Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

A 2D Model of the Flow in Hydrocyclones - new

B. Chinè[1], F. Concha[2], M. Meneses G.[3]
[1]School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
[2]Department of Metallurgical Engineering, University of Concepcion, Concepcion, Chile
[3]School of Production Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica

Hydrocyclones are industrial devices used as processing units in fluid and particle technology. A hydrocyclone is an apparatus consisting of a cylindrical or a cylindrical-conical body with a tangential or involute entrance to admit the fluid inside. There are also two opposite exits, the top exit which is the vortex finder and the bottom exit called apex. Fig. 1 shows the schematic of a widely ...

自电泳机理驱动的微纳米马达仿真模拟研究

王威 [1], 周超 [1],
[1] 哈尔滨工业大学深圳研究生院,深圳,中国

微纳米马达是一种能将周围环境的能量转化为自身自主运动的新型智能仿生材料,其在药物的运输与释放,低维材料的合成以及软物质研究中有着重要的应用[1]。基于自电泳的双金属棒马达是研究时间最长的一类马达,它有着与自然界中类似的自组装和群体行为的特性[2]。但是其运动机理复杂且涉及到多个物理场的紧密耦合,这就为其进一步的研究和应用带来了一定的困难。 COMSOL Multiphysics® 可以方便地进行多物理场的模拟。图(1)展示了双金属棒的自电泳机理, 由于棒两端的化学反应造成了带电离子浓度的分布不均匀,进而产生自生电场驱动马达运动。其中传质过程、流体流动以及电场形成相互影响,环环相扣[3]。基于以上物理过程,我们对 COMSOL 中稀物质传递,静电和蠕动流接口进行了有效的耦合,从而实现了马达周围离子场,电场和流场的模拟(图2),在此基础之上,我们研究了马达的运动速度(图3) ...

Modelling the Response of Microdialysis Probes in Glucose Concentration Measurement

J.M. Gozálvez-Zafrilla[1], A. Santafé-Moros[1], J.L. Díez-Ruano[2], J. Bondia[2]
[1]Institute for Industrial, Radiophysical and Environmental Safety (ISIRYM) - Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
[2]Instituto Universitario de Automática e Informática Industrial (AI2) - Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain

Microdialysis is a technique of continuous glucose monitoring in diabetic patients. In microdialysis, a saline serum is perfused into a microdialysis probe. Glucose pass from the plasmatic fluid through the porous membrane. The glucose concentration in the dialysate obtained is measured by an external analytical device. This preliminary work aimed to obtain a model to relate glucose ...

Thermo-fluid Dynamics Modelling of Hydrogen Absorption and Desorption in a LaNi4.8Al0.2 Hydride Bed

D. Baldissin[1] and D. Lombardo[1]
[1]Compumat S.r.l., Torino, Italy

A two-dimensional mathematical model for the absorption and desorption of H2 in LaNi4.8Al0.2 was developed and experimentally validated. The model is composed of an energy balance, a mass balance and a momentum balance. These differential equations are numerically solved by means of the finite element method using the software COMSOL Multiphysics®. From a comparison between theoretical ...

Numerical Simulation of Kinetic Interface Sensitive Tracer in Experiment with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

F. Sun [1], A. Tatomir [1], F. Maier [2], M. Sauter [1]
[1] University of Goettingen, Goettingen, Lower Saxony, Germany
[2] Comsol Multiphysics GmbH, Goettingen, Lower Saxony, Germany

The kinetic interface-sensitive tracers (KIS tracers) are used to give a partial picture of the spreading, mixing and plume migration of supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) in the deep saline aquifer by estimating the interfacial areas between scCO2 and brine during the injection of scCO2. To get a better understanding of the KIS tracer reaction and transport processes in the two-phase flow ...

Analyzing a Malfunctioning Clarifier with COMSOL’s Mixture Model

A. de Niet, A. van Nieuwenhuijzen, and A. Geilvoet
Witteveen+Bos, Deventer, The Netherlands

Clarifiers are used to separate sludge and water in waste water treatment plants. In this paper we analyze a malfunctioning clarifier using the mixture model. We are able to receive model results that are reasonably close to measurements from the real clarifier. With the model we can explain the bad separation of water and sludge in the clarifier. Engineers have proposed several actions in order ...

Using Temperature Signals to Estimate Geometry Parameters in Fractured Geothermal Reservoirs

F. Maier[1], P. Oberdorfer[1], I. Kocabas[2], I. Ghergut[1], M. Sauter[1]
[1]Dpt. Applied Geology, Center of Geosciences, Georg-August-University, Göttingen, Germany
[2]Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering Department Batman, Batman University, Batman, Turkey

We compare the output of 2D single fracture models as well as analytical solutions of the problem. The temperature signal is evaluated with the heat transfer mode while the flow field is assumed to exhibit Darcy flow everywhere. The problem is time-dependent so we have to take into account a change in the boundary conditions from a Dirichlet to a Neumann condition which is activated at the time ...

A Multiphase Porous Medium Transport Model with Distributed Sublimation Front to Simulate Vacuum Freeze Drying

A. Warning[1], J. M. R. Arquiza[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

A continuum, porous medium formulation with non-equilibrium sublimation was developed and validated for freeze drying without and with uniform microwave volumetric heating. The model incorporates the effect of Knudsen flow at low pressure and low permeability freeze drying. The distributed, non-equilibrium sublimation demonstrated that the sublimation front is a sharp boundary for high ice ...

Benchmark Model: Natural Convection of Water-Aluminum Oxide Nanofluids in a Square Cavity

M. Z. Saghir [1], A. Ahadi [1], A. A. Mohamad [2],
[1] Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada
[2] Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada

Nanofluids is a new class of fluid consisting of particles in a liquid. Different base liquid has been proposed and the most common one is water. The concentration of these particles can range from 0.1% to 5% or greater. Different numerical models have been proposed to solve this interesting problem. Some scheme assumed the fluid as a single fluid and other assumed as a two phase system ...

Model of a Heavy Metal Adsorption System using the S-Layer of Bacillus Sphaericus

J. Orjuela, and A. González
Dept. de Ingeniería Química Facultad de Ingeniería
Universidad de los Andes
Bogotá
Colombia

A bidimensional and pseudo homogenous model was proposed for the study of mass transfer in the bioadsorption process of chromium VI in the S-layer of immobilized Bacillus sphaericus in a packed column. The implementation of such a model in COMSOL Multiphysics will be explained in detail and the final results presented. These include chromium concentration profiles along the column and its ...