R. Purkayastha , G. Minton , L. O'Neill , S. Walus , M. Wild , M. Marinescu , T. Zhang , G. Offer 
 Oxis Energy Ltd, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
 Mechanical Engineering Department, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom
Two Anode Surface processes are examined : Formation of Solid Electrolyte Interphase (SEI) and heating due to Shuttle Current. During charging, higher order sulfur species are reduced at the anode surface, while they are concurrently being oxidized at the cathode. This leads to the formation of a parasitic ‘shuttle’ current. We show that heating due to this shuttle current can lead to large ...
S. Sandoval Torres
Instituto Politécnico Nacional, CIIDIR, Oaxaca, Mexico
Drying of porous materials is characterized by the invasion of a gaseous phase replacing the evaporating liquid phase. Vacuum drying is an advanced method applied to oakwood to diminish discoloration, so understand its physics is a very important task. In this work, a two-scale model is solved to simulate vacuum drying of oakwood. A two scale model describes the physics of wood-water relations ...
University of Minnesota-Duluth, Duluth, MN, USA
Significant submarine mineral deposits form when hot, metal-laden, saline fluids emerge onto the seafloor and mix with ambient seawater. Resulting density changes of fluid mixtures can trigger fluid buoyancy reversals, brine pool formation, and metal accumulation (Figure 1). While some of these processes are known from experiments, the inception, development, and physical-chemical processes ...
N. Nama , P. Huang , F. Costanzo , T. J. Huang 
 Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, Pennsylvania State University, PA, USA
Introduction - The ability to achieve rapid and homogeneous mixing at microscales is one of the essential requirements for various lab-on-a-chip applications . The flow at microscales is characterized by low Reynolds number, resulting in laminar flow patterns. Thus, the mixing at microscales is dominated by slow diffusion process. Recently, an rapid and homogeneous mixing was demonstrated ...
H. Rana ,
 Loughborough University, United Kingdom
This paper presents the investigation into the phenomena during batch reactor vessel mixing comparing agitation equipment; the Rushton turbine and the Marine propeller; in the production of bioethanol by yeast fermentation. The key factors addressed in selecting equipment were fluid vector flow, energy dissipation resulting in shear damage to yeast cells, agitation power consumption, critical ...
O. Silva 
 Amphos 21 Consulting S.L. - iMaGe Consortium, Barcelona, Spain
Gas generation and transport through porous media is a process common to many field applications such as radioactive waste and underground gas storage. In these operations, the gas phase evolution depends on the thermodynamic conditions at depth, the properties of the fluids (density, viscosity, surface tension) and the geological formation (permeability, porosity, retention curve), as well as ...
Theoretical and Practical Approach for Transdermal Drug Delivery using Microneedle for Successful Skin Penetration
Jeevan J.Mahakud, Ziaur Reheman
Department of electronics and Communication engineering, Institute of technical education and research, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
Department of electronics and instrumentation engineering, Institute of technical education and research, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
With the advent of MEMS, transdermal drug delivery has been developed to increase skin permeability for drug transport. Various microneedle structures have been analyzed theoretically as well as through simulation using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Then computational fluid dynamics has been presented in order to study the behavior of the fluid flow inside the microneedle cavity. In this report, the ...
P. Geraldini ,
 Sogin S. p. A., Rome, Italy
Understanding the air flow patterns and aerosol trajectories in ventilated rooms can provide key information for determining where to place early warning and monitoring instruments, and how to minimize hazardous materials in the worker’s breathing zone. The dispersion within rooms can be influenced by complex interactions between numerous variables, but especially ventilation design and room ...
S. Mahajani, S. Srikantiah, G. Samdani, A. Ganesh, P. Aghalayam
Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India
UCG is a process which converts coal to syn gas at the underground coal seam itself. UCG can help meeting the rising energy demand by utilizing coal resources that otherwise would be too deep, or of poor quality, or simply not economical to mine. As UCG takes place, a cavity is formed underground in the coal seam which grows three-dimensionally. The objective of this work is to develop a two ...
Rheological Behaviour of Single–Phase Non-Newtonian Polymer Solution in Complex Pore Geometry: A Simulation Approach
P. Idahosa, G. Oluyemi, R. Prabhu, B. Oyeneyin
IDEAS Research Institute/School of Engineering, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, United Kingdom.
School of Engineering, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, United Kingdom.
One of the most important criteria for evaluating chemical enhanced oil recovery (EOR) processes that use polymers is its rheological behaviour which in turn account for other physical effects of adsorption and resistance factors during polymer-rock interactions. However, complete knowledge of behaviour of polymer solution in porous media has not yet been fully gained. A computational fluid ...