Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.
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Steady-state simulation of mono-valent ion distributions within a nanofluidic channel

W. Booth[1], J. Schiffbauer[1], J. Fernandez[2], K. Kelley[3], A. Timperman[3], and B. Edwards[1]

[1]Physics Department, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
[2]Chemical Engineering Department, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
[3]Chemistry Department, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA

The steady-state non-equilibrium distributions of two species of mono-valent ions around a charged nanofluidic channel have been examined. Large reservoirs were placed on either side of the nanoscale channel to simulate bulk concentration of ions in a fluid. Results from COMSOL Multiphysics simulations show that the effect of the potential bias across the nanochannel yields a significant ...

Modelling Coating Lifetime: First Practical Application for Coating Design

T. Machado Amorim [1], C. Allély[1], J. Caire[2]
[1]Arcelor Mittal Research, Maizieres-les-Metz, France
[2]ENSEEG, Grenoble, France

The corrosion at cut-made edges is significant due to the anode to cathode surface ratio in this region. The major problems are the risks of red rust appearance at the exposed steel surface, and the risks of paint delamination in case of insufficient corrosion protection. The work presented here focuses on the development of a 2D FEM model simulating a steady state corrosion situation at a cut ...

Modeling of Galvanic Interactions between AA5083 and Steel under Atmospheric Condition

D. Mizuno, Y. Shi, and R. Kelly
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, VA

Aluminum alloys 5000 series are widely used within the cabins of ships. These aluminum alloys are often joined via steel bolts. There is thus a concern that galvanic interactions will exacerbate corrosion of the aluminum alloys. In this study, a model of the galvanic corrosion between aluminum alloy AA5083 and steel under atmospheric conditions was built. The Nernst-Plank equation and the ...

Simulation of C-MEMS Based Enzymatic Biofuel Cell

Y. Parikh, V. Penmatsa, J. Yang, and C. Wang

Department of Mechanical & Material Science Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

An Enzymatic Biofuel Cell (EBFC) converts the chemical energy in biological fuels into electricity. In this work, we optimize the performance of the Carbon-Micro Electro Mechanical system in an EBFC by using COMSOL Multiphysics. With a simple model, we realized that most of the glucose reacts with enzymes at the top of the electrode posts, while the bottoms of the posts remain deficient of the ...

Study of Hydrogen Release from a Metal Hydride Bed

K. Song[1], and H. Knickle[1]

[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Rhode Island, Kingston Rhode Island, USA

In this paper we present a study of the time dependent analysis of a metal hydride bed (MHB) which provides constant flow to a fuel cell at required power loading and pressure. The hydrogen gas phase pressure, the hydrogen concentration in the metal hydride and the hydrogen desorption rate are consider as key variables in this study. Both the space scale and time scale analysis are performed. ...

Thermal Analysis on Module Level in an Automotive Battery Package

Z. Wu [1], H. Kemper [1],
[1] Energy Storage Systems, FH Aachen, Aachen, Germany

Vehicles with battery as energy storage fascinate more and more people. Meanwhile, more questions are surfaced – How to ensure a safe operation of the battery package? How long could the cycle life of a battery package reach? Can a battery package be operated in any environmental circumstance? All these questions are the driving forces of our work – development of the optimal battery packs for ...

Computational Modelling of Fluid Dynamics in Electropolishing of Radiofrequency Accelerating Cavities - new

H. Rana[1], L. Ferreira[2]
[1]Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK
[2]European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN), Genéve, Switzerland

Electropolishing is an electrochemical process that radiofrequency accelerating cavities undergo in order to improve their inner metal surface finishing. This is performed prior to their installation into particle accelerators, in order to enhance their accelerating properties. Using COMSOL Multiphysics® software it was possible to model the process throughout the cavity and study the fluid ...

Simulating Performance and Species Crossover in a Vanadium Redox Flow Battery using COMSOL Multiphysics

E. Agar, K. Knehr, C. Dennison, and E. Kumbur
Electrochemical Energy Systems Lab.
Dept. of Mechanical Eng. and Mechanics
Drexel University
Philadelphia, PA

Vanadium redox flow batteries (VRBs) are a promising new energy storage technology designed for use in long term applications such as uninterruptible power supply and coupling with renewable energy sources (i.e. wind and solar). Crossover is the undesired transport of vanadium ions through the ion exchange membrane during operation and is a major factor limiting the overall efficiency and charge ...

Electrochemical Characterization of the Microband Graphite Electrodes

A. V. Volkov [1], A. N. Sekretaryova [2], I. V. Zozoulenko [1], A. P. F. Turner [2], M. Yu. Vagin [2], M. Eriksson [2]
[1] Laboratory of Organic Electronics, Department of Science and Technology, Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden
[2] Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden

The microband design of microelectrodes is a cost-effective and easily-fabricated compromise combining convergent mass transport, due to microscale width as a critical dimension, and high output currents due to the macroscopic length. Among the various techniques available for microband electrode fabrication, screen-printing stands out as an inexpensive approach. The application of cross cutting ...

Hierarchical Modeling of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells

J. Dujc[1], J.O. Schumacher[1]
[1]Zurich University of Applied Sciences (ZHAW), Institute of Computational Physics (ICP), Winterthur, Switzerland

A finite element model of a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) is described in this paper. We divide the PEMFC into two separate and parallel 2D regions which are connected by the 1D regions representing the membrane electrode assembly (MEA). COMSOL Multiphysics® was used as a development tool for hierarchical 1D MEA models. Here we present a 1D model that is based on seven governing ...