O. Silva , E. Coene , J. Molinero , B. Shafei 
 Amphos 21 Consulting S.L., Barcelona, Spain
Hydrophobic meshes are a new, promising technique for the recovery of spilled oil in the ocean. They allow to recover and store oil, while filtering it from the surrounding water. They are clean, efficient and can be used in continuously. These meshes have one drawback, however: if they are submerged too deep under the water level, the high pressure will cause presence of water in the recovered ...
A. de Niet, A. van Nieuwenhuijzen, and A. Geilvoet
Witteveen+Bos, Deventer, The Netherlands
Clarifiers are used to separate sludge and water in waste water treatment plants. In this paper we analyze a malfunctioning clarifier using the mixture model. We are able to receive model results that are reasonably close to measurements from the real clarifier. With the model we can explain the bad separation of water and sludge in the clarifier. Engineers have proposed several actions in order ...
J. Bouhattate, E. Legrand, A. Oudriss, S. Frappart, J. Creus, and X. Feaugas
Laboratoire d’Etude des Matériaux en Milieu Agressif, LEMMA, Bat. Marie Curie, La Rochelle, France
To understand a metal susceptibility to Hydrogen Embrittlement (HE), it is important to quantify the diffusion of hydrogen through a metallic membrane. Electrochemical permeation tests are the most common methods for experimentally determining the diffusion coefficient of a metal. However the parameters directly accessible from experiments are the time required for a stream to be observed and ...
N. Lemcoff, R. Pastor, and E. Miravete
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Hartford, CT
General Dynamics Electric Boat, Groton, CT
The objective of this study is to numerically evaluate the effectiveness of an energy recovery ventilator (ERV) during the summer and winter seasons. The energy recovery ventilator allows heat and mass transfer between two air streams separated by a membrane. The effects of varying the following parameters were examined: flows through the supply and exhaust ducts, height of the exhaust channel, ...
G. Selembo, P. Selembo, J. Stanton, and G. Paulsen
University of North Carolina
Surface aeration systems are used in the wastewater treatment industry for the transfer of oxygen in the activated sludge process. These systems are capital intensive and also require a significant amount of energy to operate. Scale-up and design of these systems is largely empirical, and due to the size of these systems, modifications for experimental testing can be economically prohibitive. ...
Coupled Heat and Moisture Transfer in Building Components - Implementing WUFI® Approaches in COMSOL Multiphysics
B. Nusser, M. Teibinger
Holzforschung Austria, Vienna, Austria
Calculating time-dependent heat and moisture transports trough building components are important tasks in the area of building physics. A well known and worldwide used commercial software for this is WUFI®. From the scientific point of view the restricted access to governing equations is nevertheless a drawback of this software. In the present paper it is shown how the physical approaches used ...
A. Eden , C. McCallum , B. Storey , C. D. Meinhart , S. Pennathur ,
 University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, USA
 Olin College, Needham, MA, USA
We present a novel method for concentrating and focusing small analytes by taking advantage of the nonuniform ion distributions produced by thick electric double layers (EDLs) in nanochannels with heterogeneous surface charge. Specifically, we apply a voltage bias to a gate electrode embedded within the channel wall, tuning the surface charge in a region of the channel and subsequently altering ...
K. Yadav , A. Mishra ,
 IIT Kanpur, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
Marangoni flow affects the heat and mass transfer occurring in the molten metal regions in welding and additive manufacturing processes. It originates from the surface tension gradient (∂γ/∂T) induced at the melt pool surface due to the temperature difference. The flow pattern within melt pool affects the segregation and melt-pool shape and size. The flow pattern and therefore the melt pool ...
A. Kermani , N. Elabbasi 
 Veryst Engineering, Needham, MA, USA
Transdermal drug delivery (TDD) is used to deliver drugs through the skin as an alternative to oral, intravascular, and subcutaneous routes. While there are many advantages to TDD, skin is a very effective barrier and provides resistance to drug delivery. To improve drug delivery through the skin, permeation enhancers are used. We developed an axisymmetric COMSOL Multiphysics® software model ...
Experimental and Numerical Study of Microbial Improved Oil Recovery in a Pore Scale Model by using COMSOL
M. Shabani Afrapoli, L. Shidong, S. Alipour , and O. Torsaeter
Department of Petroleum Engineering and Applied Geophysics
A number of visualization experiments are carried out at the laboratory temperature with oil, brine and bacteria suspension for evaluating the performance of MIOR in a glass micromodel. The observations show the effects of bacteria on remaining oil saturation. The interfacial tension reduction, wettability alteration and flow pattern changes are recognized as active mechanisms. COMSOL ...