Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Electrical and Bubbly Flow Modeling of a Molten Salt Electrolysis Cell

A. Oury [1], P. Namy [1], A. M. Martinez [2] , K. S. Olsen [2], A. Solheim [2] ,
[1] SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
[2] SINTEF Materials and Chemistry, Trondheim, Norway

A laboratory-scale electrolysis cell for the recovery of metals is simulated with COMSOL Multiphysics® software. Two models are implemented: an electrical model simulating the current density (reaction rate) distribution at the electrodes and a laminar bubbly flow model which solves for the electrolyte velocity induced by gas bubble production at the anode. A parametric study on the mesh ...

Towards the Modeling of Microgalvanic Corrosion in Aluminum Alloys: the Choice of Boundary Conditions

N. Murer[1], N. Missert[2], and R. Bucchheit[1]

[1]Fontana Corrosion Center, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
[2]Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, USA

Aluminum alloys in near-neutral, mildly aggressive solutions, undergo damage accumulation during corrosion, mostly due to the presence of micrometer-sized constituent intermetallic particles (IMP) that create a microstructural discontinuity at which localized corrosion occurs. The Nernst-Planck equation with electroneutrality is used to simulate current and pH distributions resulting from ...

Rechargeable Battery for Hybrid Diesel-Electric Locomotive

Michael A. Vallance
Team Leader, GE Global Research

Over time, rechargeable batteries degrade and eventually stop working. You see some combination of declining capacity, rapid self-discharge, and reduced power. Degradation mode depends on battery design, but also on the application. Often, multiple physical processes contribute to degradation. In the laboratory, you can measure performance degradation. You can dissect the battery to discover ...

Modeling and Simulation of Transient SECM (Scanning ElectroChemical Microscopy) Response of Porous Electrodes

L. Balboa [1], G. Wittstock [1],
[1] Institute of Chemistry, Carl v. Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany

In the past two decades, highly porous nanostructured materials have been investigated and used for a large variety of applications, such as catalysis, energy conversion/storage, optics, sensing and more. Nanoporous gold (npAu) is one of such materials which have shown great potential as an electro-catalyst due to not only its physical properties but its surface chemistry as well. It presents a ...

Modeling an Enzyme Based Electrochemical Blood Glucose Sensor with COMSOL Multiphysics

S. Mackintosh[1], J. Rodgers[1], S.P. Blythe[1]
[1]Lifescan Scotland, Inverness, Scotland

This paper describes the modeling of a blood glucose sensor using COMSOL Multiphysics. Chemical species interaction and diffusion, coupled with electrochemical oxidation of multiple blood species produced a powerful working model used in developing and refining a range of blood glucose sensors for the commercial market.

Numerical Modelling of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Role of Various Cell Parameters on Performance

O. Ighodaro[1], K. Scott[1]
[1]Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are expected to play a major role in future energy systems due to their wide range of applications, high energy efficiency, environmental friendliness and good fuel flexibility. While conventional high temperature SOFCs operate at about 1000C, there is growing interest in intermediate temperature SOFCs which operates between 600C and 800C allowing for wider range ...

Numerical Simulation of Carbon Steel Corrosion Exposed to Flowing NaCl Solutions Through an Annular Duct - new

A. Soliz[1], K. Mayrhofer[1], L. Caceres[2]
[1]Department of Interface Chemistry & Surface Engineering, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung, Düsseldorf, Germany
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Antofagasta, Antofagasta, Chile

A three-dimensional mathematical model under stationary conditions have been established to understand the corrosion of carbon steel cylindrical samples immersed in flowing NaCl solution through an annular duct. The migration, diffusion and convection mass transfer mechanisms were solved using the Nernst–Planck equation coupled to the Navier-Stokes equation. A corrosion model based on the mixed ...

Electrical and Thermal Modeling of a Molten Salt Electro-Refiner

A. Oury [1],
[1] SIMTEC, Grenoble, France

Numerical simulation can be advantageously employed to predict the main cell features (e.g., the reaction rate distribution on the electrodes, the cell voltage, or the electrolyte temperature) in order to optimize the design and operational conditions of the process. In this poster, we describe two complementary computational approaches applied to a molten salt electro-refiner for ...

FEM Simulation of the Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy (SECPM)

R. Hamou, P. Biedermann, M. Rohwerder, and A. Blumeneau
Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany

The present work focuses on modeling a new experimental technique: Scanning Electro-chemical Potential Microscopy (SECPM), which is used to probe the potential profile of the electric double layer (EDL). We used an electrostatic approach to compute the EDL potential measured within the metallic probe. Also, we investigated the effect of the interaction of the electrode/probe double layers on the ...

Magneto-hydrodynamic Flow in Electrolyte Solutions

M. Qin[1], and H. Bau[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, USA

The paper presents and compares two models for simulating magneto-hydrodynamic flow of RedOx electrolyte in a conduit patterned with circular pillars. The first model solves the coupled Nernst-Planck and Navier-Stokes equations subjected to Butler-Volmer electrode kinetics and provides detailed information on ions’ concentrations. The second model treats the electrolyte as a conductor, and ...