Relativistic Diverging Electron Beam
Application ID: 17065
When modeling the propagation of charged particle beams at high currents and relativistic speeds, the space charge and beam current create significant electric and magnetic forces that tend to expand and focus the beam, respectively.
The Charged Particle Tracing interface uses an iterative procedure, in this example, to efficiently compute the strongly coupled particle trajectories and electric and magnetic fields for a beam operating at constant current. A mesh refinement study confirms that the solution agrees with the analytical expression for the shape of a relativistic beam envelope.
This model requires the Particle Tracing Module.
This model example illustrates applications of this type that would nominally be built using the following products:
however, additional products may be required to completely define and model it. Furthermore, this example may also be defined and modeled using components from the following product combinations:
The combination of COMSOL® products required to model your application depends on several factors and may include boundary conditions, material properties, physics interfaces, and part libraries. Particular functionality may be common to several products. To determine the right combination of products for your modeling needs, review the Specification Chart and make use of a free evaluation license. The COMSOL Sales and Support teams are available for answering any questions you may have regarding this.