H. Omar , S. Rohani ,
 University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada
The world’s landfills are beginning to fill up due to the growing human population. Landfills require land and there will come a time when there will be no land to be used for landfills. A solution that is gaining attraction is the conversion of traditional “dry-tomb” landfills (used for storage) into bioreactor landfills. Dry-tomb landfills have many associated problems such as methane ...
Modeling of Wettability Alteration during Spontaneous Imbibition of Mutually Soluble Solvents in Mixed Wet Fractured Reservoirs - new
M. Chahardowli, H. Bruining
Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
Mutually-soluble solvents can enhance oil recovery both in completely and partially water wet fractured reservoirs. When a strongly or partially water-wet matrix is surrounded by an immiscible wetting phase in the fracture, spontaneous imbibition is the most important production mechanism. Initially, the solvent moves with the imbibing brine into the core. However, upon contact with oil, as the ...
J.R. Puentes, T.A. Osswald, S. Schick, J. Berg
Polymer Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
TEEL Plastics, Baraboo, WI, USA
The extrusion of polyolefin pipes suffers degradation due to mechanical design problems of the extrusion die that is commonly used. This study uses numerical and computational approaches to detect problematic areas in the die geometry. Simulations show that in the conventional die there are areas of stagnation and recirculation of the melt flow, resulting in greater residence times, one of the ...
K. J. Suthar, D. C. Mancini, M. K. Ghantasala
Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
Physical Sciences and Engineering, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA
The pH-sensitive hydrogels are responsive to the pH of surrounding solution, which often resemble to biomaterials. Recently, pH-sensitive hydrogels are widely used in various devices as sensing media. We present the simulation of swelling characteristic of 3D-arbitarary-geometry, pH-sensitive hydrogel in steady state conditions. Three nonlinear partial-differential equations that are ...
E. Laurenz, G. Füldner, L. Schnabel
Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems (ISE), Freiburg, Germany
Adsorption heat exchangers (AdHXs) are important components in adsorption heat pumps and chillers, a primary energy efficient source of heating and cooling. Due to availability and established inexpensive manufacturing fin-and-tube type heat exchangers with beds of adsorption pellets in the finned space are widely used in state of the art products (Figure 1). For design and optimization the ...
S. Pemberton, K. Ekici, R. Arimilli
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
Perspiration during intense physical activity is an essential part of human thermoregulation. Clothing affects the cooling rate of the body. Heat and water vapor are coupled through evaporation and transported through the fabric. A model of the above system was developed for fabrics of different properties to simulate human cooling using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Equation-based modeling allows the ...
Theoretical and Practical Approach for Transdermal Drug Delivery using Microneedle for Successful Skin Penetration
Jeevan J.Mahakud, Ziaur Reheman
Department of electronics and Communication engineering, Institute of technical education and research, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
Department of electronics and instrumentation engineering, Institute of technical education and research, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
With the advent of MEMS, transdermal drug delivery has been developed to increase skin permeability for drug transport. Various microneedle structures have been analyzed theoretically as well as through simulation using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Then computational fluid dynamics has been presented in order to study the behavior of the fluid flow inside the microneedle cavity. In this report, the ...
V. Runkana, A. Pareek, P. Arora
Tata Consultancy Services, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, Delhi, India
Limited drug efficacy, undesirable temporal changes in drug concentration and patient non-compliance due to frequent dosing schedule have given impetus to design of controlled drug release systems . Biodegradable polymers due to their favorable and tunable properties and biocompatibility have found widespread use in the field of controlled drug delivery . Exploratory in vitro experiments ...
An Analysis of Heat Conduction with Change of Phase with Application to the Solidification of Copper
J. Michalski, and E. Gutirrez-Miravete
Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, US
The goal of this study was to determine the possibility of using the finite element in COMSOL Multiphysics program to obtain a high accuracy solution to a moving boundary problem, specifically, the solidification of copper. A one-dimensional geometry in Cartesian coordinates was used to investigate the solidification of initially liquid copper from a chilled wall maintained at fixed temperature. ...
Simulation of the Convective Heat Transfer and Working Temperature Field of a Photovoltaic Module Using COMSOL Multiphysics®
E. Ruiz-Reina and M. Sidrach-de-Cardona
Departamento de Física Aplicada II, Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, Spain
The aim of this work is the Finite Element Analysis (FEA), by using COMSOL Multiphysics®, of the convective heat transfer and working temperature field of a photovoltaic module under different wind conditions.