In accordance with our Quality Policy, COMSOL maintains a library of hundreds of documented model examples that are regularly tested against the latest version of the COMSOL Multiphysics® software, including benchmark problems from ASME and NAFEMS, as well as TEAM problems.

Our Verification and Validation (V&V) test suite provides consistently accurate solutions that are compared against analytical results and established benchmark data. The documented models below are part of the COMSOL Multiphysics® software’s built-in Application Libraries. They include reference values and sources for a wide range of benchmarks, as well as step-by-step instructions to reproduce the expected results on your own computer. You can use these models not only to document your software quality assurance (SQA) and numerical code verification (NCV) efforts, but also as part of an in-house training program.


Beads-on-String Structure of Viscoelastic Filaments

This example applies an Oldroyd-B fluid to model the thinning of a viscoelastic filament under the action of surface tension. For times smaller than the polymer relaxation time, the filament develops a beads-on-string structure. At times much larger than the relaxation time, the solution ... Read More

Expansion Fan

An important and interesting phenomenon with supersonic flows are expansion fans, which take place when the flow encounters a convex or expansion corner. The direction of the flow changes smoothly across the fan, while the Mach number increases. This 2D example models an expansion fan ... Read More

1D Isothermal Zinc-Silver Oxide Battery

Zinc-Silver oxide (Zn-AgO) batteries are used in different industries due to their high capacity per unit weight. In this work, discharge of a Zn-AgO battery is simulated using the *Battery with Binary Electrolyte* interface. The electrochemical reactions in the positive and negative ... Read More

Laser Cavity with a Thin Lens

In this model, two flat end mirrors are placed at a distance and a spherical lens is inserted in the middle of the cavity. A ray is released from a point inside the cavity. Then the ray is traced for a predefined time period that is sufficiently long. Ray tracing continues until the ... Read More

Discharge and Self-Discharge of a Lead-Acid Battery

Lead-acid batteries are widely used as starting batteries for various traction applications such as cars and trucks and so forth. The reason for this is the fairly low cost in combination with the performance robustness for a broad range of operating conditions. However, one drawback of ... Read More

Flow Through a Uniform Inclined Screen

This model simulates the flow through a uniform inclined screen using the Screen feature in Single-Phase Flow physics and compares the results with an analytic solution. Read More

1D Isothermal Nickel-Metal Hydride Battery

This model simulates the discharge of a Nickel-Metal Hydride (NiMH) battery using the Battery with Binary Electrolyte interface. The geometry is in one dimension and the model is isothermal. The model serves as an introduction to NiMH modeling, and can be further extended to include ... Read More

Isotropic Compression Test for Structured Clays

This model simulates the isotropic compression of naturally structured and artificially structured clays using the Modified Structured Cam-Clay (MSCC) material model. The aim of the example is to reproduce the compression behavior given in a benchmark for four structured clays. Read More

Wetting and Drying Paths for Partially Saturated Soil with the Extended Barcelona Basic Model

Experiments on dry and wet soil samples are performed to understand their behavior under different loading conditions. In this example, the Extended Barcelona Basic (BBMx) soil model is used to simulate the wetting and drying paths in partially saturated soil samples under cyclic ... Read More

Instability of a Space Arc Frame

This model illustrates the instability of a space arc frame under concentrated vertical loading. The *Beam* interface is utilized. Two different approaches are used: 1. A full incremental nonlinear analysis, where a small lateral load is applied to break the symmetry of the structure ... Read More

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