CFD Analysis of Loss Of Vacuum Accident for Safety Application in Experimental Fusion Reactor Facility
C. Bellecci, P. Gaudio, I. Lupelli, A. Malizia, M.T. Porfiri, R. Quaranta, and M. Richetta
EURATOM, Faculty of Engineering, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Roma, Italy
ENEA Nuclear Fusion Tecnologies, Frascati, Roma, Italy
In an experimental nuclear fusion facility dust is generated both during normal machine operations and by macroscopic erosion of the plasma facing materials due to intense thermal loads. This dust can be mobilized by air ingress in case of LOVA (Loss of Vacuum Accident) threaten safety of workers and public. A small facility, Small Tank for Aerosol Removal and Dust (STARDUST), was set up in ...
A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, S.I. Bozhevolnyi, and M. Willatzen
Mads Clausen Institute, University of Southern Denmark, Sønderborg, Denmark
Institute of Sensors, Signals and Electrotechnics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
The use of plasmonic effects to dramatically enhance the electromagnetic field near the surface of a metallic nanostructured surface has grown into a large research area in the effort to take advantage of the surface enhanced field. In this paper the electromagnetic field near a nano-sized truncated spherical cavity embedded in a gold substrate is investigated and modeled in 3D with COMSOL ...
Effects of the Film Thickness on the Transient Conjugate Opticalthermal Fields in Thin Films Irradiated by Moving Sources in Back and Front Treatments
N. Bianco, O. Manca, S.Nardini, and D. Ricci
DETEC, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
DIAM, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Aversa, CE, Italy
A two dimensional transient analysis of the conjugate optical-thermal fields induced in a multilayer thin film structure by a moving Gaussian laser source is carried out numerically in order to compare back and front laser treatment processes. Thermal and optical nonlinearity is induced during transient heating, since the response of weakly absorbing thin films depends on temperature. The heat ...
Passive and Active Deformation Processes of 3D Fibre-Reinforced Caricatures of Cardiovascular Tissues
A. Di Carlo, P. Nardinocchi, T. Svaton, and L. Teresi
Modelling and Simulation Lab, Università Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
Dept. of Structural & Geotechnical Engineering, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
Dept. of Mathematics, University of West Bohemia, Pilsen, Czech Republic
In this paper, we present a mathematical model of contractile elastic solids meant to simulate various districts of the cardiovascular system, and based on the concepts of active deformation and embedded muscle fibres. Specifically, here we deal with the modeling of the gross mechanics of the Left Ventricle (LV) which is strictly related to its pump function. As is well known, the effectiveness ...
I. Mozjerin, T. Gibson, and N.M. Litchinitser
Department of Electrical Engineering, The State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USA
Metamaterials are a new class of artificial materials, which possess various unusual properties. One of these properties is a negative index of refraction produced by setting both the dielectric permittivity ε and the magnetic permeability μ of the material less than zero. Unique electromagnetic phenomena occurring at the interface between negative-index materials and conventional ...
E. Houdu, O. Poupard, and V. Meyer
OXAND S.A., France
CO2 capture and storage constitutes a promising solution to control and reduce these emissions. Wellbore integrity is a key challenge to ensure long term safety and for public acceptance. For this objective, a two-phase flow model in porous media based on Darcy’s law has been proposed to simulate the CO2 leakage within the well at a rat hole area. The numerical simulations have highlighted ...
J. E. Toney
Pennsylvania State University Electro-Optics Center, Freeport, Pennsylvania, USA
We demonstrate the use of Comsol Multiphysics with Matlab to model signal generation in wide-bandgap semiconductor radiation detectors. A quasi-hemispherical detector design is compared with a simple, planar detector. Results show that the quasi-hemispherical design can simply and effectively compensate for the poor hole transport of most compound semiconductor materials.
Effect of Antennae Polarization Relative to Tunnel Orientation on Electromagnetic Wave Scattering due to Underground Tunnels
A. Farid, and T. Raza
Civil Engineering, Boise State University, Boise, Idaho, USA
Illegal immigrants and smugglers frequently use underground tunnels to avoid border security and checkpoints. In addition, the threat of international terrorism has recently made the effort to detect tunnels a national security priority. No single technology and sensing modality is capable of detecting tunnels in all heterogeneous soils environments. The goal of this research is to study and ...
Louisiana State University, Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA, USA
Steven Conrad received his MD degree from Louisiana State University in 1978, and his PhD degree in Biomedical Engineering from Case Western Reserve University in 1985. His clinical practice includes intensive care and emergency medicine, and his research interests include computational dynamics and bioinformatics. He has worked with dynamic models of gas transport in artificial lungs, and more ...
Fibre-Optic Microsensor Based on Surface Plasmon Resonance in a Microfluidic Cell : An Experimental and Numerical Multiphysics Approach
G. Louarn, T. Makiabadi, V. Le Nader, and M. Kanso
Institut des Matériaux Jean-Rouxel (IMN), CNRS- Université de Nantes, France
In the last decade, the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) has become a very sensitive technique for real-time detection in many application areas. Considering the fiber optic concept and the important needs for analyzing biomolecular reactions through automated and miniaturized components, fiber optic sensors based on the SPR technique are becoming an important choice in the field of sensing. In ...