The Origin of Mass-change Sensitivity within Multi-layered, Non-uniform, Piezoelectrically-actuated Millimeter-sized Cantilever (PEMC) Biosensors: Vibrational Analysis through Experiment and Finite Element Modeling (FEM)
B.N. Johnson, and R. Mutharasan
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
A 3D finite element model (FEM) of the PEMC sensor was developed to characterize the modes of vibration that have demonstrated high sensitivity to mass-change in experimentally fabricated sensors. The fundamental bending mode of vibration and the 1st bending harmonic are predicted at 10.0 kHz and 86.8 kHz, respectively, within approximately 5 % of the experimentally measured resonances. The ...
N. Al Cheikh, P. Xavier, J. Duchamp, and K. Schuster
Institute of Microelectronics, Electromagnetism and Photonics (IMEP-LAHC), Grenoble, France
Institute of Millimetrics Radio Astronomy (IRAM), Grenoble, France
Superconducting GHz electronics circuits are frequently used in Radio Astronomy instrumentation. The features of these instrumentations can be significantly improved by using tuneable capacitances, which can be realized by electrically actuated, micromechanical bridges (MEMS) made of superconducting Niobium (Nb). In order to analyze the electromechanical behavior of such devices and the ...
S. Logeshkumar, L. Lavanya, G. Anju, and M. Alagappan
PSG College of Technology
Tamil Nadu, India
In the model silicon nanorods are designed as cantilever array and coated with thin film of aluminum or aluminum nitride, to be characterized, thus, adding a detectable mass and altering the cantilever resistance to bending. The simulated results show that when films of different thickness are placed on the cantilever, there is a corresponding change in the resonant frequency and the ...
J. Yoo, H. Soh, J. Choi, S. Song
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Yonsei University, Korea
Hyundai Motor Co., Korea
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., Korea
Mando Co., Korea
Nanoscale structural analysis and design is presented. All the simulations are carried out using a finite element solver and optimization is performed using parameter and topology optimization schemes. It is concluded that COMSOL is effective for analysis and design of nanoscale structure design in electromagnetic field and it may be combined with several optimization methods to improve system ...
H. J. Hall , L. A. Starman ,
 Sensors Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, USA
Beam steering and adaptive optics micromirror applications commonly demand optically flat surfaces with minimal mass. When reflective coatings (usually metallic Au or Al) are applied to micromirror surfaces in order to meet optical reflectivity requirements the resulting film stress (usually tensile) can be substantial. The mass of the mirror can be a limiting factor in the dynamic performance. ...
S. Elia , G. Granata , P. Lamberti , V. Tucci ,
 University Of Salerno, Italy
Electromagnetic shielding design is usually approached referring to nominal values of the main parameters. This could lead to malfunctioning devices and its performance differ widely from what was really aimed at or, worse, the final design product could even be physically unrealizable. This work presents a robust approach to the design of EM Shielding based on Graphene (Gph) layers. It is a two ...
Study of Fluid and Mass Adsorption Model in the QCM-D Sensor for Characterization of Biomolecular Interaction
H.J. Kwon, C.K. Bradfield, B.T. Dodge, and G.S. Agoki
Department of Engineering and Computer Science, Andrews University, Berrien Springs, Michigan, USA
Increasing attention has been paid to application of the quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) sensor for monitoring biomolecular interactions. This paper focuses on a practical application of protein-protein binding affinity measurement at low concentrations and minimal sample sizes (50-200 μl of 20-200 nM), which results in low signal measurement. A model simulating fluid ...
S. Baskaran, S. Thiruvannamalai, N. Ramachandran, F.M. Sebastian, and J.Y. Fu
State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USA
This paper presents a novel methodology towards the design, analysis, and the fabrication process involved in developing a cost effective method to create a piezoelectric actuator by means of the flexoelectric effect. The basic physical equations of the flexoelectric effect and the qualitative analysis of the flexoelectric actuator are done using COMSOL Multiphysics. This effect is used to align ...
B. A. Marmo , M. P. Snaith ,
 Xi Engineering Consultants, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
An electrostatic headphone includes many interrelated design elements that affect the frequency response of the headphone and the users listening experience. Xi Engineering Consultants (XI) partnered with Warwick Audio Technologies (WAT) to investigate the complex behavior of one-side electrostatic speakers. Xi developed a GUI that helped WAT engineers optimize their speaker using virtual tools ...
I. Kuehne , S. Ciba , A. Frey ,
 Heilbronn University, Kuenzelsau, Germany
 University of Applied Sciences, Augsburg, Germany
The presented analysis investigates the capacitance characteristic of a Kelvin probe regarding the geometrical transition from a movable electrode plate to a narrow tip. Moreover, predictions can be done concerning optimum geometry, sensitivity and suitable electrical measurement circuitry. A further aim of this study is to provide optimal tip geometries for different sized Kelvin probes. This ...