3D COMSOL Multiphysics® Model of a Plate Heat Exchanger to Support a Laboratory Teaching Environment - new
N. Medeiros, W. Clark
Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
Chemical engineering students and practitioners need an understanding of fluid flow and heat transfer inside heat exchangers. Because the flow within plate heat exchangers is difficult to visualize, we developed COMSOL Multiphysics® simulations of plate heat exchangers for students to study alongside a physical heat exchanger in a laboratory setting. Simulative experiments allow students to ...
Numerical Simulations of Radionuclide Transport through Clay and Confining Units in a Geological Repository using COMSOL
J. Hansmann, M. L. Sentis, B. J. Graupner, A.-K. Leuz, C. Belardinelli
Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate (ENSI), Brugg, Switzerland
Kantonsschule Solothurn, Solothurn, Switzerland
Introduction: The sectoral plan that defines the procedure and criteria of site selection for deep geological repositories for all categories of waste (high-level and low- and intermediate-level waste) in Switzerland started in 2008 and will last for about ten years. ENSI (Swiss Nuclear Safety Inspectorate) is in charge of reviewing the proposals and safety assessments for geological ...
D.Wu, E. Van den Bulck
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Department of Mechanical Engineering, KU Leuven, Belgium
Introduction Self-heating behaviour of dust accumulations is a multiphysics field coupled heat and mass transfer in the porous media. A typical experimental apparatus with a hot storage oven and mesh wire baskets has been taken as the study object. The influence of gas flow velocity, oxygen concentration and ambient temperature on the self-heating behaviour of the dry coal dust sample has been ...
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Beijing, China
We studied the transient characteristics of PEMFC and water transport during PEMFC start-up, concerning the following aspects: Effect of air stoichiometry change on transient behavior of PEMFC, Transient behavior of water transport during PEMFC start-up, and high temperature PEMFC modeling.
S. Zhang, M. Pal, P. Barthelemy, M. Lei
Visualization Sciences Group, Burlington, MA, USA
Shell International Exploration and Production, Rijswijk, The Netherlands
The mass and recoverability of oil and gas in unconventional reservoirs strongly depend on the understanding the petrophysical properties of the rocks at a large range of scales. Three-dimensional imaging is capable of unveiling the detailed microstructures within the rocks down to the nanometer scale. Using a multiscale imaging protocol, a Devonian shale rock sample with heterogeneities is ...
O. Rouaud, T. Pham
LUNAM Université, ONIRIS, CNRS, GEPEA, UMR, Nantes, France
University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
A mathematical model is developed to determine the weight loss and the freezing rate during the freezing of unwrapped foodstuffs. The model allows comparing two freezing processes; the first uses nitrogen gas at -80°C and the second uses cold air. The model includes thermophysical properties that are temperature dependent to take into account the ice formation. The time step has to be chosen ...
J. O. R. Lizarazo , L. A. S. Mejía , M. I. J. Gutierrez , J. A. P. Avella ,
 Grupo de Investigaciones en Minerales, Biohidrometalurgia y Ambiente - GIMBA, Universidad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga, Santander, Colombia
In the poster you can see a project where using computational tools like the COMSOL Multiphysics® software, hydrodynamics of a photo electrocatalytic reactor was studied. It was evident that the influential factor is the geometry of inlet and exit header. Therefore, these changes were made to reduce the effects of input/output and thus improve the hydrodynamics of the fluid in the reactor. As a ...
Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Natural Convection Flow of (Sub-) and (Super-) Critical CO2 in Aqueous Phase
R. Khosrokhavar, G. Elsinga, R. Farajzadeh, H. Bruining
Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherland
Shell International Global Solutions, Amsterdam, The Netherland
Optimal storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) in aquifers requires dissolution in the aqueous phase. Transfer of CO2 from the gas phase to the aqueous phase or oil phase would be slow if it were only driven by diffusion. Dissolution of CO2 in brine (oil) forms a mixture that is denser than the original brine. This causes a local density increase, which induces natural convection currents accelerating ...
Computational Modeling of the Electrohydrodynamics Influencing Trace Mercury Adsorption within Electric Utility Electrostatic Precipitators
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Anthropogenic mercury (Hg) emissions increase the risk of neurological and neonatal health effects in humans through fish consumption. There are several technological approaches to controlling mercury emissions from coal combustion, including the injection of a powdered mercury sorbent into the flue gas upstream of the particulate control device (PCD). As most PCDs are electrostatic ...
Microscale Simulations of Catalyst Deactivation During Gas-Phase Upgrading of Biomass Pyrolysis Vapors
P. N. Ciesielski , D. Robichaud , B. Donohoe , M. Nimlos ,
 Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
 National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
Catalytic fast pyrolysis is a process by which biomass may be converted into liquid hydrocarbon transportation fuels and chemical co-products that are alternative to their petroleum-derived counterparts. Chemical compounds in raw pyrolysis vapor have high oxygen content and therefore must be deoxygenated in order to meet specifications for hydrocarbon fuels. One strategy to accomplish this is ...