B. Weber , D. Dauti , S. Dal Pont ,
 Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Dübendorf, Switzerland
 Laboratoire 3SR, University Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France
When concrete is subjected to high temperature, capillary water evaporates and chemically bound water is released due to dehydration. This results in an increase of pore pressure, which is believed to be one of the mechanisms leading to spalling. Spalling of concrete is of high concern for the fire safety of concrete structures. We consider a model implemented in COMSOL® using the Weak Form ...
O. Silva , E. Coene , J. Molinero , B. Shafei 
 Amphos 21 Consulting S.L., Barcelona, Spain
Hydrophobic meshes are a new, promising technique for the recovery of spilled oil in the ocean. They allow to recover and store oil, while filtering it from the surrounding water. They are clean, efficient and can be used in continuously. These meshes have one drawback, however: if they are submerged too deep under the water level, the high pressure will cause presence of water in the recovered ...
P. Geraldini ,
 Sogin S. p. A., Rome, Italy
Understanding the air flow patterns and aerosol trajectories in ventilated rooms can provide key information for determining where to place early warning and monitoring instruments, and how to minimize hazardous materials in the worker’s breathing zone. The dispersion within rooms can be influenced by complex interactions between numerous variables, but especially ventilation design and room ...
H. Ishimori, K. Endo, H. Sakanakura, M. Yamada, M. Osako
Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Shiga, Japan
National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan
This paper presents the numerical simulation model for radiocesium leaching and transporting behavior in municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill and discusses on the design for the required geometry and properties of the impermeable final cover and the soil sorption layer, which work for containment of hazardous waste such as radiocesium-contaminated MSW generated by Fukushima Daiichi nuclear ...
Simulating Organogenesis with COMSOL Multiphysics® software: Phase-Field Based Simulations of Embryonic Lung Branching Morphogenesis
L. D. Wittwer , R. Croce , D. Iber ,
 ETH Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland
While many biological details in organogenesis have been uncovered, fundamental questions regarding the control of growth and shape during lung and kidney morphogenesis remain unsolved. Using mathematical models, we recently showed that only ligand-receptor based Turing models successfully reproduce the experimentally determined growth fields of the embryonic lung and thus provide a mechanism ...
M. Bianchi Janetti , F. Ochs , L. P. M. Colombo 
 University of Innsbruck, Unit for Energy Efficient Buildings, Innsbruck, Austria
 Dipartimento di Energia, Politecnico di Milano, via Lambruschini 4, 20156 Milan, Italy
A model for coupled heat and mass transfer in porous, capillary-active materials is validated against experimental data obtained by drying calcium silicate specimens. The accuracy of the numerical solution is qualitatively investigated by considering mass conservation for a set of different cases, varying boundary conditions and numerical setup. It is shown that the model is able to reproduce ...
A. Kermani , N. Elabbasi 
 Veryst Engineering, Needham, MA, USA
Transdermal drug delivery (TDD) is used to deliver drugs through the skin as an alternative to oral, intravascular, and subcutaneous routes. While there are many advantages to TDD, skin is a very effective barrier and provides resistance to drug delivery. To improve drug delivery through the skin, permeation enhancers are used. We developed an axisymmetric COMSOL Multiphysics® software model ...
B. Niu, W. Yan, A.A. Shapiro, and E.H. Stenby
Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
As an effective method to cope with green-house gas emission, and to enhance oil recovery, injection of carbon dioxide into oil reservoirs has obtained increasing attentions. The flooding process involves complex phase behavior among oil, brine and CO2, and geochemical reaction between CO2 and rock. COMSOL Multiphysics® was first applied to simulating two flooding processes with known ...
S. Yushanov, J. Crompton, and K. Koppenhoefer
ACES of Columbus, LLC, Columbus, OH, USA
Improved performance of aeroengines requires the development of new manufacturing technologies for ceramic matrix composites (CMCs). This has been simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics. Specialized simulation technologies have been developed to describe the infiltration of molten material into a ceramic perform. The physical phenomena considered in the analysis includes: unsaturated flow, ...
Study of a Self Heating Process of Tetrafluoroethylene by the Exothermic Dimerization Reaction to Octafluorocyclobutane
M. Beckmann-Kluge, H. Krause, V. Schröder, A. Acikalin, and J. Steinbach
Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany
Technical University Berlin, Berlin, Germany
The self heating process of Tetrafluoroethylene caused by an exothermic dimerization reaction was studied. The heat of reaction can lead to a thermal explosion by the decomposition of the Tetrafluoroethylene. Different reaction kinetics, including multistep kinetics, were used to describe the mass balance. The COMSOL Chemical Engineering Module was used to perform the simulation which was ...