The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

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Magnetic Damping of Vibrating Conducting Solids

When a conductive solid material moves through a static magnetic field, an eddy current is induced. The current that flows through the conductor, which is itself moving through the magnetic field, induces a Lorentz force back on the solid. Therefore, a conductive solid that is vibrating in a static magnetic field will experience a structural damping. In this example, a cantilever beam is ...

Tubular Permanent Magnet Generator

This tutorial shows how to model the tubular permanent magnet generator in 2D axisymmetry. The generator consists of a modular stationary stator and moving/oscillating slider. The stator is made of three-phase multiturn windings and an iron core. The slider is made of permanent magnets and iron spacers. The open circuit voltage in the three-phase stator windings due to the periodic motion of the ...

Electrodynamic Wheel Magnetic Levitation in 2D

This model illustrates the working principle of an electrodynamic wheel (EDW) magnetic levitation system. EDW magnetic levitation system consists of rotating and/or translationally moving permanent magnet Halbach rotor above a passive conducting guideway/track. Eddy current is induced in the guideway due to the rotation and/or translational motion of the Halbach rotor. The induced eddy ...

Electric Impedance Sensor

Electric impedance measurements are used for imaging and detection. Applications range from nondestructive testing and geophysical imaging to medical imaging. Several alternative techniques are shown to model such a system. One of them shows how to use conditional expressions to define spatially dependent material properties. Another shows how to use multiple terminals for distributed sensing ...

Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer

The principle component of a quadrupole mass spectrometer is the mass filter which is used to filter ions with different charge to mass ratios. The quadrupole mass filter has been well studied over the years, Ref. 1 and the physics and optimal design are well understood. In a real quadrupole mass spectrometer, fringe fields exist at both the entrance and exit of the mass filter. These fringe ...

Effective Nonlinear Magnetic Curves Calculator

The Effective Nonlinear Magnetic Curves Calculator application is a companion to the *Effective Nonlinear Constitutive Relations* functionality. Magnetic-based interfaces in the AC/DC Module support the effective H-B/B-H curve material model, which can be used to approximate the behavior of a nonlinear magnetic material in a frequency domain simulation without the additional computational cost ...

Iron Sphere in a 20 kHz Magnetic Field

An iron sphere is exposed to a spatially uniform, sinusoidally time-varying, background magnetic field. The frequency of the field is such that there skin depth is smaller than the sphere radius. The induced currents in the sphere and the perturbation to the background field are computed. Proper meshing of domains with significant skin effect is addressed.

Generator in 3D

This model is a static 3D simulation of a generator having a rotor with permanent magnets. The center of the rotor consists of annealed medium carbon steel, which is a nonlinear ferromagnetic material that is saturated at high magnetic flux densities. The core is surrounded by several blocks of a permanent magnet made of samarium and cobalt, creating a strong magnetic field. The stator is made ...

An RFID System

RFIDs are used in a multitude of applications such as tracking or identifying consumer products and their packaging. An RFID system consists of two main parts: A tag or transponder with a printed circuit-board (PCB) antenna A reader unit with a larger RF antennaThe reader antenna generates an electromagnetic field that energizes a chip (IC-circuit) inside the tag. The electromagnetic field ...

Electron Beam Diverging Due to Self Potential

When modeling the propagation of charged particle beams at high currents, the space charge force generated by the beam significantly affects the trajectories of the charged particles. Perturbations to these trajectories, in turn, affect the space charge distribution. The Charged Particle Tracing interface can use an iterative procedure to efficiently compute the strongly coupled particle ...