Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Increasing Dust Removal Efficiency of Electrodynamic Screens Using Frequency Optimization via COMSOL Multiphysics®

C. Morales [1], R. Eriksen [1], M. Horenstein [1], M. Mazumder [1],
[1] Boston University, Boston, MA, USA

Utility-scale photovoltaic (PV) and concentrated solar power (CSP) generation facilities are located in desert environments throughout the world to take advantage of the high availability of sunlight in these areas. Unfortunately, naturally occurring sandstorms in these deserts often deposit layers of dust on PV panels and CSP mirrors, reducing the amount of sunlight reaching their surfaces and ...

Hemodynamic Therapy of Middle Cerebral Artery Vasospasm Guided by a Multiphase Model of Oxygen Transport

S. Conrad[1,2], P. Chittiboina[3], and B. Guthikonda[3]

[1]Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA, USA
[2]Department of Biomedical Engineering, Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, LA, USA
[3]Department of Neurosurgery, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA, USA

Cerebral vasospasm is a complication of subarachnoid hemorrhage and other neurosurgical emergencies that reduce blood flow to the brain. Part of the approach to management of vasospasm is to improve flow through the stenotic areas by reducing by decreasing blood viscosity and enhancing flow through the stenosis. To examine the interaction of these factors, we applied computational fluid ...

Finite Element Modeling of Dielectric-Paraelectric Composite Materials

K. Zhou, S. Alpay, and S. Boggs
Institute of Material Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA

Finite Element analysis is used to model 2-D and 3-D paraelectric-dielectric composites (BaTiO3 spherical fillers randomly distributed in constant dielectric matrix). The effective dielectric response and tunability are studied under different filler sizes and different volume fractions. The results are consistent with previous theoretical and experimental results: with the increasing of filler ...

Temperature Excursions at the Pulp-Dentin Junction during the Curing of Light-Activated Dental Restorations

M. Jakubinek[1,2], C. Neill[1], C. Felix[3], R. Price[2,3], M. White[1,2]

[1]Departments of Chemistry and Physics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
[2]Institute for Research in Materials, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
[3]Department of Dental Clinical Sciences, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada

Heat produced during the curing of light-activated dental restorations could damage the dental pulp. Given the prevalence of composite restorations and the importance of avoiding injury to the pulp, efforts should be made to minimize the temperature increase that occurs at the pulp-dentin junction during light-curing. In this investigation we develop and evaluate a COMSOL Multiphysics FEM tooth ...

An Agglomerate Model for the Rationalisation of MCFC Cathode Degradation

B. Bozzini[1], S. Maci[1], I. Sgura[2], R. Lo Presti[3], and E. Simonetti[3]
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Innovazione, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Matematica, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
[3]ENEA Casaccia, Dipartimento TER, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, S. Maria di Galeria, Roma, Italy

This paper describes the numerical modeling of a key material-stability issue within the realm of Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (MCFC). The model describes the morphological and attending electrocatalytic evolution of porous NiO electrodes and is apt to predict electrochemical observables that can be recorded during Fuel Cell operation. The model has been validated with original experimental data ...

A Modular Platform for Cell Characterization, Handling, and Sorting by Dielectrophoresis

S. Burgarella[1], B. Dell’Anna[2], V. Perna[1], G. Zarola[2], and S. Merlo[2]

[1]STMicroelectronics, Agrate Brianza, MI, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Elettronica, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Pavia, Italy

Dielectrophoresis (DEP) is a method for cell manipulation without physical contact in lab-on-chip devices, since it exploits the dielectric properties of cells suspended in a microfluidic sample, under the action of locally generated high-gradient electric fields. The DEP platform that has been developed offers an integrated solution for customizable applications. Several functional units, ...

Towards a Finite Element Calculation of Acoustical Amplitudes in HID Lamps

B. Baumann[1], M. Wolff[1], J. Hirsch[2], P. Antonis[2], S. Bhosle[3], and R. Valdivia Barrientos[4]
[1]Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg, Germany
[2]Philips Lighting, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
[3]LAPLACE, Université de Toulouse and CNRS, Toulouse, France
[4]National Institute of Nuclear Research, Salazar, Ocoyoacac, Mexico

High intensity discharge lamps can experience flickering and even destruction, when operated at high frequency alternating current. The cause of these problems has been identified as acoustic resonances inside the lamp’s are tube. Here, a finite element approach for the calculation of the acoustic response function is described. The developed model does not include the plasma dynamics.

Simulating Superconductors in AC Environment: Two Complemetary COMSOL Models

R. Brambilla[1] and F. Grilli[2]
[1]ENEA - Ricerca sul Sistema Elettrico S.p.A., Milano, Italy
[2]Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany

In this paper we present a summary of our work on numerical modeling of superconductors with COMSOL Multiphysics®. We discuss the two models we utilized for this purpose: a 2-D model based on solving Maxwell equations and a 1-D model for thin conductors based on solving the integral equation for the current density distribution. The latter is useful for modeling second generation High ...

Modelling Thermal Time-of-Flight Sensor for Flow Velocity Measurement

O. Ecin[1], E. Engelien[2], M. Malek[2], R. Viga[2], B. Hosticka[1], and A. Grabmaier[2]

[1]Institut of Mikroelektronische Systeme, University Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
[2]Institut of Elektronische Bauelemente und Schaltungen, University Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany

This communication reports on a numeric fluid dynamics simulation on a pipe flow model. The basic background is to determine the velocity of a flowing fluid in a pipe by using the Thermal Time-Of-Flight (TTOF) method on water. The visualization of the temperature and velocity distribution in the pipe model is being carried out in order to enable proper design and optimization of the TTOF sensor. ...

Underground Coal Fire Extinction Model Using Coupled Reactive Heat and Mass Transfer Model in Porous Media

S. Suhendra[1], M. Schmidt[1], and U. Krause[1]
[1]Laboratory II.2: “Flammable Bulk Materials and Dusts, Solid Fuels”, Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Berlin, Germany

Green house gases emission associated with natural hazard of underground coal seam fire has been recognized as a worldwide problem leading to global warming threat. Therefore, in this paper a model to study underground coal fire is presented and the results will be devoted to strategic development of coal fire extinction technology within the framework of Sino-German Coal Fire Research ...