B. Courcelles , C. Raymond-Poirier ,
 École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada
In the context of increasing demographic pressures around the world, soil improvement techniques constitute viable alternatives to expensive foundations. Among these techniques, the biocalcification of granular soils appears as a promising alternative relying on the formation of calcium carbonates. The process is relatively basic and energy efficient, as based on the metabolic activity of the ...
Impact Assessment of Hydrologic and Operational Factors on the Efficiency of Managed Aquifer Recharge Scheme
M.A. Rahman, P. Oberdorfer, Y. Jin, M. Pervin, E. Holzbecher
Department of Applied Geology, Geoscience Center, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany
Due to increased demands on groundwater accompanied by increased drawdowns (ca. 2-3 meters/year), technologies that use alternative water resources have been suggested for Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Preliminary studies show that managed aquifer recharge (MAR) would help in optimal use of available water resources and to reduce adverse effects of pumping in the Dupitila aquifer of the city. In this ...
S.F. Neves, J.J.B.L.M. Campos, T.S. Mayor
CEFT – Transport Phenomena Research Center, Chemical Engineering Department, Porto University, Porto, Portugal
CeNTI - Centre for Nanotechology and Smart Materials, Rua Fernando Mesquita, Vila Nova de Famalicão, Portugal
A clothing system should offer the user a period of relatively comfort. However, changes in the ambient conditions over day affect the heat and mass transport in the system, influencing the user comfort perception. In order to gather information to allow the optimization of clothing systems, it is essential to understand the heat and moisture transfer occurring across multi-layer textiles. For ...
D.Wu, E. Van den Bulck
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Department of Mechanical Engineering, KU Leuven, Belgium
Introduction Self-heating behaviour of dust accumulations is a multiphysics field coupled heat and mass transfer in the porous media. A typical experimental apparatus with a hot storage oven and mesh wire baskets has been taken as the study object. The influence of gas flow velocity, oxygen concentration and ambient temperature on the self-heating behaviour of the dry coal dust sample has been ...
王威 , 周超 ,
微纳米马达是一种能将周围环境的能量转化为自身自主运动的新型智能仿生材料，其在药物的运输与释放，低维材料的合成以及软物质研究中有着重要的应用。基于自电泳的双金属棒马达是研究时间最长的一类马达，它有着与自然界中类似的自组装和群体行为的特性。但是其运动机理复杂且涉及到多个物理场的紧密耦合，这就为其进一步的研究和应用带来了一定的困难。 COMSOL Multiphysics® 可以方便地进行多物理场的模拟。图(1)展示了双金属棒的自电泳机理， 由于棒两端的化学反应造成了带电离子浓度的分布不均匀，进而产生自生电场驱动马达运动。其中传质过程、流体流动以及电场形成相互影响，环环相扣。基于以上物理过程，我们对 COMSOL 中稀物质传递，静电和蠕动流接口进行了有效的耦合，从而实现了马达周围离子场，电场和流场的模拟(图2)，在此基础之上，我们研究了马达的运动速度(图3) ...
Fundamental Three Dimensional Modeling and Parameter Estimation of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst for Heavy Duty Trucks
A. Holmqvist and C.U.I. Odenbrand
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, LTH, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Mathematical optimization can be used as a computational engine to generate the best solution for a given problem in a systematic and efficient way. In the context of monolithic converter systems, the parameter estimation problem (or inverse problem) is solved using Partial Differential Equations (PDE)-based models of the physical system coupled with an optimization algorithm. These problems are ...
S. Pemberton, K. Ekici, R. Arimilli
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
Perspiration during intense physical activity is an essential part of human thermoregulation. Clothing affects the cooling rate of the body. Heat and water vapor are coupled through evaporation and transported through the fabric. A model of the above system was developed for fabrics of different properties to simulate human cooling using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Equation-based modeling allows the ...
Computational Modelling of Fluid Dynamics in Electropolishing of Radiofrequency Accelerating Cavities - new
H. Rana, L. Ferreira
Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK
European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN), Genéve, Switzerland
Electropolishing is an electrochemical process that radiofrequency accelerating cavities undergo in order to improve their inner metal surface finishing. This is performed prior to their installation into particle accelerators, in order to enhance their accelerating properties. Using COMSOL Multiphysics® software it was possible to model the process throughout the cavity and study the fluid ...
G. Selembo, P. Selembo, J. Stanton, and G. Paulsen
University of North Carolina
Surface aeration systems are used in the wastewater treatment industry for the transfer of oxygen in the activated sludge process. These systems are capital intensive and also require a significant amount of energy to operate. Scale-up and design of these systems is largely empirical, and due to the size of these systems, modifications for experimental testing can be economically prohibitive. ...
B. Chinè[1,2], M. Monno
Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
Metal foams are interesting materials with many potential applications. They are characterized by a cellular structure represented by a metal or metal alloy and gas voids inside (Fig.1). A common metallic cellular material is aluminum foam which can be produced metallurgically by heating a precursor, made of aluminum alloy and TiH2 as foaming agent, in a furnace. In this case, the foaming ...