Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling of Porous Catalyst Pellets: Comparison of Diffusion Flux Models for Steam Methane Reforming

P. L. Mills [1], L. Olabanji [1], A. Nagaraj [1], A. Nanduri [1],
[1] Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA

Introduction Steam reforming of natural gas has been the most common method for producing synthesis gas (CO + H2) for the production of H2, MeOH and NH3 for over half a century [1]. Production of H2 in the USA using steam methane reforming (SMR) is ca. 9 MM tons/yr. Global production of NH3 using H2 derived from SMR was ca. 109 MM/yr in 2004. In the chemical industry, the SMR process is ...

Modelling of Heat and Mass Transfer in Food Products

[1]M.B. Andreasen

[1]Danish Technological Institute, Aarhus C, Denmark

The use of the finite element method for understanding and analyzing the freezing and drying processes of food products is in focus in this paper. The objective of this study is to develop a model that can predict temperature distribution and weight loss of food products during the freezing and drying processes. The problem was solved by utilizing heat, mass transfer and moving mesh model. In ...

Solid-Liquid Phase Change Simulation Applied to a Cylindrical Latent Heat Energy Storage System

D. Groulx[1], and W. Ogoh[1]

[1]Mechanical Engineering Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

One way of storing thermal energy is through the use of latent heat energy storage systems. One such system, composed of a cylindrical container filled with paraffin wax, through which a copper pipe carrying hot water is inserted, is presented in this paper. It is shown that the physical processes encountered in the flow of water, the heat transfer by conduction and convection, and the phase ...

Ammonia Removal From Water by a Liquid-Liquid Membrane Contactor Under a Closed Loop Regime

E. Licon[1], S. Casas[1], A. Alcaraz[1], J.L. Cortina[1], C. Valderrama[1]
[1]Universitat Politécnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain

Ammonia separation from water by membrane contactor was simulated on transient state and compared with experimental data. Aqueous low concentrated solution of ammonium with high pH has been pumped inside the hydrophobic hollow fibers, acid solution in the outside part. The system is in closed loop configuration. In order to simulate the separation process, equations were developed considering ...

Simulating the Electrical Double Layer Capacitance

G. Zhang
Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA

When a solid surface makes contact with a liquid medium, an electrical double layer (EDL) structure forms spontaneously through thermodynamic interaction between electrons and ions. In this study, we developed a computational model using commercial finite element analysis package COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate the double layer structure and quantify the EDL capacitance for the first time. In ...

The Effects of the Contact Angle on the Dynamics of Water Droplet Impingement

J. Hu [1], X. Huang [2], X. Xiong [1], K. T. Wan [2],
[1] University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, USA
[2] Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA

INTRODUCTION The dynamic behavior of droplet impingement on a solid surface is important to many engineering applications, such as rain drops on automobile windshields, inkjet deposition and metal deposition in manufacturing processes, spray cooling of electronics, and spray coating for various applications. The droplet can spread, splash, and rebound after hitting a solid surface. Contact ...

Numerical Simulation of Concentration Polarization to Estimate Gypsum and Calcium Carbonate Scaling on Membrane Surfaces

A. Santafé-Moros[1], J.M. Gozálvez-Zafrilla[1]
[1]Institute for Industrial, Radiophysical and Environmental Safety (ISIRYM) - Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain

This paper shows a model to estimate the scaling parameters for reverse osmosis membrane processes. The model takes into account the concentration polarization of ionic species in the membrane channel of spiral-wound modules and the effect of the spacers on the flow. The scaling potential of calcium carbonate and sulfate carbonate (gypsum) salts were studied, as they are common sparingly salts ...

A Wall-Cooled Fixed-Bed Reactor Model for Gas-Phase Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis

A. Nanduri [1], P. L. Mills [1],
[1] Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA

In the early 1920’s, Gas-To-Liquids (GTL) and Coal-To-Liquids (CTL) technologies were developed to account for the depleting crude oil resources [1]. During this period, Franz Fischer and Hans Tropsch developed a process to convert synthesis gas (syn gas), derived from coal gasification, to a wide range of high value-added products. This process later came to be known as Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) ...

Two-Phase Flow and Multiphysics Simulations in COMSOL

Dr. Singh has been working at the Chemical Engineering Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai since 2000. He has a Ph.D. from the Department of Chemical Engineering, IIT Bombay. He is a recipient of the Homi Bhabha Medal of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre in year 2000, Young Engineer Award of the Department of Atomic Energy in year 2008 and Award for Excellence in Thesis Work at IIT ...

Claus Process Reactor Simulation

J. Plawsky[1],
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA

A model was developed to simulate the reaction, concentration field, flow field, and temperature distribution inside a Claus reactor for converting hydrogen sulfide to sulfur. The model considered two ideal reactors, a continuous stirred tank reactor and a plug flow reactor. As expected, two ideal reactors showed much different behaviors in terms of reactant conversion and operating ...