R. Repaka , S. Singh , , ,
Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, Punjab, India
A three-dimensional heterogeneous model of breast has been modeled with a spherical tumor of 1.5 cm. PID controller has been used to perform temperature-controlled RFA of breast tumor. The coupled effect of blood perfusion and variable conductivity during RFA has been investigated. The effect of set target temperature on ablation volume, temperature distribution and input voltage requirements ...
M. Silva, T. Ring
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
For combustion simulations, the wall temperature and heat transfer is an important piece of information. Coal combustion systems typically have walls that are initially a cast ceramic, but, with time, slag is deposited on the surface and coal and soot are incorporated into the slag. It is this slag coated ceramic that determines the rate at which heat is transferred from the wall combustion ...
D. Rakshit , S. Ramanathan ,
 Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, India
Centre for Science and Environment, New Delhi, India
Multiple effect evaporators use steam of temperature 120-200°C as a source of heat to evaporate water from solutions. Multiple effect evaporators are widely used by the food, desalination and wastewater treatment industry. In the present study as a proof of concept, multi-physics modeling has been done to demonstrate the phenomenon of evaporation of water with steam. Unit dimensional 2D ...
S. Singh, N. Baheti, A. Tiwari
Institute of Engineering & Science, IPS Academy, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India
Spray drying is a common drying technique in food industries to convert liquid to powder form. A good understanding on the dynamic behavior of the process is important to ensure proper control. The aim of this study is to develop empirical models for spray drying of whole milk powder and orange juice powder. A preliminary study on the effect of several inputs such as inlet air temperature, feed ...
B. Watzke, F. Lenfant, N. Martin
Nestlé research Centre, Vers-chez-les-Blanc, Switzerland
Chocolate is a pleasurable product largely consumed over the world. It is known that ingredients, process and particle size distribution largely impact the chocolate sensory perceptions. It was hypothesized that a suitable choice of chocolate size and geometry modifies in-mouth melting and aroma release and modulates flavour and oral texture perception. Since in-vivo experiments on chocolate ...
G.Liebig, L. Komsiyska, P. Bise, H. Seeba, P. Bohn, S. Vasic 
NEXT ENERGY, Oldenburg, Niedersachsen, Germany
AUDI AG, Ingolstadt, Bayern, Germany
The characterization of Li-ion batteries is a relevant topic due to the recent developments in Electric Vehicles (EV’s) and Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV’s) applications. In order to manage these devices, accurate models are required. At NEXT ENERGY a two dimensional cell-level thermal model was created based on the discharge characteristics of a cylindrical 18650 secondary Li-ion battery ...
S. V. Jadhav , P. M. Pawar ,
 SVERI's College of Engineering, Pandharpur, Maharashtra, India
Micro heat sinks can be widely used for cooling in modern microelectronic high heat flux components where the amount of heat generated sometimes exceeds the limit which the system can withstand. Microstructures when introduced into the channels of heat sinks in form of micro fins enhance the heat transfer performance of the heat sinks further. Copper heat sinks with different types of micro fins ...
O. Rouaud, T. Pham
LUNAM Université, ONIRIS, CNRS, GEPEA, UMR, Nantes, France
University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
A mathematical model is developed to determine the weight loss and the freezing rate during the freezing of unwrapped foodstuffs. The model allows comparing two freezing processes; the first uses nitrogen gas at -80°C and the second uses cold air. The model includes thermophysical properties that are temperature dependent to take into account the ice formation. The time step has to be chosen ...
Oscillatory Thermal Response Test (OTRT) – An Advanced Method for Gaining Thermal Properties of the Subsurface
Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
Thermal Response Tests (TRTs) are the state-of-the-art method to obtain the thermal conductivity of the subsurface in the nearby ambience of a borehole heat exchanger (BHE). The results of TRTs are used to determine the necessary depth of the borehole and to make long time predictions about the potential of heat extraction. For a TRT, a constant heat load is injected into the subsurface and the ...
O. Kraft , J. Gaiser , M. Stripf ,
 University of Applied Sciences, Karlsruhe, Baden-Würtemberg, Germany
Standard measuring techniques for thermal conductivity cannot be readily applied to determine the load-dependent thermal conductivity of porous adsorbents, because the local ad- and desorption inside the specimen and the thickness of the specimen are not considered. Hence, in this work a new measuring procedure combining the transient hot bridge (THB) with a three dimensional finite element ...