Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling Degradation in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries

R. Purkayastha [1], G. Minton [1], L. O'Neill [1], S. Walus [1], M. Wild [1], M. Marinescu [2], T. Zhang [2], G. Offer [2]
[1] Oxis Energy Ltd, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
[2] Mechanical Engineering Department, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

Two Anode Surface processes are examined : Formation of Solid Electrolyte Interphase (SEI) and heating due to Shuttle Current. During charging, higher order sulfur species are reduced at the anode surface, while they are concurrently being oxidized at the cathode. This leads to the formation of a parasitic ‘shuttle’ current. We show that heating due to this shuttle current can lead to large ...

Solving a Two-Scale Model for Vacuum Drying by Using COMSOL Multiphysics

S. Sandoval Torres[1]
[1]Instituto Politécnico Nacional, CIIDIR, Oaxaca, Mexico

Drying of porous materials is characterized by the invasion of a gaseous phase replacing the evaporating liquid phase. Vacuum drying is an advanced method applied to oakwood to diminish discoloration, so understand its physics is a very important task. In this work, a two-scale model is solved to simulate vacuum drying of oakwood. A two scale model describes the physics of wood-water relations ...

Multiphysics: Fluid Mixing and Brine Pool Formation for Economic Geology Applications - new

C. Schardt[1]
[1]University of Minnesota-Duluth, Duluth, MN, USA

Significant submarine mineral deposits form when hot, metal-laden, saline fluids emerge onto the seafloor and mix with ambient seawater. Resulting density changes of fluid mixtures can trigger fluid buoyancy reversals, brine pool formation, and metal accumulation (Figure 1). While some of these processes are known from experiments, the inception, development, and physical-chemical processes ...

Acoustic Streaming Driven Mixing

N. Nama [1], P. Huang [1], F. Costanzo [1], T. J. Huang [1]
[1] Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, Pennsylvania State University, PA, USA

Introduction - The ability to achieve rapid and homogeneous mixing at microscales is one of the essential requirements for various lab-on-a-chip applications [1]. The flow at microscales is characterized by low Reynolds number, resulting in laminar flow patterns. Thus, the mixing at microscales is dominated by slow diffusion process. Recently, an rapid and homogeneous mixing was demonstrated ...

Comparison of Industrial Agitation for Batch Reacting Vessel Mixing in Bioethanol Fermentation

H. Rana [1],
[1] Loughborough University, United Kingdom

This paper presents the investigation into the phenomena during batch reactor vessel mixing comparing agitation equipment; the Rushton turbine and the Marine propeller; in the production of bioethanol by yeast fermentation. The key factors addressed in selecting equipment were fluid vector flow, energy dissipation resulting in shear damage to yeast cells, agitation power consumption, critical ...

Two-Phase Flow Models of Gas Generation and Transport in Geological Formations

O. Silva [1]
[1] Amphos 21 Consulting S.L. - iMaGe Consortium, Barcelona, Spain

Gas generation and transport through porous media is a process common to many field applications such as radioactive waste and underground gas storage. In these operations, the gas phase evolution depends on the thermodynamic conditions at depth, the properties of the fluids (density, viscosity, surface tension) and the geological formation (permeability, porosity, retention curve), as well as ...

Theoretical and Practical Approach for Transdermal Drug Delivery using Microneedle for Successful Skin Penetration

Jeevan J.Mahakud[1], Ziaur Reheman[2]
[1]Department of electronics and Communication engineering, Institute of technical education and research, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
[2]Department of electronics and instrumentation engineering, Institute of technical education and research, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

With the advent of MEMS, transdermal drug delivery has been developed to increase skin permeability for drug transport. Various microneedle structures have been analyzed theoretically as well as through simulation using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Then computational fluid dynamics has been presented in order to study the behavior of the fluid flow inside the microneedle cavity. In this report, the ...

Validation of a CFD Study of Particle Distribution in Nuclear Workplace

P. Geraldini [1],
[1] Sogin S. p. A., Rome, Italy

Understanding the air flow patterns and aerosol trajectories in ventilated rooms can provide key information for determining where to place early warning and monitoring instruments, and how to minimize hazardous materials in the worker’s breathing zone. The dispersion within rooms can be influenced by complex interactions between numerous variables, but especially ventilation design and room ...

2-D Modeling of Underground Coal Gasification (UCG)

S. Mahajani[1], S. Srikantiah[1], G. Samdani[1], A. Ganesh[1], P. Aghalayam[2]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
[2]Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India

UCG is a process which converts coal to syn gas at the underground coal seam itself. UCG can help meeting the rising energy demand by utilizing coal resources that otherwise would be too deep, or of poor quality, or simply not economical to mine. As UCG takes place, a cavity is formed underground in the coal seam which grows three-dimensionally. The objective of this work is to develop a two ...

Rheological Behaviour of Single–Phase Non-Newtonian Polymer Solution in Complex Pore Geometry: A Simulation Approach

P. Idahosa[1], G. Oluyemi[2], R. Prabhu[2], B. Oyeneyin[2]
[1]IDEAS Research Institute/School of Engineering, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, United Kingdom.
[2]School of Engineering, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, United Kingdom.

One of the most important criteria for evaluating chemical enhanced oil recovery (EOR) processes that use polymers is its rheological behaviour which in turn account for other physical effects of adsorption and resistance factors during polymer-rock interactions. However, complete knowledge of behaviour of polymer solution in porous media has not yet been fully gained. A computational fluid ...