Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.
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Development of a Thermo-Hydro-Geochemical Model for Low-Temperature Geoexchange Applications

F. Eppner [1], P. Pasquier [1], P. Baudron [1],
[1] École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada

Standing column wells (SCW) are open-loop geoexchange systems used to provide space heating and cooling to buildings. As they use groundwater as heat carrier fluid and modify its thermo-chemical conditions along the year, they may favor calcite dissolution and precipitation, thus increasing maintenance costs. In order to predict the thermo-hydro-chemical (THC) processes occurring in a SCW and ...

The Effect of Different Geometries on the Thermal Mantle Convection

M. Herein, and A. Galsa
Department of Geophysics
Eötvös University
Budapest, Hungary

For the numerical solving of the equations, Comsol has been applied. Simulations have been modeled in 2D Cartesian, in cylindrical coordinate system and in a “mantle-like” cylindrical-shell. Mantle dynamics is controlled by the Rayleigh number (Ra), which is the ratio of the buoyancy and viscous force. The effect of Ra has been studied in the range of 1e4 to 1e7. The significance of the ...

Modeling and Simulation of the Consolidation Behaviour of Cemented Paste Backfill

L. Cui [1], M. Fall [1],
[1] University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada

In underground mining operations, the mined-out spaces (called stopes) need to be backfilled to maintain the stability of surrounding rock mass and increase the ore recovery. Cemented paste backfill (CPB), a mixture of water, binder, and tailings, has been intensively utilized in underground mining operations to fill the stopes. After preparation, the fresh CPB is transported into stopes via ...

Submarine Gas Hydrate Reservoir Simulations - A Gas/Liquid Fluid Flow Model for Gas Hydrate Containing Sediments - new

S. Schlüter[1], T. Hennig[1], G. Janicki[1], G. Deerberg[1]
[1]Fraunhofer UMSICHT, Oberhausen, Germany

In the medium term, gas hydrate reservoirs in the subsea sediment are intended as deposits for carbon dioxide (CO2) from fossil fuel consumption. This idea is supported by the fact, that CO2 hydrates are more stable than methane hydrates at certain conditions. The potential of producing methane by depressurization and/or by injecting CO2 is studied in the frame of the research project SUGAR. ...

3D Numerical Modeling of Vertical Geothermal Probes

J. M. Dedulle [1], D. Nguyen [2]
[1] SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
[2] BRGM, Montpellier, France

The Solargeotherm project is assessing the possibility of using vertical geothermal probes drilled into a rock mass (bedrock) for storing the thermal energy produced by solar panels and later releasing it. The research project relies on the installation of an experimental system and the use of heat transfer models. The underground device, set up entirely in Paleozoic schist (greenish grey banded ...

Simulation of a Nozzle in a Borehole

E. Holzbecher [1], F. Sun [2],
[1] German University of Technology in Oman, Muscat, Oman, Germany
[2] Georg-August-Universität, Göttingen, Germany

In boreholes nozzles have to be found advantageous to increase the infiltration rate of water into the subsurface ground. Studies and practice in the field shows that the infiltration of water into permeable aquifers can be improved, if the flow in the borehole is modified. Due to the nozzle the flow regime turns from linear to turbulent. CFD studies help to understand the physics of the ...

CFD Simulation of Pore Pressure Oscillation Method to Measure the Permeability of Tight Formations

M. Mokhtari [1], S. A. Madani [1], A. Seibi [1],
[1] Department of Petroleum Engineering, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, LA, USA

Accurate estimation of rock permeability and porosity play a crucial role in the evaluation of oil and gas reservoirs. This evaluation is, however, challenging in tight formations such as shale due to the slow transition of fluid in such formations with extremely-low permeability. To overcome the long experimental time of conventional technique for permeability measurement (steady-state method), ...

An Equivalent Kd-based Radionuclide Transport Model Implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

O. Silva [1], E. Abarca [1], J. Molinero [1], U. Kautsky [2]
[1] Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
[2] Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co., Stockholm, Sweden

Radionuclide sorption is often simulated using a lumped approach where retention processes are represented by the distribution coefficient (Kd), which relates the radionuclide mass retained in the solid phase to its aqueous concentration. Classical Kd-based simulations rely on two strong assumptions: Kd depends on soil properties and is constant in time. However, sorption processes depend also ...

Finite Element-Based Characterization of Viscoelastic Materials

X. Song [1], S. Dircks [1], D. Mirosnikov [1], B. Lassen [2],
[1] Mads Clausen Institute, SDU, Sønderborg, Denmark
[2] DONG Energy, Fredericia, Denmark

The objective of this study is to acquire a full characterization of a hyper-elastic material. The process is realized by performing a Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA) with a viscoelastic material, which is extended by image processing algorithms in order to measure the changing distance of two dots in the direction of contraction. Due to the non-linear behavior of the material, the model ...

Simulation of Ground Heat Exchanger for Cryogenic Applications

F. Bergeron[1], P. Pasquier[1]
[1]École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada

Ground freezing techniques using liquid nitrogen are commonly used in order to increase the mechanical properties of the soils. This article presents a new ground heat exchanger using aluminum to increase the effective radius of the heat exchanger. Simulation results indicate that the current design generates a significant thermal short-circuit between the circulation pipes that must be ...