Y. Jin, E. Holzbecher, and P. Oberdorfer
A novel method for groundwater lowering, which can be applied at construction sites, for aquifer remediation measures or in open mining, is proposed. In contrast to conventional techniques, dewatering is achieved without water conveyance. In this paper the physical concept of the new technology, referred as single borehole pump & inject, is modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics. Two and three ...
Impact Assessment of Hydrologic and Operational Factors on the Efficiency of Managed Aquifer Recharge Scheme
M.A. Rahman, P. Oberdorfer, Y. Jin, M. Pervin, E. Holzbecher
Department of Applied Geology, Geoscience Center, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany
Due to increased demands on groundwater accompanied by increased drawdowns (ca. 2-3 meters/year), technologies that use alternative water resources have been suggested for Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Preliminary studies show that managed aquifer recharge (MAR) would help in optimal use of available water resources and to reduce adverse effects of pumping in the Dupitila aquifer of the city. In this ...
Can we use Aquifers to Monitor Magma Chambers? Using COMSOL Multiphysics® to Investigate Subsurface Strain Changes and Their Effect on Hydrological Systems - new
K. Strehlow, J. Gottsmann, A. Rust
University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Groundwater-bearing geological layers respond to and modify the surface expressions of magmatic activity, and they can also become agents of volcanic unrest themselves. Interpretations of unrest signals as groundwater responses to changes in the magmatic system can be found for many volcanoes and include a wide range of phenomena and suggested processes to explain them (e.g., Newhall et al., ...
D. Sampietro , E. Abarca , M. Bayer , S. Jordana , J. Molinero , T. Tanaka , S. Hashimoto , T. Iwatsuki , H. Onoe , H. Saegusa 
 Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
 Obayashi Corporation, Tokyo, Japan
 Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Gifu, Japan
The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is carrying out an URL (Underground Research Laboratory) project in Mizunami city, central Japan. The project is a purpose-built generic URL project that is planned for a scientific study of the deep geological environment in fractured crystalline rock as a basis of research and development for geological disposal of nuclear waste. The concrete material ...
Simulation and Validation of Seasonal Soil Temperature Variations Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software
L. J. Matel ,
 Green Streets Infrastructure LLC, Seattle, WA, USA
The influence of the energy (heat) stored in the earth as a major factor in environmental soil processes is recognized by the soil science community. The heat (energy) supplied by the earth is known to fluctuate with depth below ground surface and time of year, obviously as a function of solar radiation variations through the seasons. The variation of energy available to drive evaporation can ...
Underground Coal Fire Extinction Model Using Coupled Reactive Heat and Mass Transfer Model in Porous Media
S. Suhendra, M. Schmidt, and U. Krause
Laboratory II.2: “Flammable Bulk Materials and Dusts, Solid Fuels”, Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Berlin, Germany
Green house gases emission associated with natural hazard of underground coal seam fire has been recognized as a worldwide problem leading to global warming threat. Therefore, in this paper a model to study underground coal fire is presented and the results will be devoted to strategic development of coal fire extinction technology within the framework of Sino-German Coal Fire Research ...
Simulated Annealing and Genetic Algorithm Optimization using COMSOL Multiphysics®: Applications to the Analysis of Ground Deformation in Active Volcanic Areas
A. Manconi, P. Tizzani, G. Zeni, S. Pepe, and G. Solaro
IREA, CNR, Napoli, Italy
INGV, Osservatorio Vesuviano, Napoli, Italy
We combine the potentiality of COMSOL with Monte Carlo optimization procedures, referred to as Simulated Annealing and Genetic Algorithm, in order to analyze and interpret ground deformation measured in active volcanic areas. Through MATLAB® subroutines, we use FE (Finite Element) models that include complexities like topography, vertical and lateral heterogeneities and time-dependent ...
管伟明 , 聂欣 ,
O. Silva , E. Coene , J. Molinero , B. Shafei 
 Amphos 21 Consulting S.L., Barcelona, Spain
Hydrophobic meshes are a new, promising technique for the recovery of spilled oil in the ocean. They allow to recover and store oil, while filtering it from the surrounding water. They are clean, efficient and can be used in continuously. These meshes have one drawback, however: if they are submerged too deep under the water level, the high pressure will cause presence of water in the recovered ...
Effect of Groundwater Flow on the Subsurface Temperature within Crystalline Rocks of Southern Norway
Y. P. Maystrenko , O. Olesen ,
 Geological Survey of Norway (NGU), Trondheim, Norway
The subsurface thermal regime has been investigated in boreholes from southern Norway. During the purely conductive 2D thermal modeling, the COMSOL Heat Transfer for Solids interface has been used to simulate heat transfer by heat conduction. COMSOL physics interfaces Heat Transfer in Porous Media and Porous Media and Subsurface Flow/Darcy's Law have been used to carry out a fully coupled ...