# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

### Thick Plate Stress Analysis

A benchmark model where a thick plate exposed to pressure on the top surface is analyzed. The solution is compared with a NAFEMS benchmark solution.

### Eigenfrequency Shifts Caused by Temperature Changes

This example explores the shift in natural frequencies caused by changing the temperature. One study investigates a doubly clamped beam where both ends are fixed, while the other study looks at a cantilever beam where only one end is fixed. The following effects are studied: * Stress stiffening * Change in size * Constraint effects * Temperature-dependent Young's modulus Results show that the ...

### Modeling Rigid Bodies

In many structural dynamics applications, some components are stiff compared to the supporting structure. Such a stiff part will only contribute to the dynamic properties of the structure through its mass and moment of inertia. It is then possible to reduce the model size significantly by treating it as a rigid body. In this example the eigenfrequency of an assembly is computed where one of the ...

### Vibrations of a Disk Backed by an Air-Filled Cylinder

The vibration modes of a thin or thick circular disc are well known, and it is possible to compute the corresponding eigenfrequencies to arbitrary precision from a series solution. The same is true for the acoustic modes of an air-filled cylinder with perfectly rigid walls. A more interesting question to ask is: What happens if the cylinder is sealed in one end not by a rigid wall but by a thin ...

### Viscoelastic Structural Damper

Viscoelastic dampers are frequently used to protect tall structures against vibration. The Viscoelastic Structural Damper application can perform the time-domain and frequency-domain analyses for a typical viscoelastic damper. The purpose of the app is to compute and analyze the important parameters of the damper such as the hysteresis loop and loss and storage moduli for a prescribed material ...

### MEMS Pressure Sensor Drift Due to Hygroscopic Swelling

For their integration in microelectronic circuits, MEMS devices are bonded on printed circuit boards and connected with other devices. Then, the whole circuit is often covered with an epoxy mold compound (EMC) to protect the devices and their interconnects with the board. The epoxy polymers used for such applications are subject to moisture absorption and hygroscopic swelling, which can lead to ...

### Contact Analysis of a Snap Hook Using a Penalty Formulation

This example simulates the insertion of a snap hook in its groove. Here, the purpose of the contact modeling is only to transmit correct contact forces in a global sense into the model, which is a situation well suited for using the penalty method. This contact algorithm is based on the penalty factor formulation related to the penetration of the solid parts in contact. In some cases, this ...

### Linear Buckling Analysis of a Truss Tower

Trusses are commonly used to create light structures that can support heavy loads. When designing such a structure, it is important to ensure its safety. For a tower made of bars, buckling can cause the structure to collapse. This model shows how to compute the critical buckling load using a linear buckling analysis. The solution is compared with an analytical expression for critical load ...

### Absorptive Muffler with Shells

This model describes the pressure wave propagation in a muffler for an internal combustion engine. The purpose of the model is to show how to analyze both inductive and resistive damping in pressure acoustics as well as coupling the fluid to the surrounding elastic shell structure of the muffler. Finally, the eigenmodes of a pure structural problem is analyzed and the modes compared to peaks ...

### Assembly with a Hinge

In mechanical assemblies, parts are sometimes connected so that they are free to move relative to each other in one or more degrees of freedom. Examples of such connections are ball joints, hinges, and different types of bearings. If the details of the connection are not the subjects of the analysis, it is often possible to model the connection using the Rigid Connector feature in COMSOL ...

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