Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling of the Transport Phenomena in Lithium-Ion Battery Electrolytes

A. Nyman, M. Behm, and G. Lindbergh
Applied Electrochemistry, School of Chemical Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm, Sweden

Modeling of mass transport is an important step in evaluating lithium-ion battery electrolytes and understanding cell performance. For high-power applications, concentration gradients in the electrolyte lead to limiting currents, which limit the power-density of the battery. The model has been used for determining a complete set of transport and thermodynamic properties for LiPF6 dissolved in an ...

Modeling of Galvanic Interactions between AA5083 and Steel under Atmospheric Condition

D. Mizuno, Y. Shi, and R. Kelly
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, VA

Aluminum alloys 5000 series are widely used within the cabins of ships. These aluminum alloys are often joined via steel bolts. There is thus a concern that galvanic interactions will exacerbate corrosion of the aluminum alloys. In this study, a model of the galvanic corrosion between aluminum alloy AA5083 and steel under atmospheric conditions was built. The Nernst-Plank equation and the ...

Tertiary Current Distributions on the Wafer in a Plating Cell

L. Tong[1]
[1]Keisoku Engineering System Co., Tokyo, Japan

The tertiary current distributions on the wafer in a plating cell are studied in this work. An acid copper sulfate electrolyte composed of CuSO4/5H2O of 2.4 g/L and H2SO4 of 90 g/L is taken into account for copper deposition on the wafer. The solution of shear-plate agitating fluid dynamics is coupled into the calculation of tertiary current distributions. The obtained distributions of tertiary ...

Computational Modelling of Fluid Dynamics in Electropolishing of Radiofrequency Accelerating Cavities - new

H. Rana[1], L. Ferreira[2]
[1]Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK
[2]European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN), Genéve, Switzerland

Electropolishing is an electrochemical process that radiofrequency accelerating cavities undergo in order to improve their inner metal surface finishing. This is performed prior to their installation into particle accelerators, in order to enhance their accelerating properties. Using COMSOL Multiphysics® software it was possible to model the process throughout the cavity and study the fluid ...

Two-dimensional Model of a Lithium Iron-Phosphate Single Particle

M. Cugnet [1][2],
[1] Université Grenoble Alpes INES, Le Bourget du Lac, France
[2] CEA, LITEN, Grenoble, France

Introduction: Lithium-ion batteries are widely used as power sources for portable electronic devices (laptop, phones, and players) and electric cars due to their high energy density. New applications, such as Formula E, require also a huge power capability that the iron-phosphate-based positive electrode is able to provide. Indeed, a recent publication [1] shows that, at the particle level (20 ...

Modelling of the Hydrogen Diffusion in Martensitic Steel in Contact with H2SO4 Media

J. Bouhattate[1], X. Feaugas[1], and S. Frappart[1][2]
[1]Laboratoire d’Etudes des Matériaux en Milieux Agressifs,
Université de La Rochelle, La Rochelle, France
[2]V&M France, CEV, Aulnoye-Aymeries, France

Hydrogen Embrittlement (HE) is one of the mechanisms responsible for premature failure of structures. In the context of environmental sustainability, it is compelling to improve or conceive new processes and/or new materials capable of reducing fracture induced by HE. We analyzed the influence of the oxide layer on the permeability of hydrogen. This investigation was carried on as a correlative ...

Modeling the Effect of Discrete Distributions of Platinum Particles in the PEM Fuel Cell Catalyst Layer

C.F. Cetinbas[1], A.K. Prasad[2], S.G. Advani[1]
[1]Center for Fuel Cell Research, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
[2]University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA

In this study, the basic catalyst layer (CL) structure, consisting of carbon-supported Pt particles (C|Pt) and an ionomer binder, is investigated numerically by using COMSOL. The significance of modeling discrete Pt particles on the carbon support is highlighted by comparing the cell performance results to the case in which the Pt is assumed to be distributed uniformly over the carbon support as ...

Cycling-Induced Degradation of Batteries

M. Vallance [1], A. Meshkov [1], R. White [2], M. Guo [2], S. Rayman [2], L. Cai [2]
[1] GE Global Research, Niskayuna, NY, USA
[2] R.E. White & Associates, Columbia, SC, USA

Rechargeable batteries solve electrification and communication problems. As examples, hybrid battery-diesel generator power supplies efficiently power cell towers in remote locations, detached from the power grid. Large battery banks are used to load level user power requirements, reducing stress on power generation infrastructure. Batteries firm the output capacity of intermittent wind ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® as a General Platform for the Simulation of Complex Electrochemical Systems

A. Lavacchi[1]
[1]Department of Chemistry, University of Firenze, Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy

Microelectrodes demonstrate that modeling is crucial for understanding the behavior of complex electrochemical systems. The use of the finite element methods in electrochemistry may be of much more general interest for its ability to handle complex geometries. In this context a software such as COMSOL Multiphysics® allows a straightforward way to the set up models including coupling of ...

Kinetic Investigation of a Mechanism for Generating Microstructures on Polycrystalline Substrates Using an Electroplating Process

T. Soares[1], H. Mozaffari[2], H. Reinecke[1]
[1]Universität Freiburg, Freiburg im Breisgau, BW, Germany
[2]Hochschule Furtwangen, Tuttlingen, BW, Germany

The purpose of this study is to understand the growth mechanism of copper (Cu) films on a Cu-Zn system substrate with a pre-defined pattern. The pattern was defined by conducting a selective etching process on a two-phase polycrystalline substrate. As a result of this process, there were etched regions correspondent to beta-phase crystals and quasi non-etched regions that belong to alpha-phase ...