# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

Plasma Modulex

### Capacitively Coupled Plasma

The NIST Gaseous Electronics Conference has provided a platform for studying Capacitively Coupled Plasma (CCP) reactors, which is what this application is based upon. The operating principle of a capacitively coupled plasma is different when compared to the inductive case. In a CCP ... Read More

### Thermoelectric generator

In this model, we show how to model Seebeck effect which works as a thermoelectric generator. Seebeck effect is a phenomena where the difference in temperature of a material leads to a potential difference. The potential drawn in this model was compared with the paper by Jaegle (Example ... Read More

### Thermal Plasma

This model simulates a plasma at medium pressure (2 torr) where the plasma is still not in local thermodynamic equilibrium. At low pressures the two temperatures are decoupled but as the pressure increases the temperatures tend towards the same limit. Read More

### Applying a Current-Voltage Switch to Models

This example exemplifies how to model the switching between current and voltage excitations in *Terminal* boundary conditions. A more detailed description of the phenomenon and the modeling process can be seen in the blog post "[Control Current and Voltage Sources with the AC/DC Module](https://www.comsol.com/blogs/control-current-and-voltage-sources-with-the-acdc-module/) ... Read More

### Drift Diffusion Tutorial

The Drift Diffusion interface solves a pair of reaction/advection/diffusion equations, one for the electron density and the other for the mean electron energy. This tutorial example computes the electron number density and mean electron energy in a drift tube. Electrons are released ... Read More

### Neagative Streamer in Nitrogen

Streamers are transient filamentary electric discharges that can develop in a nonconducting background in the presence of an intense electric field. These discharges can attain high electron number density and consequently a high concentration of chemical active species that are relevant ... Read More

### Microwave Microplasma

Plasmas sustained in microscale discharge gaps are able to operate at high pressure (1 atm) with high electron number density (1020 m-3) and power density (109 W.m-3) while maintaining a relatively cool heavy-particle temperature. This model simulates an atmospheric pressure argon plasma ... Read More

### GEC CCP Reactor

This model investigates the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Gaseous Electronics Conference (GEC) reference cell in two dimensions using the _Plasma, Time Periodic_ interface. A 2D example helps in understanding the physics without excessive CPU time. The cell is ... Read More

### Pulsed CCP Discharge

This tutorial model shows how to set up a model of a pulsed capacitive discharge. The on pulse consists of 10 periods of excitation at 13.56MHz, followed by no excitation for 100 periods. The I-V characteristics, the electron density, temperature and plasma potential are studied. Read More

### Argon Boltzmann Analysis

The electron energy distribution function (EEDF) plays an important role in the overall behavior of discharges. Analytic forms of the EEDF exist such as Maxwellian or Druyvesteyn, but in some cases they fail to fit the discharge physics. This tutorial model investigates the effects ... Read More

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