. Pal
Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Boston University, Brookline, MA, USA
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling is a useful tool to gain an insight into various high temperature metallurgical processes such as the magnesium refining and the magnesium solid oxide membrane (SOM) electrolysis. In both processes, argon gas was used to stir the molten salt (flux) in order to improve the transport of magnesium vapor out of the flux and achieve chemical homogeneity in ...
C. Hurt, P. Angelo, R. Pevey
Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
Y-12 National Security Complex, Safety Analysis Engineering, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
Simulation of criticality accident transients offers the ability to confirm understanding of critical configurations, bound accident scenarios and aid comprehensive emergency planning. Computational ability to recreate excursion power histories in fissile solution is sought due to the predominance of solutions in process criticality accidents. Applicable solution transient physics methodologies ...
P. Shukla, K. K. Singh, P. K. Gupta , S. K. Ghosh
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai, India
Flow electrolysers find several applications in industry. They are used for production of metals and synthesis of chemicals, gases. Cleaning and preservation of old artifacts, electrolytic refining of metals, electrolytic winning of metals, alkaline water electrolysis, anodization, electrometallurgy, electroplating, electrolytic etching of metal surfaces are other industrial applications of flow ...
A. Shetty, K. J. Vinoy, S. B. Krupanidhi
Electrical Communication Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India
Materials Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India
As interest in the electromagnetic spectrum expands towards the infrared and terahertz range, the distinct advantages of using semiconductors instead of metals for plasmonic applications must be understood. Plasmonic resonances in gold (Au) and indium nitride (InN) gratings are studied, in the terahertz (?=30µm) regime. The electromagnetic properties of Au and InN are described by the Drude ...
L. Wright, G. Memoli, P. Jones, E. Stride
National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, UK
University College London, London, UK
University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Understanding the interactions between microbubbles and surfaces is key to the successful deployment of microbubbles in a range of applications. Two important examples are their use as a drug delivery mechanism, and their potential use of acoustically-driven bubbles as microscale sensors. Drug delivery with bubbles involves sonication at high frequency close to a boundary, and sensing with ...