See How Multiphysics Simulation Is Used in Research and Development

Engineers, researchers, and scientists across industries use multiphysics simulation to research and develop innovative product designs and processes. Find inspiration in technical papers and presentations they have presented at the COMSOL Conference. Browse the selection below or use the Quick Search tool to find a specific presentation or filter by application area.
View the COMSOL Conference 2018 Collection
Geophysics and Geomechanicsx

Why We Have Earthquakes in the Eastern United States

J. K. Costain[1]
[1]Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA

There are only two types of naturally-occurring earthquakes anywhere on the Earth: 1) those associated with the dynamics of plate tectonics and 2) those associated with the dynamics of the hydrologic cycle. The first type is characteristic of an INTERplate setting (like the San Andreas ... Read More

Numerical Simulation: Field Scale Fluid Injection to a Porous Layer in Relevance to CO₂ Geological Storage

S. Kim[1], S. A. Hosseini[1], S. D. Hovorka[1]
[1]Bureau of Economic Geology, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA

CO₂ geological storage can help to provide a “bridge” from a fossil-fuel dependent system to a more diversified energy portfolio. Pressure monitoring for an injection zone (IZ) and an above-zone monitoring interval (AZMI) has been under operation at a field-scale CO₂ injection site, ... Read More

Applicability of the Fracture Flow Interface to the Analysis of Piping in Granular Material

S. Bersan[1], C. Jommi[2], A. Koelewijn[3], P. Simonini[1]
[1]University of Padua, Padua, Italy
[2]Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
[3]Deltares, Delft, The Netherlands

Piping is a kind of internal erosion that occurs under water retaining structures lying on a sandy soil. In an attempt to reproduce the growth of erosion channels in sand, a small scale physical model has been set up in the laboratory and a finite element model that reproduces the ... Read More

Pore-Level Influence of Contact Angle on Fluid Displacements in Porous Media new

H. Ali Akhlaghi Amiri[1]
[1]University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway

Wettability affects two-phase displacements in porous media by determining the microscopic distribution of fluids in pore spaces. The impact of wettability on transport properties at macro-scales has been widely addressed in literature; however a deeper understanding of wettability ... Read More

Extraction of Thermal Characteristics of Surrounding Geological Layers of a Geothermal Heat Exchanger by COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulations new

N. Aranzabal[1], J. Martos[1], J. Soret[1], J. Torres[1], R. García-Olcina[1], Á. Montero[2]
[1]Technical School of Engineering, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
[2]Department of Applied Physics, Politechnical University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain

It has been demonstrated that is possible obtain the thermal parameters of geological layers of a BHE (Borehole Heat Exchanger) by fitting temperature evolution in an observer pipe inserted into borehole. Read More

Modeling of Biocalcification in Non-Saturated Conditions

B. Courcelles [1], C. Raymond-Poirier [1],
[1] École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada

In the context of increasing demographic pressures around the world, soil improvement techniques constitute viable alternatives to expensive foundations. Among these techniques, the biocalcification of granular soils appears as a promising alternative relying on the formation of calcium ... Read More

Finite-Element Evaluation of Thermal Response Tests Performed on U-Tube Borehole Heat Exchangers

E. Zanchini, and T. Terlizzese
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Energetica, Nucleare e del Controllo Ambientale, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy

The results of two thermal response tests recently performed on two vertical borehole heat exchangers (BHEs) are presented. The BHEs have the same cross section and a depth of 100 m and 120 m respectively. The evaluation of the thermal properties of the ground and grout are ... Read More

Impact Assessment of Hydrologic and Operational Factors on the Efficiency of Managed Aquifer Recharge Scheme

M.A. Rahman[1], P. Oberdorfer[1], Y. Jin[1], M. Pervin[1], E. Holzbecher[1]
[1]Department of Applied Geology, Geoscience Center, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany

Due to increased demands on groundwater accompanied by increased drawdowns (ca. 2-3 meters/year), technologies that use alternative water resources have been suggested for Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Preliminary studies show that managed aquifer recharge (MAR) would help in optimal use of ... Read More

COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulation of the Electrokinetic Effect in Gidrogeology

M. A. Narbut [1], K. V. Titov [1], P. K. Konosavsky [1],
[1] Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia

The groundwater flow is accompanied by the electric field with potential called usually the streaming potential or the Self-Potential (SP) to be measured on the ground surface (e.g., Rizzo et al., 2004; Bolève et al., 2007; Jardani et al., 2009). We studied numerically the SP signals ... Read More

Numerical Simulation of Quasi-steady-state Gas Flow in a Landfill

Q. Zheng [1],
[1] Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China

Landfill is currently the most dominating method to dispose wastes, which are caused by the lives of residents and constructions of cities and towns. Because of large amounts of organic substances in landfills, they will undergo continuous microbial degradation, which generates a lot of ... Read More