Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Numerical Modeling and Performance Optimization Study of a Dehumidification Process in Nuclear Waste Storage

P. Geraldini[1]
[1]Sogin Spa, Rome, Italy

One of the main parameters to consider during the nuclear waste storage design phase is the drum corrosion risk. The humid-air corrosion models available in literature predict that, for carbon steel, the phenomena start to become appreciable for relative humidity (RH) values close to 65%. In general, the corrosion rate increases exponentially with relative humidity above the RH threshold. To ...

Delamination of Sub-Crustal Lithosphere - new

P. Vincent[1], E. Humphreys[2]
[1]College of Earth, Ocean, & Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
[2]Department of Geological Sciences, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA

Introduction: Lithospheric delamination beneath the western U.S. is believed to be the driving mechanism responsible for the evolution of magmatic and topographic features observed at the surface in the western U.S.. This process requires hot asthenosphere to be in contact with the underside of cold sub-crustal lithosphere and believed to be initiated by the Yellowstone hot spot plume that due ...

Iron Ore Sintering Process Model to Study Local Permeability Control

Y. Kaymak [1], T. Hauck [1], M. Hillers [2],
[1] VDEh Betriebsforschungsinstitute GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany
[2] Shuangliang Clyde Bergemann GmbH, Ratingen, Germany

The iron ore sintering process prepares fine iron ore for the blast furnace process. A mixture consisting of iron ore, coke (fuel) and additives is ignited at the top and air is sucked from below to move a combustion front down through the bed. Most of the sintering plants use permeability bars to raise the productivity. The permeability bars locally aerate the bed of raw materials after ...

Numerical Modeling of the Original and Advanced TEMKIN Reactor for Catalysis Experiments in Laboratory Scale - new

D. Götz[1], M. Kuhn[1], P. Claus[1]
[1]Ernst-Berl-Institute/Chemical Technology II, Darmstadt, Germany

Many industrial, especially heterogeneously catalysed, processes are characterised by a strong interaction between the reaction kinetics and transport phenomena. Because experiments in laboratory scale can be very time- and cost-intensive, Temkin and Kul’kova developed a new reactor design for the direct testing of industrial catalysts. Based on this concept of linearly alternating catalyst and ...

The Hygro-Thermal Improvement of a Mounting System to Fasten Roof Workmen to Flat Roofs - new

H. L. Schellen[1]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

A Dutch firm manufactures a mounting system to fasten roof workmen to the roof of a flat roof building to prevent them from falling down from the roof. The system is mounted to the flat roof afterwards, i.e. after the completion of the thermal insulated roof. Because of the mechanical strength and stiffness properties of the system, it is manufactured using (stainless) steel. The steel, ...

微波多模腔金属边界移动对加热的影响研究

于雨田 [1],
[1] 四川大学应用电磁所,成都,中国

本作品通过研究微波炉矩形金属璧的单向移动,实现腔体内电场分布的变化,从而达到调节作用腔体内各点的电场分布的目的。图表1为仿真几何模型示意图,除了腔体内部的小块土豆,其余的腔体材料均为理想导体铜,腔体内为标准大气压下的空气。图表1中300mm*30mm*350mm矩形块的设计是为了更便捷地计算移动后的网格。本次仿真沿x轴正方向向外移动2的外侧面金属壁来实现腔体的移动。端口激励源为TE10模、频率2.45GHz、功率700W、相位为0的微波。图表2为金属壁移动示意图,通过软件的移动网格接口实现移动金属壁的仿真。仿真结果良好,图表3和图表4显示了移动后的输入端口S11值以及土豆加热效果,金属壁移动40mm后,加热物体的加热均匀性提高了14.33%,加热效率提高了38.53%,说明合理地移动微波腔体金属壁可以有效地提高模型的加热均匀性和加热效率。研究结果对工业和科研有着较好的参考意义 ...

生物颗粒光声功率谱的有限元数值模拟研究

李勇 [1], 方晖 [2],
[1] 晋中学院,太原,中国
[2] 深圳大学,深圳,中国

定量分析生物颗粒形态的变化可以为疾病诊断提供依据。例如血红细胞形态的变化常常会伴随有相应的血液疾病[1],细胞的癌变常常伴随有细胞核形态的变化[2]等等。无标记的光学显微成像技术已经可以对生物颗粒的尺度和形状进行直接测量。光声显微成像技术(PAM)利用生物颗粒固有的吸光本领,已经可以对单个生物颗粒(如细胞和细胞器)进行成像[3]。 最近,光声流式仪(the photoacoustic flow-cytometry)已经实现了对单个生物颗粒进行连续检测[4]。然而,为了在大量的生物颗粒中快速检测生物颗粒的形貌,最好的方法是并非对其进行直接成像,而是采用高频光声显微技术[5],它的分辨率来源于实际测量与光声功率谱的分析。 光声功率谱分析需要通过计算建模来获取。我们使用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 有限元分析软件的声学模块用来建模 MFC7 细胞核的光声功率谱 ...

血管对肿瘤的光热疗法的影响

吴淑莲 [1], 李晖 [2], 李志芳 [2],
[1] 福建师范大学,福州,中国
[2] 福建师范大学,福州,中国

引言:激光诱导间质肿瘤热疗法是一种可使生物组织局部地方凝结坏死的肿瘤疾病治疗方法,目前已经用于肝、脑等各部位的肿瘤治疗[1-2]。为了更好地进行肿瘤疾病的治疗,需要实时地对组织的温度和热损伤进行监控,而检测技术很难实现对肿瘤治疗过程的实时监测,故数值计算成为研究光热疗法的有力工具[2-6]。本模型将生物组织光传输的物理场与热传输的物理场相耦合,考虑组织光热参数随温度变化的情况,研究了肿瘤周围含有大动脉的情况时组织的温度分布随时间的变化情况,研究结果对指导临床医学肿瘤治疗有重要意义。 COMSOL Multiphysics® 的软件使用: 几何模型:如图1所示,圆柱代表光源,圆形区域代表肝脏肿瘤,弯曲圆柱代表大血管,大正方体代表肝脏。 PDE 接口和生物传热接口,选择生物组织的热损伤。 结果: 如图2,图3所示,在加热过程中,开始时血管对温度分布几乎无影响,但是随着加热时间变长 ...

A Plasma Torch Model

B. Chiné [1],
[1] Costa Rica Institute of Technology, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Cartago, Costa Rica

Plasma torches are used in processing of materials and in energy industry for producing plasma. In this work we use the Equilibrium DC Discharge physics interface of COMSOL Multiphysics® to model a DC non- transferred arc plasma torch, under hypothesis of local thermodynamic equilibrium. However, to exploit the capability of the software, the model of the DC arc plasma torch is implemented by ...

Bobbin Tool Friction Stir Welding: A Moving Geometry Model

J. Hilgert[1], H. Schmidt[2], and J. Dos Santos[1]

[1]GKSS Forschungszentrum GmbH, Geesthacht, Germany
[2]Danmarks Tekniske Universitet, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

Based on the example of a bobbin tool Friction Stir Welding process model a technique to model thermal processes with a moving geometry in COMSOL is introduced. The described approach allows modeling the transient temperature fields in setups that are governed by a large relative movement of different parts of the geometry. The movement of the tool is realized in a sequence of discrete time ...