S. Mahajani, S. Srikantiah, G. Samdani, A. Ganesh, P. Aghalayam
Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India
UCG is a process which converts coal to syn gas at the underground coal seam itself. UCG can help meeting the rising energy demand by utilizing coal resources that otherwise would be too deep, or of poor quality, or simply not economical to mine. As UCG takes place, a cavity is formed underground in the coal seam which grows three-dimensionally. The objective of this work is to develop a two ...
M. Z. Saghir , A. Ahadi , A. A. Mohamad ,
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
Nanofluids is a new class of fluid consisting of particles in a liquid. Different base liquid has been proposed and the most common one is water. The concentration of these particles can range from 0.1% to 5% or greater. Different numerical models have been proposed to solve this interesting problem. Some scheme assumed the fluid as a single fluid and other assumed as a two phase system ...
F. Alzahrani, F. Aiouache
Engineering Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
This work used the 3D CFD modeling to investigate non-uniform deactivation in packed bed reactors of low aspect ratios under steady state and dynamic operations. In order to explore the effects of condition of instability on local deactivation, detailed knowledge of flow dynamics (i.e. local structure of the packed bed, pressure drops and interstitial flow in the void space), heat and mass rate ...
J. Bouhattate, E. Legrand, A. Oudriss, S. Frappart, J. Creus, and X. Feaugas
Laboratoire d’Etude des Matériaux en Milieu Agressif, LEMMA, Bat. Marie Curie, La Rochelle, France
To understand a metal susceptibility to Hydrogen Embrittlement (HE), it is important to quantify the diffusion of hydrogen through a metallic membrane. Electrochemical permeation tests are the most common methods for experimentally determining the diffusion coefficient of a metal. However the parameters directly accessible from experiments are the time required for a stream to be observed and ...
I. Bitharas , A. Moore ,
 Heriot-Watt Univerisity, Edinburgh, UK
One of the challenges associated with the wire-arc additive manufacture (WAAM) of metals is to provide adequate inert gas shielding, not only for the molten pool, but also for the long reactive metal surface that follows it. For Ti-6Al-4V, it has been shown that increased levels of porosity, a direct consequence of air contamination, result in reduced structural properties, lower fatigue ...
A. Hallgarth, A. Zayer, A. Gatward, and J. Davies
Hazard Research & Risk Consultants Ltd, Aberystwyth, Wales, United Kingdom
Independent Consultants, United Kingdom
HazRes has developed a gas discharge and dispersion model in COMSOL which takes into account the effects of localized wind profiles and turbulence generated by buildings, structures and terrain on the dispersion of gases in question. The main focus of this work is to develop and provide clients with more accurate prediction methods relative to industrial standard software tools in modeling ...
C. Anandharamakrishnan, R. Gopirajah, and N. Chhanwal
Central Food Technological Research Institute
Freeze-drying is a popular method of producing shelf stable particulate products and is of particular value for drying thermally sensitive materials (volatiles and biological based), which can be heat damaged by higher temperature methods, such as spray-drying. Porous structures are formed by the creation of ice crystals during the freezing stage, which subsequently sublime during the drying ...
Simeon Cavadias , Cédric Guyon , Gerrardo Vera De la Cruz ,
 Institut Pierre-Gilles de Gennes (IPGG) - UPMC, France
 Chimie-ParisTech - Institut Pierre-Gilles de Gennes (IPGG) , France
 Master Nuclear Energy, ISTN (Saclay), France
Emulsions, small liquid droplets of oil in water or water in oil, find wide application in, pharmaceutical products, fine chemicals, analytical chemistry. Microfluidic devices allow creation of uniform droplets with a tight distribution. The COMSOL Multiphysics® software model presented here is an extension of the tutorial “Droplet Breakup in a T- junction”. In this tutorial uniform droplets ...
Computational Modelling of Fluid Dynamics in Electropolishing of Radiofrequency Accelerating Cavities - new
H. Rana, L. Ferreira
Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK
European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN), Genéve, Switzerland
Electropolishing is an electrochemical process that radiofrequency accelerating cavities undergo in order to improve their inner metal surface finishing. This is performed prior to their installation into particle accelerators, in order to enhance their accelerating properties. Using COMSOL Multiphysics® software it was possible to model the process throughout the cavity and study the fluid ...
Numerical Simulations of Methane Aromatization with and without a Ceramic Hydrogen Separation Membrane
Z. Li, C. Kjølseth, S. Hernandez Morejudo, R. Haugsrud
University of Oslo, Department of Chemistry, FERMiO, Oslo, Norway
Protia, Oslo, Norway
University of Oslo, Department of Chemistry, InGAP, Oslo, Norway
Oxygen-free methane aromatization has been attracting growing attention due to a potential means for producing high valuable products such as aromatics and hydrogen. Many studies have been focused on catalysts screening and characterization, and elementary thermodynamic steps of the reaction. However, little attention has been paid to fluid dynamics which are important for an industrial ...