J. Liu , V. B. Chalivendra , C. Goldsmith , W. Huang 
 University of Massachusetts - Dartmouth, Dartmouth, MA, USA
Radio frequency (RF) micro-electro mechanical system (MEMS) switch works in on/off modes controlled by electrostatic forces. In off mode, rough surfaces of electrodes come into a contact. Membrane contact surfaces have complex surface roughness patterns and the mechanical contact problem is very challenging to understand. The capability to predict contact quality becomes extremely important to ...
Zhifang Li , Xiyang Zhang ,
 College of Photonic and Electronic Engineering, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, China
Laser immunotherapy (LIT) was developed to treat late-stage, metastatic cancers through local laser irradiation and immunological stimulation. In ILIT, the photothermal effect induces immune responses by destroying and interrupting tumor cells through temperature elevation in target tissue. Tumor is rich in vascularture, and plays a critical part in photothermal effect. Vascularized tumour ...
I.Tomashchuk, P. Sallaman, and J.-M. Jouvard
Institut Carnot de Bourgogne, Université de Bourgogne, Le Creusot, France
In the case of electron beam welding of copper with stainless steel, two principal cases of welding pool morphology are possible: a droplet-like microstructure where the electron beam deviates to the copper side due to the thermoelectric effect, so the volume of molten copper is much bigger than steel, and an emulsion-like microstructure, volumes of melted materials are closely equal. ...
M.G. Levy, X. Liang, R.M. Stratt, and P.M. Weber
Department of Chemistry, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
Identifying molecules requires associating molecular structures with their electronic energy levels. In this paper we introduce a novel technique for the calculation of molecular Rydberg levels. The technique allows for easy visualization of the associated wavefuntions to make unambiguous assignments. The value calculated for the 3p state of trimethylamine is most closely in agreement with ...
Numerical and Experimental Study of Flow, Heat Transfer and Concentration in a Scaled-up Fuel Cell Anode Channel Model
J. C. Torchia-Nüñez, and J.G. Cervantes-de-Gortari
Department of Thermal Engineering, National University of Mexico, UNAM, Mexico City, Mexico
Flow, concentration and temperature fields are studied with numerical and experimental methods inside a scaled-up fuel cell anode channel model. The low aspect ratio channel has a porous medium as the inferior wall where a mixing of different pH solutions occurs. Chromatic change of phenolphthalein is used to visualize concentration field and Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) is used to visualize ...
Chief Technology Officer, COMSOL
Ed Fontes is CTO at COMSOL with specific interest in the transport-reaction products. He has 14 years experience of modeling transport phenomena in industry and 6 years of supervising research projects in Academia. Ed Fontes received his PhD in Electrochemical Engineering from the Royal Institute of Technology (Stockholm, Sweden) in 1995.
M. Hackert, G. Meichsner, and A. Schubert
Chair Micromanufacturing Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
Jet Electrochemical Machining (Jet-ECM) is an unconventional procedure using localized anodic dissolution for micromachining. An increasing of the electrolyte temperature will lead to an increase of the electrical conductivity of the electrolyte by about 30% and to a reduction of the dynamic viscosity of the electrolyte by about 25 %. Both will improve the process. Therefore a Jet-ECM tool ...
S. Savithri, and M. S. Manju
 National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology Trivandrum, India.
A novel mechanism for the carbothermal reduction of Ilmenite is proposed and validated with the help of a comprehensive mathematical model. A time-dependent isothermal pellet-grain model is used to simulate the kinetic behaviour of a spherical pellet of ilmenite (FeTiO 3) in CO/CO2 atmosphere. The proposed mechanism involves diffusion of CO gas through the ores of the ...
V. Gnanaraj, V. Mohan, and B. Vellaikannan
Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai, Tamilnadu, India
A fundamental understanding of the transport phenomena in microfluidic channels is critical for systematic design and precise control of such miniaturized devices towards the integration and automation of Lab-on- a-chip devices. Electroosmotic flow is widely used to transport and mix fluids in microfluidic systems. Electroosmotic transport in convergent divergent micronozzle is significant in ...
Homogeneous and Inhomogeneous Model for Flow and Heat Transfer in Porous Materials as High Temperature Solar Air Receivers
O. Smirnova, T. Fend, P. Schwaryboezl, and D. Schoellgen
German Aerospace Center, Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Koeln, Germany
Results of simulations on flow and heat transfer in a porous Silicon Carbide honeycomb structure applied as a solar air receiver are presented. In this application porous materials are put in concentrated solar radiation. Flux densities of up to 1000 MW/m² are reached. Simultanously, ambient air flows through the material to be heated up to temperatures of app. 800°C. This hot air is then used ...