Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Investigation of the Effect of Spinal Defects on Spondylolysis and Stress Fracture of Vertebral Bodies

M.S. Yeoman[1], C. Quah[2], A. Cizinauskas[1], K. Cooper[1], D. McNally[5], B. Boszczyk[2]
[1]Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
[2]The Centre for Spinal Studies and Surgery, Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
[5]Bioengineering Research Group, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom

Spondylolysis (SL) is a defect of the spinal vertebra, and is typically caused by stress fracture of the pars interarticularis bone of the vertebral arch. It is especially common in adolescents who over train in sporting activities. Spina bifida occulta (SBO) is a malformation of the spine where the protruding vertebral bodies are not fully formed. In this study we demonstrate the predisposition ...

Shear Stress Analysis in High-Throughput Dual-micropillar-based Microfluidic Platform

J.Borana[1], J.M.Lee[2], B.G.Chung[2]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, India
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sogang University, Seoul, Korea

We developed the dual-micropillar-based microfluidic platform to control cellular behavior. The 4×4 dual micro-pillar based platform consists of 16 circular-shaped outer micropillars and 8 saddle shaped inner-micropillars. We simulated various shapes of inner micropillars to analyze the shear stress inside the inner micropillar. Therefore, this dual-micropillar-based microfluidic platform could ...

Evaluation of Binary Mixture Models for 3D Printed Biosensors

J. Persad [1], S. Rocke [1], D. Ringis [1], A. Abdool [1],
[1] Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago

3D printing as applied to the area of electronics manufacture covers a broad range of traditional printing technologies [1]. The attraction in 3D printing lies in its potential to disrupt the traditional photolithographic/subtractive manufacturing line with simpler additive processes. Additive electronics manufacturing which utilises 3D printing techniques allow for fewer production steps and ...

Time-Domain Model of the Inner Ear to Study Nonlinear Responses

K. Gladine [1], J. Soons [1], J. Dirckx [1]
[1] University of Antwerp, Belgium

The ear doesn’t solely listen but it also speaks. Sounds formed in the inner ear which are measurable in the outer ear are called Otoacoustic emissions (OAEs). Some claim these are produced by the outer hair cells (OHCs), the amplifiers in the inner ear. Our hypothesis is that the OHCs only amplify distortion products (DPs) but do not produce them.

Investigating the Loading Behaviour of Intact and Meniscectomy Knee Joints and the Impact on Surgical Decisions

M. S. Yeoman [1],
[1] Continuum Blue Ltd., Cardiff, United Kingdom

Knee joints are often subject to high loads, which can lead to injury, malalignment, and the progression of osteoarthritis in patients. To better understand the behavior, and the effect of meniscal damage and different meniscectomy repair approaches, a 3D structural mechanics model of a patient specific knee was developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The model made use of the Structural Mechanics ...

Fresh Produce Safety During Hydrocooling: An Engineering Model - new

A. Warning[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Hydrocooling is the process by which warm produce is chilled with water. The chilling of warm produce generates a negative pressure differential between the produce (warm) and (cold) water due to the condensation of water vapor inside the produce which forms a vacuum and can pull in contaminated water through an opening. A porous media based model of water infiltration was developed using a ...

Numerical Analysis on Plasmonic Nano-Cucumber Achieving Large EFs and Wide Tuneability of the Peak

A. Zare [1], E. Cutler [1], H. Cho [1],
[1] Center for Biomedical Engineering & Science, University of North Carolina - Charlotte, Charlotte, NC, USA

INTRODUCTION: Researchers in the biomedical field have recently become interested in the potential applications of plasomics. Surface plasmon resonance based on optical properties of metallic nanostructures can be used for detection of special biological targets. Gold nanostructures with different shapes and sizes have been designed to achieve high enhancement factor (EF), wide range of ...

Fluid Flow Behavior in Steady and Transient Force Medical Injection Systems

E. Gutierrez-Miravete [1], T. Langley [2],
[1] Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute - Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
[2] Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA

Syringes were first conceptualized in 1650, but were invented in 1853 by Dr. Alexander Wood. As of 2011, nearly 8 billion syringes are used each year in the United States for medical purposes (not including veterinary services). These syringes are used for diseases like diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and HIV. As injected medication is becoming increasingly more common, ...

A Mean Field Approach to Many-particles Effects in Dielectrophoresis

O. Nicotra, and A. La Magna
CNR-IMM Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy

One of the major applications for dielectrophoresis is the selective trapping and fractionation in lab-on-a-chip devices. Nevertheless, many-particle effects due to high concentrations of biological material around electrodes can cause a rapid decrease of trapping efficiency in dielectrophoretic devices. In this contribution we present a new approach based on a drift-diffusion dynamics to study ...

Modelling of Thermally Induced Electrical Instabilities in Intestine using COMSOL Multiphysics®

A. Gizzi[1][3], C. Cherubini[1][2], S. Migliori[1][3], and S. Filippi[1][2]
[1]Nonlinear Physics and Mathematical Modeling Lab, Engineering Faculty, University Campus Bio-Medico, Roma, Italy
[2]International Center for Relativistic Astrophysics, University of Rome La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
[3]Alberto Sordi Foundation, Research Institute on Aging, Roma, Italy

Postoperative or paralytic Ileus (PI) is a temporary aftermath of major abdominal surgeries. PI prevents the passage of food throughout the lumen leading to bloating, distension, emesis and pain. A plausible mathematical model for this phenomenology physiologically fine tuned including thermal variations, is presented here. Using COMSOL Multiphysics the existing intestinal ionic model have been ...