J. Ma and X. Wei
Southeastern Louisiana University
Using COMSOL® 3.5a, models were created to simulate the heat transfer between the working fluid and the selective coating as well as the natural convection of the working fluid itself. In these models, a constant heat input on half of the selective coating facing the sun was considered as energy input from the sun, and the open end of the tube, where the working fluid can flow in and out of the ...
I. Bodey, R. Arimilli, and J. Freels
Dept. of Mechanical, Aerospace and Biomedical Eng., The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN
Research Reactors Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN
The High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is an 85 MW, light-water moderated, research reactor that operates at low temperature and high pressure. The HFIR is presently scheduled to convert from a high enriched uranium fuel (HEU) to a low enriched uranium fuel (LEU) in 2019. Due to cost constraints, not all experiments will be repeated for the LEU fuel ...
S. Heß, R. Külls, and S. Nau
The Fraunhofer Ernst-Mach-Institute (EMI) developed a novel, high-g accelerometer, which is an undamped MEMS device, containing self-supporting piezoresistive elements. The main requirements for such a sensor are high sensitivity, high resonant frequency and a solid mechanical design. Due to the fact, that pure analytic analyses cannot cover all multi-physical aspects of such a complex device ...
Dynamic Simulation of Bone Morphogenetic Protein Patterning in a 3D Finite-Element Model of the Danio Rerio Embryo
D. Umulis, and S. Lee
West Lafayette, IN
Zebrafish development of the dorsoventral axis relies on the spatiotemporal distribution of Bone Morphogenetic Protein (BMP) signaling, which is regulated by numerous secreted molecules such as Tolloid, Sizzled, and Chordin. The rich dorsal/ventral patterning network must achieve both spatial precision in the patterning of downstream targets and confernspatial precision at distinct time points ...
E. Zinterl, and G. Jakopic
JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH,
MATERIALS-Institute for Surface Technologies and Photonics
Heating or cooling of stored fluids by thermal energy exchange with the enclosing walls may be enhanced by improving the efficiency of energy transfer; energy loss to the ambient is equalized for all simulations. Buoyancy driven internal natural convective flow is assumed to be the main energy transfer mechanism. In Newtonian fluids dynamic behaviour is described by the Navier-Stokes ...
A. Häffelin, J. Joos, M. Ender, A. Weber, and E. Ivers-Tiffée
Institut für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik (IWE)
Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
A fuel cell is an electrochemical system, which converts chemical energy into electricity by a controlled reaction of hydrogen and oxygen. The performance of the electrode is likewise determined by its material and the microstructure. The simulations were performed directly on reconstructions of real electrodes, obtained from focused ion beam (FIB) tomography. A finite element method (FEM) ...
Solution of Inverse Thermal Problem for Assessment of Thermal Parameters of Engineered H2 Storage Materials
I. Fedchenia, and B. van Hassel
United Technologies Research Center
East Hartford, CT
Materials based H2 storage systems for light duty vehicles need to meet challenging performance targets that have been developed by the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership. On-board reversible metal hydrides are typically integrated with heat transfer surfaces, e.g. in fin and tube heat exchangers, in order to reject the heat of H2 absorption at a high rate which is set by the refueling time ...
IMI, Ramat Hasharon, Israel
This paper presents thermo-mechanical models for predicting the strength of polymer laminates loaded in tension or compression exposed to one-sided radiant heating by fire. The first part is the fire simulation where the FDS model is utilized. The FDS model generates a solution of several state variables, such as pressure, temperature, heat, velocity vector. In the second part, COMSOL heat ...
G. Petrone, G. Cammarata
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
This study deals with a numerical investigation of the melting process of a PCM in a rectangular enclosure differentially heated. COMSOL Multiphysics is used in order to numerically solve Navier-Stokes and energy equations in the considered system. Adopting an enthalpy formulation, one single equation is used to solve transient conduction and convection heat transfer in both the solid and liquid ...
N. Khoshenvis Gargar, A. Mailybaev, D. Marchesin, H. Bruining
Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
Instituto Nacional de Matematica Pura e Aplicada, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
One of the methods to recover oil from medium and low viscosity in complex reservoirs uses air injection leading to oil combustion. In this case the oxygen in the air burns the heavier components of the oil, generating a heat wave leading to vaporization of lighter components. In this work, we consider a simple model for air injection in light oil reservoir containing only one component in dry ...