M. Richter, S. Moenickes, O. Richter, T. Schröder
BASF SE, Agricultural Center, Limburgerhof, Germany
Institute of Geoecology, TU Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany
In a soil pore, water flows through the biofilm, where the density of the latter was assumed to represent a flow resistance. This mechanism was implemented as a local change of fluid viscosity proportional to local biofilm density. It was assumed that diffusive substrate transport is possible through the biofilm region such that the biofilm was able to degrade the substance. Maximum flow ...
E. Zanchini, and T. Terlizzese
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Energetica, Nucleare e del Controllo Ambientale, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
The results of two thermal response tests recently performed on two vertical borehole heat exchangers (BHEs) are presented. The BHEs have the same cross section and a depth of 100 m and 120 m respectively. The evaluation of the thermal properties of the ground and grout are performed by a finite-element simulation method, developed through the software package COMSOL Multiphysics 3.4.
J. Rodríguez-González, A.M. Negredo, P. Petricca, and E. Carminati
Departamento de Geofísica y Meteorología, Facultad de CC. Físicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
Istituto Geologia Ambientale e Geoingegneria – CNR, Roma, Italy
Subduction processes have great importance as are related to volcanism and earthquake occurrence. Old and cold plates should subduct steeper than younger ones, but the subduction angle is highly variable and does not always correlate with the age of the plates. Some researchers propose a global or net westward drift of the lithosphere relative to the mantle and this assessment is still a matter ...
COMSOL Implementation for Upscaling of Two-Phase Immiscible Flows in Communicating Layered Reservoirs
X. Zhang, A. Shapiro, and E.H. Stenby
Center for Energy Resources Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark
Waterflooding is widely used in secondary oil recovery. The physics is described by the model of two-phase flow in porous media. The aim of the present work is to implement this model in COMSOL Multiphysics and to simulate the process of waterflooding. It is analyzed in two dimensions. We use layered reservoir in our study. The numerical implementation is validated, comparing with analytical ...
J. Park, T.I. Bjørnarå, and B.A. Farrelly 
Norwegian Geotechnical Institute(NGI), Oslo, Norway
MultiField Geophysics AS, Norway
In the study, we present an efficient absorbing boundary domain technique whose main application is the 3D finite element (FE) modelling of the so-called controlled-source electromagnetic (CSEM) data, collected for the geophysical exploration. The developed technique is based on the real-value exponentially-stretched coordinates. We have implemented the developed technique using the user ...
Extraction of Thermal Characteristics of Surrounding Geological Layers of a Geothermal Heat Exchanger by COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulations - new
N. Aranzabal, J. Martos, J. Soret, J. Torres, R. García-Olcina, Á. Montero
Technical School of Engineering, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Department of Applied Physics, Politechnical University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
It has been demonstrated that is possible obtain the thermal parameters of geological layers of a BHE (Borehole Heat Exchanger) by fitting temperature evolution in an observer pipe inserted into borehole.
B. Kröger, U. Yaramanci, and A. Kemna
1 University of Bonn
We present the results of full-waveform time-dependent finite-element modelling of coupled seismoelectromagnetic wave propagation in fluid-saturated porous media. To describe the seismoelectric response of the system a new set of equations is developed which couple the poroelasticity theory and Maxwell’s equations via flux/force transport equations in a thermodynamical sense. The coupling ...
J. Park, T. Bjornara, H. Westerdahl, and E. Gonzalez
Norwegian Geotechnical Institute (NGI), Oslo, Norway
StatoilHydro Research Center, Norway
In this study, we propose an absorbing boundary domain (or condition), which is really simple but still efficient for the 2.5D finite element (FE) analysis. The main application is to simulate the electromagnetic (EM) waves related to the marine controlled source electromagnetic (CSEM) method, where the EM wave propagates with extremely low frequency in the conductive media. In the near future, ...
L. Meacci, A. Farina, F. Rosso, I. Borsi, M. Ceseri, and A. Speranza
Dipartimento di Matematica U. Dini, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
The problem is to understand how a geothermal field can evolve from a water dominated state into a vapor dominated one. A first answer to this question is given by a simplified mathematical model of the dynamics of a geothermal field in which the geothermal fluid is entirely composed by pure H2O. We considered a 1-D geometry and we developed a dynamic model that presents a clear interface ...
Y. Beauregard, M. Gobian, and F. Garisto
University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada
Nuclear Waste Management Organization, Toronto, ON, Canada
In the Canadian concept for a deep geological repository for used nuclear fuel, the used fuel bundles are placed in containers consisting of an inner steel vessel surrounded by a copper shell. The filled containers are placed in excavated tunnels or boreholes and surrounded by a compacted bentonite clay buffer material. In the event of container failure, the rate of migration of radionuclides ...