Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.
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Dimensionless versus Dimensional Analysis in CFD and Heat Transfer

H. Dillon[1], A.F. Emery[1], A. Mescher[1], and R.J. Cochran[2]
[1]University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
[2]Applied CHT, Seattle, WA, USA

Students in engineering and science are often exposed early in their studies to non dimensional analysis. When it comes to solving fluid flow/heat transfer problems, many solutions, particularly industrial ones, are based on finite element/finite volume using dimensioned quantities. In order to compare to reference information one would like to use codes like COMSOL Multiphysics to solve non ...

Modeling Horizontal Ground Heat Exchangers in Geothermal Heat Pump Systems

A. Chiasson
University of Dayton, Dayton, OH, USA

Geothermal heat pumps use the earth as a heat source and sink via a ground heat exchanger (GHX) that consists of a network of buried heat exchange pipes, which can either be installed in vertical boreholes or in shallow horizontal trenches or excavations. The main goal in GHX design is to determine the minimum length of pipe needed to provide adequate fluid temperatures to heat pumps over their ...

Skewing For Both Cogging Torque Components In Permanent Magnet Machines

D.R. McIntosh
Sonsight Inc., Accokeek, MD, USA

The current paper describes how a properly chosen skew angle can be used to significantly decrease the amplitude of the high and/or low frequency cogging torque components. The approach is further demonstrated with the help of FE results from COMSOL Multiphysics. The numerical analyses incorporates a COMSOL model that is similar to a combination of two examples from the AC/DC Model Library: the ...

Understanding Ferrofluid Spin-Up Flows in Rotating Uniform Magnetic Fields

S. Khushrushahi, and M. Zahn
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA

A fully filled sphere of ferrofluid has constant demagnetizing factors in all three Cartesian directions such that when subjected to a uniform external rotating magnetic field the internal field is also uniform, and ultrasound measurements give no observable flow. Non-uniform magnetic fields or a non-uniform distribution of susceptibility are necessary conditions for ferrofluid spin-up flows in ...

Particle Velocimetry Data From COMSOL Model of Micro-channels

P. Mahanti, M. Keebaugh, N. Weiss, P. Jones, M.A. Hayes, and T. Taylor
Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA

Particle velocimetry using image analysis is an effective non-intrusive method used for fluid velocity field estimation in micro-channels. We use COMSOL with MATLAB to generate velocity fields for micro-channel designs and then calculate changes in particle position for given imaging parameters. This is used to simulate images which can then be used to verify an algorithm\'s performance before ...

Modeling Light Diffraction Using the Finite Element COMSOL

J.D. Bamonte
U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA

COMSOL is finite element modeling software capable of solving partial differential equations. This capability allows for the modeling of boundary value problems, which is necessary to the study of light and the properties of light propagation. For this study, we are modeling Fraunhofer diffraction of light using a solution of the Helmholtz equation with boundary values appropriate for ...

Effective Medium Theory of Nanodielectrics for Embedded Energy Storage Capacitors

R. Bikky, N. Badi, and A. Bensaoula
University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA

In this work, we present the effective properties of nanodielectrics with gold (Au) nanoparticles embedded in polymer (Polyvinyl Pyrrolidone (PVP)) matrix, calculated by using finite element method (FEM) based simulation in COMSOL Multiphysics software. Drude model is used to calculate size dependent complex dielectric function of Au. EMTs of Maxwell-Garnett, Bruggeman and Looyenga models are ...

Virtual Acoustic Prototyping – Practical Applications for Loudspeaker Development

A. Salvatti
JBL Professional, Northridge, CA, USA

The author presents an overview of methods to build virtual prototypes of both horns and loudspeaker drivers which allows a significant reduction in the number of physical prototypes, as well as reduced development time. This paper will present some of the practical results from work the author has performed in the course of designing both transducers and horns using COMSOL Evolution of the ...

Effects of Shear-thinning and Elasticity in Flow around A Sphere in A Cylindrical Tube

D. Song[1], R.K. Gupta[1], and R.P. Chhabra[2]
[1]West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
[2]Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India

A sphere sedimenting in a cylindrical tube filled with non-Newtonian fluids, including purely viscous and viscoelastic type, is of both practical and fundamental interest. To investigate the effects of shear-thinning and elasticity, four representative constitutive equations are adopted, Newtonian, Carreau, Oldroyd-B and Phan-Thien-Tanner (PTT) models. There is good agreement between our ...

Study of Two-Phase Microslug Formation in a Microchannel Cross Junction

M.R. McDevitt, D.L. Hitt, and J.W. McCabe
University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA

NASA and the Department of Defense have interest in the development of satellites which are several orders of magnitude smaller than those currently in use. These ‘nanosats’ will require new propulsion systems to offer precise thrust and impulse-bit characteristics on the order of 10-100 μN and 100-1000 μNs respectively. To meet these demands, a pressure-driven MEMS-based ...