F. Pulvirenti[1,2], M. Aloisi, M. Mattia, and C. Monaco
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia sezione di Catania
Università di Catania
Structural, morphological and ground deformation studies suggest that the eastern flank of Mt. Etna (eastern Sicily) is spreading seaward. According to the deep-seated spreading model, both the volcanic edifice and its uppermost basement are spreading eastwards because of magma inflation processes related to a dike complex located at a depth between the summit craters and the Valle del ...
Assessment of Spatial Variably Saturated Flow by Irrigation Moisture Sensors in 2-Dimensions using the COMSOL Multiphysics 4.1
A. Boluwade, and C. A. Madramootoo
Bioresources Engineering, McGill University
Ste. Anne De Bellevue, QC
This paper reports on the application of COMSOL Multiphysics’ Richard\'s Equation Interface in the assessment of irrigation moisture sensors for detecting the level of water saturation in a spatial variably saturated soil. The Richard\'s Equation (in COMSOL) provides the interface which automates the van Genuchten equation. A hypothetical soil column 4m by 4m was set up with seven irrigation ...
J. M. Dedulle , D. Nguyen 
 SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
 BRGM, Montpellier, France
The Solargeotherm project is assessing the possibility of using vertical geothermal probes drilled into a rock mass (bedrock) for storing the thermal energy produced by solar panels and later releasing it. The research project relies on the installation of an experimental system and the use of heat transfer models. The underground device, set up entirely in Paleozoic schist (greenish grey banded ...
G. Galgana, P. McGovern, and E. Grosfils
Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, Texas, USA
Pomona College, Claremont, California, USA
We present an implementation of the Structural Mechanics module of COMSOL Multiphysics to model the state of stress associated with the emplacement of large volcanic edifices on the surface of a planet. These finite element models capture two essential physical processes: (1) Elastic flexure of the lithosphere beneath the edifice load, and (2) Pressurization of a magma-filled chamber that serves ...
D-S. Jeng, X. Luo, and J. Zhang
Division of Civil Engineering, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, UK
In this paper, an integrated model for ocean waves propagating over a submerged coastal structure, based on COMSOL Multiphysics, is presented. In the model, Navier-Stoke Equation is solved for the wave propagation and Biot’s poro-elastic model is solved for the porous seabed. The new feature of this model is to integrate both wave and soil models into one model. This can be achieved within ...
P. Vincent, E. Humphreys
College of Earth, Ocean, & Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
Department of Geological Sciences, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA
Introduction: Lithospheric delamination beneath the western U.S. is believed to be the driving mechanism responsible for the evolution of magmatic and topographic features observed at the surface in the western U.S.. This process requires hot asthenosphere to be in contact with the underside of cold sub-crustal lithosphere and believed to be initiated by the Yellowstone hot spot plume that due ...
H. Ishimori, and K. Endo
National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
To consider effective counter measures against ground water contaminated with dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs) such as chlorinated solvents, it is first important to understand the mechanism of their migration in heterogeneous aquifer. In addition, numerical analysis models to simulate such a complex migration in heterogeneous aquifer are required. The displacement pressure, which ...
S. Saeid and F.B.J. Barends
Technical University of Delft, Delft, The Netherlands
Deltares and TU-Delft, Delft, The Netherlands
One of the crucial topics in this century is sustainable energy. In this respect, the exploitation of geothermal energy from deep hot aquifers becomes opportune. Hence, insight is required in the heat balance of potential aquifer systems. Essential issues are convection, conduction and dispersion. This article focuses on Lauwerier’s problem. As an extension, it is suggested that beside ...
J. H. Johnson
University of Bristol School of Earth Sciences, Bristol, UK
The use of high-resolution topography in the finite element model demonstrates that deformation from a shallow pressure source can be dramatically affected by overlying relief, not only in magnitude, but also in azimuth. This result is significant as it allows traditionally anomalous data to be evenly weighted during inversions for magma reservoir parameters. The result that surface ...
F. Pulvirenti, M. Aloisi, G. De Guidi, M. Mattia, and C. Monaco
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
Dipartimento di Scienze Geologiche, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy
Structural, morphological and ground deformation studies suggest that the eastern flank of Mt. Etna (eastern Sicily) is spreading seaward. Three contrasting models have been proposed: deep-seated spreading, shallow sliding and tectonic block movements. In order to better understand the kinematics of instability processes on eastern flank of Mt. Etna, a numerical simulation has been applied to a ...