Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Safe Storage Parameters During CO2 Injection Using Coupled Reservoir-Geomechanical Analysis

T.I. Bjørnarå[1], E. Aker[1], and E. Skurtveit[1]
[1]NGI, Oslo, Norway

Safe short term storage of CO2 depends mainly on structural and solubility trapping. On longer term, mineral trapping is also contributing to the trapping of CO2. To be able to investigate the importance of these different storage mechanisms, a finite element model for simulation of CO2 injection has been developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The model describes and solves for two-phase flow ...

State of Stress of Subducting Slabs from Viscoelastic Plane Strain Numerical Modelling

E. Carminati[1] and P. Petricca[1]
[1]Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Roma, Italy

Using 2D viscoelastic plane strain models we investigate the dependency of the stress field of slabs on geometry and kinematics of subduction zones (relative velocity of interacting plates and their absolute velocity with respect to the mantle). We conclude that the concentration of Von Mises stress is controlled by the geometry (curvature) of the slab and that downdip compression in subducting ...

Including Expert Knowledge in Finite Element Models by Means of Fuzzy Based Parameter Estimation

O. Krol[1], N. Weiss[1], F. Sawo[1], and T. Bernard[1]

[1]Fraunhofer Institute for Information and Data Processing, Karlsruhe, Germany

In this paper we present a novel approach for modeling spatial distributed bio- chemical and environmental processes like the growth of plants and the related biochemical reactions. The physical phenomena like flow and mass transport can be described by fluid dynamics equations, but for effects like growth rates often no analytic models are available. However, in many cases experts have ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® as a Tool for Reducing Animals in Biomedical Research: An Application in Dermatology

F. Rossi[1] and R. Pini[1]
[1]Istituto di Fisica Applicata “Nello Carrara”, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Firenze, Italy

In biomedical research the use of animal models gives rise to several ethical problems. COMSOL Multiphysics® may be used as a non-animal technique, very useful in overcoming all these concerns. In this presentation a particular application in dermatology is shown. Bioheat equation mode and diffusion approximation were used to design a theoretical model of blue LED light interaction with an ...

Inlay Fixed Partial Denture Framework 3-D Structural Integrity Validation Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

T.M.R. Alho[1]

[1]Department of Electrical Engineering and Automation, University of Vaasa, Vaasa, Finland

Manual manufacturing of inlay fixed partial denture frameworks by metal casting can take hours of dental practitioners work time. This paper introduces 3-D simulations of premanufactured inlay fixed partial denture framework assembled from laser cut sheet metal parts. The study gives a good estimation of how well the frameworks can withstand strong human occlusion forces and masticatory cycle. ...

Simulation of Transport of Lipophilic Compounds in Complex Cell Geometry

Q.A. Chaudhry[1], M. Hanke[1], and R. Morgenstern[2]
[1]School of Computer Science and Communication, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
[2]Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

The mathematical modeling of the diffusion and reaction of toxic compounds in mammalian cells is tough task due to their very complex geometry. The heterogeneity of the cell, particularly the cytoplasm, and the variation of the cellular architecture, greatly affects the behavior of these toxic compounds. Homogenization techniques have been implemented for the numerical treatment of the model. ...

Numerical Simulations Demonstrate Safe Vitrification and Warming of Embryos Using the Rapid-i™ Device

B.O.J. Johansson[1][2], Y.A. Tarakanov[1], H.J. Lehmann[2], and S.P. Apell[1]

[1]Department of Applied Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden
[2]Vitrolife Sweden AB, Västra Frölunda, Sweden

During cryopreservation of human embryos, ice crystal formation in the embryos or in surrounding media may cause cryodamage to them and can be lethal. A strategy to avoid this is the vitrification procedure when the embryo and the surrounding medium undergo the transition to glassy state rather than a crystalline one during cooling. Similarly, recrystallization in the embryo or the medium must ...

Wall Effects in Convective Heat Transfer from a Sphere to Power Law Fluids in Tubes

D. Song[1], R. Gupta[1], and Chhabra[2]

[1]West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA
[2]Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India

Heat transfer from a sphere having a uniform temperature and falling axially in a cylindrical tube filled with an incompressible power-law liquid is numerically investigated. The governing equations for simultaneous flow around a confined sphere and heat transfer to power-law fluids were solved numerically using COMSOL Multiphysics. It was found that the wall effects on the mean Nusselt number ...

Model for Steam Reforming of Ethanol Using a Catalytic Wall Reactor

J. Torres[1], and D. Montane[2]
[1]Centre Huile Lourde Ouvert et Experimental (CHLOE), University of Pau, France
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, Virgili University, Tarragona, Spain

Steam Reforming of Ethanol using a Catalytic Wall Reactor (CWR) was successfully studied using COMSOL Multiphysics. A mathematical model was used to describe the reactor performance in terms of the main variables and dimensionless groups. Simulations showed that at specified conditions CWR maintains a thermal performance adequate for evaluating catalysts under a uniform temperature profile. CWR ...

Parameter Identification in Partial Integro-Differential Equations for Physiologically Structured Populations

S. Moenickes, O. Richter, and K. Schmalstieg
Institut für Geoökologie, Abt. Umweltsystemanalyse, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Germany

Continuous dynamic models, e.g. COMSOL based simulations, play – besides statistical or iterative methods – a mayor role in theoretical ecology; in forecasting and management, but also in systems analysis. Ecological issues generally comprise highly interacting agents and/or unknown side effects. Here we show how combining direct simulation with COMSOL with simple optimization tools ...

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