Investigation of the Effect of Spinal Defects on Spondylolysis and Stress Fracture of Vertebral Bodies
M.S. Yeoman, C. Quah, A. Cizinauskas, K. Cooper, D. McNally, B. Boszczyk
Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
The Centre for Spinal Studies and Surgery, Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Bioengineering Research Group, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Spondylolysis (SL) is a defect of the spinal vertebra, and is typically caused by stress fracture of the pars interarticularis bone of the vertebral arch. It is especially common in adolescents who over train in sporting activities. Spina bifida occulta (SBO) is a malformation of the spine where the protruding vertebral bodies are not fully formed. In this study we demonstrate the predisposition ...
J.Borana, J.M.Lee, B.G.Chung
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, India
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sogang University, Seoul, Korea
We developed the dual-micropillar-based microfluidic platform to control cellular behavior. The 4×4 dual micro-pillar based platform consists of 16 circular-shaped outer micropillars and 8 saddle shaped inner-micropillars. We simulated various shapes of inner micropillars to analyze the shear stress inside the inner micropillar. Therefore, this dual-micropillar-based microfluidic platform could ...
J. Persad , S. Rocke , D. Ringis , A. Abdool ,
 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
3D printing as applied to the area of electronics manufacture covers a broad range of traditional printing technologies . The attraction in 3D printing lies in its potential to disrupt the traditional photolithographic/subtractive manufacturing line with simpler additive processes. Additive electronics manufacturing which utilises 3D printing techniques allow for fewer production steps and ...
K. Gladine , J. Soons , J. Dirckx 
 University of Antwerp, Belgium
The ear doesn’t solely listen but it also speaks. Sounds formed in the inner ear which are measurable in the outer ear are called Otoacoustic emissions (OAEs). Some claim these are produced by the outer hair cells (OHCs), the amplifiers in the inner ear. Our hypothesis is that the OHCs only amplify distortion products (DPs) but do not produce them.
Investigating the Loading Behaviour of Intact and Meniscectomy Knee Joints and the Impact on Surgical Decisions
M. S. Yeoman ,
 Continuum Blue Ltd., Cardiff, United Kingdom
Knee joints are often subject to high loads, which can lead to injury, malalignment, and the progression of osteoarthritis in patients. To better understand the behavior, and the effect of meniscal damage and different meniscectomy repair approaches, a 3D structural mechanics model of a patient specific knee was developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The model made use of the Structural Mechanics ...
A. Warning, A. K. Datta
Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Hydrocooling is the process by which warm produce is chilled with water. The chilling of warm produce generates a negative pressure differential between the produce (warm) and (cold) water due to the condensation of water vapor inside the produce which forms a vacuum and can pull in contaminated water through an opening. A porous media based model of water infiltration was developed using a ...
A. Zare , E. Cutler , H. Cho ,
 Center for Biomedical Engineering & Science, University of North Carolina - Charlotte, Charlotte, NC, USA
INTRODUCTION: Researchers in the biomedical field have recently become interested in the potential applications of plasomics. Surface plasmon resonance based on optical properties of metallic nanostructures can be used for detection of special biological targets. Gold nanostructures with different shapes and sizes have been designed to achieve high enhancement factor (EF), wide range of ...
E. Gutierrez-Miravete , T. Langley ,
 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute - Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA
Syringes were first conceptualized in 1650, but were invented in 1853 by Dr. Alexander Wood. As of 2011, nearly 8 billion syringes are used each year in the United States for medical purposes (not including veterinary services). These syringes are used for diseases like diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and HIV. As injected medication is becoming increasingly more common, ...
O. Nicotra, and A. La Magna
CNR-IMM Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
One of the major applications for dielectrophoresis is the selective trapping and fractionation in lab-on-a-chip devices. Nevertheless, many-particle effects due to high concentrations of biological material around electrodes can cause a rapid decrease of trapping efficiency in dielectrophoretic devices. In this contribution we present a new approach based on a drift-diffusion dynamics to study ...
A. Gizzi, C. Cherubini, S. Migliori, and S. Filippi
Nonlinear Physics and Mathematical Modeling Lab, Engineering Faculty, University Campus Bio-Medico, Roma, Italy
International Center for Relativistic Astrophysics, University of Rome La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
Alberto Sordi Foundation, Research Institute on Aging, Roma, Italy
Postoperative or paralytic Ileus (PI) is a temporary aftermath of major abdominal surgeries. PI prevents the passage of food throughout the lumen leading to bloating, distension, emesis and pain. A plausible mathematical model for this phenomenology physiologically fine tuned including thermal variations, is presented here. Using COMSOL Multiphysics the existing intestinal ionic model have been ...