Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Benchmarking Tailored Formulations of Multiphase Flow in Porous Media

Á. Sainz [1,2], A. Nardi [1], E. Abarca [1], F. Grandía [1]
[1] Amphos 21 Consulting S.L., Barcelona, Spain
[2] Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France

Nowadays, gas and nuclear waste storage, shale gas and EOR exploitation rise the need to understand and predict the fate of multiphase flows in the underground. Various formulations for multiphase flow arise from different linear combinations of governing equations and choice of associated unknowns. Each formulation has its own benefits and drawbacks; and the optimal may vary depending on the ...

Sulfur Deactivation Effects on Catalytic Steam Reforming of Methane Produced by Biomass Gasification

P. Sadooghi[1], R. Rauch[1]
[1]Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria

Sulfur, which is incorporated in the biomass structure, is released into the product gas during gasification as hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide is known to deactivate nickel based steam reforming catalysts by chemisorption on the metal surface during steam reforming process. Desulfurization has a negative effect on the process efficiency therefore steam reforming has to be run without ...

Equation Based Heat and Mass Transfer in Porous Media

S. Pemberton[1], K. Ekici[1], R. Arimilli[1]
[1]The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA

Perspiration during intense physical activity is an essential part of human thermoregulation. Clothing affects the cooling rate of the body. Heat and water vapor are coupled through evaporation and transported through the fabric. A model of the above system was developed for fabrics of different properties to simulate human cooling using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Equation-based modeling allows the ...

Comparing Different Approaches for Moisture Transfer Inside Constructions with Air Gaps

L. Nespoli[1], M. Bianchi Janetti[2], F. Ochs[2]
[1]Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy
[2]University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria

A model for the conjugate simulation of heat and moisture transfer inside porous materials and fluid domains is implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The results of this model are compared with those obtained through a simplified approach: the line-source approach. The models are both validated with experimental data and with numerical results from other authors. On the one hand the conjugate ...

Modeling Flow and Deformation during Hot Air Puffing of Single Rice Kernels

T. Gulati[1], A. Datta[1]
[1]Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

When rice is subjected to intense heating, it results in rapid evaporation of liquid water to vapor. As a consequence, large pressures are generated within the kernel in a span of 15s resulting in large volume changes causing the kernel to puff rapidly. Under suitable conditions, the ratio of initial volume to volume after puffing could be as high as 10. Rice puffing process is a complex ...

Modeling Flow and Deformation During Salt-Assisted Puffing of Single Rice Kernels - new

T. Gulati[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Puffing of biomaterials involves mass, momentum and energy transport along with large volumetric expansion of the material. Development of physics-based models that can describe heat and moisture transport, rapid evaporation and large deformations can help understand the puffing process. In this context, a fundamentals based study of salt-assisted puffing of rice is described. A multiphase model ...

Simulation of the Impedance Response of Materials with More Than One Electrical Path

R. A. Gerhardt [1], Y. Jin [1],
[1] Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA

1. Introduction Polycrystalline single phase materials often display electrical properties that are a function of their grain size. Impedance spectroscopy, an alternating current technique is ideal for detecting the presence of more than one current path and has been used for many years[1,2]. However, it is proposed here that it may be possible to use concepts developed for two phase ...

A COMSOL Multiphysics® Study of the Temperature Effect on Chemical Permeation of Air Supply Tubes

R. Kher [1], C. Gallaschun [1], D. Crockill [1], R. Pillai [1], ,
[1] Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

Air supply hoses are also predominantly used in the medical industry to aid in patient oxygen intake. In many situations, the outside of the hose can be contaminated with chemicals, especially if the hose lies on the ground in an environment where chemicals are easily found. Permeation and transport of chemicals into the walls of air supply hoses is a noteworthy problem in the chemical ...

Transport Phenomena and Shrinkage Modeling During Convective Drying of Vegetables

S. Curcio[1] and M. Aversa[1]
[1]Department of Engineering Modeling, University of Calabria, Arcavacata di Rende, CS, Italy

The aim of the present work is the formulation of a theoretical model describing the transport phenomena involved in food drying process. The attention has been focused on the simultaneous transfer of momentum, heat and mass occurring in a convective drier where hot dry air flows, in turbulent conditions, around the food sample. The proposed model does not rely on the specification of ...

Geometric Optimization of Micromixers

M. Jain[1], A. Rao[1], K. Nandakumar[1]
[1]Cain Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA

The performance of a homogeneous T-mixer can be enhanced significantly by the stimulation of secondary/ transverse flows in the microchannel. Various mixing mechanisms are reported for enhancing micromixing performance such as grooves at the channel bottom, heterogeneous charge patterns etc. Most of these micromixers are studied with respect to planar geometric parameters such as groove width, ...