Numerical Study and Simulation in COMSOL Multiphysics of the Dilution Process during Dust Sampling in Dry Machining
B. Wenga-Ntcheping, A. Djebara, R. Kamguem, J. Kouam, V. Songmene
University of Quebec-École de Technologie Supérieure, Montreal, Canada
Dilution’s issue during dry machining have raised the interest’s environmental researchers and engineers. In fact, the sampling of dust emitted during dry machining was a serious problem for air quality evaluation at the workplace. Furthermore, the best sampling of fine and ultrafine particles produced during material cutting, passed through the dilution of high particle concentration (number, ...
N. Nama , P. Huang , F. Costanzo , T. J. Huang 
 Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, Pennsylvania State University, PA, USA
Introduction - The ability to achieve rapid and homogeneous mixing at microscales is one of the essential requirements for various lab-on-a-chip applications . The flow at microscales is characterized by low Reynolds number, resulting in laminar flow patterns. Thus, the mixing at microscales is dominated by slow diffusion process. Recently, an rapid and homogeneous mixing was demonstrated ...
K. J. Kim , T. Stalbaum , Q. Shen ,
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV, USA
Ionic polymer-metal composite (IPMC) materials are promising candidates for soft robotics and artificial muscle applications. The primary actuation mechanism in such devices is ion migration in a polymer membrane, localized swelling, and a corresponding overall material deformation, which is multiphysics in nature. Simulations were performed for a rectangular IPMC actuator in response to a ...
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA
During the hydraulic fracturing process, there can be possible re-activation of closed/sealed faults and natural fractures in the formation, which may lead to changes in the boundary conditions of the reservoir. While study models of shale gas formations have utilized the concept of a closed reservoir in order to optimize the production of gas in the well-bore, this assumption cannot be adopted ...
Modeling of Packed Bed Reactors: Hydrogen Production by the Steam Reforming of Methane and Glycerol - new
A. Dixon, B. MacDonald, A. Olm
Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
The conventional route to hydrogen production is by steam reforming of methane (MSR) in a multitubular packed bed. With the increasing use of biodiesel as a renewable fuel, interest has grown in steam reforming of the excess glycerol produced as a side product (GSR). We use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to model a tubular packed bed reactor, solving a single pellet model at each point. The ...
P. Mohammadmoradi , A. Kantzas ,
 University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
Pore-level displacement of heavy-oil during thermal operations such as SAGD and CSS is a complex multi-scale phenomenon. As gravity drainage is the main depletion mechanism within the intergranular pore space, the surface tension-related phenomena are dominant in intra-granular micro-pores. Here, a multidisciplinary study is conducted to investigate the effect of temperature on pore-level ...
S. Sandoval Torres
Instituto Politécnico Nacional, CIIDIR, Oaxaca, Mexico
Drying of porous materials is characterized by the invasion of a gaseous phase replacing the evaporating liquid phase. Vacuum drying is an advanced method applied to oakwood to diminish discoloration, so understand its physics is a very important task. In this work, a two-scale model is solved to simulate vacuum drying of oakwood. A two scale model describes the physics of wood-water relations ...
P. S. Fodor, M. Kaufman
Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH, USA
In this work we investigate computationally the use of spiral channels at Reynolds numbers from 25 to 900 as a mixing structure (Figure 1) using COMSOL Multiphysics, the CFD Module, and the Chemical Species Transport physics. In this system, the centrifugal forces experienced by the fluid as it travels along the curved trajectory induce counter-rotating flows. The presence of these transversal ...
M. M. Pariona , F. de Oliveira ,
 State University of Ponta Grossa, PR, Brazil
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this work is to verify the effect of Multigrid method on the CPU time for the resolution of the heat transfer model, based on the Finite Element Method (FEM), in order to simulate the laser surface remelting (LSR) of the Al–1.5 wt.% Fe alloy. To accelerate the convergence of Single grid methods, Multigrid method (MG) was employed in order to reduce the CPU time. In ...
E. Holzbecher ,
 German University of Technology in Oman (GUtech), Halban, Oman
A model for CO2 storage is presented. It is shown that the system is highly dynamic, i.e. results depend strongly on parameter disturbances and numerical features. However, a series of scenario calculations shows that there are invariants, most important: the duration of the early convection phase with high mass transfer rates.