The Effect of Eccentricity in Fully Developed Annular Pipe Flow on Convection Heat Transfer and the Darcy Friction Factor
S. Rabbani , A. Elzawawy , J. D'Arrigo , J. D. Freels 
 Vaughn College of Aeronautics and Technology, New York, NY, USA
 Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
Eccentricity in annular channels contributes to changes in fluid flow characteristics which in turn, affects the performance and integrity of the configuration. This research investigates a model of an annular channel with a diameter ratio of 0.762, an aspect ratio of 68.9:1 and heating of the internal surface of the inner cylinder with a 1.105MW/m2 heat flux. The Reynolds number ranges from 5 ...
Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Multiphysics optimization of thermal-fluid systems is an emerging area of interest with application to the development of high performance cooling technologies for electronic systems. This paper builds on previous work focused on the development of a computational platform for numerical optimization. Specifically, a sample optimized topology is briefly described, and the final result is ...
A. Alfauwaz, and K. Sun
Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
Precise physics experiments in space require highly stable thermal environments, especially if the experiments are targeted in earth orbits where eclipses will cast large temperature variation. We have been designing and modeling a thermal system with sub micro-kelvin stability using COMSOL. Our design is comprised of multiple alternative layers of conductive materials and vacuum ...
B. Chinè , M. Monno
Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
Instituto Tecnologico de Costa Rica, Cartago, Costa Rica
Introduction: In metal foams production, nucleated gas bubbles expand in a heated metal in a mold, then the foam cool and solidify. Thereby energy, mass and momentum transfer mechanisms are present simultaneously in the system and must be taken into account. Metal foam (Figure 1) can be obtained by foaming a precursor, i.e. a mixing of aluminum (Al) powders with the blowing agent TiH2, placing ...
Modeling and Analysis of a Direct Geothermal Heat Pump (DX): Part II-Modeling of Water-Refrigerant Exchanger
J. Fannou, C. Rouseau, L. Lamarche, S. Kajl
École de Technologie Supérieure, Montréal, Canada
In this section, we simulate the heat exchanger system in one dimension characterized by two coaxial tubes with ribbed inner tube using the equations of conservation of mass, conservation of momentum and energy. The COMSOL PDE interface is used to simulate the monophasic and biphasic flow of refrigerant R22 (Chlorodifluoromethane). Heat transfer in waterand inner wall of the exchanger are ...
Optimization of Thermal Properties Identification of Complex Thin Films Using MATLAB® and COMSOL Multiphysics
N. Semmar, B. Wane
GREMI, UMR7344, CNRS-University of Orleans, Orléans Cedex 2, France
The importance of laser processing and thermal properties investigation of bulk materials and thin layers is still increasing. For thermal properties investigation many experimental systems were developed based on the photothermal effect. One of typical ways is to induce a rapid surface temperature increase is to use a pulsed laser beam, create a simplified model of this interaction, and compare ...
E. Konroyd-Bolden, Dr. Z. Liao
Department of Architectural Science, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada
A requirement of the building envelope is to act as environmental separator. Energy is one component that we sometimes wish to control. How can this yield passive benefits such as solar heating? This research focuses on control of thermal radiation energy, and the role windows play as transfer medium between indoor and outdoor environments. A novel concept for passively controlling solar ...
F. M. Alrumayan , Q. Akkam , S. Alqaryan ,
 King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Medical Cyclotrons are used in hospitals to manufacture radiopharmaceuticals. The nuclear reaction between the Cyclotron charged particles and a material takes place inside the so-called targets. In particular, gas target is used when a specific gas is bombarded with proton particles to produce radioactive gas . For successful reaction and good production yield, heat generated due to ...
A. Briffaz , J. M. Méot , P. Bohuon , C. Mestres , B. Matignon , M. Dornier 
 CIRAD, Montpellier, France
 CIRAD, Montpellier, France
 Montpellier SupAgro, Montpellier, France
Describing and predicting the extent of the physicochemical processes as well as geometrical deformation taking place during food transformation is of major importance to control food functional properties. Unfortunately, only a few food-matrix models consider deformation particularly because of large deformation. In the case of a starchy product such as rice, water transport and swelling ...
P. Saikumar , Z. C. Alex , D. Rajapan ,
 VIT University, Vellore, Tamilnadu, India.
 National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT), Pallikaranai, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India
A flow sensor based on calorimetric principle is designed using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The sensor is capable of measuring the velocity from 0 to 1 m/s with a resolution of 0.001m/s. The system works with intrusive type mechanism in which the fluid flows across the sensor and interacts with heating element and sensing unit. Temperature gradient measured across the inlet and outlet sensing ...