S. N. Das, G. Bose
Centurion University of Technology and Managment, Jatani, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India
Institute of Technical Education and Research, SOA University, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India
This paper describes the characteristics of MEMS microchannel and various issues of its designing. Here the major parameters are pressure drop and heat transfer rate. Various structures are modeled and optimized to get a minimum pressure drop and maximum heat transfer rate. The simulation results provide the characterization for Temperature, Mass flow rate, Pressure drop and Reynolds number. ...
N. Martaj[1,2], E. Guidicelli, Y. Cuminal, A. Perona, S. Pincemin[1,2]
EPF-Ecole d’Ingénieurs, Montpellier, France
IES, UMR5214, Université Montpellier II, Montpellier, France
Laboratoire PROMES-CNRS Tecnosud, Rambla de la thermodynamique, Perpignan, France
The paper studies the thermal modeling and simulation of photovoltaic cells suitable for use in highly concentrated solar flux (> 1000 suns). The cells studied are those of GaAs kind. These cells are a very good alternative to be studied instead of more complex multi junctions cells. The objective is to find a simple and inexpensive way to remove heat from PV modules and to keep the electrical ...
Simulation of a Climate Chamber with Rapid Temperature and Humidity Response for Small-Angle Neutron Scattering
L. Holitzner ,
 Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI), Villigen, Switzerland
We have developed a small environmental chamber to expose a sample to adjustable climate conditions. This climate chamber will be used as sample environment for small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) experiments. SANS is a favorable measuring method, to explore structural changes on the length scale between 1 and 500 nanometer during water intake or dissipation, for example in fuel cell ...
A Coulomb Stress Model to Simulate Induced Seismicity Due to Fluid Injection and Withdrawal in Deep Boreholes
G. Perillo, G. De Natale, C. Troise, A. Troiano, M.G. Di Giuseppe, A. Tramelli
University of Naples Parthenope, Naples, Italy
INGV, Osservatorio Vesuviano, Naples, Italy
Fluid injection and withdrawal in deep wells is a basic procedure in mining activities and deep resources exploitation, i.e. oil and gas extraction, geothermal exploitation, geothermal permeability enhancement and waste ?uid disposal. All these activities have the potential to induce seismicity, as dramatically demonstrated by the 2006 Basilea earthquake of magnitude ML=3.4. The mechanism of ...
F. Motte, and C. Cristofari
University of Corsica
Laboratory of Vignola
A new concept of solar water collector, highly building integrated has been developed and patented. This collector is hidden into a drainpipe and is totally invisible from the ground level. The drainpipe keeps its water evacuation function. Each installation is composed of several modules serial connected. An experimental wall has been build to test the thermal performances of the instalation ...
G. Mongatti, A. Borelli
Marchesini Group, Pianoro, Italy
In this model a three-dimensional heat transfer analysis was performed by using COMSOL Multiphysics\' Heat Transfer Module. The model is about the heating of a set of vials (Figure 1) in a current of hot air in the laminar regime. We used time dependent studies to predict the thermal behavior of the glass and to estimate the temperatures in the various points of the bottles at various times. ...
E. Firat, G. Bandlamudi, M. Crisogianni, P. Beckhaus, A. Heinzel
Centre for Fuel Cell Technology (ZBT), Duisburg,NRW, Germany
Heat management is crucial for the satisfactory operation of HT-PEM (High temperature polymer-electrolyte-membrane) fuel cells. Current work investigates the use of heat pipes in a HT PEMFC stack consisting of 24 cells, each with an active area of 300 cm^2. Heat pipes are known to be thermal superconductors operating on the principles of high convective heat transfer and phase transition. ...
S. Birla ,
 ConAgra Foods, Omaha, NE, USA
Scraped surface heat exchangers (SSHEs) are commonly used in the food, chemical, and pharmaceutical industries for heat transfer, crystallization, and other continuous processes. One of the factor posing difficulties to heat transfer is viscosity. Highly viscous fluids tend to generate deep laminar flow, a condition with very poor heat transfer rates and high pressure losses involving a ...
Zhifang Li , Xiyang Zhang ,
 College of Photonic and Electronic Engineering, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, China
Laser immunotherapy (LIT) was developed to treat late-stage, metastatic cancers through local laser irradiation and immunological stimulation. In ILIT, the photothermal effect induces immune responses by destroying and interrupting tumor cells through temperature elevation in target tissue. Tumor is rich in vascularture, and plays a critical part in photothermal effect. Vascularized tumour ...
Two Dimensional Finite Element Heat Transfer Analysis of a Buried Refined Bitumen Pipeline During Initial Start-up, Shutdown Following Initial Start-Up, and Normal Operation
Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
This body of work uses the two dimensional finite element heat transfer capabilities of the conduction application mode within COMSOL to examine the temperature distribution in the fluid, pipe wall, insulation, and surrounding soil of a prototypical bitumen pipeline operating in a cold weather environment during the following modes of operation: initial start-up, shutdown following initial ...