A. A. Forbis-Stokes , M. A. Deshusses ,
 Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact on number of baffles placed in horizontal- or vertical-alignment of an anaerobic baffled reactor (HABR and ABR, respectively). Computational fluid dynamics was used to evaluate hydraulic performance of each and determine what number of compartments should be used to optimize reactor volume while adding minimal complexity. The findings ...
G. Selembo, P. Selembo, J. Stanton, and G. Paulsen
University of North Carolina
Surface aeration systems are used in the wastewater treatment industry for the transfer of oxygen in the activated sludge process. These systems are capital intensive and also require a significant amount of energy to operate. Scale-up and design of these systems is largely empirical, and due to the size of these systems, modifications for experimental testing can be economically prohibitive. ...
N. Khoshnevis Gargar, A. Mailybaev, D. Marchesin, H. Bruining
 Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
 Instituto Nacional de Matematica Pura e Aplicada, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
One of the methods to recover oil from medium and low viscosity in complex reservoirs uses air injection leading to oil combustion. In this case the oxygen in the air burns the heavier components of the oil, generating a heat wave leading to vaporization of lighter components. The combustion mechanisms are different for light oils, where evaporation is dominant, whereas for medium non-volatile ...
B. Chinè[1,2], M. Monno
Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
Metal foams are interesting materials with many potential applications. They are characterized by a cellular structure represented by a metal or metal alloy and gas voids inside (Fig.1). A common metallic cellular material is aluminum foam which can be produced metallurgically by heating a precursor, made of aluminum alloy and TiH2 as foaming agent, in a furnace. In this case, the foaming ...
Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Natural Convection Flow of (Sub-) and (Super-) Critical CO2 in Aqueous Phase
R. Khosrokhavar, G. Elsinga, R. Farajzadeh, H. Bruining
Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherland
Shell International Global Solutions, Amsterdam, The Netherland
Optimal storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) in aquifers requires dissolution in the aqueous phase. Transfer of CO2 from the gas phase to the aqueous phase or oil phase would be slow if it were only driven by diffusion. Dissolution of CO2 in brine (oil) forms a mixture that is denser than the original brine. This causes a local density increase, which induces natural convection currents accelerating ...
S. Yushanov, J. Crompton, and K. Koppenhoefer
ACES of Columbus, LLC, Columbus, OH, USA
Improved performance of aeroengines requires the development of new manufacturing technologies for ceramic matrix composites (CMCs). This has been simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics. Specialized simulation technologies have been developed to describe the infiltration of molten material into a ceramic perform. The physical phenomena considered in the analysis includes: unsaturated flow, ...
J. Völler, M. Follmann, C. Bayer, and T. Melin
AVT Chemical Process Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
Low temperature fuel cells require hydrogen of high purity for electricity production to avoid catalyst poisoning. To purify hydrogenrich flue gases from hydrocarbon steam reforming membrane shift reactors with a metal membranes may be utilized. A model of a tubular membrane shift reactor with a hydrogenseparating palladium membrane is modeled in the COMSOL Multiphysics® Chemical Engineering ...
S. Sandoval Torres, E. Hernández-Bautista, J. Rodríguez-Ramírez, A. Carrillo Parra
Instituto Politécnico Nacional, CIIDIR, Oaxaca, Mexico
Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Linares, N.L. México
In this work, the numerical simulation of Mexican softwood (Pinus pesudostrobus) drying is presented by solving a physics-based model. The model was developed by considering the heat and mass transport and the representative elementary volume, which involves the solid, liquid and gas phases. We solved a system of partial differential equations by numerical factorization in COMSOL Multiphysics 3 ...
Migration of Mineral Oil Saturated and Aromatic Hydrocarbons(MOSH, MOAH) through Multi-Layered Packaging into Food
C. Kirse , F. Edel , H. Briesen ,
 Chair of Process Systems Engineering, Technical University of Munich, Germany
Substances like Mineral Oil Saturated Hydrocarbons (MOSH) and Mineral Oil Aromatic Hydrocarbons (MOAH) are suspected to be carcinogenic. Furthermore, MOSH/MOAH migrate through the packaging into food stuff. This work aims at modelling, how much MOSH/MOAH migrates from the packaging into food to evaluate the exposure to toxic substances. The scope of the project is not to investigate one specific ...
J. Petit , V. Tabouret , B. Viana ,
 ONERA, Chatillon, France
 IRCP/CNRS, Paris, France
During the last decades, mid-IR (3-12µm) laser sources have attracted attention due to their potential applications in different fields like infrared counter-measures (e.g: missile jamming) and remote chemical sensing. In this context, Onera has been working on the development of non-oxid materials and still is developing new crystals that allow to reach higher power and to extend the ...