Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Finite Element Models of Elasto-Plastic Deformation in Volcanic Areas

D. Scandura, G. Currenti, and C. Del Negro
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy

In volcanic areas, the presence of heterogeneous materials and high temperatures affect the rheological behaviour of the Earth's crust that calls for considering the anelastic properties of the medium surrounding the magmatic sources. A thermo-mechanical numerical model is performed for evaluating the temperature dependency of the elasto-plastic solution. Both temperature distributions and ...

Solution of Poroelastic Equations with Different Base Variables Using Equation-based Modeling

M. H. Akanda [1], Y. Cao [1], A. J. Meir [1],
[1] Department of Mathematics & Statistics, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA

Poroelasticity equations describe the interaction between fluid flow and solids deformation within a porous medium. Modeling of poroelasticity is coupling between elastic deformation of porous materials and Darcy’s law. Poroelasticity has numerous real world applications such as in reservoir engineering, bio-engineering, environmental engineering etc. We have used quasi-static poroelastic ...

A Coupled Thermal, Chemical and Mechanical Model using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

Xiang Sun [1], Hao Luo [2], Xiaoxia Guo [1], Yuelang Jin [3], Tingting Luo [1]
[1] Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China
[2] University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
[3] Tongji University, Shanghai, China

Many numerical coupling thermo-hydro-mechanical-chemical models for methane hydrate bearing sediments(MHBS) have been proposed to analyze the mechanical behavior of MHBS during methane gas production. However, most of them are based on finite differential method (FDM) or finite volume method (FVM). Few models for MHBS based on finite element method (FEM) and Galerkin variation principle are ...

Modelling of Transport Phenomena and Effect of Applied Electrical Field on Heavy Metals Recovery during Application of the Electro-remediation Process

A. Mahmoud, and J. Beaugrand
Laboratoire de Thermique Energétique et Procédés, ENSGTI, Pau, France

A mathematical model for the simulation of contaminant such as heavy metals removal from soils by electric fields was performed in a 2-D geometry using COMSOL Multiphysics. Electrokinetic phenomena is the result of the coupling between hydraulic and electrical potential gradients in fine grained soils. The model describes the coupled transport of mass and charge of species subjected to an ...

Variation of the Frost Boundary below Road and Railway Embankments in Permafrost Regions in Response to Solar Irradiation and Winds 

N.I. Kömle[1] and W. Feng[2]
[1]Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Graz, Austria
[2]State Key Laboratory of Frozen Soil Engineering, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Lanzhou, China

We present COMSOL solutions for a coupled gas flow and heat transfer problem, which occurs particularly when traffic pathways are constructed in high altitude and arctic regions, where the underground is frozen soil. To avoid melting of the frozen ground (which usually leads to mechanical instability) one has to find suitable measures to keep the subsurface soil and the embankment suitably cool. ...

Coupling Hydrodynamics and Geophysics with COMSOL Multiphysics: First Approach and Application to Leachate Injection in Municipal Waste Landfills

C. Duquennoi[1], S. Weisse[1], R. Clement[1], and L. Oxarango[2]
[1]Cemagref, HBAN research unit, Antony, France
[2]LTHE, Grenoble, France

The efficiency of bioreactor lanfills depends on a homogeneous distribution of leachate in the waste body. Therefore, optimisation of leachate injection systems is a challenging issue for operators. Most studies have shown that surface Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) can be a suitable method to study moisture distribution (2D and 3D). But resistivity inversion models used to date are ...

Earthquake and Volcano Clustering at Mono Basin (California)

D. La Marra[1], A. Manconi[2], and M. Battaglia[1]
[1]Dept of Earth Sciences, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Roma, Italy
[2]IRPI-CNR, Strada delle Cacce, Torino, Italy

This study investigates the feedback between fault slip and dike intrusions during the Mono-Inyo eruption sequence of ~1350 A.D. (Mono Basin, California). We perform an extensive validation of 3D finite element models, implemented in the Structural Mechanics module of COMSOL Multiphysics, against standard analytical solutions of fault dislocation in a homogeneous elastic flat halfspace. The ...

COMSOL Multiphysics, TOUGHREACT and Numerrin Comparison in Some Modelling Tasks of Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal

A. Itälä[1], V-M. Pulkkanen[1], M. Laitinen[2], M. Tanhua-Tyrkkö[1], and M. Olin[1]
[1]VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland
[2]Numerola Oy, Jyväskylä, Finland

Bentonite clay is used as a protecting barrier around both the copper capsules in deposition holes and in deposition tunnels in the KBS-3 final disposal concept for spent nuclear fuel. The performance of these bentonite barriers will be investigated both experimentally and by modelling. Both approaches are needed, because for example the time span in question (hundred thousand years or even ...

Erosion Of Buffer Caused By Groundwater Leakages Based On ESM-Application

O. Punkkinen[1], A. Jorma[1], K. Kari[2], and M. Olin[3]
[1]B+Tech, Helsinki, Finland
[2]Posiva, Eurajoki, Finland
[3]VTT, Espoo, Finland

In this work the issue of saturation phase erosion caused by groundwater leakages was approached both experimentally and computationally by employing COMSOL\'s Earth Science Module. We evaluated the total mass of eroded bentonite out of a cylindrical erosion channel both numerically and experimentally, and studied its dependence on time. It was observed that logarithmic eroded mass loss as a ...

Magnetotelluric Response Distortion Over Rugged Topography

D. Rizzello[1], P. Canepa[1], E. Armadillo[1]
[1]DISTAV - University of Genova, Genova, Italy

Topographic effects on magnetotelluric responses may be severe on rugged terrains. Finite elements simulation is a valuable tool to quantify this effect, due to its capability to match real morphologies. To do the estimate of the distortion, the AC/DC Module of COMSOL has been employed, using a model of homogeneous resistivity on which a DEM (Digital Elevation Model) profile of the Deep Freeze ...